Mediumship

mediummediumsspirit mediumpsychic mediumchannelingchanneledspiritual mediumchanneltrance mediumchannelling
Mediumship is the practice of purportedly mediating communication between spirits of the dead and living human beings.wikipedia
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New Age

New Age movementnew-ageNew Age spirituality
The practice is associated with several religious-belief systems such as Shamanism, Vodun, Spiritualism, Spiritism, Candomblé, Voodoo, Umbanda and some New Age groups.
This is accompanied by a common belief in a wide variety of semi-divine non-human entities, such as angels and masters, with whom humans can communicate, particularly through the form of channeling.

Spiritism

SpiritistSpiritistsKardecist Spiritism
The practice is associated with several religious-belief systems such as Shamanism, Vodun, Spiritualism, Spiritism, Candomblé, Voodoo, Umbanda and some New Age groups.
It also asserts that disembodied spirits, through passive or active mediumship, may have beneficent or malevolent influence on the physical world.

Séance

seanceséancesseances
Albert Moll studied the psychology of séance sitters.
In English, however, the word came to be used specifically for a meeting of people who are gathered to receive messages from ghosts or to listen to a spirit medium discourse with or relay messages from spirits.

Ectoplasm (paranormal)

ectoplasmectoplasmicectoplasms
Ectoplasm (from the Greek ektos, meaning "outside", and plasma, meaning "something formed or molded") is a term used in spiritualism to denote a substance or spiritual energy "exteriorized" by physical mediums.

Shamanism

shamanshamansshamanic
The practice is associated with several religious-belief systems such as Shamanism, Vodun, Spiritualism, Spiritism, Candomblé, Voodoo, Umbanda and some New Age groups.
The third definition attempts to distinguish shamans from other magico-religious specialists who are believed to contact spirits, such as "mediums", "witch doctors", "spiritual healers" or "prophets," by claiming that shamans undertake some particular technique not used by the others.

Automatic writing

psychographyspirit writingautomatic handwriting
Mediums claim that they can listen to and relay messages from spirits, or that they can allow a spirit to control their body and speak through it directly or by using automatic writing or drawing.
In spiritualism, spirits are claimed to take control of the hand of a medium to write messages, letters, and even entire books.

Eusapia Palladino

Palladino, Eusapia
Nobel laureate Pierre Curie took a very serious scientific interest in the work of medium Eusapia Palladino.
Eusapia Palladino (alternate spelling: Paladino; 21 January 1854 – 16 May 1918) was an Italian Spiritualist physical medium.

Paschal Beverly Randolph

Randolph
The trance mediums Paschal Beverly Randolph and Emma Hardinge Britten were among the most celebrated lecturers and authors on the subject in the mid-19th century.
Paschal Beverly Randolph (October 8, 1825 – July 29, 1875) was an African American medical doctor, occultist, spiritualist, trance medium, and writer.

Bangs Sisters

After the exposure of the fraudulent use of stage magic tricks by physical mediums such as the Davenport Brothers and the Bangs Sisters, mediumship fell into disrepute.
The Bangs Sisters, Mary "May" E. Bangs (1862-1917) and Elizabeth "Lizzie" Snow Bangs (1859-1920), were two fraudulent spiritualist mediums from Chicago, who made a career out of painting the dead or "Spirit Portraits".

Leonora Piper

Scholars have described Leonora Piper as one of the most famous trance mediums in the history of Spiritualism.
Leonora Piper (née Leonora Evelina Simonds; 27 June 1857 – 3 June 1950) was a famous American trance medium in the area of Spiritualism.

Mina Crandon

William Henry SalterMargery CrandonMina "Margery" Crandon
The last physical medium to be tested by a committee from Scientific American was Mina Crandon in 1924.
Mina "Margery" Crandon (1888–November 1, 1941) was a well known psychical medium who claimed that she channeled her dead brother, Walter Stinson.

Leslie Flint

Leslie Flint was one of the best known exponents of this form of mediumship.
Leslie Flint (1911 – 16 April 1994) was a British medium who is credited as having been one of the last psychics to use direct-voice mediumship.

Ouija

Ouija boardOuija boardsof same name
There are different types of mediumship or spirit channelling, including seánce tables, trance, and ouija.
Ouija boards have been the source of inspiration for literary works, used as guidance in writing or as a form of channeling literary works.

J. Z. Knight

RamthaJZ KnightJ.Z. Knight
A widely known channeler of this variety is J. Z. Knight, who claims to channel the spirit of Ramtha, a 30 thousand-year-old man.
Judy Zebra "J. Z." Knight (born Judith Darlene Hampton; March 16, 1946) is an American New Age teacher and author known for her purported channelling of a spiritual entity named Ramtha.

Trance

trance statesystemic trancetrance states
There are different types of mediumship or spirit channelling, including seánce tables, trance, and ouija.
Sensory modality is the channel or conduit for the induction of the trance.

Jane Roberts

LumaniaRoberts, JaneSeth
Other notable channels are Jane Roberts for Seth, Esther Hicks for Abraham, and Carla L. Rueckert for Ra.
Dorothy Jane Roberts (May 8, 1929 – September 5, 1984) was an American author, poet, self-proclaimed psychic, and spirit medium, who claimed to channel an energy personality who called himself "Seth."

Camp Chesterfield

Chesterfield Spiritualist Camp District
In 1958, the English-born Spiritualist C. Dorreen Phillips wrote of her experiences with a medium at Camp Chesterfield, Indiana: "In Rev. James Laughton's séances there are many Indians. They are very noisy and appear to have great power. [...] The little guides, or doorkeepers, are usually Indian boys and girls [who act] as messengers who help to locate the spirit friends who wish to speak with you."
Camp Chesterfield offers Spiritualist Church services, seminary, and mediumship, faith healing, and spiritual development classes, as well as psychic readings for patrons.

Surrealist automatism

automatismautomatic drawingautomatic
Mediums claim that they can listen to and relay messages from spirits, or that they can allow a spirit to control their body and speak through it directly or by using automatic writing or drawing.
Automatic drawing (distinguished from drawn expression of mediums) was developed by the surrealists, as a means of expressing the subconscious.

Seth Material

Jane RobertsSethSeth Speaks
Other notable channels are Jane Roberts for Seth, Esther Hicks for Abraham, and Carla L. Rueckert for Ra.
The material is regarded as one of the cornerstones of New Age philosophy, and the most influential channelled text of the post-World War II "New Age" movement, other than the Edgar Cayce books and A Course in Miracles.

National Spiritualist Association of Churches

National Spiritualist Association
Today "demonstration of mediumship" is part of the church service at all churches affiliated with the National Spiritualist Association of Churches (NSAC) and the Spiritualists' National Union (SNU) and www.spiritualallianceusa.org (TNSA).
Among the NSA's first leaders were W. H. Bach, Harrison D. Barrett (former Unitarian clergymen), Luther V. Moulton, James Martin Peebles, and Cora L. V. Scott (spiritualist medium).

Cold reading

cold readercold readnormal sensory clues
A technique called cold reading can also be used to obtain information from the sitter's behavior, clothing, posture, and jewellery.
Cold reading is a set of techniques used by mentalists, psychics, fortune-tellers, and mediums.

Parapsychology

parapsychologistparapsychologicalpsychical research
The idea of mediumship being explained by telepathy was later merged into the "super-ESP" hypothesis of mediumship which is currently advocated by some parapsychologists.
In 1853, the chemist Robert Hare conducted experiments with mediums and reported positive results.

John Edward

Crossing Over with John EdwardCrossing OverJohn Edward McGee, Jr.
In a 2019 television segment on Last Week Tonight featuring prominent purported mediums including Theresa Caputo, John Edward, Tyler Henry, and Sylvia Browne, John Oliver criticized the media for promoting mediums because this exposure convinces viewers that such powers are real, and so enable neighborhood mediums to prey on grieving families.
John Edward McGee Jr. (born October 19, 1969), known professionally as John Edward, is an American television personality, author and purported psychic medium.

Sylvia Browne

Society of Novus SpiritusSylvia Browne’s
In a 2019 television segment on Last Week Tonight featuring prominent purported mediums including Theresa Caputo, John Edward, Tyler Henry, and Sylvia Browne, John Oliver criticized the media for promoting mediums because this exposure convinces viewers that such powers are real, and so enable neighborhood mediums to prey on grieving families.
Sylvia Celeste Browne (née Shoemaker; October 19, 1936 – November 20, 2013) was an American author who claimed to be a medium with psychic abilities.

Tyler Henry

Hollywood Medium with Tyler HenryHollywood Medium
In a 2019 television segment on Last Week Tonight featuring prominent purported mediums including Theresa Caputo, John Edward, Tyler Henry, and Sylvia Browne, John Oliver criticized the media for promoting mediums because this exposure convinces viewers that such powers are real, and so enable neighborhood mediums to prey on grieving families.
Tyler Henry Koelewyn is an American reality show personality who appears in the series Hollywood Medium with Tyler Henry as a "clairvoyant medium".