Maurice Joly

Maurice Joly (1829–1878) was a French publicist and lawyer known for his political satire titled Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu ou la politique de Machiavel au XIX e siècle, that attacked the regime of Napoleon III. Available English translations include: Dialogues in Hell between Machiavelli and Montesquieu by Herman Bernstein, and The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu by John S. Waggoner.wikipedia
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The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu

an earlierDialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et MontesquieuDialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu : 1864
and The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu by John S. Waggoner.
(in the original French Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu ou la politique de Machiavel au XIXe siècle) is a political satire written by French attorney Maurice Joly in protest against the regime of Napoleon III, a.k.a. Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte who ruled France from 1848-1870.

Political satire

political satiristPoliticalpolitical humor
Maurice Joly (1829–1878) was a French publicist and lawyer known for his political satire titled Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu ou la politique de Machiavel au XIX e siècle, that attacked the regime of Napoleon III.
One example is Maurice Joly's 1864 pamphlet entitled The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu (Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu), which attacks the political ambitions of Napoleon III.

Lons-le-Saunier

Lons-le-SaulnierLons le Saunier
Joly was born in the small town of Lons-le-Saunier, in the department of Jura, to a French father and an Italian mother.

The Protocols of the Elders of Zion

Protocols of the Elders of ZionProtocols of ZionThe Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion
In the beginning of 20th century Joly's book was used as a basis for The Protocols of the Elders of Zion,
Source material for the forgery consisted jointly of Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu (Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu), an 1864 political satire by Maurice Joly; and a chapter from Biarritz, an 1868 novel by the antisemitic German novelist Hermann Goedsche, which had been translated into Russian in 1872.

Quai Voltaire

Voltaire
Joly was found dead on 15 July 1878 in his 5 Quai Voltaire apartment in Paris.

Literary forgery

literary hoaxforgeryliterary forger
an infamous Russian-made antisemitic literary forgery.
Graves exposed the strong similarities in the political satire by Maurice Joly, The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu.

Eugène Sue

Eugene SueSueJoseph Marie Eugène Sue
that in the Dialogue Joly plagiarized seven pages or more from a popular novel Les Mystères du peuple by Eugene Sue.
According to Umberto Eco, parts of Sue's book Les Mystères du peuple served as a source for Maurice Joly in his Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu, a book attacking Napoleon III and his political ambitions.

The Prague Cemetery

Il cimitero di PragaThe Cemetery of Prague
Joly is also a character in Eco's novel, The Prague Cemetery.
Simonini's idea is first inspired by an account of a masonic gathering in Alexandre Dumas's novel Joseph Balsamo, and he gradually embroiders it using other sources, each inspired by the other — Eugène Sue's Les Mystères du Peuple, Maurice Joly's The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu and a novel called Biarritz by a Prussian secret agent called Hermann Goedsche who used Sir John Retcliffe as a nom de plume.

Berne Trial

abundance of evidenceBern Trial
There is an abundance of evidence that The Protocols were lavishly plagiarized from Joly's book.

Publicist

advance manpublicistsadvance person
Maurice Joly (1829–1878) was a French publicist and lawyer known for his political satire titled Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu ou la politique de Machiavel au XIX e siècle, that attacked the regime of Napoleon III.

Napoleon III

Napoléon IIILouis NapoleonNapoleon III of France
Maurice Joly (1829–1878) was a French publicist and lawyer known for his political satire titled Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu ou la politique de Machiavel au XIX e siècle, that attacked the regime of Napoleon III.

Conciergerie

Palais de la CitéLa ConciergerieConciergerie of Paris
written at Conciergerie prison in November 1870, where he was jailed for assault at Hôtel de Ville in Paris.

Hôtel de Ville, Paris

Hôtel de VilleParis City HallHotel de Ville
written at Conciergerie prison in November 1870, where he was jailed for assault at Hôtel de Ville in Paris.

Jura (department)

JuraJura departmentdepartment of Jura
Joly was born in the small town of Lons-le-Saunier, in the department of Jura, to a French father and an Italian mother.

Dijon

Dijon, FrancehistoryMôloy
He studied law in Dijon, but stopped in 1849 in order to go to Paris, where he worked as a clerk at various governmental institutions for about 10 years.

Conservatism

conservativeconservativesReligious conservatism
Politically, Joly was a conservative, a monarchist, and a legitimist; he had no known use for republics/democracies or popular sovereignty.

Monarchism

monarchistmonarchistsroyalist
Politically, Joly was a conservative, a monarchist, and a legitimist; he had no known use for republics/democracies or popular sovereignty.

Legitimists

LegitimistLegitimismRoyalist
Politically, Joly was a conservative, a monarchist, and a legitimist; he had no known use for republics/democracies or popular sovereignty.

Lucian

Lucian of SamosataPseudo-LucianLukian
In 1864, Joly wrote his best-known book, The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu. The piece uses the literary device of a dialogue of the dead, invented by ancient Roman writer Lucian and introduced into the French belles-lettres by Bernard de Fontenelle in the 18th century.

Belles-lettres

belles lettresbelletristicbelletrist
In 1864, Joly wrote his best-known book, The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu. The piece uses the literary device of a dialogue of the dead, invented by ancient Roman writer Lucian and introduced into the French belles-lettres by Bernard de Fontenelle in the 18th century.

Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle

FontenelleBernard de FontenelleBernard Le Bouyer de Fontenelle
In 1864, Joly wrote his best-known book, The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu. The piece uses the literary device of a dialogue of the dead, invented by ancient Roman writer Lucian and introduced into the French belles-lettres by Bernard de Fontenelle in the 18th century.

Niccolò Machiavelli

MachiavelliMachiavellianNiccolo Machiavelli
Shadows of the historical characters of Niccolo Machiavelli and Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu meet in Hell in the year 1864 and dispute on politics.

Montesquieu

Charles de Secondat, baron de MontesquieuBaron de MontesquieuCharles de Montesquieu
Shadows of the historical characters of Niccolo Machiavelli and Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu meet in Hell in the year 1864 and dispute on politics.

Ferdinando Galiani

GalianiAbbé GalianiAbbe Galiani
Joly relates, in his 1870 autobiography, that one evening thinking of Abbé Galiani's treatise Dialogues sur le commerce des bleds