Meaning of life

meaningPurpose in lifemeaning in lifepurpose of lifemeaning to lifemeaningfulpurpose of existencemeaning of human existencethe meaning of lifeexistential questions
The meaning of life, or the answer to the question: "What is the meaning of life?", pertains to the significance of living or existence in general.wikipedia
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Spirituality

spiritualspirituallyspiritual life
These questions have resulted in a wide range of competing answers and arguments, from scientific theories, to philosophical, theological, and spiritual explanations.
Modern usages tend to refer to a subjective experience of a sacred dimension and the "deepest values and meanings by which people live", often in a context separate from organized religious institutions, such as a belief in a supernatural (beyond the known and observable) realm, personal growth, a quest for an ultimate or sacred meaning, religious experience, or an encounter with one's own "inner dimension".

Intrinsic value (ethics)

intrinsic valueintrinsically goodintrinsic good
The meaning of life, or the answer to the question: "What is the meaning of life?", pertains to the significance of living or existence in general.

Theology

theologiantheologicaltheologians
These questions have resulted in a wide range of competing answers and arguments, from scientific theories, to philosophical, theological, and spiritual explanations. The search for life's meaning has produced much philosophical, scientific, theological, and metaphysical speculation throughout history.
Theology then aims to structure and understand these experiences and concepts, and to use them to derive normative prescriptions for how to live our lives.

Positive psychology

positive psychologistpositivePositive psychological
Science also studies and can provide recommendations for the pursuit of well-being and a related conception of morality.
It postulates six factors which are key for well-being, namely self-acceptance, personal growth, purpose in life, environmental mastery, autonomy, and positive relations with others.

Conceptions of God

conception of Godconcept of Godconcepts of God
Many other issues are also involved, such as symbolic meaning, ontology, value, purpose, ethics, good and evil, free will, the existence of one or multiple gods, conceptions of God, the soul, and the afterlife.
Muslims believe that creation of everything in the universe is brought into being by God's sheer command “‘Be’ and so it is.” and that the purpose of existence is to please God, both by worship and by good deeds.

Value (ethics)

valuesvaluevalue system
Many other issues are also involved, such as symbolic meaning, ontology, value, purpose, ethics, good and evil, free will, the existence of one or multiple gods, conceptions of God, the soul, and the afterlife.
Ludwig Wittgenstein was pessimistic towards the idea that an elucidation would ever happen regarding the absolute values of actions or objects; ''"we can speak as much as we want about "life" and "its meaning," and believe that what we say is important. But these are no more than expressions and can never be facts, resulting from a tendency of the mind and not the heart or the will".

Absurdism

absurdistabsurdabsurdity
Søren Kierkegaard spoke about a "leap", arguing that life is full of absurdity, and one must make his and her own values in an indifferent world.
In philosophy, "the Absurd" refers to the conflict between the human tendency to seek inherent value and meaning in life, and the human inability to find any in a purposeless, meaningless or chaotic and irrational universe.

Gene-centered view of evolution

selfish gene theoryselfish genegene-centric view of evolution
At the end of the 20th century, based upon insight gleaned from the gene-centered view of evolution, biologists George C. Williams, Richard Dawkins, and David Haig, among others, concluded that if there is a primary function to life, it is the replication of DNA and the survival of one's genes.
He uses this phrase as a synonym of the "meaning of life" or the "purpose of life".

Religion

religiousreligionsreligious beliefs
Religions have sacred histories and narratives, which may be preserved in sacred scriptures, and symbols and holy places, that aim mostly to give a meaning to life.

Existential therapy

existential psychologyexistential psychotherapyexistential
(The question then morphs into more specific worries such as "What delusions am I under?"; "What is blocking my ability to enjoy things?"; "Why do I neglect loved-ones?".) See also: Existential Therapy and Irvin Yalom
It focuses on concepts that are universally applicable to human existence including death, freedom, responsibility, and the meaning of life.

Human condition

humanityhuman experiencethe human condition
The French philosopher Albert Camus asserts that the absurdity of the human condition is that people search for external values and meaning in a world which has none, and is indifferent to them.
As a literary term, "the human condition" is typically used in the context of ambiguous subjects such as the meaning of life or moral concerns.

Value of life

Value of a Statistical Lifeprice of lifevalue of statistical life

Anxiety

anxiousnervousnessanxieties
In seeking meaning to life, the existentialist looks to where people find meaning in life, in course of which using only reason as a source of meaning is insufficient; this gives rise to the emotions of anxiety and dread, felt in considering one's free will, and the concomitant awareness of death.
According to Viktor Frankl, the author of Man's Search for Meaning, when a person is faced with extreme mortal dangers, the most basic of all human wishes is to find a meaning of life to combat the "trauma of nonbeing" as death is near.

Islam

IslamicMuslimMuslims
In Islam, humanity's ultimate purpose is to discover their creator, Allah (The God), through his signs, and be grateful to him through sincere love and devotion.
Islam teaches that the creation of everything in the universe was brought into being by God's command as expressed by the wording, "Be, and it is" and that the purpose of existence is to worship or to know God.

Summum bonum

highest goodsupreme goodGood
Aristotle's solution is the Highest Good, which is desirable for its own sake.

Transhumanism

transhumanisttranshumaniststranshuman
The philosophical subgenres posthumanism and transhumanism (sometimes used synonymously) are extensions of humanistic values.
He claims that human lives would no longer seem meaningful in a world where such limitations could be overcome technologically.

Joyous Life

Hinokishin
For example, in Tenrikyo, one is expected to live a Joyous Life by participating in practices that create happiness for oneself and others.
Theologically, the Joyous Life functions as the purpose of human existence preordained by God during the creation of human beings and as the means for the salvation of humankind.

Monty Python's The Meaning of Life

The Meaning of LifeMonty Python's Meaning of Life1983 film of the same name
In Monty Python's The Meaning of Life, there are several allusions to the meaning of life.
This leads them to question the meaning of life.

Human

humanshuman beinghuman beings
As reasoning creatures, people could achieve happiness via rigorous training, by living in a way natural to human beings.
Spirituality, belief or involvement in matters of the soul or spirit, is one of the many different approaches humans take in trying to answer fundamental questions about humankind's place in the universe, the meaning of life, and the ideal way to live one's life.

Phrases from The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy

42Answer to the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe, and EverythingAnswer to Life, the Universe, and Everything
In Douglas Adams' popular comedy book, movie, television, and radio series The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, the Answer to the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe, and Everything is given the numeric solution "42", after seven and a half million years of calculation by a giant supercomputer called Deep Thought.

Life

livinglife on Earthbiota
The meaning of life, or the answer to the question: "What is the meaning of life?", pertains to the significance of living or existence in general.

Existence

existsexistabsence
The meaning of life, or the answer to the question: "What is the meaning of life?", pertains to the significance of living or existence in general.

Ideology

ideologicalideologiespolitical ideology
There have been a large number of proposed answers to these questions from many different cultural and ideological backgrounds.

Science

scientificsciencesscientific knowledge
These questions have resulted in a wide range of competing answers and arguments, from scientific theories, to philosophical, theological, and spiritual explanations. The search for life's meaning has produced much philosophical, scientific, theological, and metaphysical speculation throughout history.