A report on Max Bauer

Max Bauer in 1918
Cropped version of Pour Le Merite-The Blue Max.
The Prussian Order Pour le Mérite in war and in peace.

German General Staff officer and artillery expert in the First World War.

- Max Bauer
Max Bauer in 1918

6 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Great General Staff building on the Königsplatz, Berlin in 1900

German General Staff

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Full-time body at the head of the Prussian Army and later, the German Army, responsible for the continuous study of all aspects of war, and for drawing up and reviewing plans for mobilization or campaign.

Full-time body at the head of the Prussian Army and later, the German Army, responsible for the continuous study of all aspects of war, and for drawing up and reviewing plans for mobilization or campaign.

Great General Staff building on the Königsplatz, Berlin in 1900
General Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Chief of the General Staff from 1857 to 1888
William II with his generals
The German General Staff in Kassel, November 1918

Occasionally, an exceptional officer was appointed without this training: for example Max Bauer, who was trained as an artilleryman, became a prominent member of the Great General Staff, with the reputation of being the smartest man in the army.

Ludendorff in 1915

Erich Ludendorff

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German general, politician and military theorist.

German general, politician and military theorist.

Ludendorff in 1915
Ludendorff at the age of 17 in 1882
Hindenburg (seated) and Ludendorff. Painting by Hugo Vogel
Ludendorff in his study at the General Headquarters, 1918
Hindenburg and Ludendorff (pointing), 1917
Hindenburg, Kaiser Wilhelm II, and Ludendorff, January 1917
Ludendorff (center) with Hitler and other early Nazi leaders and prominent radical German nationalists, April 1924
Ludendorff's grave
Erich Ludendorff - Meine Kriegserinnerungen - Ernst Mittler und Sohn - Berlin 1919
Erich Ludendorff - Meine Kriegserinnerungen - Ernst Mittler und Sohn - Berlin 1919

Soon he was joined by Max Bauer, a brilliant artillery officer, who became a close friend.

Hindenburg Programme

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Name given to the armaments and economic policy begun in late 1916 by the Third Oberste Heeresleitung , Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff.

Name given to the armaments and economic policy begun in late 1916 by the Third Oberste Heeresleitung , Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff.

The superiority in manpower enjoyed by the Entente and its allies could not be surpassed but Hindenburg and Ludendorff drew on ideas from Oberstleutnant (Lieutenant-Colonel) Max Bauer of the Operations Section at OHL, the supreme headquarters in Mézières, for a further industrial mobilisation, to equip the army for the Materialschlacht (battle of equipment/battle of attrition) being inflicted on it in France, which would only intensify in 1917.

Hindenburg in the 1920s

Paul von Hindenburg

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German Field Marshal and statesman who led the Imperial German Army during World War I and later became President of Germany from 1925 until his death in 1934.

German Field Marshal and statesman who led the Imperial German Army during World War I and later became President of Germany from 1925 until his death in 1934.

Hindenburg in the 1920s
House of Hindenburg in Posen (Poznań) on Podgórna (former Hindenburgstrasse) street
Paul von Hindenburg as a cadet in Wahlstatt (1860)
Hindenburg as a lieutenant in the 3rd Garderegiment in 1870
Hindenburg as a major general of the General Staff in 1897
Field Marshal Hindenburg in 1914
Depiction of Hindenburg and Erich Ludendorff at the battle of Tannenberg (painting by Hugo Vogel).
Erich Ludendorff, Hindenburg's chief of staff on the Eastern Front and partner throughout the war.
General Erich von Falkenhayn, Chief of the Great General Staff (1914–1916)
The Emperor presents the Iron Cross to the Heroes of Novogeorgievsk (painting by Ernst Zimmer)
Hindenburg in 1916
Hindenburg drawn by his friend Hugo Vogel
Field Marshal Hindenburg and Gen. Ludendorff in 1917. Their partnership formed the core of a dictatorship that dominated Germany for the rest of the war.
Kaiser Wilhelm II and Hindenburg
Map of the Michael offensive showing in red the section of the British front that was not assaulted frontally; its defenders were to be encircled by the attackers on their flanks.
Hindenburg and Ludendorff in 1918
The Hindenburg villa in Hanover
Paul and Gertrud von Hindenburg
The presidential palace
A Hindenburg stamp released in 1927 on the occasion of his 80th birthday
Percentage of German workers unemployed, 1920–1935
President Hindenburg as painted by Max Liebermann
Election poster for Hindenburg in 1932 (translation: "With him")
Hindenburg, aged 84, at a radio microphone in 1932 during the election campaign in which he defeated Hitler
Hindenburg by Ludwig Hohlwein,<BR>with Nazi flag, c. 1934
Hitler and Hindenburg at the Garrison Church in Potsdam
The Tannenberg Memorial where Hindenburg and his wife were buried
Grave of Hindenburg
Porcelain medal in honour of Hindenburg's 80th birthday on 2 October 1927, produced by Staatliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Meissen
Postcard of the wooden statue of Hindenburg erected in Berlin for the first anniversary of Tannenberg
Coat of arms of the ancient {{ill|von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg (noble family)|lt=von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg family|de|von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg}}
Coat of arms of Paul von Hindenburg as knight of the Spanish branch of the Order of the Golden Fleece

Influential OHL officers, led by the artillery expert Lieutenant Colonel Max Bauer, a friend of Ludendorff's, lobbied against Falkenhayn, deploring his futile steamroller at Verdun and his inflexible defense along the Somme, where he packed troops into the front-line to be battered by the hail of shells and sacked commanders who lost their front-line trench.

Chiang in 1943

Chiang Kai-shek

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Chinese Nationalist politician, revolutionary and military leader, who served as the leader of the Republic of China from 1928 to until his death in 1975.

Chinese Nationalist politician, revolutionary and military leader, who served as the leader of the Republic of China from 1928 to until his death in 1975.

Chiang in 1943
Chiang Kai-shek in 1907
Sun Yat-sen and Chiang at the 1924 opening ceremonies for the Soviet-funded Whampoa Military Academy
Chiang in the early 1920s
Chiang (right) together with Wang Jingwei (left), 1926
Chiang and Feng Yuxiang in 1928
Chiang during a visit to an air force base in 1945
Chiang and Soong on the cover of Time magazine, 26 October 1931
Nationalist government of Nanking – nominally ruling over entire China in 1930s
After the breakout of the Second Sino-Japanese War, The Young Companion featured Chiang on its cover.
Chiang with Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill in Cairo, Egypt, November 1943
Chiang and his wife Soong Mei-ling sharing a laugh with U.S. Lieutenant General Joseph W. Stilwell, Burma, April 1942
Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong in 1945
Chiang with South Korean President Syngman Rhee in 1949
Map of the Chinese Civil War (1946–1950)
Chiang with Japanese politician Nobusuke Kishi, in 1957
Chiang presiding over the 1966 Double Ten celebrations
Chiang with U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower in June 1960
The National Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall is a famous monument, landmark, and tourist attraction in Taipei, Taiwan.
Chiang's portrait in Tiananmen Rostrum
Chinese propaganda poster proclaiming "Long Live the President"
A Chinese stamp with Chiang Kai-shek
Chiang Kai-shek and Winston Churchill heads, with Nationalist China flag and Union Jack
Statue of Chiang Kai-shek in Yangmingshan National Park, Taiwan
Duke of Zhou
Chiang Kai-shek with the Muslim General Ma Fushou
Chiang Kai-shek as Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim
Mao Fumei (毛福梅, 1882–1939), who died in the Second Sino-Japanese War during a bombardment, is the mother of his son and successor Chiang Ching-kuo
Yao Yecheng (姚冶誠, 1889–1972), who came to Taiwan and died in Taipei
Chen Jieru (陳潔如, "Jennie", 1906–1971), who lived in Shanghai, but moved to Hong Kong later and died there
Soong Mei-ling (宋美齡, 1898–2003), who moved to the United States after Chiang Kai-shek's death, is arguably his most famous wife even though they had no children together

With help from foreign military advisers such as Max Bauer and Alexander von Falkenhausen, Chiang's Fifth Campaign finally surrounded the Chinese Red Army in 1934.

The Beiyang Army in training

Sino-German cooperation (1926–1941)

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Instrumental in modernizing the industry and the armed forces of the Republic of China between 1926 and 1941.

Instrumental in modernizing the industry and the armed forces of the Republic of China between 1926 and 1941.

The Beiyang Army in training
Sturmabteilung and Hitlerjugend in China, invited by the Kuomintang government
Hitlerjugend in China, invited by the Kuomintang government
Chinese ambassador in Berlin in 1938
H. H. Kung and Adolf Hitler in Berlin
NSDAP Office of Foreign Affairs diplomatic reception in 1939, Chinese ambassador (left), Konstantin Hierl (on the right), Alfred Rosenberg and Hans Frank.
Chinese Minister Chiang Tso-pin and entourage visiting a German factory, 1928
This Heinkel He 111 A, one of 11 bought by the Aviation Ministry, later found its way to the China National Aviation Corporation.
Ju 52/3m Eurasia airliner in China
Stahlhelm-wearing Chinese soldiers firing a Pak 36 anti-tank gun.
Wang Jingwei of the Japanese-puppet government in Nanking meeting with Nazi diplomats in 1941
Chiang Wei-kuo, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek's adopted son, received military training in Germany.

In 1926, Chu Chia-hua invited Max Bauer to survey investment possibilities in China, and the next year, Bauer arrived in Guangzhou and was offered a post as Chiang Kai-shek's advisor.