Mauritius

MauritianÎle de FranceRepublic of MauritiusMauritius IslandIle de FrancecountryIle MauriceIsland of MauritiusÎle-de-FranceBritish Mauritius
Mauritius (Maurice ; Creole: Moris [moʁis]), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice; Creole: Repiblik Moris ), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) off the southeast coast of the African continent.wikipedia
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Mauritian Creole

CreoleMauritianKreol
Mauritius (Maurice ; Creole: Moris [moʁis]), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice; Creole: Repiblik Moris ), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) off the southeast coast of the African continent.
Mauritian Creole or Morisien or formerly Morisyen (Mauritian Creole: kreol morisien, ) is a French-based creole language spoken in Mauritius.

Rodrigues

Rodrigues IslandRodriguez IslandRodriguez
The country includes the islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues, Agaléga and St. Brandon.
Rodrigues (Île Rodrigues ; Creole: Rodrig) is a 108 km2 autonomous outer island of the Republic of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean, about 560 km east of Mauritius.

Mascarene Islands

MascareneMascarenesMascarene Island
The islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues form part of the Mascarene Islands, along with nearby Réunion, a French overseas department. Another Portuguese sailor, Dom Pedro Mascarenhas, gave the name Mascarenes to the Archipelago.
The Mascarene Islands (, Mascareignes) or Mascarenes or Mascarenhas Archipelago is a group of islands in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar consisting of Mauritius, Réunion and Rodrigues.

Réunion

La RéunionReunion IslandRéunion Island
The islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues form part of the Mascarene Islands, along with nearby Réunion, a French overseas department.
Réunion (La Réunion ; previously Île Bourbon) is an overseas department and region of France and an island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar and 175 km southwest of Mauritius.

Port Louis

Port-LouisPort Louis, MauritiusPort Napoleon
The capital and largest city Port Louis is located on the main island of Mauritius.
Port Louis (Port-Louis, Mauritian Creole: Porlwi, ) is the capital city of Mauritius.

Isle de France (Mauritius)

Île de FranceIsle de FranceIsle of France
They abandoned Mauritius in 1710 and the French took control of the island in 1715, renaming it Isle de France.
Isle de France (Île de France in modern French) was the name of the Indian Ocean island which is known as Mauritius and its dependent territories between 1715 and 1810, when the area was under the French East India Company and part of France's empire.

Diego Garcia

NAF Diego GarciaCamp Thunder CoveDiego Garcia AB
The UK forcibly expelled the archipelago's local population and leased its largest island, Diego Garcia, to the United States.
It was one of the "Dependencies" of the British Colony of Mauritius until the Chagos Islands were detached for inclusion in the newly created British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) in 1965.

Seychelles

SeychelloisSeychelles IslandsRepublic of Seychelles
The British colony of Mauritius consisted of the main island of Mauritius along with Rodrigues, Agalega, St Brandon, Tromelin and the Chagos Archipelago, while the Seychelles became a separate colony in 1906.
Other nearby island countries and territories include Comoros, Mayotte (region of France), Madagascar, Réunion (region of France) and Mauritius to the south; as well as the Maldives and Chagos Archipelago to the east.

Chagos Archipelago sovereignty dispute

disputedchallenged the validityMauritius' claim
The sovereignty of the Chagos is disputed between Mauritius and the UK.
Sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago is disputed between Mauritius and the United Kingdom.

St. Brandon

Cargados CarajosSaint BrandonCargados Carajos Shoals
The country includes the islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues, Agaléga and St. Brandon.
Politically, Saint Brandon is part of the territory of Mauritius and is grouped within the Outer Islands of Mauritius along with Agaléga, Tromelin (sovereignty disputed with France) and the Chagos Archipelago (sovereignty disputed with Britain), including Diego Garcia.

Wildlife of Mauritius

Fauna of Mauritiusflora and faunaNational Parks and Conservation Service
Along with the other Mascarene Islands, Mauritius is known for its varied flora and fauna, with many species endemic to the island.
Mauritius is located in the Indian Ocean to the east of Madagascar.

British Indian Ocean Territory

British Indian Ocean TerritoriesBIOTIO
In 1965, three years prior to the independence of Mauritius, the UK split the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritian territory, and the islands of Aldabra, Farquhar and Desroches from the Seychelles, to form the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT).
The Chagossians, then numbering about 2,000 people, were expelled by the British government to Mauritius and the Seychelles to allow the United States to build a joint UK/US military base there.

Tromelin Island

Tromelin
The British colony of Mauritius consisted of the main island of Mauritius along with Rodrigues, Agalega, St Brandon, Tromelin and the Chagos Archipelago, while the Seychelles became a separate colony in 1906.
Tromelin is administered as part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, a French overseas territory but Mauritius claims sovereignty over the island despite its absence in the listing of the 8th article of the 1814 Paris Treaty.

Grand Port District

Grand PortL'EscalierPort-Impérial
In 1598, a Dutch squadron under Admiral Wybrand van Warwyck landed at Grand Port and named the island Mauritius, in honour of Prince Maurice van Nassau, stadholder of the Dutch Republic.
Grand Port is a district of Mauritius, situated in the east of the island.

Expulsion of the Chagossians

Depopulation of Diego GarciaDepopulation of Chagossians from the Chagos Archipelago evicted
The UK forcibly expelled the archipelago's local population and leased its largest island, Diego Garcia, to the United States.
Legal action to claim compensation and the right of abode in the Chagos began in April 1973 when 280 islanders, represented by a Mauritian attorney, petitioned the government of Mauritius to distribute the £650,000 compensation provided in 1972 by the British government to the Mauritian government for distribution.

List of countries by economic freedom

Economic freedomIndex of Economic Freedoma high level of economic freedom
The island's government is closely modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system, and Mauritius is highly ranked for democracy and for economic and political freedom.

Pedro Mascarenhas

Pedro de MascarenhasDom Pedro de MascarenhasDom Pedro Mascarenhas
Another Portuguese sailor, Dom Pedro Mascarenhas, gave the name Mascarenes to the Archipelago.
He also encountered the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius in 1512, although he may not have been the first Portuguese explorer to do so; earlier expeditions by Diogo Dias and Afonso de Albuquerque along with Diogo Fernandes Pereira may have encountered the islands.

Mauritius Police Force

Major-General of PoliceMauritian authoritiesNational Police Force
These include part of Government House, the Château de Mon Plaisir, and the Line Barracks, the headquarters of the police force.
The Mauritius Police Force (MPF) is the national law enforcement agency of Mauritius.

Governor of Isle de France (Mauritius)

Governor of Isle de FranceList of governors of Isle de France (Mauritius)French governor of Mauritius
He ruled as Governor of Isle de France and Réunion from 1803 to 1810.
The Governor of Isle de France was an official who ruled Isle de France (now Republic of Mauritius) during the French colonial period between 1721 and 1810.

Diogo Fernandes Pereira

Diogo Fernandes Pereira, a Portuguese navigator, was the first European known to land in Mauritius.
Diogo Fernandes was the first known European captain to visit the island of Socotra in 1503 and the discoverer of the Mascarenes archipelago (Réunion, Mauritius, and Rodrigues) in 1507.

Paul et Virginie

Paul and VirginiaJacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre
Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre lived on the island from 1768 to 1771, then went back to France, where he wrote Paul et Virginie, a love story, which made the Isle de France famous wherever the French language was spoken.
The story is set on the island of Mauritius under French rule, then named Île de France.

Governor of British Mauritius

Governor of MauritiusGovernorGovernor and Commander-in-Chief, Mauritius
The British administration, which began with Sir Robert Farquhar as Governor, led to rapid social and economic changes.
The British Governor of Mauritius was an official who ruled British Mauritius (now Republic of Mauritius) during the British colonial period between 1810 and 1968.

Battle of Grand Port

Grand Portat Grand Portattack Grand Port
Despite winning the Battle of Grand Port, the only French naval victory over the British during these wars, the French could not prevent the British from landing at Cap Malheureux three months later.
The battle was fought during 20–27 August 1810 over possession of the harbour of Grand Port on Isle de France (now Mauritius) during the Napoleonic Wars.

Charles Mathieu Isidore Decaen

DecaenCharles DecaenCharles Matthieu Isidore
Charles Mathieu Isidore Decaen was a successful general in the French Revolutionary Wars and, in some ways, a rival of Napoléon I.
Charles Mathieu Isidore Decaen (13 April 1769 – 9 September 1832) was a French general who served during the French Revolutionary Wars, as Governor General of Pondicherry and the Isle de France (now Mauritius) and as commander of the Army of Catalonia during the Napoleonic Wars.

Invasion of Isle de France

Invasion of Île de FranceÎle de FranceFrench could not prevent the British from landing
Despite winning the Battle of Grand Port, the only French naval victory over the British during these wars, the French could not prevent the British from landing at Cap Malheureux three months later.
During the operation, a substantial British military force was landed by the Royal Navy at Grand Baie on Isle de France (now Mauritius).