Mary Pickford

Mary Mary Pickford FoundationMary Pickford AwardMary Pickford CorporationMary Pickford FilmsMary Pickford FoundationMrs.of the same name
Gladys Louise Smith (April 8, 1892 – May 29, 1979), known professionally as Mary Pickford, was a Canadian-born American film actress and producer.wikipedia
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United Artists

UAUnited Artists Media GroupUnited Artists Pictures
With a career spanning 50 years, she was a co-founder of both the Pickford-Fairbanks Studio (along with Douglas Fairbanks) and, later, the United Artists film studio (with Fairbanks, Charlie Chaplin and D. W. Griffith), and one of the original 36 founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences who present the yearly "Oscar" award ceremony.
Founded in 1919 by D. W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, and Douglas Fairbanks, the studio was premised on allowing actors to control their own interests, rather than being dependent upon commercial studios.

Douglas Fairbanks

Douglas Fairbanks, Sr.FairbanksDouglas Fairbanks Senior
With a career spanning 50 years, she was a co-founder of both the Pickford-Fairbanks Studio (along with Douglas Fairbanks) and, later, the United Artists film studio (with Fairbanks, Charlie Chaplin and D. W. Griffith), and one of the original 36 founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences who present the yearly "Oscar" award ceremony.
With his marriage to Mary Pickford in 1920, the couple became Hollywood royalty and Fairbanks was referred to as "The King of Hollywood", a nickname later passed on to actor Clark Gable.

Academy Award for Best Actress

Best ActressBest Actress in a Leading RoleAcademy Award
She was awarded the second ever Academy Award for Best Actress for her first sound-film role in Coquette (1929) and also received an honorary Academy Award in 1976.
Seven women on the list have received an Honorary Academy Award for their acting; they are Greta Garbo, Barbara Stanwyck, Mary Pickford, Deborah Kerr, Gena Rowlands, Cicely Tyson and Sophia Loren.

Coquette (film)

CoquetteCoquette'' (film)
She was awarded the second ever Academy Award for Best Actress for her first sound-film role in Coquette (1929) and also received an honorary Academy Award in 1976.
Coquette is a 1929 American Pre-Code drama film, starring Mary Pickford.

Jack Pickford

JackJohn Charles, called "Jack
She had two younger siblings, Charlotte, called "Lottie" (born 1893), and John Charles, called "Jack" (born 1896), who also became actors.
He was the younger brother of actresses Mary and Lottie Pickford.

Charlotte Hennessey

Charlotte HennessyCharlotte Hennessy SmithCharlotte Smith Pickford
Her mother, Charlotte Hennessey, was of Irish Catholic descent and worked for a time as a seamstress.
Charlotte Hennessey Smith (Pickford) (January 1, 1873 – March 22, 1928) was a Canadian silent film actress and the mother of Mary, Lottie, and Jack Pickford, who all became actors.

Lottie Pickford

LottieCharlotte, called "Lottie
She had two younger siblings, Charlotte, called "Lottie" (born 1893), and John Charles, called "Jack" (born 1896), who also became actors.
She was the younger sister of fellow actress Mary Pickford and elder sister of actor Jack Pickford.

Cinema of the United States

HollywoodAmericanUnited States
In consideration of her contributions to American cinema, the American Film Institute ranked Pickford as 24th in its 1999 list of greatest female stars of classic Hollywood Cinema.
Such notables as Mary Pickford got their start at Biograph Studios.

Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

AcademyAMPASthe Academy
With a career spanning 50 years, she was a co-founder of both the Pickford-Fairbanks Studio (along with Douglas Fairbanks) and, later, the United Artists film studio (with Fairbanks, Charlie Chaplin and D. W. Griffith), and one of the original 36 founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences who present the yearly "Oscar" award ceremony.
The Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study, located in central Hollywood and named for legendary actress and Academy founder Mary Pickford, houses several Academy departments, including the Academy Film Archive, the Science and Technology Council, Student Academy Awards and Grants, and the Nicholl Fellowships in Screenwriting.

David Belasco

BelascoBelasco realismBelasco Theatre
David Belasco, the producer of the play, insisted that Gladys Smith assume the stage name Mary Pickford.
He was the first writer to adapt the short story Madame Butterfly for the stage, and he launched the theatrical career of many actors, including Mary Pickford, Lenore Ulric and Barbara Stanwyck.

Charlie Chaplin

ChaplinCharles ChaplinChaplinesque
With a career spanning 50 years, she was a co-founder of both the Pickford-Fairbanks Studio (along with Douglas Fairbanks) and, later, the United Artists film studio (with Fairbanks, Charlie Chaplin and D. W. Griffith), and one of the original 36 founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences who present the yearly "Oscar" award ceremony.
Frustrated with their lack of concern for quality, and worried about rumours of a possible merger between the company and Famous Players-Lasky, Chaplin joined forces with Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford, and D. W. Griffith to form a new distribution company – United Artists, established in January 1919.

Biograph Company

BiographAmerican Mutoscope and Biograph CompanyAmerican Mutoscope Company
On April 19, 1909, the Biograph Company director D. W. Griffith screen-tested her at the company's New York studio for a role in the nickelodeon film Pippa Passes.
The company was home to pioneering director D. W. Griffith and such actors as Mary Pickford, Lillian Gish and Lionel Barrymore.

Florence La Badie

While at Biograph, she suggested to Florence La Badie to "try pictures", invited her to the studio and later introduced her to D. W. Griffith, who launched La Badie's career.
During this period she met a fellow Canadian, the young actress Mary Pickford, who suggested she "try pictures"; and in 1909 she invited Florence to watch the making of a motion picture at the Biograph studio in Manhattan.

Dorothy Gish

Dorothy
That year, Pickford also introduced Dorothy and Lillian Gish– whom she had befriended as new neighbors from Ohio –to Griffith, and each became major silent film stars, in comedy and tragedy, respectively.
Soon afterward their childhood friend, actress Mary Pickford, introduced them to director D. W. Griffith, and the sisters began acting at the Biograph Studios.

A Good Little Devil

She returned to Broadway in the David Belasco production of A Good Little Devil (1912).
A Good Little Devil is a 1914 silent film starring Mary Pickford (her first feature-length film), produced by Adolph Zukor and Daniel Frohman, and distributed on a 'State's Rights' basis.

Paramount Pictures

ParamountParamount StudiosParamount Home Entertainment
It was later known as Famous Players-Lasky and then Paramount Pictures, one of the first American feature film companies.
Because Zukor believed in stars, he signed and developed many of the leading early stars, including Mary Pickford, Marguerite Clark, Pauline Frederick, Douglas Fairbanks, Gloria Swanson, Rudolph Valentino, and Wallace Reid.

Cecil B. DeMille

Cecil B. De MilleDeMilleCecil DeMille
The play was written by William C. deMille, whose brother, Cecil, appeared in the cast.
DeMille performed on stage with actors whom he would later direct in films: Charlotte Walker, Mary Pickford, and Pedro de Cordoba.

William C. deMille

William C. de MilleWilliamWilliam DeMille
The play was written by William C. deMille, whose brother, Cecil, appeared in the cast.
The former featured future film star Mary Pickford and Cecil, both struggling actors playing minor roles.

Biograph girl

Biograph GirlsThe Biograph Girl
Exhibitors in turn capitalized on her popularity by advertising on sandwich boards that a film featuring "The Girl with the Golden Curls", "Blondilocks", or "The Biograph Girl" was inside.
Biograph Girl was a phrase associated with two early-20th-century actresses, Florence Lawrence and Mary Pickford, who made black-and-white silent films with the Biograph Company.

Classical Hollywood cinema

Golden AgeGolden Age of HollywoodHollywood's Golden Age
In consideration of her contributions to American cinema, the American Film Institute ranked Pickford as 24th in its 1999 list of greatest female stars of classic Hollywood Cinema.
Mary Pickford

First National Pictures

First NationalAssociated First National PicturesAssociated First National
She declined, and went to First National Pictures, which agreed to her terms.
Between 1917 and 1918, the company made contracts with Mary Pickford and Charlie Chaplin, the first million-dollar deals in the history of film.

The New York Hat

Pickford made her last Biograph picture, The New York Hat, in late 1912.
The New York Hat (1912) is a short silent film directed by D. W. Griffith from a screenplay by Anita Loos, and starring Mary Pickford, Lionel Barrymore, and Lillian Gish.

Lillian Gish

LillianGishGishian
That year, Pickford also introduced Dorothy and Lillian Gish– whom she had befriended as new neighbors from Ohio –to Griffith, and each became major silent film stars, in comedy and tragedy, respectively.
Gladys was a child actress who did some work for director D. W. Griffith and later took the stage name Mary Pickford.

Carl Laemmle

Carl Laemmle, Sr.Laemmle
The following year, she starred in films at Carl Laemmle's Independent Moving Pictures Company (IMP).
As part of his offensive against Edison's company, Laemmle began advertising individual "stars," such as Mary Pickford and Florence Lawrence, thus increasing their individual earning power, and thus their willingness to side with the "Independents."

Pollyanna (1920 film)

Pollyanna19201920 version
Occasionally, she played a child, in films such as The Poor Little Rich Girl (1917), Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm (1917), Daddy-Long-Legs (1919) and Pollyanna (1920).
Pollyanna is a 1920 American silent melodrama/comedy film starring Mary Pickford, directed by Paul Powell, and based upon Eleanor H. Porter's 1913 novel of the same name.