Market value

carrying valuemarketmarket capmarket pricemarket valuationopen market valuetrade valuevalue
Market value or OMV (Open Market Valuation) is the price at which an asset would trade in a competitive auction setting.wikipedia
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Fair market value

fair marketfair rental valuefair-market value
Market value is often used interchangeably with open market value, fair value or fair market value, although these terms have distinct definitions in different standards, and may or may not differ in some circumstances.
Fair market value (FMV) is an estimate of the market value of a property, based on what a knowledgeable, willing, and unpressured buyer would probably pay to a knowledgeable, willing, and unpressured seller in the market.

Fair value

fair pricefairfair value accounting
Market value is often used interchangeably with open market value, fair value or fair market value, although these terms have distinct definitions in different standards, and may or may not differ in some circumstances.
The latest edition of International Valuation Standards (IVS 2017), clearly distinguishes between fair value (now referred to as "equitable value"), as defined in the IVS, and market value, as defined in the IVS:

Market price

market pricespricesmarket pricing
Market value is a concept distinct from market price, which is “the price at which one can transact”, while market value is “the true underlying value” according to theoretical standards.
Market value and market price are equal only under conditions of market efficiency, equilibrium, and rational expectations.

Real estate appraisal

Median home valueproperty valueappraisal
The term is commonly used in real estate appraisal, since real estate markets are generally considered both informationally and transactionally inefficient.
Real estate appraisal, property valuation or land valuation is the process of developing an opinion of value, for real property (usually market value).

Arm's length principle

arm's lengtharms lengtharms-length
International Valuation Standards defines market value as "the estimated amount for which a property should exchange on the date of valuation between a willing buyer and a willing seller in an arm’s-length transaction after proper marketing wherein the parties had each acted knowledgeably, prudently, and without compulsion".
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has adopted the principle in Article 9 of the OECD Model Tax Convention, to ensure that transfer prices between companies of multinational enterprises are established on a market value basis.

Economic growth

growthgrowth rategrowth theory
Stability and economic growth are two factors that international investors are seeking when considering investment options.
Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.

Value-in-use

in-useUse valueValue in use
Use value takes into account a specific use for the subject property and does not attempt to ascertain the highest and best use of the real estate.
In the U.S., it is generally estimated at a use which is less than highest-and-best use, and therefore it is generally lower than market value.

Value (economics)

valueeconomic valuemonetary value
A country offering economic value amongst its other incentives attracts investment funds.
Economic value is not the same as market price, nor is economic value the same thing as market value.

International Valuation Standards Council

International Valuation StandardsIVS
International Valuation Standards defines market value as "the estimated amount for which a property should exchange on the date of valuation between a willing buyer and a willing seller in an arm’s-length transaction after proper marketing wherein the parties had each acted knowledgeably, prudently, and without compulsion".

Efficient-market hypothesis

efficient market hypothesisefficient marketmarket efficiency
The concept is most commonly invoked in inefficient markets or disequilibrium situations where prevailing market prices are not reflective of true underlying market value.

Economic equilibrium

equilibriumequilibrium pricedisequilibrium
The concept is most commonly invoked in inefficient markets or disequilibrium situations where prevailing market prices are not reflective of true underlying market value.

Rational expectations

rationalrational expectations hypothesisrational-expectations
For market price to equal market value, the market must be informationally efficient and rational expectations must prevail.

Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice

In the USA, Licensed or Certified Apppraisers may be required under state, federal, or local laws to develop appraisals subject to USPAP Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice.

Business valuation

Option pricing approaches#Option pricing approachesappraised
When a real estate appraiser works with a business valuation appraiser (and perhaps an equipment and machinery appraiser) to provide a value of the combination of a business and the real estate used for that business, the specific market value is called "going concern value".

Investment

investmentsinvestingcapital investment
A country offering economic value amongst its other incentives attracts investment funds.

Inflation

inflation rateprice inflationfood inflation
In the event of a government printing currency to discharge a portion of a significant amount of debt, the supply of money is increased, with an ultimate reduction in its value, aggravated by inflation.

Standard & Poor's

S&PStandard & Poor’sStandard and Poor's
It is for this reason that the debt rating of a country; for example, as determined by Moody's or Standard & Poor's is a crucial indicator of its exchange rate.

Return on investment

ROIreturnreturns
Currency values and exchange rates play a crucial part in the rate of return on investments.

List of countries by GDP (nominal)

Economic rank, by nominal GDP (2007)GDP (nominal)Nominal GDP
Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year.

List of most expensive and valuable assets

This is a list of most expensive and valuable assets. The list covers assets that have an estimated market value, as well as those that required significant costs to be implemented.

Agricultural productivity

crop productivityproductivitycrop production
Therefore, output is usually measured as the market value of final output, which excludes intermediate products such as corn feed used in the meat industry.

List of North American countries by GDP (nominal)

Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year.

List of African countries by GDP (nominal)

5th African economylargest in Africalargest economy
Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year.

Art valuation

art tradeart marketappraisal
Art valuation, an art-specific subset of financial valuation, is the process of estimating either the market value of works of art.

Bank failure

failedfailfailure
More specifically, a bank usually fails economically when the market value of its assets declines to a value that is less than the market value of its liabilities.