Medical sign

signsclinical signsignclinical signssigns and symptomsmedical signsPhysical signClinical expressionsclinical featuresclinical findings
A medical sign is an objective indication of a sign or characteristic that may be detected during the physical examination of a patient.wikipedia
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Medical diagnosis

diagnosisdiagnosticdiagnostic criteria
Medical signs assist a healthcare provider to reach an accurate diagnosis.
Medical diagnosis (abbreviated Dx or D S ) is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs.

Symptom

symptomsnon-specific symptomssymptomatic
A symptom is something only the person experiencing it can directly observe (e.g. only the patient can detect a particular sensation such as skin tingling).
In contrast to a symptom, a sign is a clue to a disease elicited by an examiner or a doctor.

Pathognomonic

Characteristicdefinite histological proof of such infectiondiagnostic
In other cases they are specific even to the point of being pathognomonic.
A pathognomonic sign is a particular sign whose presence means that a particular disease is present beyond any doubt.

List of eponymously named medical signs

List of eponymous medical signseponymousMedical signs
Eponymous medical signs are those that are named after a person or persons, usually the physicians who first described them, but occasionally named after a famous patient.

Prognosis

prognosticprognosesprognostication
* Prognostic signs (from progignṓskein, προγιγνώσκειν, "to know beforehand"): signs that indicate the future outcome of the current bodily state of the patient, rather than indicating the name of the disease.
Prognosis (Greek: πρόγνωσις "fore-knowing, foreseeing") is a medical term for predicting the likely or expected development of a disease, including whether the signs and symptoms will improve or worsen (and how quickly) or remain stable over time; expectations of quality of life, such as the ability to carry out daily activities; the potential for complications and associated health issues; and the likelihood of survival (including life expectancy).

Medical history

medical historianhistorycase history
The medically relevant complaints reported by the patient or others familiar with the patient are referred to as symptoms, in contrast with clinical signs, which are ascertained by direct examination on the part of medical personnel.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

emphysemaCOPDpulmonary emphysema
They may present with signs of increased work of breathing such as fast breathing, a fast heart rate, sweating, active use of muscles in the neck, a bluish tinge to the skin, and confusion or combative behavior in very severe exacerbations.

Semiotics

semioticsemioticiansemiology
In English the art of interpreting clinical signs was originally called semiotics, a term now used for the study of sign communication in general.

Fever

pyrexiafebrileague
Fever is one of the most common medical signs.

Lymphadenopathy

lymphadenitisenlarged lymph nodesswollen lymph nodes
Lymphadenopathy is a common and nonspecific sign.

Radiologic sign

signradiological sign
A radiologic sign is an objective indication of some medical fact (that is, a medical sign) that is detected by a physician during radiologic examination with medical imaging (for example, via an X-ray, CT scan, MRI scan, or sonographic scan).

Vital signs

vital signvital statisticsvital function
Vital signs (also known as vitals) are a group of the four to six most important medical signs that indicate the status of the body’s vital (life-sustaining) functions.

Splenomegaly

enlarged spleenhypersplenismspleen
Signs of splenomegaly may include a palpable left upper quadrant abdominal mass or splenic rub.

Jaundice

Obstructive jaundiceicteruscholestatic jaundice
Jaundice itself is not a disease, but rather a medical sign of one of many possible underlying pathological processes that occur at some point along the normal physiological pathway of the metabolism of bilirubin in blood.

Medical test

diagnostic testdiagnostic testsdiagnostic testing
Tests performed in a physical examination are usually aimed at detecting a symptom or sign, and in these cases, a test that detects a symptom or sign is designated a positive test, and a test that indicated absence of a symptom or sign is designated a negative test, as further detailed in separate section below.

Medical findings

findingsfindingmedical finding
Psychological findings would be more a medical sign than a finding, except when they are supported by a test.

Objectivity (science)

objectivityobjectivescientific objectivity
A medical sign is an objective indication of a sign or characteristic that may be detected during the physical examination of a patient.

Physical examination

physical exammedical examinationexamination
A medical sign is an objective indication of a sign or characteristic that may be detected during the physical examination of a patient.

Patient

outpatientinpatientpatients
A medical sign is an objective indication of a sign or characteristic that may be detected during the physical examination of a patient.

Erythema

erythematousrednessred
These signs can be detectable by anyone, e.g. the temperature or blood pressure of the patient, skin that is redder than usual, or a bruise; others may have no meaning to the patient or may even go completely unnoticed.

Hematoma

haematomahematomasbruises
These signs can be detectable by anyone, e.g. the temperature or blood pressure of the patient, skin that is redder than usual, or a bruise; others may have no meaning to the patient or may even go completely unnoticed.

Paresthesia

paraesthesiatinglingparesthesias
A symptom is something only the person experiencing it can directly observe (e.g. only the patient can detect a particular sensation such as skin tingling).

Sensitivity and specificity

sensitivityspecificitysensitive
Symptoms and signs are often nonspecific, but certain combinations can be suggestive of certain diagnoses, helping to narrow down what may be wrong.

Diagnosis

diagnosticdiagnosticsdiagnose
Symptoms and signs are often nonspecific, but certain combinations can be suggestive of certain diagnoses, helping to narrow down what may be wrong.

Hypertension

high blood pressurehypertensivearterial hypertension
Examples of signs include elevated blood pressure, clubbing of the ends of fingers as a sign of lung disease, staggering gait, and arcus senilis of the eyes.