A report on Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Stereographic card showing an MIT mechanical drafting studio, 19th century (photo by E. L. Allen, left/right inverted)
Original Rogers Building, Back Bay, Boston, c. 1901
A 1905 map of MIT's Boston campus
The then-new Cambridge campus, completed in 1916. The Harvard Bridge (named after John Harvard but otherwise unrelated to Harvard University) is in the foreground, connecting Boston to Cambridge.
Plaque in Building 6 honoring George Eastman, founder of Eastman Kodak, who was revealed as the anonymous "Mr. Smith" who helped maintain MIT's independence
ROTC students at MIT in 2019
The MIT Media Lab houses researchers developing novel uses of computer technology and shown here is the 1985 building, designed by I.M. Pei, with an extension (right of photo) designed by Fumihiko Maki opened in March 2010
The central and eastern sections of MIT's campus as seen from above Massachusetts Avenue and the Charles River. Left of center is the Great Dome overlooking Killian Court, with Kendall Square to the upper right.
MIT's Building 10 and Great Dome overlooking Killian Court
The Stata Center houses CSAIL, LIDS, and the Department of Linguistics and Philosophy
The Simmons Hall undergrad dormitory was completed in 2002
Lobby 7 (at 77 Massachusetts Avenue) is regarded as the main entrance to campus
The Infinite Corridor is the primary passageway through campus.
Eero Saarinen's Kresge Auditorium (1955) is a classic example of post-war architecture
Walker Memorial is a monument to MIT's fourth president, Francis Amasa Walker
MIT main campus seen from Vassar Street, as The Great Dome is visible in the distance and the Stata Center is at right
The GNU project and free software movement originated at MIT
The start of the MIT Mystery Hunt in 2007
The Zesiger Sports and Fitness Center houses a two-story fitness center as well as swimming and diving pools
Institute Professors Emeriti and Nobel Laureates (from left to right) Franco Modigliani (deceased), Paul Samuelson (also deceased), and Robert Solow (picture taken in 2000)
Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin, ScD 1963 (MIT Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics)
Former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, SM 1972 (MIT Sloan School of Management)
President of Colombia (1986–1990) Virgilio Barco Vargas, SB 1943 (MIT Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Former Federal Reserve Bank chairman Ben Bernanke, PhD 1979 (MIT Department of Economics)
Economics Nobel laureate Esther Duflo, PhD 1999 (MIT Department of Economics), also an MIT professor<ref>{{cite web |title=Curriculum Vitae (Esther Duflo) |url=https://economics.mit.edu/files/14455 |publisher=MIT |access-date=13 October 2020}}</ref>
Physicist and Nobel laureate Richard Feynman, SB 1939 (MIT Department of Physics)<ref>{{cite web |title=Richard P. Feynman - Biographical |url=https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1965/feynman/biographical/ |publisher=Nobel Foundation |access-date=12 September 2020}}</ref>
Astronaut and USAF Colonel Michael Fincke, SB 1989 (MIT Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics), SB 1989 (MIT Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences)
Sculptor Daniel Chester French, Did not graduate
Economics Nobel laureate Paul Krugman, PhD 1977 (MIT Department of Economics)
Space Shuttle Challenger astronaut and physicist Ronald McNair, PhD 1976 (MIT Department of Physics)
Israeli Former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, SB 1975 (MIT Architecture), SM 1976 (MIT Sloan School of Management)
Architect I. M. Pei, BArch 1940 (MIT Architecture)
Claude Shannon, PhD 1940 (MIT Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science)
CEO of General Motors Alfred P. Sloan, SB 1895 (MIT Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science)
"Boston" guitarist Tom Scholz, SB 1969, SM 1970 (MIT Department of Mechanical Engineering)
Astronaut and engineer Mike Massimino, PhD 1992 (MIT Department of Mechanical Engineering)
Chemist and Nobel laureate Robert Burns Woodward, SB 1936, PhD 1937<ref>{{cite web |title=Robert B. Woodward - Biographical |url=https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/1965/woodward/biographical/ |publisher=Nobel Foundation |access-date=4 October 2020}}</ref>

Private land-grant research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

- Massachusetts Institute of Technology

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Cambridge, Massachusetts

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City in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area as a major suburb of Boston.

City in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area as a major suburb of Boston.

Map showing the original boundaries of Cambridge and other Massachusetts cities and towns
George Washington in Cambridge, 1775
Map of Cambridge from 1873
1852 Map of Boston area showing Cambridge and regional rail lines and highlighting the course of the Middlesex Canal. Cambridge is toward the bottom of the map and outlined in yellow, and should not be confused with the pink-outlined and partially cropped "West Cambridge", now Arlington.
A view from Boston of Harvard's Weld Boathouse and Cambridge in winter. The Charles River is in the foreground.
Buildings of Kendall Square, center of Cambridge's biotech economy, seen from the Charles River
Fogg Museum, Harvard
Longfellow House–Washington's Headquarters National Historic Site
Stata Center, MIT
Simmons Hall, MIT
Alewife Brook Reservation
Cambridge City Hall in the 1980s
Aerial view of part of MIT's main campus
Dunster House, Harvard
The 1888 part of the Cambridge Public Library
Massachusetts Avenue in Harvard Square
Central Station on the MBTA Red Line
The Weeks Bridge provides a pedestrian-only connection between Boston's Allston-Brighton neighborhood and Cambridge over the Charles River.
Engine 2, Paramedic Squad 2, Ladder 3 firehouse
Central Square
Harvard Square
Inman Square

Harvard University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Lesley University, and Hult International Business School are in Cambridge, as was Radcliffe College before it merged with Harvard.

MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory

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Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) is a research institute at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) formed by the 2003 merger of the Laboratory for Computer Science (LCS) and the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (AI Lab).

University of California, Berkeley

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Public land-grant research university in Berkeley, California.

Public land-grant research university in Berkeley, California.

View from Memorial Glade of Sather Tower (the Campanile), the center of Berkeley—the ring of its bells and clock can be heard from all over campus.
Sather Tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais
Wheeler Hall, home to Berkeley's largest lecture hall, was the location of a Nobel Prize conferral during WWII.
The interior of the Hearst Mining Building, dedicated by Phoebe Hearst in honor of her late husband, George.
Doe Memorial Library is Berkeley's main library
The Haas School of Business offers both graduate and undergraduate degrees
The on-campus University of California Museum of Paleontology hosts a life-size replica of a T-rex.
Simplified evolution of Unix systems and BSD forks
Sather Gate, connecting Sproul Plaza to the inner campus, was a center of the Free Speech Movement.
Bancroft Library, Berkeley's primary special-collections library
The UC Botanical Garden, located in the Berkeley Hills and by the Berkeley Lab.
South Hall (1873), one of the two original buildings of the University of California, still stands on the Berkeley campus
The south fork of Strawberry Creek, as seen between Dwinelle Hall and Lower Sproul Plaza.
Fans atop Tightwad Hill watch the Cal Band, with views of the stadium and the San Francisco Bay.
The International House was opened in 1930 with the funding of John D. Rockefeller.
Bowles Hall, a co-ed residential college, neighbors the Hearst Greek Theatre.
Wellness Room sleep pods: part of a program created by the ASUC, UC Berkeley's official student association
Berkeley Dance Marathon, one of the campus's student-led fundraising events
Zellerbach Hall, home of the Cal Performances theater group
UC Berkeley Symphony Orchestra
The base of the California Memorial Stadium.
The interior of Haas Pavilion during a Cal Basketball game.
The Cal Bears face off against the Stanford Cardinal in the Big Game.
Cal Rugby football team has not only won at least 26 national championships but many more 'Scrum Axe' competitions (where a ceremonial Native American battle axe affixed to a trophy is awarded to winner) such that by the 1930s it was designated as the annual trophy exchanged between Cal and Stanford Rugby teams
Earl Warren, BA 1912, JD 1914, 14th Chief Justice of the United States, 30th Governor of California
Steven Chu, PhD 1976, Nobel laureate, 12th United States Secretary of Energy
Jennifer Granholm, BA 1984, 16th United States Secretary of Energy, 47th Governor of Michigan
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, BA 1950,<ref>{{cite web|title=Zulfikar Ali Bhutto|publisher=Encyclopædia Britannica Online|url=http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/64265/Zulfikar-Ali-Bhutto}}</ref> 4th President of Pakistan, 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan
Robert Reich, Professor of Public Policy, 22nd United States Secretary of Labor
Christina Romer, Professor of Economics, 25th Chairperson of the President's Council of Economic Advisers
Steve Wozniak, BS 1986, cofounder of Apple Inc.
Gordon Moore, BS 1950, cofounder of semiconductor company Intel
Eric Schmidt, MS 1979, PhD 1982, Executive Chairman of Alphabet
Edmund Gerald "Jerry" Brown, Jr, BA 1961, 34th & 39th Governor of California
Blake R. Van Leer, MS 1920, inventor, civil rights advocate, president of Georgia Tech
Gregory Peck, BA 1939, Academy Award–winning actor
Natalie Coughlin, BA 2005, multiple gold medal-winning Olympic swimmer
Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway, heir apparent to the throne of Norway, BA 1999<ref>"Her Norwegian heritage drew her to projects with the Norwegian Consulate in San Francisco and the Norwegian American Cultural Society, and she hosted a party for Crown Prince Haakon Magnus when he graduated from UC Berkeley in 1999."{{cite news|title=Sigrun Corrigan, Bay Area arts patron, dies|author=Carolyne Zinko|date=July 3, 2008|publisher=San Francisco Chronicle|url=http://articles.sfgate.com/2008-07-03/bay-area/17174224_1_mrs-corrigan-lsi-logic-ballet-san-jose}}</ref>
Robert McNamara, BA 1937, 5th President of World Bank, 8th United States Secretary of Defense, President of Ford Motor Company
Daniel Kahneman, PhD 1961, awarded the 2002 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics for his work in Prospect theory
Harold Urey, PhD 1923, Nobel laureate and discoverer of deuterium
The computer mouse was invented by Turing Award laureate Doug Engelbart, BEng 1952, PhD 1955
President of Colombia, Pedro Nel Ospina Vázquez
Robert Laughlin, BA 1972, Nobel laureate
Turing Award laureate Ken Thompson (left), BS 1965, MS 1966, and fellow laureate and colleague Dennis Ritchie (right), created Unix together
Robert Penn Warren, MA 1927 – novelist and poet, who received the Pulitzer Prize three times
Emmy and Golden Globe Award–winning actress Kathy Baker, BA 1977

Clark Kerr notes the school in 1993 was the only remaining member of the original 1906 "Big Six", along with Harvard; in that year UC Berkeley ranked first and the other six schools were, from second place, Stanford, Harvard, Princeton, MIT, and Yale.

MIT central campus, viewed from a helicopter in 2010 over the Charles River

Campus of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

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MIT central campus, viewed from a helicopter in 2010 over the Charles River
The original Rogers Building, MIT's first home
A 1905 map of MIT's Boston campus
MIT Cambridge campus map from 1916 when it moved there from Boston
The Great Dome under construction in 1916.
Killian Court, Building 10, and The Great Dome
Francis Amasa Walker Memorial
Entrance on Amherst Street
Gray House
Building 7 atrium
Building 20 time capsule to be opened in 2053. Until then, it is on display in the Stata Center, which replaced the older structure.
Detail of Baker House facade onto the Charles River
MIT Chapel
Exterior of Kresge Auditorium looking west
McCormick Hall
Eastgate Apartments
Stratton Student Center in 2017
McDermott Court in 2008
Tang Hall
Whitaker College
William R. Dickson Cogeneration Facility
The Zesiger Sports and Fitness Center
Simmons Hall
Ray and Maria Stata Center
Building 46
MIT.nano
Hockfield Court in 2018
The lettering on Building W41 provides an unintentional pun when seen from a particular vantage point.
Birth of the Muses (1944-1950) by Jacques Lipchitz
Mobius strip sculpture in the Barker Engineering Library
Schwerpunkt (2016) by Ralph Helmick
SCIENTIA (2016) by Ursula von Rydingsvard
Three Piece Reclining Figure: Draped (1976) by Henry Moore

The Campus of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology is located on a 168 acre tract in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.

Coat of arms

Harvard University

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Private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Coat of arms
Coat of arms
The seal of the Harvard Corporation, found on Harvard diplomas. Christo et Ecclesiae ("For Christ and Church") is one of Harvard's several early mottoes.
Engraving of Harvard College by Paul Revere, 1767
John Harvard statue, Harvard Yard
Richard Rummell's 1906 watercolor landscape view, facing northeast.
Memorial Hall
Memorial Church
Harvard Medical School
University seal
Massachusetts Hall (1720), Harvard's oldest building
Harvard Yard
Widener Library anchors the Harvard Library system.
Henry Moore's sculpture Large Four Piece Reclining Figure, near Lamont Library
Tower at the University of Puerto Rico, showing (right) the emblem of Harvardthe oldest in the United Statesand (left) that of National University of San Marcos, Limathe oldest in the Americas
2nd President of the United States John Adams (AB, 1755; AM, 1758)<ref>{{cite web |last1=Barzilay |first1=Karen N. |title=The Education of John Adams |url=https://www.masshist.org/object-of-the-month/objects/the-education-of-john-adams-2007-06-01 |publisher=Massachusetts Historical Society |access-date=20 September 2020 |archive-date=July 26, 2021 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210726202845/https://www.masshist.org/object-of-the-month/objects/the-education-of-john-adams-2007-06-01 |url-status=live }}</ref>
6th President of the United States John Quincy Adams (AB, 1787; AM, 1790)<ref>{{cite web |title=John Quincy Adams |url=https://www.whitehouse.gov/about-the-white-house/presidents/john-quincy-adams/ |publisher=The White House |access-date=21 September 2020 |archive-date=October 5, 2021 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20211005104815/https://www.whitehouse.gov/about-the-white-house/presidents/john-quincy-adams/ |url-status=live }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last1=Hogan |first1=Margaret A. |title=John Quincy Adams: Life Before the Presidency |date=October 4, 2016 |url=https://millercenter.org/president/jqadams/life-before-the-presidency |publisher=Miller Center |access-date=21 September 2020 |archive-date=August 12, 2021 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210812123606/https://millercenter.org/president/jqadams/life-before-the-presidency |url-status=live }}</ref>
Essayist, lecturer, philosopher, and poet Ralph Waldo Emerson (AB, 1821)
Naturalist, essayist, poet, and philosopher Henry David Thoreau (AB, 1837)
19th President of the United States Rutherford B. Hayes (LLB, 1845)<ref>{{cite web |title=HLS's first alumnus elected as President—Rutherford B. Hayes |url=https://today.law.harvard.edu/hlss-first-alumnus-elected-as-president-rutherford-b-hayes/ |publisher=Harvard Law Today |access-date=21 September 2020 |archive-date=April 14, 2021 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210414135644/https://today.law.harvard.edu/hlss-first-alumnus-elected-as-president-rutherford-b-hayes/ |url-status=live }}</ref>
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. (AB, 1861, LLB)
Philosopher, logician, and mathematician Charles Sanders Peirce (AB, 1862, SB 1863)
26th President of the United States and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Theodore Roosevelt (AB, 1880)<ref>{{cite web |title=Theodore Roosevelt - Biographical |url=https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/1906/roosevelt/biographical/ |publisher=Nobel Foundation |access-date=21 September 2020 |archive-date=September 5, 2021 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210905033556/https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/1906/roosevelt/biographical/ |url-status=live }}</ref>
Sociologist and civil rights activist
32nd President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt (AB, 1903)<ref>{{cite web |last1=Leuchtenburg |first1=William E. |title=Franklin D. Roosevelt: Life Before the Presidency |date=October 4, 2016 |url=https://millercenter.org/president/fdroosevelt/life-before-the-presidency |publisher=Miller Center |access-date=21 September 2020 |archive-date=August 13, 2021 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210813025557/https://millercenter.org/president/fdroosevelt/life-before-the-presidency |url-status=live }}</ref>
Author, political activist, and lecturer Helen Keller (AB, 1904, Radcliffe College)
Poet and Nobel laureate in literature T. S. Eliot (AB, 1909; AM, 1910)
Physicist and leader of Manhattan Project J. Robert Oppenheimer (AB, 1925)
Economist and Nobel laureate in economics Paul Samuelson (AM, 1936; PhD, 1941)
Musician and composer Leonard Bernstein (AB, 1939)
35th President of the United States John F. Kennedy (AB, 1940)<ref>{{cite web |last1=Selverstone |first1=Marc J. |title=John F. Kennedy: Life Before the Presidency |date=October 4, 2016 |url=https://millercenter.org/president/kennedy/life-before-the-presidency |publisher=Miller Center |access-date=21 September 2020 |archive-date=August 12, 2021 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210812190501/https://millercenter.org/president/kennedy/life-before-the-presidency |url-status=live }}</ref>
7th President of Ireland and United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Mary Robinson (LLM, 1968)
45th Vice President of the United States and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Al Gore (AB, 1969)
24th President of Liberia and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (MPA, 1971)<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2011/johnson_sirleaf-bio.html|title=Ellen Johnson Sirleaf - Biographical|website=www.nobelprize.org|access-date=October 14, 2020|archive-date=July 24, 2018|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180724032807/https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2011/johnson_sirleaf-bio.html|url-status=live}}</ref>
Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer (AB, 1971; JD, 1975)
11th Prime Minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto (AB, 1973, Radcliffe College)
14th Chair of the Federal Reserve Ben Bernanke (AB, 1975; AM, 1975)
43rd President of the United States George W. Bush (MBA, 1975)<ref>{{cite web |last1=L. Gregg II |first1=Gary |title=George W. Bush: Life Before the Presidency |date=October 4, 2016 |url=https://millercenter.org/president/gwbush/life-before-the-presidency |publisher=Miller Center |access-date=21 September 2020 |archive-date=August 12, 2021 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210812225623/https://millercenter.org/president/gwbush/life-before-the-presidency |url-status=live }}</ref>
17th Chief Justice of the United States John Roberts (AB, 1976; JD, 1979)
Founder of Microsoft and philanthropist Bill Gates (College, 1977;<ref group="a" name="nodegree">Nominal Harvard College class year: did not graduate</ref> LLD hc, 2007)
8th Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon (MPA, 1984)
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States Elena Kagan (JD, 1986)
Former First Lady of the United States Michelle Obama (JD, 1988)
Biochemist and Nobel laureate in chemistry Jennifer Doudna (PhD, 1989)<ref>{{cite web|title=Press release: The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020|url=https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/2020/press-release/|website=nobelprize.org|publisher=Nobel Foundation|access-date=October 14, 2020|archive-date=October 8, 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201008001709/https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/2020/press-release/|url-status=live}}</ref>
44th President of the United States and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Barack Obama (JD, 1991)<ref>{{cite web |title=Barack Obama: Life Before the Presidency |date=October 4, 2016 |url=https://millercenter.org/president/obama/life-before-the-presidency |publisher=Miller Center |access-date=21 September 2020 |archive-date=August 12, 2021 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210812142731/https://millercenter.org/president/obama/life-before-the-presidency |url-status=live }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Barack H. Obama - Biographical |url=https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/2009/obama/biographical/ |publisher=Nobel Foundation |access-date=21 September 2020 |archive-date=April 14, 2021 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210414110039/https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/2009/obama/biographical/ |url-status=live }}</ref>
Associate Justice-designate of the Supreme Court of the United States Ketanji Brown Jackson (JD, 1992)
Founder of Facebook Mark Zuckerberg (College, 2004; LLD hc, 2017)
Louis Agassiz
Danielle Allen
Alan Dershowitz
Paul Farmer
Jason Furman
John Kenneth Galbraith
Henry Louis Gates Jr.
Asa Gray
Seamus Heaney
Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr.
William James
Timothy Leary
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
James Russell Lowell
Greg Mankiw
Steven Pinker
Michael Porter
Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr.
Amartya Sen
B. F. Skinner
Lawrence Summers
Cass Sunstein
Elizabeth Warren
Cornel West
E. O. Wilson
Shing-Tung Yau
Robert Reich
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States Elena Kagan (JD, 1986)
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States Ketanji Brown Jackson (JD, 1992)

Joint programs with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology include the Harvard–MIT Program in Health Sciences and Technology, the Broad Institute, The Observatory of Economic Complexity, and edX.

California Institute of Technology

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Private research university in Pasadena, California.

Private research university in Pasadena, California.

Throop Polytechnic Institute on its original campus at downtown Pasadena
Throop Hall, 1912
Construction of Norman Bridge Laboratory of Physics in 1921
Aerial view of Caltech in 1922
Richard C. Tolman and Albert Einstein at Caltech, 1932
The campus in 1944
The new Annenberg Center for Information Science and Technology
The Millikan Library, the tallest building on campus. In January 2021, the Caltech Board of Trustees authorized removal of Millikan's name from campus buildings.
The Beckman Auditorium
Beckman Institute at Caltech
The Bridge Laboratory of Physics
Breezeway of Arms Laboratory
The Kerckhoff Laboratory of the Biological Sciences
Doctoral regalia of the California Institute of Technology
Chemists working at Caltech in 1923
The new Schlinger Laboratory for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
The Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics
The Caltech Beavers' logo
The Fleming cannon
Aerial view of Caltech in Pasadena, California
Broad Center for Biological Sciences
Nobel laureate Carl David Anderson, BS 1927, PhD 1930, discoverer of the positron and the muon
Nobel laureate Douglas D. Osheroff, BS 1967
Nobel laureate William Shockley, BS 1932, co-inventor of the solid state transistor, father of Silicon Valley
Nobel laureate Edwin McMillan, BS 1928, MS 1929
Nobel laureate Vernon Smith, BS 1949
Turing Award laureate Fernando J. Corbató, BS 1950
Turing Award laureate Donald Knuth, PhD 1963, "father" of the analysis of algorithms, creator of TeX typesetting system
Turing Award laureate John McCarthy, BS 1948, inventor of the Lisp programming language
Astronaut C. Gordon Fullerton, BS 1957, MS 1958
Astronaut and United States Senator Harrison Schmitt, BS 1957, the only geologist to have walked on the moon
Libyan Deputy Prime Minister & Libyan Prime Minister-Elect Mustafa A.G. Abushagur, PhD 1984
Qian Xuesen, PhD 1939, co-founder of JPL, "Father" of Chinese rocketry
Arnold Orville Beckman, PhD 1928, inventor of the pH meter, founder of Beckman Instruments and the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Foundation
Gordon Moore, PhD 1954, co-founder of Intel
National Medal of Technology laureate Carver Mead, BS 1956, MS 1957, PhD 1960
Benoit Mandelbrot, MS 1948, Engineering 1949, father of fractal geometry, namesake of the Mandelbrot set
Charlie Munger, studied meteorology at Caltech, investor, Vice Chairman of Berkshire Hathaway
Frank Capra, BS Chemical Engineering 1918 (when Caltech was known as the "Throop Institute");<ref>{{cite web|url=http://alumni.caltech.edu/distinguished_alumni/search_results?search_text=Frank+Capra|title=Distinguished Alumni Award – Frank Capra|publisher=California Institute of Technology|access-date=May 7, 2010|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110719160205/http://alumni.caltech.edu/distinguished_alumni/search_results?search_text=Frank+Capra|archive-date=July 19, 2011|url-status=dead|df=mdy-all}}</ref> winner of six Academy Awards in directing and producing; producer and director of It's a Wonderful Life
Nobel laureate Kip Thorne, BS 1962, known for his prolific contributions in gravitation physics and astrophysics and co-founding of LIGO
Stephen Wolfram, PhD 1979, creator of Mathematica and Wolfram Alpha; one of the first MacArthur Fellows in 1981
Stanislav Smirnov, PhD 1996, 2010 Fields Medal winner for his work on the mathematical foundations of statistical physics, particularly finite lattice models
France A. Córdova, PhD 1978, Astrophysicist and 14th Director of the National Science Foundation
Nobel laureate Eric Betzig, BS 1983, known for his work on fluorescence microscopy and photoactivated localization microscopy

The promise of Throop attracted physical chemist Arthur Amos Noyes from MIT to develop the institution and assist in establishing it as a center for science and technology.

Charles River

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80 mi river in eastern Massachusetts.

80 mi river in eastern Massachusetts.

View of the bridge over Charles River, New York Public Library
View of the Charles River, Memorial Drive in Cambridge(foreground), and the Back Bay skyline at night
A sunny day on the Charles River Esplanade
Sailboats moored on the Charlestown side of the Charles River with Bunker Hill Monument in the distance
Sunset at Charles River in December 2010
American Shad (Alosa Sapidissima)
View of the Charles River, Community Rowing, Inc. and Boston from Nonantum.
The Charles River from the Boston side, facing Weld Boathouse and the main campus of Harvard University in Cambridge.
View of Charles River at Newton Upper Falls
Charles River under Echo Bridge in Newton
Charles River at Medfield-Millis town line
Charles River basin from an office tower in Boston.
Charles River Esplanade, 2013
Charles River Esplanade, 2013
View of the Charles River and Downtown Boston from the Boston University Bridge
John W. Weeks Bridge

Harvard University, Brandeis University, Boston University, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are located along the Charles River.

A March 1940 meeting at the University of California at Berkeley concerning the planned 184 in cyclotron (seen on the blackboard), from left to right: Ernest O. Lawrence, Arthur H. Compton, Vannevar Bush, James B. Conant, Karl T. Compton, and Alfred Lee Loomis

MIT Radiation Laboratory

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A March 1940 meeting at the University of California at Berkeley concerning the planned 184 in cyclotron (seen on the blackboard), from left to right: Ernest O. Lawrence, Arthur H. Compton, Vannevar Bush, James B. Conant, Karl T. Compton, and Alfred Lee Loomis

The Radiation Laboratory, commonly called the Rad Lab, was a microwave and radar research laboratory located at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Ray and Maria Stata Center

Stata Center

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Ray and Maria Stata Center
View from an upper-floor window
Stata Center self reflection
Water spray from a fire sprinkler system failure in 2007
Stata Center
View from the 7th floor
Interior, ground floor, Gates tower
Building 32 at night
Building 20 time capsule, on display in the Stata Center

The Ray and Maria Stata Center or Building 32 is a 430,000-square-foot (40,000 m2) academic complex designed by Pritzker Prize-winning architect Frank Gehry for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Stallman in 2019

Richard Stallman

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American free software movement activist and programmer.

American free software movement activist and programmer.

Stallman in 2019
Stallman in 2003 at the opening ceremony of NIXAL (a GLUG) at Netaji Subhash Engineering College, Calcutta, India
Cover picture for O'Reilly Media's 2002 book Free as in Freedom: Richard Stallman's Crusade for Free Software
Stallman giving a speech on "Free Software and Your Freedom" at the biennale du design of Saint-Étienne (2008)
Stallman using his Lemote machine at Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai
Stallman at Swatantra 2014, a conference organized by ICFOSS in Kerala, India
Stallman, in costume as St. IGNUcius, wears a halo consisting of the platter of an old hard disk drive. (Monastir, Tunisia, 2012)

In September 2019, Stallman resigned as president of the FSF and left his "visiting scientist" role at MIT after making controversial comments about the Jeffrey Epstein sex trafficking scandal.