Marshmallow

marshmallowsfluffy confectionguimauvemallowMarschmellowstoasted marshmallow
Marshmallow is a type of confectionery which is typically made from sugar, water and gelatin whipped to a squishy consistency.wikipedia
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Gelatin

gelatinegelatinousjelly
Marshmallow is a type of confectionery which is typically made from sugar, water and gelatin whipped to a squishy consistency. The traditional marshmallow recipe uses powdered marshmallow root, but most commercially manufactured marshmallows instead use gelatin in their manufacture. In the late 19th century, French manufacturers thought of using egg whites or gelatin, combined with modified corn starch, to create the chewy base. The molecular structure of marshmallows is simply a sugar solution blended with stabilizing structure agents such as gelatin, xanthan gum, or egg whites.
Gelatin is in gelatin desserts; most gummy candy and marshmallows; and ice creams, dips, and yogurts.

Althaea officinalis

marsh mallowmarshmallow plantmarshmallow
This is the modern version of a medicinal confection made from Althaea officinalis, the marshmallow plant.
A confection made from the root since ancient Egyptian times evolved into today's marshmallow treat, but most modern marshmallow treats no longer contain any marsh-mallow root.

Doumak

Alex DoumakAlex Doumakes
In 1956, Alex Doumak patented the extrusion process which involved running marshmallow ingredients through tubes.
The company produces marshmallows and holds a patent for the extrusion process by which they are manufactured.

Peeps

Marshmallow PeepsPeepPeeps & Company
Second, it can be deposited onto a belt, as done for Peeps.
Peeps are marshmallows sold in the United States and Canada that are shaped into chicks, bunnies, and other animals.

Confectionery

confectionconfectionerconfections
Marshmallow is a type of confectionery which is typically made from sugar, water and gelatin whipped to a squishy consistency. Marshmallow creme and other less firm marshmallow products generally contain little or no gelatin, which mainly serves to allow the familiar marshmallow confection to retain its shape.

Althaea (plant)

AlthaeaMarshmallowAlthea
The traditional marshmallow recipe uses powdered marshmallow root, but most commercially manufactured marshmallows instead use gelatin in their manufacture.
It includes Althaea officinalis, also known as the marshmallow plant, whence the fluffy confection got its name.

Vegetarianism

vegetarianvegetariansvegetarian diet
Vegans and vegetarians avoid gelatin, but there are versions which use a substitute non-animal gelling agent such as agar.
Packaged and processed foods, such as cakes, cookies, candies, chocolate, yogurt, and marshmallows, often contain unfamiliar animal ingredients, and so may be a special concern for vegetarians due to the likelihood of such additives.

Starch mogul system

In the late 1800s, candy makers started looking for a new process, and discovered the starch mogul system, in which trays of modified corn starch had a mold firmly pushed down in them to create cavities within the starch.
It is used in the manufacture of jelly beans and gummy bears, and was formerly used in the manufacture of marshmallows before the advent of the extrusion process.

S'more

s'moressmoresmores
S'mores are a traditional campfire treat in the United States, made by placing a toasted marshmallow on a slab of chocolate, which is placed between two graham crackers.
A s'more is a campfire treat popular in the United States, Mexico, and Canada, consisting of a marshmallow and a layer of chocolate placed between two pieces of graham cracker or cookie.

Marshmallow creme

Marshmallow FluffFluff
Marshmallow creme and other less firm marshmallow products generally contain little or no gelatin, which mainly serves to allow the familiar marshmallow confection to retain its shape.
Marshmallow creme (also called marshmallow fluff or marshmallow stuff) is a marshmallow confectionery spread similar in flavor, but not texture, to regular solid marshmallow.

Chocolate-coated marshmallow treats

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The product itself consists of a small round shortbread base covered with a hemisphere of Italian meringue, a whipped egg white concoction similar to marshmallow.

Flump (sweet)

Flumps
A Flumps (often mistakenly referred to as a Flump) is a British sweet made of marshmallow.

Chubby Bunny

Chubby Bunny is an informal recreational and hazing game that involves the placement of an increasing number of marshmallows or similar items such as cotton balls into one's own mouth and stating a phrase that is intended to be difficult to say clearly with a filled mouth.

Stay Puft Marshmallow Man

Stay PuftStay-Puft Marshmallow ManMarshmallow Man
In the Ghostbusters universe, it is the mascot of the fictional Stay Puft Marshmallow Corporation, much like Michelin's Bibendum (also known as the "Michelin Man") and the Pillsbury Doughboy (both of which it resembles).

Campfire

campfirescamp firecampfire permit
A popular camping or backyard tradition in the United Kingdom, North America, New Zealand and Australia is the roasting or toasting of marshmallows over a campfire or other open flame.
Another traditional campfire activity involves impaling marshmallows on sticks or uncoiled wire coat hangers, and roasting them over the fire.

Minimal nutritional value

Marshmallows are defined in US law as a food of minimal nutritional value.

Stanford marshmallow experiment

marshmallow experimentmarshmallow testThe Marshmallow Test
The reward was either a marshmallow or pretzel stick, depending on the child's preference.

Corn starch

cornstarchcornflourcorn flour
It's used as a filling in baking, or commonly molded into shapes and coated with corn starch.

Lozenge

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It was sold in bar form as a lozenge.

Tutti frutti

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They were sold in tins as penny candy, and were soon used in a variety of food recipes like banana fluff, lime mallow sponge, and tutti frutti.

Modified starch

modified food starchmodifiedmodified corn starch
In the late 19th century, French manufacturers thought of using egg whites or gelatin, combined with modified corn starch, to create the chewy base.

Food extrusion

extrusionextrudedextruder
Another milestone in the production of marshmallows was the development of the extrusion process by the Greek American confectioner Alex Doumak in the late 1940s.

Litre

Lmlliter
They are prepared by the aeration of mixtures of sucrose and proteins to a final density of about 0.5 g/ml.

Xanthan gum

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The molecular structure of marshmallows is simply a sugar solution blended with stabilizing structure agents such as gelatin, xanthan gum, or egg whites.