Mein Kampf

a voluminous bookMain KampfMy BattleMy Struggle
Mein Kampf (, My Struggle) is a 1925 autobiographical book by Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler.wikipedia
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Adolf Hitler

HitlerFührerthe leader
Mein Kampf (, My Struggle) is a 1925 autobiographical book by Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler.
In jail, he dictated the first volume of his autobiography and political manifesto Mein Kampf ("My Struggle").

Rudolf Hess

HessdeputyHess affair
The book was edited by Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess.
Whilst serving time in jail for this attempted coup, Hess assisted Hitler with Mein Kampf, which later became a foundation of the political platform of the NSDAP.

Beer Hall Putsch

putschBeer Hall ''PutschHitler-Ludendorff Putsch
Hitler began Mein Kampf while imprisoned for what he considered to be "political crimes" following his failed Putsch in Munich in November 1923.
Hitler was found guilty of treason and sentenced to five years in Landsberg Prison, where he dictated Mein Kampf to his fellow prisoners Emil Maurice and Rudolf Hess.

Political views of Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler's anti-communismhis political viewsHitler himself
The work describes the process by which Hitler became antisemitic and outlines his political ideology and future plans for Germany.
Hitler's political views were formed during three periods: (1) His years as a poverty-stricken young man in Vienna and Munich prior to World War I, during which he turned to nationalist-oriented political pamphlets and antisemitic newspapers out of distrust for mainstream newspapers and political parties; (2) The closing months of World War I when Germany lost the war; Hitler is said to have developed his extreme nationalism during this time, desiring to "save" Germany from both external and internal "enemies" who, in his view, betrayed it; (3) The 1920s, during which his early political career began and he wrote Mein Kampf.

Landsberg Prison

Landsbergprisonfamous prison
The governor of Landsberg noted at the time that "he [Hitler] hopes the book will run into many editions, thus enabling him to fulfill his financial obligations and to defray the expenses incurred at the time of his trial."
It is best known as the prison where Adolf Hitler was held in 1924, after the failed Beer Hall Putsch in Munich, and where he dictated his memoirs Mein Kampf to Rudolf Hess.

Nazi Party

NazisNaziNSDAP
Mein Kampf (, My Struggle) is a 1925 autobiographical book by Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler.
While Hitler was in prison, he wrote his semi-autobiographical political manifesto Mein Kampf ("My Struggle").

New Order (Nazism)

New OrderNew European Ordernew order in Europe and the world
First published in 1925, Mein Kampf shows Hitler's personal grievances and his ambitions for creating a New Order.
Hitler’s ideas about eastward expansion that he promulgated in Mein Kampf were greatly influenced during his 1924 imprisonment by his contact with his geopolitical mentor Karl Haushofer.

The Myth of the Twentieth Century

Myth of the Twentieth CenturyThe Myth of the 20th Centurythe writings
(Two other books written by party members, Gottfried Feder's Breaking The Interest Slavery and Alfred Rosenberg's The Myth of the Twentieth Century, have since lapsed into comparative literary obscurity, and no translation of Feder's book from the original German is known.) Hitler had made about 1.2 million Reichsmarks from the income of the book by 1933, when the average annual income of a teacher was about 4,800 Marks.
The book has been described as "one of the two great unread bestsellers of the Third Reich" (the other being Mein Kampf). In private Adolf Hitler said: "I must insist that Rosenberg's The Myth of the Twentieth Century is not to be regarded as an expression of the official doctrine of the party."

Max Amann

AMANN, Max
Max Amann, head of the Franz Eher Verlag and Hitler's publisher, is said to have suggested the much shorter "Mein Kampf" or "My Struggle".
Amann's most notable contribution was persuading Hitler to retitle his first book from Viereinhalb Jahre (des Kampfes) gegen Lüge, Dummheit und Feigheit, ("Four and a Half Years (of Struggle) Against Lies, Stupidity and Cowardice") to Mein Kampf, ("My Struggle") which he also published.

The Rhetoric of Hitler's "Battle"

The American literary theorist and philosopher Kenneth Burke wrote a 1939 rhetorical analysis of the work, The Rhetoric of Hitler's "Battle", which revealed an underlying message of aggressive intent.
Much of Burke's analysis focuses on Hitler's Mein Kampf ("my struggle").

Weimar Republic

GermanyWeimarWeimar Germany
In the book Hitler blamed Germany's chief woes on the parliament of the Weimar Republic, the Jews, and Social Democrats, as well as Marxists, though he believed that Marxists, Social Democrats, and the parliament were all working for Jewish interests.
While in jail, Hitler dictated Mein Kampf, which laid out his ideas and future policies.

Edgar Dugdale

Edgar Trevelyan Stratford Dugdale
The first English translation was an abridgement by Edgar Dugdale who started work on it in 1931, at the prompting of his wife, Blanche.
Edgar Trevelyan Stratford Dugdale (22 July 1876 – 14 October 1964) was a translator, completing the first English translation of Mein Kampf.

James Vincent Murphy

James Murphy
One of the earlier complete English translations of Mein Kampf was by James Murphy in 1939. In 1939, the Nazi propaganda ministry hired James Murphy to create an English version of Mein Kampf, which they hoped to use to promote Nazi goals in English-speaking countries.
James Vincent Murphy (7 July 1880 – 5 July 1946) was an Irish translator, writer, and journalist, who published one of the first complete English translations of Mein Kampf in 1939.

Propaganda in Nazi Germany

propagandaNazi propagandaNazi
In 1939, the Nazi propaganda ministry hired James Murphy to create an English version of Mein Kampf, which they hoped to use to promote Nazi goals in English-speaking countries.
Adolf Hitler devoted three chapters of his 1925 book Mein Kampf, itself a propaganda tool, to the study and practice of propaganda.

Racism

racistracial prejudiceracial discrimination
Due to its racist content and the historical effect of Nazism upon Europe during World War II and the Holocaust, it is considered a highly controversial book.
Hitler's 1925 memoir Mein Kampf was full of admiration for America's treatment of "coloreds".

Alan Cranston

Senator Alan Cranston
This motivated Alan Cranston, an American reporter for United Press International in Germany (and later a U.S. Senator from California), to publish his own abridged and annotated translation.
When an abridged English-language translation of Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf was released, sanitized to exclude some of Hitler's anti-semitism and militancy, Cranston published a different translation (with annotations) which he believed more accurately reflected the contents of the book.

Pan-Germanism

pan-Germanpan-Germanistpan-Germanic
Hitler's revolutionary goals included expulsion of the Jews from Greater Germany and the unification of German peoples into one Greater Germany.
It was in the post-World War I period that the Austrian-born Adolf Hitler, under the influence of the stab-in-the-back myth, first took up German nationalist ideas in his Mein Kampf.

Ralph Manheim

Manheim, Ralph
Houghton Mifflin published a translation by Ralph Manheim in 1943.
His career as a translator began with Hitler's Mein Kampf,

Zweites Buch

As early as 1928in 1928Second Book
The document was neither edited nor published during the Nazi era and remains known as Zweites Buch, or "Second Book".
The Zweites Buch (, "Second Book"), unofficially published in English as Hitler's Secret Book and then officially Hitler's Second Book, is an unedited transcript of Adolf Hitler's thoughts on foreign policy written in 1928; it was written after Mein Kampf and was not published in his lifetime.

Mein Kampf in Arabic

Hitler's ''Mein KampfMein Kampf'' in Arabic
Mein Kampf in Arabic
Mein Kampf (English: My Struggle, كفاحي kifāḥī), Adolf Hitler's 900-page autobiography outlining his political views, has been translated into Arabic a number of times since the early 1930s.

Gerhard Weinberg

Gerhard L. WeinbergWeinberg, GerhardWeinberg, G.
In 1958, the Zweites Buch was found in the archives of the United States by American historian Gerhard Weinberg.
In 1958, Weinberg made the discovery of Hitler's so-called Zweites Buch (Second Book), an unpublished sequel to Mein Kampf, among captured German files.

Unmasked: Two Confidential Interviews with Hitler in 1931

Hitler, A., et al. (1971). Unmasked: two confidential interviews with Hitler in 1931. Chatto & Windus. ISBN: 0-7011-1642-0.
…unfolded like a panorama all that in his speeches remained concealed behind phrases and gestures, things not even hinted at in Mein Kampf, the subterfuges and methods of achieving power, the technique of the legal coup d’état to establish total domination over Germany, the brutal extension of his tyranny over all Europe from the Atlantic to the Urals and the megalomaniac vision of world domination.

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Houghton MifflinHoughtonHoughton Mifflin Company
Houghton Mifflin published a translation by Ralph Manheim in 1943. In America, Houghton Mifflin secured the rights to the Dugdale abridgement on 29 July 1933.
In 2015, Houghton Mifflin struggled to find a charity that would accept royalties for Mein Kampf by Adolf Hitler.

Nazi Germany

GermanGermanyNazi
The document was neither edited nor published during the Nazi era and remains known as Zweites Buch, or "Second Book".
While in prison after the failed Beer Hall Putsch of 1923, Hitler wrote Mein Kampf, which laid out his plan for transforming German society into one based on race.

Franz Eher Nachfolger

Eher VerlagFranz EherEher-Verlag
Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf was also published by the firm from 1925 through many editions and millions of copies.