Medicine

medicalmedical scienceclinical medicinemedicinalmedical sciencesWestern medicinemedical practicemodern medicineclinical practiceclinical
Medicine is the science and practice of establishing the diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.wikipedia
7,251 Related Articles

Science

scientificsciencesscientific knowledge
Medicine is the science and practice of establishing the diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Their contributions to mathematics, astronomy, and medicine entered and shaped Greek natural philosophy of classical antiquity, whereby formal attempts were made to provide explanations of events in the physical world based on natural causes.

Medical genetics

clinical geneticsmedical geneticistgenomic medicine
Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics, and medical technology to diagnose, treat, and prevent injury and disease, typically through pharmaceuticals or surgery, but also through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy, external splints and traction, medical devices, biologics, and ionizing radiation, amongst others.
Medical genetics is the branch of medicine that involves the diagnosis and management of hereditary disorders.

Physician

doctormedical doctorphysicians
For example, a medicine man would apply herbs and say prayers for healing, or an ancient philosopher and physician would apply bloodletting according to the theories of humorism.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor, is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.

Prognosis

prognosticprognosesprognostication
Medicine is the science and practice of establishing the diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Prognosis (Greek: πρόγνωσις "fore-knowing, foreseeing") is a medical term for predicting the likely or expected development of a disease, including whether the signs and symptoms will improve or worsen (and how quickly) or remain stable over time; expectations of quality of life, such as the ability to carry out daily activities; the potential for complications and associated health issues; and the likelihood of survival (including life expectancy).

Bloodletting

bleedingblood-lettingblood letting
For example, a medicine man would apply herbs and say prayers for healing, or an ancient philosopher and physician would apply bloodletting according to the theories of humorism.
Bloodletting, whether by a physician or by leeches, was based on an ancient system of medicine in which blood and other bodily fluids were regarded as "humours" that had to remain in proper balance to maintain health.

Philosophy

philosophicalphilosopherhistory of philosophy
Medicine has been around for thousands of years, during most of which it was an art (an area of skill and knowledge) frequently having connections to the religious and philosophical beliefs of local culture.
From the time of Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle to the 19th century, "natural philosophy" encompassed astronomy, medicine, and physics.

Alternative medicine

complementary and alternative medicineholistic healthintegrative medicine
Traditional medicine and folk medicine remain commonly used with, or instead of, scientific medicine and are thus called alternative medicine (meaning “[something] other than medicine”, from Latin alter, “other”).
Alternative medicine describes any practice that aims to achieve the healing effects of medicine, but which lacks biological plausibility and is untested, untestable or proven ineffective.

Quackery

quackquack doctorquacks
In contrast, alternative treatments outside the bounds not just of scientific medicine, but also outside the bounds of safety and efficacy are termed quackery.
Quackery, often synonymous with health fraud, is the promotion of fraudulent or ignorant medical practices.

Medical research

biomedical researchmedical researcherresearch
Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics, and medical technology to diagnose, treat, and prevent injury and disease, typically through pharmaceuticals or surgery, but also through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy, external splints and traction, medical devices, biologics, and ionizing radiation, amongst others.
Within this spectrum is applied research, or translational research, conducted to expand knowledge in the field of medicine.

Health

human healthphysical healthwellness
Medicine encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness.
Organized interventions to improve health based on the principles and procedures developed through the health sciences are provided by practitioners trained in medicine, nursing, nutrition, pharmacy, social work, psychology, occupational therapy, physical therapy and other health care professions.

Stethoscope

stethoscopesbell of the stethoscopeelectronic stethoscope
Basic diagnostic medical devices (e.g. stethoscope, tongue depressor) are typically used.
The stethoscope is an acoustic medical device for auscultation, or listening to the internal sounds of an animal or human body.

Medical diagnosis

diagnosisdiagnosticdiagnostic criteria
Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics, and medical technology to diagnose, treat, and prevent injury and disease, typically through pharmaceuticals or surgery, but also through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy, external splints and traction, medical devices, biologics, and ionizing radiation, amongst others.
It is most often referred to as diagnosis with the medical context being implicit.

Differential diagnosis

differential diagnosesdifferentiateddifferential
Differential diagnosis methods help to rule out conditions based on the information provided.
In medicine, a differential diagnosis is the distinguishing of a particular disease or condition from others that present similar clinical features.

Applied science

applied researchApplied Sciencesapplied
In recent centuries, since the advent of modern science, most medicine has become a combination of art and science (both basic and applied, under the umbrella of medical science).
This includes a broad range of applied science related fields from engineering, medicine to early childhood education.

Medical history

medical historianhistorycase history
The doctor-patient relationship typically begins an interaction with an examination of the patient's medical history and medical record, followed by a medical interview and a physical examination.
The medical history, case history, or anamnesis (from Greek: ἀνά, aná, ″open″, and μνήσις, mnesis, ″memory″) of a patient is information gained by a physician by asking specific questions, either of the patient or of other people who know the person and can give suitable information, with the aim of obtaining information useful in formulating a diagnosis and providing medical care to the patient.

Medication

pharmaceuticalpharmaceuticalspharmaceutical drug
Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics, and medical technology to diagnose, treat, and prevent injury and disease, typically through pharmaceuticals or surgery, but also through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy, external splints and traction, medical devices, biologics, and ionizing radiation, amongst others. After examination for signs and interviewing for symptoms, the doctor may order medical tests (e.g. blood tests), take a biopsy, or prescribe pharmaceutical drugs or other therapies.
Drug therapy (pharmacotherapy) is an important part of the medical field and relies on the science of pharmacology for continual advancement and on pharmacy for appropriate management.

History of science

historian of sciencemodern sciencehistory
In recent centuries, since the advent of modern science, most medicine has become a combination of art and science (both basic and applied, under the umbrella of medical science).
In medicine, Hippocrates (c.

Pulse

pulse ratepulsationheartbeat
In medicine, a pulse represents the tactile arterial palpation of the heartbeat by trained fingertips.

Family tree

genealogical treefamily treesGenealogy tree
The more detailed family trees used in medicine and social work are known as genograms.

Infection

infectious diseaseinfectious diseasesinfections
The branch of medicine that focuses on infections is referred to as infectious disease.

Chiropractic

chiropractorchiropractorschiropractic medicine
Quackery can encompass an array of practices and practitioners, irrespective of whether they are prescientific (traditional medicine and folk medicine) or modern pseudo-scientific, including chiropractic which rejects modern scientific germ theory of disease (instead believing without evidence that human diseases are caused by invisible subluxation of the bones, predominantly of the spine and less so of other bones), with just over half of chiropractors also rejecting the science of immunization.
Its foundation is at odds with mainstream medicine, and has been sustained by pseudoscientific ideas such as subluxation and innate intelligence.

Tongue depressor

tongue depressorsPopsicle stickpopsicle sticks
Basic diagnostic medical devices (e.g. stethoscope, tongue depressor) are typically used.
A tongue depressor (sometimes called spatula ) is a tool used in medical practice to depress the tongue to allow for examination of the mouth and throat.

Family history (medicine)

family historyFamily diseasesgenetic medical history
In medicine, a family history (FH or FHx) consists of information about disorders from which the direct blood relatives of the patient have suffered.

Blood test

blood testsbloodblood testing
After examination for signs and interviewing for symptoms, the doctor may order medical tests (e.g. blood tests), take a biopsy, or prescribe pharmaceutical drugs or other therapies.
Typical clinical blood panels include a basic metabolic panel or a complete blood count.

Endoscopy

endoscopicendoscopesendoscope
These include both ambulatory care and inpatient services, Emergency departments, intensive care medicine, surgery services, physical therapy, labor and delivery, endoscopy units, diagnostic laboratory and medical imaging services, hospice centers, etc. Some primary care providers may also take care of hospitalized patients and deliver babies in a secondary care setting.
An endoscopy (looking inside) is used in medicine to look inside the body.