Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria

Maximilian IMaximilian I JosephMaximilian JosephMaximilian IV JosephKing Maximilian I of BavariaMaximilian I of BavariaMaximilianKing Maximilian IMaximilian IVElector Maximilian IV Joseph of Bavaria
Maximilian I Joseph (Maximilian I. Joseph; 27 May 1756 – 13 October 1825) was Duke of Zweibrücken from 1795 to 1799, prince-elector of Bavaria (as Maximilian IV Joseph) from 1799 to 1806, then King of Bavaria (as Maximilian I Joseph) from 1806 to 1825.wikipedia
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Kingdom of Bavaria

BavariaBavarianKing of Bavaria
Maximilian I Joseph (Maximilian I. Joseph; 27 May 1756 – 13 October 1825) was Duke of Zweibrücken from 1795 to 1799, prince-elector of Bavaria (as Maximilian IV Joseph) from 1799 to 1806, then King of Bavaria (as Maximilian I Joseph) from 1806 to 1825.
The Bavarian Elector Maximilian IV Joseph of the House of Wittelsbach became the first King of Bavaria in 1805 as Maximilian I Joseph.

Palatine Zweibrücken

Palatinate-ZweibrückenZweibrückenDuke of Zweibrücken
Maximilian I Joseph (Maximilian I. Joseph; 27 May 1756 – 13 October 1825) was Duke of Zweibrücken from 1795 to 1799, prince-elector of Bavaria (as Maximilian IV Joseph) from 1799 to 1806, then King of Bavaria (as Maximilian I Joseph) from 1806 to 1825.
After the Congress of Vienna in 1815, some parts of it were returned to the last Duke, King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria, who joined them with other former territories on the left bank of the Rhine to form the Rheinkreis, later the Rhenish Palatinate.

Electorate of Bavaria

BavariaBavarianElectorate
Maximilian I Joseph (Maximilian I. Joseph; 27 May 1756 – 13 October 1825) was Duke of Zweibrücken from 1795 to 1799, prince-elector of Bavaria (as Maximilian IV Joseph) from 1799 to 1806, then King of Bavaria (as Maximilian I Joseph) from 1806 to 1825.
In 1805, after the Peace of Pressburg, the then-elector, Maximilian Joseph, raised himself to the dignity of King of Bavaria, and the Holy Roman Empire was abolished the year after.

Charles II August, Duke of Zweibrücken

Charles II AugustCharles IICarl II August
On 1 April 1795, Maximilian succeeded his brother Charles II as Duke of Zweibrücken, however his duchy was entirely occupied by revolutionary France at the time.
A member of the Palatine House of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, a branch of the House of Wittelsbach, he was the elder brother of the first King of Bavaria, Maximilian I, and of Queen Amalia of Saxony.

Austrian Empire

AustrianAustriaAustrians
During his time at the University of Strasbourg, Klemens von Metternich, the future Austrian chancellor, was for some time accommodated by Prince Maximilian.
On 10 December 1805, Maximilian IV Joseph, the prince-elector and Duke of Bavaria, proclaimed himself King, followed by the Duke of Württemberg Frederick III on 11 December.

House of Wittelsbach

WittelsbachWittelsbach dynastyWittelsbachs
He was a member of the House of Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Zweibrücken, a branch of the House of Wittelsbach.
With the death of Charles Theodore in 1799 all Wittelsbach land in Bavaria and the Palatinate was reunited under Maximilian IV Joseph, a member of the branch Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld.

University of Ingolstadt

IngolstadtIngolstadt UniversityUniversity of Landshut
He closed the University of Ingolstadt in May 1800 and moved it to Landshut.
The university closed in May 1800, by order of the Prince-elector Maximilian IV (later Maximilian I, King of Bavaria).

Bavarian Army

Royal Bavarian ArmyBavarianarmy
The new elector Maximilian IV Joseph found the Bavarian army in abject condition on his accession to the throne: Hardly any of the units were at full strength, the Rumford uniforms were unpopular and impractical, and the troops were badly-trained.
However, Maximilian IV found the army in abject condition on his accession to the throne in 1799: hardly any of the units were at full strength, the Rumford uniforms were unpopular and impractical, and the troops were badly-trained.

Hôtel des Deux-Ponts

Hôtel GayotGovernor's PalacePalais du gouverneur militaire de Strasbourg
Maximilian was carefully educated under the supervision of his uncle, Duke Christian IV of Zweibrücken, who settled him in the Hôtel des Deux-Ponts.
Maximilian Joseph of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, the future King Maximilian I of Bavaria lived there from 1770 until 1790.

Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria

Karl TheodorCharles TheodoreKarl IV Philipp Theodor
On 16 February 1799, he became Elector of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine, Arch-Steward of the Empire, and Duke of Berg upon the extinction of the Palatinate-Sulzbach line at the death of Elector Charles Theodore of Bavaria.
When Charles Theodore died, Bavaria and the Electorate passed to his cousin, Max Joseph, Duke of Zweibrücken, the younger brother of Charles August, who had died in 1795.

Bavaria

BayernFree State of BavariaBavarian
The new King of Bavaria was the most important of the princes belonging to the Confederation of the Rhine, and remained Napoleon's ally until the eve of the Battle of Leipzig, when by the Treaty of Ried (8 October 1813) he made the guarantee of the integrity of his kingdom the price of his joining the Allies.
In May 1808 a first constitution was passed by Maximilian I, being modernized in 1818.

Klemens von Metternich

MetternichPrince MetternichPrince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich
During his time at the University of Strasbourg, Klemens von Metternich, the future Austrian chancellor, was for some time accommodated by Prince Maximilian. The king fought hard to maintain the contiguity of the Bavarian territories as guaranteed at Ried but the most he could obtain was an assurance from Metternich in the matter of the Baden succession, in which he was also doomed to be disappointed.
While a student he was for some time accommodated by Prince Maximilian of Zweibrücken, the future King of Bavaria.

Maximilian von Montgelas

MontgelasCount Maximilian Joseph von MontgelasCount Max Josef von Montgelas
In the newly organized ministry, Count Max Josef von Montgelas, who, after falling into disfavour with Charles Theodore, had acted for a time as Maximilian Joseph's private secretary, was the most potent influence, wholly "enlightened" and French.
The brother of the Duke of Zweibrücken, Maximilian Joseph, took Montgelas into his service as a Private Secretary.

Grand Duchy of Baden

BadenBaden, GermanyDuchy of Baden
The king fought hard to maintain the contiguity of the Bavarian territories as guaranteed at Ried but the most he could obtain was an assurance from Metternich in the matter of the Baden succession, in which he was also doomed to be disappointed.
The treaty of 16 April 1816, by which the territorial disputes between Austria and Bavaria were settled, guaranteed the succession of the Baden Palatinate to King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria, upon the expected event of the extinction of the line of Zähringen.

Academy of Fine Arts, Munich

Academy of Fine ArtsAcademy of Fine Arts MunichMunich Academy
In 1808 he founded the Academy of Fine Arts Munich.
The Academy of Fine Arts was enhanced in 1808 by King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria as Royal Academy of Fine Arts.

Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach

Maria Francisca of Palatinate-SulzbachMaria Francisca of SulzbachMaria Francisca
Maximilian, the son of the Count Palatine Frederick Michael of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Maria Francisca of Sulzbach, was born on 27 May 1756 at Schwetzingen, between Heidelberg and Mannheim.

Schwetzingen

Schwetzingen, Germany
Maximilian, the son of the Count Palatine Frederick Michael of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Maria Francisca of Sulzbach, was born on 27 May 1756 at Schwetzingen, between Heidelberg and Mannheim.

National Theatre Munich

Nationaltheater MünchenNational TheatreNationaltheater
In 1810 Max Joseph ordered construction of the National Theatre Munich in French neo-classic style.
The first theatre was commissioned in 1810 by King Maximilian I of Bavaria because the nearby Cuvilliés Theatre had too little space.

Brienner Straße (Munich)

Brienner StraßeBrienner Strasse24 Brienner Straße
The city of Munich was extended by the first systematic expansion with the new Brienner Strasse as core.
The boulevard was constructed from 1812 onwards, during the reigns of Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and his successor Ludwig I, in accordance with a plan by Karl von Fischer and Friedrich Ludwig von Sckell.

Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt

Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-DarmstadtAuguste WilhelmineMarie Wilhelmine Auguste, Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt
Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt (Marie Auguste Wilhelmine von Hessen-Darmstadt) (14 April 1765 – 30 March 1796) was Duchess consort of Zweibrücken by marriage to Maximilian, Duke of Zweibrücken, and the mother of King Ludwig I of Bavaria.

Max-Joseph-Platz

Max-Joseph Denkmal
The monument Max-Joseph Denkmal before the National Theatre was created in the middle of the square Max-Joseph-Platz as a memorial for King Maximilian Joseph by Christian Daniel Rauch and carried out by Johann Baptist Stiglmaier.
Max-Joseph-Platz is a large square in central Munich which was named after King Maximilian Joseph.

Caroline of Baden

Karoline of BadenCarolineCaroline Frederika
Maximilian's second wife was Karoline of Baden, daughter of Margrave Karl Ludwig of Baden (13 July 1776 – 13 November 1841).
Caroline of Baden (Friederike Karoline Wilhelmine von Baden; 13 July 1776 – 13 November 1841) was by marriage an Electress of Bavaria and later the first Queen consort of Bavaria by marriage to Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria.

Nymphenburg Palace

NymphenburgSchloss NymphenburgDressage Facility Nymphenburg
Maximilian died at Nymphenburg Palace, in Munich, on 13 October 1825 and was succeeded by his son Ludwig I.
King Max I Joseph died there in 1825 and his great-grandson King Ludwig II was born there in 1845.

Electoral Palatinate

Electorate of the PalatinatePalatinateCounty Palatine of Lotharingia
On 16 February 1799, he became Elector of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine, Arch-Steward of the Empire, and Duke of Berg upon the extinction of the Palatinate-Sulzbach line at the death of Elector Charles Theodore of Bavaria.
The Palatine territories on the left bank of the Rhine were annexed by France in 1795, mainly becoming part of the Mont-Tonnerre department; those on the right were taken by the Elector of Baden, after the 1805 Peace of Pressburg dissolved the Holy Roman Empire; the remaining Wittelsbach territories were united by Maximilian Joseph as the Kingdom of Bavaria.

Duke of Leuchtenberg

Duchess of LeuchtenbergDukes of Leuchtenberg2nd Duke of Leuchtenberg
It was re-created by Maximilian I Joseph, King of Bavaria on 14 November 1817 and awarded to his son-in-law Eugène de Beauharnais.