Medical model of disability

medical modelmedicalmedical authoritymedical curesMedical models of disabilitymedical view of disabilitymedical' model of disabilitymedical-model
The medical model of disability, or medical model, arose from the biomedical perception of disability.wikipedia
60 Related Articles

Disability

disabilitiesdisabledhandicapped
The medical model of disability, or medical model, arose from the biomedical perception of disability.
It may be used to refer to physical or mental attributes that some institutions, particularly medicine, view as needing to be fixed (the medical model).

Social model of disability

social modelsocial phenomenona social phenomenon
That change is consistent with widespread acceptance of the social model of disability. Among advocates of disability rights, who tend to subscribe to the social model instead, the medical model of disability is often cited as the basis of an unintended social degradation of disabled people; further, resources are seen as excessively misdirected towards an almost-exclusively medical focus when those same resources could be used towards things like universal design and societal inclusionary practices.
The social model of disability is a reaction to the dominant medical model of disability which in itself is a functional analysis of the body as machine to be fixed in order to conform with normative values.

Biomedical model

biomedical
Before the introduction of the biomedical model, patients relaying their narratives to the doctors was paramount.
Medical model of disability

Inclusion (disability rights)

inclusioninclusivecultural rights
Among advocates of disability rights, who tend to subscribe to the social model instead, the medical model of disability is often cited as the basis of an unintended social degradation of disabled people; further, resources are seen as excessively misdirected towards an almost-exclusively medical focus when those same resources could be used towards things like universal design and societal inclusionary practices.
In other countries there is a prevalence of the medical model of disability focusing on the physical and/or mental therapies, medications, surgeries and assistive devices that might help to "normalize" or "fix" the disabled person so that they may have an easier time in their surrounding environment.

Medical model of autism

autism researchautism cure movementcuring autism
Medical model of autism
This is a subset of the medical model of disability in general.

Disability rights movement

disability rightsdisabilitydisability access
Among advocates of disability rights, who tend to subscribe to the social model instead, the medical model of disability is often cited as the basis of an unintended social degradation of disabled people; further, resources are seen as excessively misdirected towards an almost-exclusively medical focus when those same resources could be used towards things like universal design and societal inclusionary practices.
Medical model of disability

Models of deafness

Models of deafness
It stems from a more comprehensive and far-reaching medical model of disability.

Quality of life

well-beinglivabilitywelfare
The model supposes that this disability may reduce the individual's quality of life and the aim is, with medical intervention, this disability will be diminished or corrected.

Justice

justequitycivil justice
By extension, the medical model supposes a "compassionate" or just society invests resources in health care and related services in an attempt to cure or manage disabilities medically.

Medicine

medicalmedical sciencemedicinal
The medical profession's responsibility and potential in this area is seen as central.

World Health Organization

WHOWorld Health OrganisationWorld Health Organization (WHO)
In 1980, the World Health Organization (WHO) introduced a framework for working with disability, publishing the "International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities and Handicaps."

Personal narrative

While personal narrative is present in interpersonal interactions, and particularly dominant in Western Culture, personal narrative during interactions with medical personnel is reduced to relaying information about specific symptoms of the disability to medical professionals.

Interpersonal communication

communicationinterpersonalspeech
While personal narrative is present in interpersonal interactions, and particularly dominant in Western Culture, personal narrative during interactions with medical personnel is reduced to relaying information about specific symptoms of the disability to medical professionals.

International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health

International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)The International Classification of Function
The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), published in 2001, defines disability as an umbrella term for impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions.

Degradation

degradedegrading
Among advocates of disability rights, who tend to subscribe to the social model instead, the medical model of disability is often cited as the basis of an unintended social degradation of disabled people; further, resources are seen as excessively misdirected towards an almost-exclusively medical focus when those same resources could be used towards things like universal design and societal inclusionary practices.

Universal design

universal accessbarrier-freebarrier free
Among advocates of disability rights, who tend to subscribe to the social model instead, the medical model of disability is often cited as the basis of an unintended social degradation of disabled people; further, resources are seen as excessively misdirected towards an almost-exclusively medical focus when those same resources could be used towards things like universal design and societal inclusionary practices.

Prosthesis

prostheticprostheticsprostheses
This includes the monetary and the societal costs and benefits of various interventions, be they medical, surgical, social or occupational, from prosthetics, drug-based and other "cures", and medical tests such as genetic screening or preimplantation genetic diagnosis.

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis

preimplantation genetic screeningpre-implantation genetic diagnosisPGD
This includes the monetary and the societal costs and benefits of various interventions, be they medical, surgical, social or occupational, from prosthetics, drug-based and other "cures", and medical tests such as genetic screening or preimplantation genetic diagnosis.

Civil and political rights

civil rightscivil rights activistpolitical rights
Also, some disability rights groups see the medical model of disability as a civil rights issue and criticise charitable organizations or medical initiatives that use it in their portrayal of disabled people, because it promotes a pitiable, essentially negative, largely disempowered image of people with disabilities rather than casting disability as a political, social and environmental problem (see also the political slogan "Piss On Pity").

Charitable organization

charityregistered charitycharities
Also, some disability rights groups see the medical model of disability as a civil rights issue and criticise charitable organizations or medical initiatives that use it in their portrayal of disabled people, because it promotes a pitiable, essentially negative, largely disempowered image of people with disabilities rather than casting disability as a political, social and environmental problem (see also the political slogan "Piss On Pity").

Pity

pitiablecompassionpiteous
Also, some disability rights groups see the medical model of disability as a civil rights issue and criticise charitable organizations or medical initiatives that use it in their portrayal of disabled people, because it promotes a pitiable, essentially negative, largely disempowered image of people with disabilities rather than casting disability as a political, social and environmental problem (see also the political slogan "Piss On Pity").

Empowerment

self-empowermentempowereconomic empowerment
Also, some disability rights groups see the medical model of disability as a civil rights issue and criticise charitable organizations or medical initiatives that use it in their portrayal of disabled people, because it promotes a pitiable, essentially negative, largely disempowered image of people with disabilities rather than casting disability as a political, social and environmental problem (see also the political slogan "Piss On Pity").

List of political slogans

political slogancampaign slogancampaign slogans
Also, some disability rights groups see the medical model of disability as a civil rights issue and criticise charitable organizations or medical initiatives that use it in their portrayal of disabled people, because it promotes a pitiable, essentially negative, largely disempowered image of people with disabilities rather than casting disability as a political, social and environmental problem (see also the political slogan "Piss On Pity").

Piss On Pity

Also, some disability rights groups see the medical model of disability as a civil rights issue and criticise charitable organizations or medical initiatives that use it in their portrayal of disabled people, because it promotes a pitiable, essentially negative, largely disempowered image of people with disabilities rather than casting disability as a political, social and environmental problem (see also the political slogan "Piss On Pity").