Marie Tussaud

Madame TussaudMadame Tussaud's Wax MuseumMadam TussaudMadame Marie TussaudMadame ToussaudMarie Grosholtz
Anna Maria "Marie" Tussaud (née Grosholtz; 1 December 1761 – 16 April 1850) was a French artist known for her wax sculptures and Madame Tussauds, the wax museum she founded in London.wikipedia
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Madame Tussauds

Madame TussaudMadame Tussauds London Madame Tussauds Museum
Anna Maria "Marie" Tussaud (née Grosholtz; 1 December 1761 – 16 April 1850) was a French artist known for her wax sculptures and Madame Tussauds, the wax museum she founded in London.
It was founded by wax sculptor Marie Tussaud.

Wax museum

waxworkswaxwork museumwaxworks exhibition
Anna Maria "Marie" Tussaud (née Grosholtz; 1 December 1761 – 16 April 1850) was a French artist known for her wax sculptures and Madame Tussauds, the wax museum she founded in London.
He bequeathed his collection to his protegé Marie Tussaud, who during the French Revolution made death masks of the executed royals.

Chamber of Horrors (Madame Tussauds)

Chamber of HorrorsChamber of Horrors at Madame Tussauds
In 1776, the exhibition was moved to the Palais Royal and, in 1782, Curtius opened a second exhibit, the Caverne des Grands Voleurs (Cavern of the Grand Thieves), a precursor to Tussaud's Chamber of Horrors, on Boulevard du Temple.
The gallery first opened as a 'Separate Room' in Marie Tussaud's 1802 exhibition in London and quickly became a success as it showed historical personalities and artifacts rather than the freaks of nature popular in other waxworks of the day.

Philippe Curtius

There the family moved into the home of local doctor Philippe Curtius (1741–1794), for whom Anne-Marie acted as housekeeper.
Philippe Curtius (1737–1794) was a Swiss physician and wax modeller who taught Marie Tussaud the art of wax modelling.

Boulevard du Temple

BoulevardsTemple
In 1776, the exhibition was moved to the Palais Royal and, in 1782, Curtius opened a second exhibit, the Caverne des Grands Voleurs (Cavern of the Grand Thieves), a precursor to Tussaud's Chamber of Horrors, on Boulevard du Temple.
In 1782, Philippe Curtius, Madame Tussaud's tutor in wax modelling, opened his second exhibition on this Boulevard.

Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois

Collot d'HerboisJean Marie Collot d'HerboisCollot d’Herbois
She said she was released thanks to Collot d'Herbois' support for Curtius and his household.
He was a member of the Committee of Public Safety during the Reign of Terror and, while he saved Madame Tussaud from the Guillotine, he administered the execution of more than 2,000 people in the city of Lyon.

Lyceum Theatre, London

Lyceum TheatreLyceumLyceum Ballroom
She had accepted an invitation from Paul Philidor, a magic lantern and phantasmagoria pioneer, to exhibit her work alongside his show at the Lyceum Theatre.
Managed by Samuel Arnold, from 1794 to 1809 the building hosted a variety of entertainments including a circus produced by Philip Astley, a chapel, and the first London exhibition of waxworks displayed by Madame Tussaud.

Strasbourg

StrassburgStraßburgStrasbourg, France
Marie Tussaud was born 1 December 1761 in Strasbourg, France.
In chronological order, notable people born in Strasbourg include: Eric of Friuli, Johannes Tauler, Sebastian Brant, Jean Baptiste Kléber, Louis Ramond de Carbonnières, François Christophe Kellermann, Marie Tussaud, Ludwig I of Bavaria, Charles Frédéric Gerhardt, Louis-Frédéric Schützenberger, Gustave Doré, Émile Waldteufel, René Beeh, Jean/Hans Arp, Charles Münch, Hans Bethe, Maurice Kriegel-Valrimont, Marcel Marceau, Tomi Ungerer, Elizabeth Sombart, Arsène Wenger, Petit and Matt Pokora.

Paul Philidor

Paul de Philipsthalphysicist" Phylidor
She had accepted an invitation from Paul Philidor, a magic lantern and phantasmagoria pioneer, to exhibit her work alongside his show at the Lyceum Theatre.
After a short break Philidor reopened his show with the wax museum of Marie Tussaud alongside.

Jean-Paul Marat

Maratsection du Théâtre-Françaisdying revolutionary
She was also called upon to cast the heads of individuals executed by guillotine and whole body casts of prominent figures at the time, such as Jean-Paul Marat. Tussaud said she was then employed to make death masks of the revolution's famous victims, including Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, Marat, and Robespierre.
The curé approached Madame Tussaud's waxworks, who agreed to purchase Marat's bathtub for 100,000 francs, but the curé's acceptance was lost in the mail.

John Theodore Tussaud

He was succeeded in turn by his son Joseph, who was succeeded by his son John Theodore Tussaud.
John Theodore Tussaud was born in Kensington, England, the great-grandson of Marie Tussaud.

Treaty of Amiens

Peace of AmiensAmienspeace of 1802
In 1802, after the Treaty of Amiens, Tussaud went to London with her son Joseph, then four years old, to present her collection of portraits.
Wax artist Marie Tussaud came to London and established an exhibition similar to one she had in Paris.

Marie Antoinette

Marie-AntoinetteQueen Marie AntoinetteQueen Marie-Antoinette
Tussaud said she was then employed to make death masks of the revolution's famous victims, including Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, Marat, and Robespierre.
Her head was one of which Marie Tussaud was employed to make death masks.

List of French artists

French artistFrenchFrench painter
Anna Maria "Marie" Tussaud (née Grosholtz; 1 December 1761 – 16 April 1850) was a French artist known for her wax sculptures and Madame Tussauds, the wax museum she founded in London.

Wax sculpture

wax figurewax figureswaxwork
Anna Maria "Marie" Tussaud (née Grosholtz; 1 December 1761 – 16 April 1850) was a French artist known for her wax sculptures and Madame Tussauds, the wax museum she founded in London.

London

London, EnglandLondon, United KingdomLondon, UK
Anna Maria "Marie" Tussaud (née Grosholtz; 1 December 1761 – 16 April 1850) was a French artist known for her wax sculptures and Madame Tussauds, the wax museum she founded in London. In 1802, after the Treaty of Amiens, Tussaud went to London with her son Joseph, then four years old, to present her collection of portraits.

Kingdom of France

FranceFrenchFranco
Marie Tussaud was born 1 December 1761 in Strasbourg, France.

Seven Years' War

Seven Years’ WarSeven Years WarThe Seven Years' War
Her father, Joseph Grosholtz, was killed in the Seven Years' War just two months before Marie was born.

Bern

BerneBern, SwitzerlandBerne, Switzerland
When she was six years old, her mother, Anne-Marie Walder, took her to Bern, in Switzerland.

Switzerland

SwissSwiss ConfederationSWI
When she was six years old, her mother, Anne-Marie Walder, took her to Bern, in Switzerland.

Paris

Paris, FranceParísParisian
He moved to Paris in 1765 to establish a Cabinet de Portraits En Cire (Wax portraiture firm).

Louis XV of France

Louis XVKing Louis XVKing Louis XV of France
In that year, he made a waxwork of Louis XV's last mistress, Madame du Barry, a cast that is the oldest waxwork currently on display.

Madame du Barry

Mme du BarryComtesse du BarryMadame DuBarry
In that year, he made a waxwork of Louis XV's last mistress, Madame du Barry, a cast that is the oldest waxwork currently on display.

Palais-Royal

Palais RoyalPalais-CardinalPlace du Palais-Royal
In 1776, the exhibition was moved to the Palais Royal and, in 1782, Curtius opened a second exhibit, the Caverne des Grands Voleurs (Cavern of the Grand Thieves), a precursor to Tussaud's Chamber of Horrors, on Boulevard du Temple.

Voltaire

François-Marie ArouetVoltairianFrançois-Marie Arouet (Voltaire)
In 1777, she created her first wax figure, that of Voltaire.