A report on Marshal

City of Las Vegas Deputy City Marshals units parked just outside of the Fremont Street Experience.
City Marshal of the City of London, on duty at the Lord Mayor's Show.
Marshal Foch, circa 1920.

Term used in several official titles in various branches of society.

- Marshal
City of Las Vegas Deputy City Marshals units parked just outside of the Fremont Street Experience.

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General Sir Harold Alexander was promoted to field marshal in the British Army when he was made Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean during World War II

Field marshal

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Most senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks.

Most senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the general officer ranks.

General Sir Harold Alexander was promoted to field marshal in the British Army when he was made Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean during World War II
Marshal Duke of Caxias
C. G. E. Mannerheim
Jan Smuts
(Australian Army)<ref name="Australia">{{cite web |title=Badges of rank |url=https://www.defence.gov.au/images/Badges_of_rank.pdf |website=defence.gov.au |publisher=Department of Defence (Australia) |access-date=31 May 2021}}</ref>
{{lang|ms|Fil marsyal}}
(Ethiopian Army)
(Ghana Army)<ref>{{cite book |last1=Ofcansky |first1=Thomas P. |editor1-last=Berry |editor1-first=LaVerle Bennette |title=Ghana: a country study |series=Area Handbook |date=1995 |publisher=Library of Congress |location=Washington, D.C. |lccn=95018891 |page=284 |edition=3rd |url=https://www.loc.gov/resource/frdcstdy.ghanacountrystud00berr_0/?sp=334 |access-date=19 October 2021 |chapter=National Security}}</ref>
{{lang-hi|फ़ील्ड मार्शल|pheeld maarshal}}
{{lang|ms|Fil marsyal}}
(New Zealand Army)<ref name="NewZealand">{{cite web |title=Badges of Rank |url=https://www.nzdf.mil.nz/corporate-documents/badges-of-rank/ |website=nzdf.mil.nz |publisher=New Zealand Defence Force |access-date=11 June 2021 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200703193648/https://www.nzdf.mil.nz/corporate-documents/badges-of-rank/ |archive-date=3 July 2020}}</ref>
(Nigerian Army)<ref name="Nigeria">{{cite book |last1=Smaldone |first1=Joseph P. |editor1-last=Metz |editor1-first=Helen Chapin |title=Nigeria: a country study |series=Area Handbook |date=1992 |publisher=Library of Congress |location=Washington, D.C. |lccn=92009026 |pages=296–297 |edition=5th |url=https://www.loc.gov/resource/frdcstdy.nigeriacountryst00metz_0/?sp=340 |access-date=21 October 2021 |chapter=National Security}}</ref>
{{lang-ur|فیلڈ مارشل|field marchell}}
(Sri Lanka Army)<ref name="SriLanka_Army">{{cite web |title=Dress Regulation PDF - Part I |url=https://www.army.lk/sites/all/themes/bootstrap/common/images/images2/downloads/Dress-regulation-2019-PART-I.pdf |website=army.lk |publisher=Sri Lanka Army |pages=10-4–10-11 |date=January 2019 |access-date=20 May 2021}}</ref>
(British Army)<ref name="UK_Army">{{cite web |title=Rank structure |url=https://www.army.mod.uk/who-we-are/our-people/ranks/ |website=army.mod.uk |publisher=British Army |access-date=27 May 2021}}</ref>

The exact wording of the titles used by field marshals varies: examples include "marshal" and "field marshal general".

General Sir Richard Dannatt, dressed in the formal attire of the Constable of the Tower, speaking at the Ceremony of the Constable's Dues, June 2010

Constable

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Person holding a particular office, most commonly in criminal law enforcement.

Person holding a particular office, most commonly in criminal law enforcement.

General Sir Richard Dannatt, dressed in the formal attire of the Constable of the Tower, speaking at the Ceremony of the Constable's Dues, June 2010
Rank epaulette of a leading senior constable of the New South Wales Police Force
A constable of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police in full dress. Constables are typically the lowest rank in Canadian police services.
An epaulette showing an officer's divisional code (DF) and individual number.

An equivalent position is that of marshal, which derives from Old High German marah (horse) and schalh (servant), and originally meant "stable keeper", which has a similar etymology.

General of the Army shoulder strap

Five-star rank

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Highest military rank in the United States, with an insignia of five silver stars, and is also used to refer to the corresponding ranks in other countries.

Highest military rank in the United States, with an insignia of five silver stars, and is also used to refer to the corresponding ranks in other countries.

General of the Army shoulder strap
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RAN Admiral of the fleet shoulder board
Australian Army Field marshal shoulder board
Marshal of the RAAF sleeve/shoulder insignia
{{lang|pt-br|Almirante}}
{{lang|pt-br|Marechal}}
{{lang|pt-br|Marechal-do-Ar}}
General of the army
Croatian Armed Forces
Croatian Navy
Field marshal epaulette
Flag of a field marshal
Star insignia of a field marshal
Marshal of the Indian Air Force rank insignia
Flag of the marshal of the Indian Air Force
Flag of the marshal of the Indian Air Force (1950-1980)
Marshal of the Indian Air Force sleeve insignia
Marshal of the Indian Air Force sleeve insignia
Admiral of the fleet sleeve insignia
Flag of the admiral of the fleet (2001-2004)
{{lang|id|Jenderal besar}} (grand general) rank insignia
{{lang|id|Laksamana besar}} (grand admiral) rank insignia
{{lang|id|Marsekal besar}} (grand marshal) rank insignia
General of the Italian Army - shoulder board
Admiral of the Italian Navy - sleeve
General of the Italian Air Force - sleeve
Admiral of the Royal Netherlands Navy - sleeve
<center>{{lang|fil|Ministro Mariskal}} Insignia Philippine Revolutionary Army</center>
thumb|General Emilio Aguinaldo, the first holder of five-star rank as the first president and commander-in-chief of the Philippines
thumb|General Douglas MacArthur, the first and currently the only field marshal in Philippine History
Marshal of Poland cap insignia
Marshal of Poland shoulder-strap insignia
The epaulettes insignia of a Romanian marshal
General of the army ({{lang|vi|Thống tướng}})
Admiral of the fleet ({{lang|vi|Thủy sư Đô đốc}})
General of the air force ({{lang|vi|Thống tướng}})
{{lang|es|Capitán general}} ("captain general") shoulder board
{{lang|es|Capitán general de la Armada}} ("captain general of the navy") sleeve
{{lang|es|Capitán general del Aire}} ("air captain general") shoulder board
{{lang|th-latn|Chom Phon}} (field marshal)
{{lang|th-latn|Chom Phon Ruea}} (admiral of the fleet)
{{lang|th-latn|Chom Phon Akat}} (marshal of the Royal Thai Air Force)
Royal Navy admiral of the fleet (shoulder board)
Royal Navy admiral of the fleet (sleeve lace)
Field marshal of the British Army epaulette
Captain general of the Royal Marines epaulette
Marshal of the Royal Air Force (shoulder board)
Marshal of the Royal Air Force (sleeve insignia)
Fleet admiral collar device, sleeve stripes and shoulder board
General of the Air Force shoulder epaulet
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Ty's shoulder insignia (1955-1963)
General of the Army shoulder epaulet
The epaulettes insignia of a Romanian marshal

Marshal (Brazil) (Marechal)

Marshal of the Royal Air Force (United Kingdom)

Marshal of the air force

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Five-star rank and an English-language term for the most senior rank in some air forces.

Five-star rank and an English-language term for the most senior rank in some air forces.

Marshal of the Royal Air Force (United Kingdom)
Marshal of the Indian Air Force (India)
Marshal of the Royal Australian Air Force (Australia)
Marshal of the Royal New Zealand Air Force (New Zealand)
Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force (Malaysia)
Marshal of the Air Force (Marsekal Besar) (Indonesia)
Marshal of the Royal Thai Air Force (จอมพลอากาศ) (Thailand)
Marshal of the Air (Marechal do Ar) (Brazil)
Marshal of the Air Force (Marechal da Força Aérea) (Portugal)
Marshal of the Royal Air Force (United Kingdom)
Marshal of the Royal Thai Air Force (จอมพลอากาศ) (Thailand)
Marshal of the Indian Air Force (India)
Marshal of the Royal Air Force of Malaysia

A marshal of the air force can be properly considered equivalent to an army marshals or field marshal in many countries, as well as the naval rank of admiral of the fleet.

A poster showing the rank insignia of the officers of several armed forces at the time of the Second World War.

Military rank

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Armed forces, police, intelligence agencies or other institutions organized along military lines.

Armed forces, police, intelligence agencies or other institutions organized along military lines.

A poster showing the rank insignia of the officers of several armed forces at the time of the Second World War.

They would appoint a renowned noble to organize the assembling forces, the marshal.

The 4-star rank general George S. Patton in 1945, at the end of World War II

General officer

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Officer of high rank in the armies, and in some nations' air forces, space forces, and marines or naval infantry.

Officer of high rank in the armies, and in some nations' air forces, space forces, and marines or naval infantry.

The 4-star rank general George S. Patton in 1945, at the end of World War II
General C. G. E. Mannerheim in 1918 during the Finnish Civil War
{{lang|fr|Général}}
{{lang|pt|General}}
General
{{lang|de|General}}
{{lang|bn|জেনারেল}}
{{lang|nl|Generaal}}
General
{{lang|ms|Jeneral}}
{{lang|bg|Генерал}}
General
General
{{lang|es|General}}
{{lang|da|General}}
{{lang|pt|General}}
{{lang|et|Kindral}}
General
{{lang|fi|Kenraali}}
General
General
{{lang|de|General}}
General
{{lang|pt|General}}
General
{{lang|hi|जनरल}}
{{lang|id|Jenderal}}
{{lang|it|Generale}}
General
{{lang|fr|Général}}
{{lang|mk|генерал}}
General
{{lang|ms|Jeneral}}
{{lang|es|General}}
{{lang|mn|Генерал}}
General
{{lang|nl|Generaal}}
General
{{lang|no|General}}
{{lang|ur|جنرل}}
{{lang|fil|Heneral}}
{{lang|pl|Generał}}
{{lang|pt|General}}
{{lang|ro|General}}
General
{{lang|sr|Генерал}}
{{lang|sk|Generál}}
General
General
{{lang|sv|General}}
{{lang|de|General}}
{{lang|sw|Jenerali}}
{{lang|tr|Orgeneral}}
General
{{lang|uk|Генерал}}
General
General
Đại tướng
General
{{lang|pt|General}}
{{lang|nl-BE|Generaal}}
{{lang|ms|Jeneral (Udara)}}
{{lang|bg|Генерал}}
General
{{lang|es|General de aire}}
{{lang|es|General de aire}}
{{lang|da|General}}
{{lang|es|General del aire}}
{{lang|et|Kindral}}
{{lang|fi|Kenraali}}
{{lang|ka|გენერალი}}
{{lang|de|General}}
General
{{lang|ms|Jeneral}}
{{lang|nl|Generaal}}
{{lang|no|General}}
{{lang|es|General del aire}}
{{lang|fil|Heneral}}
{{lang|pl|Generał}}
{{lang|pt|General}}
{{lang|ro|General}}
General
{{lang|sr|Генерал}}
{{lang|sk|Generál}}
General
{{lang|es|General del aire}}
{{lang|sv|General}}
General
{{lang|tr|Orgeneral}}
General
General
{{lang|es|General}}
{{lang|id|Jenderal}}
{{lang|dv|ޖެނެރަލް}}
{{lang|nl|Generaal}}
{{lang|sv|General}}
General
General

The general officer ranks are named by prefixing "general", as an adjective, with field officer ranks, although in some countries the highest general officers are titled field marshal, marshal, or captain general.

Marshal of the RAF rank flag

Marshal of the Royal Air Force

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Highest rank in the Royal Air Force (RAF).

Highest rank in the Royal Air Force (RAF).

Marshal of the RAF rank flag
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Hugh Trenchard.
King George V in the uniform of a Marshal of the RAF
Marshal of the RAF sleeve insignia
Marshal of the RAF shoulder board
Marshal of the RAF sleeve mess insignia
Marshal of the RAF sleeve on No. 1 Service Dress uniform
Marshal of the RAF star plate

Marshal of the Royal Air Force is a five-star rank and unlike the air marshal ranks, can properly be considered a marshal rank.

Law enforcement officer

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Public-sector employee whose duties primarily involve the enforcement of laws.

Public-sector employee whose duties primarily involve the enforcement of laws.

The phrase can include campaign disclosure specialists, police officers, prosecutors (who are law enforcement officers but not peace officers), municipal law enforcement officers, special police officers, customs officers, state troopers, special agents, secret agents, special investigators, coast guards, border patrol officers, gendarmeries, immigration officers, court officers, probation officers, parole officers, arson investigators, auxiliary officers, game wardens, sheriffs, constables, marshals, deputies, detention officers, correction officers, sworn campus police officers and public safety officers (at public and private institutions).

Shoulder boards of the rank of Marshal of Yugoslavia for all three branches of the Yugoslav People's Army: Ground Forces, Air Force and the Navy.

Marshal of Yugoslavia

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Shoulder boards of the rank of Marshal of Yugoslavia for all three branches of the Yugoslav People's Army: Ground Forces, Air Force and the Navy.
AVNOJ decision on promoting Tito to the rank of Marshal of Yugoslavia, signed by Ivan Ribar and Rodoljub Čolaković
Shoulder boards of the rank of Marshal of Yugoslavia for the Ground Forces, used 1947–1951.
Shoulder boards of the rank of Marshal of Yugoslavia for the Navy, used 1947–1951.
Sleeve insignia of the rank of Marshal of Yugoslavia for the Ground Forces, used 1943–1947.
Sleeve insignia of the rank of Marshal of Yugoslavia for the Air Force, used 1943–1947.
The first Marshal uniform from the National Liberation War.
Marshal uniform of the Ground Forces.
Marshal uniform of the Air Force.
Marshal uniform of the Navy.

Marshal of Yugoslavia (Maršal Jugoslavije / Маршал Југославије; Maršal Jugoslavije; Маршал на Југославија) was the highest rank of the Yugoslav People's Army (equivalent to field marshal), and, simultaneously, a Yugoslav honorific title.

A deputy sheriff in Mogollon, New Mexico in 1940

Sheriffs in the United States

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Official in a county or independent city responsible for keeping the peace and enforcing the law.

Official in a county or independent city responsible for keeping the peace and enforcing the law.

A deputy sheriff in Mogollon, New Mexico in 1940
United States sheriff badges are typically star-shaped, as opposed to the more shield-like badges of other law enforcement such as police officers.
William Owen Buckey O'Neill, Yuma Arizona Sheriff 1888
Arizona Sheriff (later U.S. Senator) Carl Hayden
Phillips County, Arkansas sheriff cruiser
Greene County, Indiana Sheriff and Deputy Sheriff with the Indiana State Police circa 1940
Daniel Boone 1782 Sherriff of Fayette County, KY
A special operations truck of the sheriff's office of Middlesex County, Massachusetts
Colston Montana Deputy Sherriff John Jeremiah Garrison Johnston
Grover Cleveland Erie County NY Sherriff 1871-1873
Lewis R. Stegman King's County NY Sherriff 1881
Ebenezer Sproat, first sheriff in the Northwest Territory.
Knox County, Tennessee sheriff's vehicle
Pierce County, Washington sheriff'J.A. Denholm 1904
Skagit County, Washington sheriff's vehicle

Restricted service – provide basic court related services such as keeping the county jail, transporting prisoners, providing courthouse security and other duties with regard to service of process and summonses that are issued by county and state courts. The sheriff also often conducts public auction sales of real property in foreclosure in many jurisdictions, and is often also empowered to conduct seizures of chattel property to satisfy a judgment. In other jurisdictions, these civil process duties are performed by other officers, such as a marshal or constable.