Marie-Aurore de Saxe

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Maurice de Saxe, Marie-Aurore's father.
Marie Rinteau de Verrières, Marie-Aurore's mother.
Petition sent in the name of Marie-Aurore to the Dauphine, born Maria Josepha of Saxony, 1755.
Marie-Aurore de Saxe dressed as a shepherdess, ca. 1770.
Louis-Claude Dupin de Francueil, Marie-Aurore's second husband.
Marie-Aurore and her son Maurice.
Maurice Dupin de Francueil, Marie-Aurore's son.
Marie-Aurore and her granddaughter received General at Nohant in 1815. Gouache over paper by Alphonse Lalauze, 1930.
Death certificate of Marie-Aurore de Saxe, dated 26 December 1821 at the Château de Nohant.

Illegitimate daughter of Marshal Maurice de Saxe and a grandmother of George Sand.

- Marie-Aurore de Saxe

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George Sand

French novelist, memoirist, and journalist.

Portrait of George Sand by Auguste Charpentier (1838)
Portrait of George Sand by Thomas Sully, 1826
Aurore Dupin meeting General Murat in her uniform, illustrated by H. J. Ford in 1913
George Sand by Nadar, 1864
Sand as Mary Magdalene in a sketch by Louis Boulanger
Casimir Dudevant, Sand's husband, in the 1860s
George Sand by Charles Louis Gratia (c. 1835)
Sand sews while Chopin plays piano, in a hypothetical reconstruction of Delacroix's 1838 painting, Portrait of Frédéric Chopin and George Sand

George Sand – known to her friends and family as "Aurore" – was born in Paris and was raised for much of her childhood by her grandmother Marie-Aurore de Saxe, Madame Dupin de Francueil, at her grandmother's house in the village of Nohant, in the French province of Berry.

Maurice de Saxe

Notable soldier, officer and a famed military commander of the 18th century.

Maurice de Saxe wearing the Polish Order of the White Eagle, 1748
Maurice of Saxe as a Marshal of France by Jean-Étienne Liotard
The Battle of Fontenoy, 11 May 1745, showing Maurice of Saxe presenting the captured British and Dutch prisoners and colours to Louis XV and the dauphin
Battle of Lawfeld, 2 July 1747 : Louis XV pointing out the village of Lawfeld to Maurice
Engraving of Maurice of Saxe
Funerary monument of Maurice de Saxe in Saint Thomas Church, Strasbourg

She was called Maria Aurora (in French: Marie Aurore) after her grandmother.

Nohant-Vic

Commune in the Indre department in central France.

The Church of Saint-Martin, in Vic

The House of George Sand is a country house dating from late eighteenth century, built for the governor of Vierzon and acquired in 1793 by Madame Dupin de Francueil, grandmother of the writer.

House of George Sand

Writer's house museum in the village of Nohant, in the Indre department of France.

The house of George Sand
The garden of George Sand
The English-style park of George Sand
The barn and garden of George Sand, and the church of Nohant. Sand's grave is in a small enclosed cemetery between the church and the garden.

It was sold in 1793, during the French Revolution, to Madame Dupin de Francueil, the illegitimate daughter of the French military hero Maurice de Saxe.

Château de Chenonceau

French château spanning the river Cher, near the small village of Chenonceaux, Indre-et-Loire, Centre-Val de Loire.

The Château de Chenonceau, on the river Cher.
View of the château from the edge of the formal gardens to the west of the residence. The medieval keep to the left is the last vestige of the previous château, located in what is now the forecourt, still surrounded by moats.
Plan of the main block, engraved by Du Cerceau (1579)
The château with de l'Orme's bridge, before the addition of the gallery: views from the west (top) and east (bottom), drawn by Jacques Androuet du Cerceau c. 1570
View from the northeast showing the chapel and the library
Project for the expansion of the château from Du Cerceau's 1579 book
Aerial view of the château and its gardens
Louise de Lorraine
Louise Dupin by Nattier
The entrance facade in 1851, before Roguet's interventions
Entrance facade in 2007
View from the southeast of the Castle
View of the west facade
Caryatids, moved from the north facade to the park c. 1875
The chateau in stormy weather
Approach to the entrance
The gallery over the bridge
Francois I's Drawing Room
Garden of Catherine de Médicis
Second-floor hall
The garden maze
Wine cellar
Chapel
alt=View from the Garden of Catherine de Médicis|View from the Garden of Catherine de Médicis

Claude Dupin, a widower, had a son, Louis Claude, from his first wife Marie-Aurore de Saxe, who was the grandmother of George Sand (born Aurore Dupin).

Louise Marie Madeleine Fontaine

French saloniste.

Madame Dupin Portrait by Jean-Marc Nattier, ca. 1730
Marriage certificate of Louise de Fontaine and Claude Dupin, dated 1 December 1722 at Saint-Roch.
Chateau de Chenonceau.
Hôtel Lambert.
Madame Dupin received Rousseau in Paris.
Tomb of Louise Dupin at Chenonceau forest.
Rousseau reading his book The bold commitment to Louise Dupin and other women at Chenonceau, autumn 1747.
Extract of Louise Dupin's book On the equality of men and women, manuscript by Rousseau, ca. 1745-1751.

On 25 November 1793 Marie-Aurore de Saxe, second wife of her late stepson Louis-Claude, was incarcerated firstly at Port-Royal Abbey and later in the English convent of Fossés-Saint-Victor street.