McKinney Falls State Park

McKinney Falls
McKinney Falls State Park is a state park in Austin, Texas, United States at the confluence of Onion Creek and Williamson Creek.wikipedia
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Austin, Texas

AustinAustin, TXCity of Austin
McKinney Falls State Park is a state park in Austin, Texas, United States at the confluence of Onion Creek and Williamson Creek.
Located in Central Texas within the greater Texas Hill Country, it is home to numerous lakes, rivers, and waterways, including Lady Bird Lake and Lake Travis on the Colorado River, Barton Springs, McKinney Falls, and Lake Walter E. Long.

Pilot Knob (Austin, Texas)

Pilot KnobBalcones volcanic province
A volcano, now long extinct and called "Pilot Knob," spewed debris into the surrounding sea.
Pilot Knob is the eroded core of an extinct volcano located 8 mi south of central Austin, Texas, near Austin-Bergstrom International Airport and McKinney Falls State Park.

Onion Creek (Texas)

Onion CreekOnion
McKinney Falls State Park is a state park in Austin, Texas, United States at the confluence of Onion Creek and Williamson Creek.
Passing near Dripping Springs, Driftwood, and Onion Creek, Onion Creek is the source of the waterfalls in McKinney Falls State Park.

Thomas F. McKinney

Thomas Freeman McKinney
The park opened on April 15, 1976 and is named after Thomas F. McKinney, a businessman, race horse breeder and rancher, who owned and lived on the land in the mid-to-late 19th century.
He raised livestock and set up a horse track on the property, which later became McKinney Falls State Park.

Santiago Del Valle

Santiago Del Valle Land GrantSantiago Del Valle Grant
The land that the park occupies was originally part of an eleven league (about 49000 acre) grant that Mexican land speculator Santiago Del Valle purchased from the government of Mexico.
Following McKinney's death in 1873, his widow, Anna, sold the remaining land to James Woods Smith, whose family owned a farm on the land until 1973, when they donated it to the State of Texas in 1973 to create McKinney Falls State Park.

Smith Rock Shelter

The park also features the Smith Rock Shelter, a limestone overhang used for shelter by Native Americans for hundreds of years, along with the ruins of McKinney's stone house, gristmill and his horse trainer's cabin.
The Smith Rock Shelter is a natural limestone overhang in McKinney Falls State Park near Austin, Texas.

McKinney Homestead

ruins of McKinney's stone house
The park also features the Smith Rock Shelter, a limestone overhang used for shelter by Native Americans for hundreds of years, along with the ruins of McKinney's stone house, gristmill and his horse trainer's cabin.
It opened as McKinney Falls State Park in 1976.

State park

protectedstate parksstate
McKinney Falls State Park is a state park in Austin, Texas, United States at the confluence of Onion Creek and Williamson Creek.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
McKinney Falls State Park is a state park in Austin, Texas, United States at the confluence of Onion Creek and Williamson Creek.

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department

Texas Parks and WildlifeTexas Parks & WildlifeTexas Parks & Wildlife Department
It is administered by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department.

Ranch

rancherranchingcattle ranch
The park opened on April 15, 1976 and is named after Thomas F. McKinney, a businessman, race horse breeder and rancher, who owned and lived on the land in the mid-to-late 19th century.

El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail

El Camino Real de los TejasEl Camino RealCamino Real
The park is part of the El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail.

Cretaceous

Cretaceous PeriodMiddle CretaceousEarly Cretaceous
During the Cretaceous Period through the early Paleogene Period, much of Texas was covered by a shallow subtropical sea.

Geological period

periodperiodsgeologic period
During the Cretaceous Period through the early Paleogene Period, much of Texas was covered by a shallow subtropical sea.

Paleogene

PalaeogenePaleogene PeriodLower Tertiary
During the Cretaceous Period through the early Paleogene Period, much of Texas was covered by a shallow subtropical sea.

Texas

TXTexanState of Texas
During the Cretaceous Period through the early Paleogene Period, much of Texas was covered by a shallow subtropical sea.

Calcium carbonate

CaCO 3 calcareouscalcium
The calcium carbonate sediments deposited during this period lithified into the limestone rock underneath the park's soil and was exposed by erosion around the creek bed.

Sediment

sedimentslake sedimentdregs
The calcium carbonate sediments deposited during this period lithified into the limestone rock underneath the park's soil and was exposed by erosion around the creek bed.

Lithification

lithifiedlithifyunlithified
The calcium carbonate sediments deposited during this period lithified into the limestone rock underneath the park's soil and was exposed by erosion around the creek bed.

Limestone

limestonescalcareouslime
The calcium carbonate sediments deposited during this period lithified into the limestone rock underneath the park's soil and was exposed by erosion around the creek bed.

Erosion

erodedglacial erosioneroding
The calcium carbonate sediments deposited during this period lithified into the limestone rock underneath the park's soil and was exposed by erosion around the creek bed.

Reptile

reptilesReptiliaSauropsida
Aquatic reptiles swam in the sea as evidenced by a complete skeleton of a mosasaur found in the rocks of Onion Creek not far from the park.

Skeleton

skeletalskeletonsskeletal system
Aquatic reptiles swam in the sea as evidenced by a complete skeleton of a mosasaur found in the rocks of Onion Creek not far from the park.

Mosasaur

mosasaursMosasauridaemosasauroid
Aquatic reptiles swam in the sea as evidenced by a complete skeleton of a mosasaur found in the rocks of Onion Creek not far from the park.