Medal of Honor

Medals of HonorCongressional Medal of HonorU.S. Medal of HonorMedal of HonourCongressional Medal of Honor SocietyMHCongressional Medal of Honor Society of the United States of AmericaMedal of Honor FlagAir Force Medal of HonorCongressional Medal of Honor Foundation
The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who have distinguished themselves by acts of valor.wikipedia
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United States Military Academy

West PointU.S. Military AcademyArmy
The capture saved the fort of West Point from the British Army.
Its alumni and students are collectively referred to as "The Long Gray Line" and its ranks include two Presidents of the United States (as well as the President of the Confederate States of America), presidents of Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and the Philippines, numerous famous generals, and seventy-six Medal of Honor recipients.

Medal of Honor Day

National Medal of Honor Day
In 1990, Congress designated March 25 annually as "National Medal of Honor Day".
It was created to honor the "heroism and sacrifice of Medal of Honor recipients for the United States."

Gideon Welles

Gideon WellsWellesWelles''', Gideon
After Scott retired in October 1861, Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles adopted the idea of a decoration to recognize and honor distinguished naval service.
Welles was also instrumental in the Navy's creation of the Medal of Honor.

Mary Edwards Walker

Mary WalkerMary E. WalkerDr. Mary Edwards Walker
Among them were Buffalo Bill and Mary Edwards Walker.
She is the only woman to ever receive the Medal of Honor.

American Civil War

Civil WarU.S. Civil WarUnited States Civil War
According to the Medal of Honor Historical Society of the United States, there have been 3,525 Medals of Honor awarded to 3,506 individuals since the decoration's creation, with over 40% awarded for actions during the American Civil War.
Mary Edwards Walker, the only woman to ever receive the Medal of Honor, served in the Union Army and was given the medal for her efforts to treat the wounded during the war.

Richard E. Byrd

Byrd Antarctic ExpeditionRichard Evelyn ByrdRichard Byrd
The "Tiffany Cross" was to be presented to a sailor or marine who "in action involving actual conflict with the enemy, distinguish[es] himself conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty" Despite the "actual conflict" guidelines—the Tiffany Cross was awarded to Navy CDR (later RADM) Richard E. Byrd and Floyd Bennett for arctic exploration.
He was a recipient of the Medal of Honor, the highest honor for valor given by the United States, and was a pioneering American aviator, polar explorer, and organizer of polar logistics.

George Lewis Gillespie Jr.

George Lewis Gillespie, Jr.George L. GillespieGeorge Gillespie Jr.
1904: The planchet of the Army version of the Medal of Honor was redesigned by General George Lewis Gillespie.
George Lewis Gillespie Jr., (October 7, 1841 – September 27, 1913) was an American soldier who received the highest military decoration that the United States bestows to members of the military, the Medal of Honor, for his actions during the American Civil War.

Iowa

IAState of IowaNorthern Iowa
On December 9, 1861, Iowa senator James W. Grimes, Chairman on the Committee on Naval Affairs, submitted Bill S. 82 (12 Stat.
Twenty-seven Iowans have been awarded the Medal of Honor, the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government, which was first awarded in the Civil War.

Tiffany & Co.

TiffanyTiffany & CoTiffany & Company
The original upside-down star was designated as the non-combat version and a new pattern of the medal pendant, in cross form, was designed by the Tiffany Company in 1919.
In 1919, the company made a revision to the Medal of Honor on behalf of the United States Department of the Navy.

Legion of Merit

Commander of the Legion of MeritOfficer of the Legion of MeritLegions of Merit
The other is the Commander's Degree of the Legion of Merit, and is usually awarded to individuals serving foreign governments.
The Legion of Merit (Commander degree) is one of only two United States military decorations to be issued as a neck order (the other being the Medal of Honor) and the only United States military decoration that may be issued in award degrees (much like an order of chivalry or certain Orders of Merit), although the degrees including a neck riband are only awarded to non-U.S. nationals.

Paul Ray Smith

Paul R. SmithSFC Paul Ray Smith
The first Medal of Honor flag recipient was U.S. Army Sergeant First Class Paul R. Smith, who was presented the flag posthumously.
Paul Ray Smith (24 September 1969 – 4 April 2003) was a United States Army soldier who posthumously received the Medal of Honor for his actions in the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

Awards and decorations of the United States Armed Forces

Awards and decorations of the United States militarymilitary awardmilitary decoration
The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who have distinguished themselves by acts of valor.

Darrell R. Lindsey

Darrell Lindsey
The flag was based on a concept by retired U.S. Army Special Forces First Sergeant Bill Kendall of Jefferson, Iowa, who in 2001, designed a flag to honor Medal of Honor recipient Captain Darrell Lindsey, a B-26 pilot from Jefferson who was killed in action during World War II.
Darrell Robins Lindsey (December 30, 1919 – August 9, 1944) was a bomber pilot in the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II and a posthumous recipient of the Medal of Honor.

Distinguished Service Medal (United States Navy)

Navy Distinguished Service MedalDistinguished Service MedalNavy
This medal was later replaced by the Army's Distinguished Service Medal, established on January 2, 1918; the Navy's Distinguished Service Medal was established in 1919.
At the start of World War I, the Navy had the Medal of Honor as the only decoration with which to recognize heroism.

Buffalo Bill

Buffalo Bill CodyBuffalo Bill's Wild West ShowWilliam F. Cody
Among them were Buffalo Bill and Mary Edwards Walker.
Later he served as a civilian scout for the US Army during the Indian Wars, receiving the Medal of Honor in 1872.

Thomas J. Ryan (admiral)

Thomas J. RyanAdmiral Thomas J. Ryan
Rear Admiral Thomas John Ryan, Jr. (August 5, 1901 – January 28, 1970) was a career American naval officer who received the Medal of Honor, the United States' highest military decoration, for his actions while in Yokohama, Japan during the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake.

John Henry Helms

John Henry Helms (March 16, 1874 – February 17, 1919) was a United States Marine and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for saving a shipmate from drowning.

Tiffany Cross Medal of Honor

Tiffany CrossTiffany Cross" versionthe Tiffany Cross
The Tiffany Cross Medal of Honor arose immediately after World War I, as the US Navy decided to recognize via the Medal of Honor two manners of heroism, one in combat and one in the line of a sailor's profession.

Certificate of Merit Medal

Certificate of Merit
After the outbreak of the Mexican–American War (1846–1848) a Certificate of Merit (Meritorious Service Citation Certificate) was established by Act of Congress on March 3, 1847, "to any private soldier who had distinguished himself by gallantry performed in the presence of the enemy".
During this period from at least 1865 to 1904, the Certificate was used as an alternative to the award of a Medal of Honor.

Floyd Bennett

Bennett
The "Tiffany Cross" was to be presented to a sailor or marine who "in action involving actual conflict with the enemy, distinguish[es] himself conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty" Despite the "actual conflict" guidelines—the Tiffany Cross was awarded to Navy CDR (later RADM) Richard E. Byrd and Floyd Bennett for arctic exploration.
Both Bennett and Byrd received the Medal of Honor for this feat.

"V" device

Combat "VValor deviceCombat "V" Device
In 2011, Department of Defense instructions in regard to the Medal of Honor were amended to read "for each succeeding act that would otherwise justify award of the Medal of Honor, the individual receiving the subsequent award is authorized to wear an additional Medal of Honor ribbon and/or a 'V' device on the Medal of Honor suspension ribbon" (the "V" device is a 1/4 in bronze miniature letter "V" with serifs that denotes valor).
In 2011, the Department of Defense changed its awards manual regulations concerning the Medal of Honor, specifying that the "V" device instead of the oak leaf cluster and 5⁄16 inch star would be used to denote additional citations in the rare event of a service member being awarded a second MoH.

United States Coast Guard

U.S. Coast GuardCoast GuardUS Coast Guard
Personnel of the Marine Corps and Coast Guard receive the Navy version.
One Coast Guardsman, Douglas Albert Munro, has earned the Medal of Honor, the highest military award of the United States.

List of Medal of Honor recipients

Medal of HonorMedal of Honor recipientsfifteen Medals of Honor were awarded
The Medal of Honor was created during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces.

Stolen Valor Act of 2005

Stolen Valor Acta previous statutemilitary service
If convicted, defendants might have been imprisoned for up to six months, unless the decoration lied about is the Medal of Honor, in which case imprisonment could have been up to one year.

Rosette (decoration)

rosetterosettessilver rosettes
On May 2, 1896, Congress authorized a "ribbon to be worn with the medal and [a] rosette or knot to be worn in lieu of the medal."
In the United States, the Medal of Honor is issued with a 1/2 inch light blue rosette with white stars, authorized for civilian wear as a lapel button.