Medical terminology

medical termmedical termsclinical terminologymedicalmedical terminologiesmedical vocabulariesnomenclaturetermedterminology standards
Medical terminology is language used to precisely describe the human body including its components, processes, conditions affecting it, and procedures performed upon it.wikipedia
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Latin

Latin languageLat.la
The roots, prefixes and suffixes are often derived from Greek or Latin, and often quite dissimilar from their English-language variants.
Roman medicine, recorded in the works of such physicians as Galen, established that today's medical terminology would be primarily derived from Latin and Greek words, the Greek being filtered through the Latin.

Language

languageslinguisticlinguistic diversity
Medical terminology is language used to precisely describe the human body including its components, processes, conditions affecting it, and procedures performed upon it.

Human body

bodyhuman anatomyhuman physiology
Medical terminology is language used to precisely describe the human body including its components, processes, conditions affecting it, and procedures performed upon it.

Medicine

medicalmedical scienceclinical medicine
Medical terminology is used in the field of medicine.

Morphology (linguistics)

morphologymorphologicalmorphologically
Medical terminology has quite regular morphology, the same prefixes and suffixes are used to add meanings to different roots.

Prefix

prefixesprefixationquasi-
Medical terminology has quite regular morphology, the same prefixes and suffixes are used to add meanings to different roots.

Suffix

suffixesendingsuffixation
Medical terminology has quite regular morphology, the same prefixes and suffixes are used to add meanings to different roots.

Organ (anatomy)

organorgansviscera
The root of a term often refers to an organ, tissue, or condition.

Tissue (biology)

tissuetissuesbiological tissue
The root of a term often refers to an organ, tissue, or condition.

Disease

morbidityillnessdiseases
The root of a term often refers to an organ, tissue, or condition.

Hypertension

high blood pressurehypertensivearterial hypertension
For example, in the disorder hypertension, the prefix "hyper-" means "high" or "over", and the root word "tension" refers to pressure, so the word "hypertension" refers to abnormally high blood pressure.

Ancient Greek

GreekClassical GreekGr.
The roots, prefixes and suffixes are often derived from Greek or Latin, and often quite dissimilar from their English-language variants.

Morpheme

morphemesmorphemicderivational
This regular morphology means that once a reasonable number of morphemes are learnt it becomes easy to understand very precise terms assembled from these morphemes.

Root (linguistics)

rootrootsroot word
Medical terminology has quite regular morphology, the same prefixes and suffixes are used to add meanings to different roots.

Etymology

etymologicaletymologicallyetymologies
The study of the origin of words is called etymology.

Kidney failure

renal failurekidney problemsrenal impairment
Renal failure would be a condition of kidneys, and nephritis is also a condition, or inflammation, of the kidneys.

Kidney

kidneysrenalkidney disorder
Renal failure would be a condition of kidneys, and nephritis is also a condition, or inflammation, of the kidneys.

Nephritis

nephritis, hereditaryAthletic nephritisinflammation of the kidney
Renal failure would be a condition of kidneys, and nephritis is also a condition, or inflammation, of the kidneys.

Nephrology

nephrologistrenal medicinekidney disease
The word "nephrologist" combines the root word for kidney to the suffix -ologist with the resultant meaning of "one who studies the kidneys".

Medical dictionary

medical dictionaries
Often such details can be found using a medical dictionary.

Neonatology

neonatologistneonatologistsneonatal
Examples of well-accepted medical words that do mix lingual roots are neonatology and quadriplegia.

Tetraplegia

quadriplegicquadriplegiatetraplegic
Examples of well-accepted medical words that do mix lingual roots are neonatology and quadriplegia.

Grammar

grammaticalgrammaticallyrules of language
In the process of creating medical terminology, certain rules of language apply.