Medzhybizh Castle in 1871
The Orthodox church under renovation inside Medzhybizh castle. Originally built in 1586 as a Polish Catholic church.
19th-century mill buildings adjacent to the mill dam and the lake on the Southern Bug
Monument to the approximately 3,000 Medzhybizh Jews who were executed in three nearby ravines in 1942
The fortress-like Sirkes Shul in Medzhybizh, probably built in the 17th century (photo taken in 1935)
The interior of the main Sirkes Shul in Medzhybizh in 1930
Exterior of the Baal Shem Tov's Shul in Medzhybizh, c. 1915. This original shul no longer exists, but was recently re-created.
Another view of the Baal Shem Tov's Shul, c. 1915
Interior of the Baal Shem Tov's Shul, c. 1915
18th-century gravestones at the old Jewish cemetery in Medzhybizh
Gravestone of the Baal Shem Tov in Medzhybizh

Medzhybizh, previously known as Mezhybozhe, population 1,731, (Census 2001) (Меджибіж, Меджибож, Translit: Medzhibozh, Międzybóż, Medschybisch, מעזשביזש, translit.

- Medzhybizh

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Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine

City in western Ukraine, the administrative center for Khmelnytskyi Oblast (region) and Khmelnytskyi Raion (district).

Bohdan Khmelnytsky
A street corner during the German occupation
Khmelnytskyi's riverside skyline on the Southern Bug, early 2010s.
Khmelnytskyi railway station
Podillya Stadium
Proskurivska street
Church of St. Anne in Khmelnytsky
Panas Myrny St
Main square
Old building
Old town of Khmelnytsky
Bank building
Saint George Cathedral
St. Andrew (Andriy Pervozvannyi) church
Protection Cathedral in Khmelnytsky
Monument to John Paul II
Museum-studio of photography
Podil'ska St

During this period, it was nahiya centre in Mejibuji sanjak in Podolia Eyalet as Poloskiruf.

Khmelnytskyi Oblast

Oblast (province) of western Ukraine covering portions of the historical regions of western Podolia and southern Volhynia.

General view of the Bernardine Monastery in Iziaslav
The beginning of city's main street, Proskurivska street in Khmelnytskyi
The Kamianets-Podilskyi Castle. The bastion on the right was guarding the bridgehead leading to the fortress. In the far right the "New Castle" is visible.
Medieval fortress in Letychiv

Medzhybizh National historical-cultural preserve

Baal Shem Tov

Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer (c.

Gravestone of the Baal Shem Tov in Medzhybizh (before restoration in 2006–2008) bearing the inscription רבי ישראל בעל שם טוב
Exterior of the Baal Shem Tov's synagogue in Medzhybizh, circa 1915. This shul no longer exists, having been destroyed by the Nazis. However, an exact replica was erected on its original site as a museum.
The Baal Shem Tov's personal Siddur (now in Chabad library archive #1994)
1758 Polish tax census of Medzhybizh showing "Baal Shem" as occupying house #95
A well outside Medzhybizh thought to be hand-dug by the Baal Shem Tov that still contains fresh water.
A portrait of Hayyim Samuel Jacob Falk (the Baal Shem of London), and not Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer (the Baal Shem Tov)
Baal Shem Tov’s shul reconstructed (as a museum); August 4, 2008
Ohel of Baal Shem Tov; August 4, 2008
New guesthouse and synagogue next to Ohel of Baal Shem Tov (work in progress); August 4, 2008

He died in Medzhybizh (Меджибіж, Międzybóż, מעזשביזש), which was part of Poland and today is situated in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (Ukraine) (not to be confused with other cities of the same name).


Historic region in Eastern Europe, located in the west-central and south-western parts of Ukraine and in northeastern Moldova (i.e. northern Transnistria).

Maps title reads Podolian Voivodeship, part of Ukraine
Podolia (Podolie) in yellow on a map by French cartographer Henri Chatelain in 1712. White Ruthenia in white, Black Ruthenia in black, and Volhynia in red.
Podolians, before 1878
Medieval fortress in Letychiv.
The fortress of Kamianets-Podilskyi
The main building of Uman National University of Horticulture
Pervomaisk city council
Rîbnița as seen from across the Dniester river
Kamianets-Podilskyi City Hall at night
A nice park with a fountain near the Kamianets-Podilskyi's old town quarter
An old street in Kamianets-Podilskyi's old town quarter. Recently restorational works are being conducted in the city.
Arch of triumph in Kamianets-Podilskyi

During this time, it was a province, with its center being Kamaniçe, and was divided into the sanjaks of Kamaniçe, Bar, Mejibuji and Yazlovets (Yazlofça).

Nachman of Breslov

The founder of the Breslov Hasidic movement.

Grave of Rebbe Nachman of Breslov
River in Bratslav, central-west Ukraine
Outside the modern-day synagogue which serves as the ohel for the grave of Reb Nachman

Reb Nachman was born on April 4, 1772 (Rosh Chodesh of Nisan) in the town of Międzybóż, which is in the Podolia region of the then Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and which is now in Ukraine.

Khmelnytskyi Raion

One of the 20 administrative raions (a district) of the Khmelnytskyi Oblast in western Ukraine.

Khmelnytskyi Raion in Khmelnytskyi Oblast before 2020

Medzhybizh settlement hromada with the administration in the urban-type settlement of Medzhybizh, transferred from Letychiv Raion;

Hasidic Judaism

Jewish religious group that arose as a spiritual revival movement in the territory of contemporary Western Ukraine during the 18th century, and spread rapidly throughout Eastern Europe.

The Kaliver Rebbe, Holocaust survivor, inspiring his court on the festival of Sukkot
Kvitel requests for blessing piled on the graves of the last Lubavitcher Rebbes
Hasidic family in Borough Park, Brooklyn. The man is wearing a shtreimel, and either a bekishe or a rekel. The woman is wearing a wig, called a sheitel, as she is forbidden to show her hair in public.
Rabbi Moshe Leib Rabinovich, Munkacser Rebbe, wearing a kolpik
The Dorohoi Rebbe in his traditional rabbinical Sabbath garb
Sculpture of the Hasidic movement's celebration of spirituality on the Knesset Menorah
Israel ben Eliezer's autograph
Shivchei HaBesht (Praises of the Baal Shem Tov), the first compilation of Hasidic hagiographic storytelling, was printed from manuscripts in 1815
Palace of the Ruzhin dynasty, known for its "royal" mannerism, in Sadhora.
Belzer Rebbe Aharon Rokeach (depicted 1934), who was hidden from the Nazis and smuggled out of Europe.

By the 1740s, it is verified that he relocated to the town of Medzhybizh and became recognized and popular in all Podolia and beyond.


Town in the eastern part of Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) of western Ukraine.

Dominican convent in Letychiv
Letychiv Castle
Letychiv Coats of Arms. Top is the original 1569. Bottom is from 1792 and the Russian Imperial era.
Letychiv Assumption Church. Top is the Letychiv Icon. Bottom is the facade of the church.
Letychiv Castle. During World War II, it served as a notorious slave labor camp.
At this location approximately 7,500 Letichiv Jews were murdered by Nazis during World War II.

Even with natural moats on all sides, Letychiv did not have the topographic relief that blesses other Podolia Province strongholds (such as Medzhibozh or Kamenets Podilsky).

Podolia Eyalet

Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire.

The Podolia Eyalet in 1683
The Ottoman garrison in the city of Kamaniçe, capitol of the Podolia Eyalet
Ottoman territory north of the Black Sea in the seventeenth century

The other garrisons in Podolia, in Bar, Medzhybizh, Jazlivec, and Chortkiv, barely exceeded 100 soldiers each.

Joel Sirkis

Abbreviation of his magnum opus BAyit CHadash), was a prominent Ashkenazi posek and halakhist, who lived in central Europe and held rabbinical positions in Belz, Brest-Litovsk and Kraków, and is considered to be one of the greatest Talmudic scholars of Poland.

Grave of Joel Sirkis

He later occupied the rabbinates of Lukow, Lublin, Medzyboz, Belz, Szydlowka, and Brest-Litovsk, finally settling in Kraków in 1619, where he married Bella, the daughter of Abraham of Lwow and was appointed Av Bet Din of Kraków and head of the yeshivah.