Martial arts

martial artistmartial artmartial artistsmartial-artsmartialdifferent style fightfull contact fightingfighterfighting systemsfighting system
Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practiced for a number of reasons such as self-defense; military and law enforcement applications; competition; physical, mental and spiritual development; and entertainment or the preservation of a nation's intangible cultural heritage.wikipedia
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Self-defense

self-defenceself defenseself defence
Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practiced for a number of reasons such as self-defense; military and law enforcement applications; competition; physical, mental and spiritual development; and entertainment or the preservation of a nation's intangible cultural heritage.
Many styles of martial arts are practiced for self-defense or include self-defense techniques.

Hybrid martial arts

Hybridhybrid martial artfreestyle fighting
Unarmed martial arts can be broadly grouped into those focusing on strikes, those focusing on grappling, and those that cover both fields, often described as hybrid martial arts.
Hybrid martial arts, also known as hybrid fighting systems or sometimes eclectic martial arts or freestyle fighting, refer to martial arts or fighting systems that incorporate techniques and theories from several particular martial arts (eclecticism).

Stick-fighting

stick fightinglathisstaff
Other examples include forms of stick fighting and boxing.
Stick-fighting, stickfighting, or stick fighting is a variety of martial arts which use simple long slender, blunt, hand-held, generally wooden "sticks" for fighting; such as a staff, cane, walking stick, baton or similar.

Swordsmanship

swordsmansword fightingswordsmen
The term is modern, and as such was mainly used to refer to smallsword fencing, but by extension it can also be applied to any martial art involving the use of a sword.

Stand-up fighting

stand-upstand-up positionfighting
In martial arts and combat sports, stand-up fighting is hand-to-hand combat between opponents in a standing position, as distinguished from ground fighting.

Grappling

grapplernewazane-waza
Unarmed martial arts can be broadly grouped into those focusing on strikes, those focusing on grappling, and those that cover both fields, often described as hybrid martial arts.
Grappling covers techniques used in many disciplines, styles and martial arts that are practiced both as combat sports and for self-defense.

Arnis

EskrimaEscrimaKali
Such traditions include eskrima, silat, kalaripayat, kobudo, and historical European martial arts, especially those of the German Renaissance.
The three are roughly interchangeable umbrella terms for the traditional martial arts of the Philippines ("Filipino Martial Arts", or FMA), which emphasize weapon-based fighting with sticks, knives, bladed weapons, and various improvised weapons, as well as "open hand" or techniques without weapons.

Silat

pesilatIndonesian martial arts, silatkontaw silat
Such traditions include eskrima, silat, kalaripayat, kobudo, and historical European martial arts, especially those of the German Renaissance.
Silat is a collective word for a class of indigenous martial arts from the geo-cultural area of the Indonesian archipelago.

Strike (attack)

Strikingstrikestrikes
Unarmed martial arts can be broadly grouped into those focusing on strikes, those focusing on grappling, and those that cover both fields, often described as hybrid martial arts.
There are also other variations employed in martial arts and combat sports.

Stage combat

fight choreographyaction choreographeraction director
Actors famous for their stage fighting skills frequently have backgrounds in dance or martial arts training.

Japanese martial arts

Japanese martial artmartial artsJapanese
Sometimes, training with one specific weapon may be considered a style in its own right, especially in the case of Japanese martial arts, with disciplines such as kenjutsu and kendo (sword), bojutsu (staff), and kyudo (archery).
Japanese martial arts refer to the variety of martial arts native to the country of Japan.

Kendo

kendōkendoka3-dan
Sometimes, training with one specific weapon may be considered a style in its own right, especially in the case of Japanese martial arts, with disciplines such as kenjutsu and kendo (sword), bojutsu (staff), and kyudo (archery). In Japan, the same period marks the formation of the modern forms of judo, jujutsu, karate, and kendo (among others) based on revivals of old schools of Edo period martial arts which had been suppressed during the Meiji Restoration.
Kendo is a traditional Japanese martial art, which descended from swordsmanship (kenjutsu) and uses bamboo swords (shinai) and protective armour (bōgu).

Kyūdō

kyudoJapanese archeryarchery
Sometimes, training with one specific weapon may be considered a style in its own right, especially in the case of Japanese martial arts, with disciplines such as kenjutsu and kendo (sword), bojutsu (staff), and kyudo (archery).
Kyūdō is the Japanese martial art of archery.

Ground fighting

groundfightingGroundground control
The term is commonly used in mixed martial arts and other combat sports, as well as various forms of martial arts to designate the set of grappling techniques employed by a combatant that is on the ground.

Bōjutsu

bojutsuBo-jutsubō jutsu
Sometimes, training with one specific weapon may be considered a style in its own right, especially in the case of Japanese martial arts, with disciplines such as kenjutsu and kendo (sword), bojutsu (staff), and kyudo (archery).
Bōjutsu, translated from Japanese as "staff technique", is the martial art of using a staff weapon called bō which simply means "staff".

Karate

karatekasport karateKaratedo
In Japan, the same period marks the formation of the modern forms of judo, jujutsu, karate, and kendo (among others) based on revivals of old schools of Edo period martial arts which had been suppressed during the Meiji Restoration.
Karate (Okinawan pronunciation: ) is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Kingdom.

Canne de combat

la canneBâton françaisBaton francais
Similarly, modern martial arts and sports include modern fencing, stick-fighting systems like canne de combat, and modern competitive archery.
Canne de combat is a French martial art.

Capoeira

Capoeira Angolacapoeiristacapoiera
Capoeira is an Afro-Brazilian martial art that combines elements of dance, acrobatics, and music.

Kenjutsu

Japanese swordsmanshipswordsmanshipswordsman
Sometimes, training with one specific weapon may be considered a style in its own right, especially in the case of Japanese martial arts, with disciplines such as kenjutsu and kendo (sword), bojutsu (staff), and kyudo (archery).
In modern times sparring in Japanese martial art is more strongly associated with kendo and is mainly practiced by students or the police force.

Throw (grappling)

throwsNage-wazathrowing
In martial arts, a throw is a grappling technique that involves off-balancing or lifting an opponent, and throwing them to the ground, in Japanese martial arts referred to as nage-waza, 投げ技, "throwing technique".

Punch (combat)

punchpunchespunching
It is used in most martial arts and combat sports, most notably boxing, where it is the only type of offensive technique allowed.

Pencak Silat

pencakpentjak silatsilat
Silat is a collective word for a class of indigenous martial arts from the geo-cultural area of Indonesia, more precisely in the Malay Archipelago, a region known locally as Nusantara.

Chinese martial arts

kung fukung-fuwushu
Many Chinese martial arts also feature weapons as part of their curriculum.
Wǔshù literally means "martial art".

Brazilian jiu-jitsu

Brazilian Jiu JitsuBJJjiu-jitsu
During the 1990s Brazilian jiu-jitsu became popular and proved to be effective in mixed martial arts competitions such as the UFC and PRIDE.
Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ; jiu-jitsu brasileiro) is a martial art and combat sport system that focuses on grappling with particular emphasis on ground fighting.

Sambo (martial art)

SamboCombat Sambosambist
Sambo is a Soviet martial art and combat sport.