Mein Kampf

My Strugglea voluminous bookbookMain KampfMein KamphMy Battle
Mein Kampf (My Struggle or My Fight) is a 1925 autobiographical manifesto by Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler.wikipedia
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Adolf Hitler

HitlerFührerthe leader
Mein Kampf (My Struggle or My Fight) is a 1925 autobiographical manifesto by Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler.
In jail, he dictated the first volume of his autobiography and political manifesto Mein Kampf ("My Struggle").

Political views of Adolf Hitler

Hitler's political beliefsAdolf Hitler's anti-communismhis political views
The work describes the process by which Hitler became antisemitic and outlines his political ideology and future plans for Germany.
Adolf Hitler's political views were formed during three periods, namely (1) his years as a poverty-stricken young man in Vienna and Munich prior to World War I, during which he turned to nationalist-oriented political pamphlets and antisemitic newspapers out of distrust for mainstream newspapers and political parties; (2) the closing months of World War I when Germany lost the war as Hitler is said to have developed his extreme nationalism during this time, desiring to "save" Germany from both external and internal "enemies" who in his view betrayed it; (3) and the 1920s, during which his early political career began and he wrote Mein Kampf.

Rudolf Hess

Deputy FührerRudolf HeßHess
The book was edited firstly by Emil Maurice, then by Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess.
While serving time in jail for this attempted coup, he assisted Hitler with Mein Kampf, which became a foundation of the political platform of the NSDAP.

Beer Hall Putsch

Munich PutschBeerhall PutschTheodor von der Pfordten
Hitler began Mein Kampf while imprisoned for what he considered to be "political crimes" following his failed Putsch in Munich in November 1923.
Hitler was found guilty of treason and sentenced to five years in Landsberg Prison, where he dictated Mein Kampf to his fellow prisoners Emil Maurice and Rudolf Hess.

Landsberg Prison

LandsbergLandsberg fortressprison
The governor of Landsberg noted at the time that "he [Hitler] hopes the book will run into many editions, thus enabling him to fulfill his financial obligations and to defray the expenses incurred at the time of his trial."
It is best known as the prison where Adolf Hitler was held in 1924, after the failed Beer Hall Putsch in Munich, and where he dictated his memoirs Mein Kampf to Rudolf Hess.

Adolf Hitler's rise to power

MachtergreifungNazi seizure of powertook power
After slow initial sales, the book was a bestseller in Germany after Hitler's rise to power in 1933.
The Beer Hall Putsch in November 1923 and the later release of his book Mein Kampf (Translation: My Struggle) expanded Hitler's audience.

Autobiographical manifesto

Mein Kampf (My Struggle or My Fight) is a 1925 autobiographical manifesto by Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler.
Examples include Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf, Hélène Cixous's photos de racines, Jill Nelson's Volunteer Slavery, Choi Chatterjee's The Accidental Transnationalist, and Moshe Feiglin's To Be a Free Jew.

Nazi Party

NSDAPNazisNazi
Mein Kampf (My Struggle or My Fight) is a 1925 autobiographical manifesto by Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler.
While Hitler was in prison, he wrote his semi-autobiographical political manifesto Mein Kampf ("My Struggle").

Emil Maurice

The book was edited firstly by Emil Maurice, then by Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess.
Hitler later in his book Mein Kampf mentions one fight in particular from November 1921 where Maurice was at the forefront of the SA unit during the fighting.

New Order (Nazism)

New OrderNew European OrderNeuordnung
First published in 1925, Mein Kampf shows Hitler's personal grievances and his ambitions for creating a New Order.
Hitler’s ideas about eastward expansion that he promulgated in Mein Kampf were greatly influenced during his 1924 imprisonment by his contact with his geopolitical mentor Karl Haushofer.

The Myth of the Twentieth Century

Myth of the Twentieth CenturyThe Myth of the 20th CenturyDer Mythus des 20. Jahrhunderts
(Two other books written by party members, Gottfried Feder's Breaking The Interest Slavery and Alfred Rosenberg's The Myth of the Twentieth Century, have since lapsed into comparative literary obscurity.) Hitler had made about 1.2 million Reichsmarks from the income of the book by 1933, when the average annual income of a teacher was about 4,800 Marks.
The book has been described as "one of the two great unread bestsellers of the Third Reich" (the other being Mein Kampf).

Max Amann

AMANN, Max
Max Amann, head of the Franz Eher Verlag and Hitler's publisher, is said to have suggested the much shorter "Mein Kampf" or "My Struggle".
Amann's most notable contribution was persuading Hitler to retitle his first book from Viereinhalb Jahre (des Kampfes) gegen Lüge, Dummheit und Feigheit, ("Four and a Half Years (of Struggle) Against Lies, Stupidity and Cowardice") to Mein Kampf, ("My Struggle") which he also published.

The Rhetoric of Hitler's "Battle"

The American literary theorist and philosopher Kenneth Burke wrote a 1939 rhetorical analysis of the work, The Rhetoric of Hitler's "Battle", which revealed an underlying message of aggressive intent.
Much of Burke's analysis focuses on Hitler's Mein Kampf ("my struggle").

Weimar Republic

GermanyWeimar GermanyWeimar
In the book Hitler blamed Germany's chief woes on the parliament of the Weimar Republic, the Jews, and Social Democrats, as well as Marxists, though he believed that Marxists, Social Democrats, and the parliament were all working for Jewish interests.
While in jail, Hitler dictated Mein Kampf, which laid out his ideas and future policies.

Antisemitism

anti-Semitismanti-Semiticantisemitic
The work describes the process by which Hitler became antisemitic and outlines his political ideology and future plans for Germany.
Moreover, during Erdogan's tenure, Hitler's Mein Kampf has once again become a best selling book in Turkey.

Racism

racistracial prejudiceracial discrimination
Due to its racist content and the historical effect of Nazism upon Europe during World War II and the Holocaust, it is considered a highly controversial book.
Hitler's 1925 memoir Mein Kampf was full of admiration for America's treatment of "coloreds".

Fernand Sorlot

It was published by far-right publisher Fernand Sorlot in an agreement with the activists of LICRA who bought 5000 copies to be offered to "influential people"; however, most of them treated the book as a casual gift and did not read it.
In 1934, his publishing company, the Nouvelles Éditions latines, published a French translation of Mein Kampf by Adolf Hitler.

Pan-Germanism

pan-GermanGreater GermanyPan-Germanist
Hitler's revolutionary goals included expulsion of the Jews from Greater Germany and the unification of German peoples into one Greater Germany.
It was in the post-World War I period that the Austrian-born Adolf Hitler, under the influence of the stab-in-the-back myth, first took up German nationalist ideas in his Mein Kampf.

Mein Kampf in English

English translationsfirst English translation
One of the first complete English translations was published by James Vincent Murphy in 1939.
Ever since the early 1930s, the history of Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf in English has been complicated and has been the occasion for controversy.

Zweites Buch

As early as 1928in 1928Second Book
The document was neither edited nor published during the Nazi era and remains known as Zweites Buch, or "Second Book".
The Zweites Buch (, "Second Book"), published in English as Hitler's Secret Book and later as Hitler's Second Book, is an unedited transcript of Adolf Hitler's thoughts on foreign policy written in 1928; it was written after Mein Kampf and was not published in his lifetime.

James Vincent Murphy

James Murphy
One of the first complete English translations was published by James Vincent Murphy in 1939.
James Vincent Murphy (7 July 1880 – 5 July 1946) was an Irish translator, writer, and journalist, who published one of the first complete English translations of Mein Kampf in 1939.

Mein Kampf in Arabic

Hitler's ''Mein KampfMein Kampf'' in Arabic
Mein Kampf (كفاحي; My Struggle), Adolf Hitler's 900-page autobiography outlining his political views, has been translated into Arabic a number of times since the early 1930s.

Gerhard Weinberg

Gerhard L. WeinbergWeinberg, GerhardWeinberg, Gerhard L.
In 1958, the Zweites Buch was found in the archives of the United States by American historian Gerhard Weinberg.
In 1958, Weinberg made the discovery of Hitler's so-called Zweites Buch (Second Book), an unpublished sequel to Mein Kampf, among captured German files.

Unmasked: Two Confidential Interviews with Hitler in 1931

…unfolded like a panorama all that in his speeches remained concealed behind phrases and gestures, things not even hinted at in Mein Kampf, the subterfuges and methods of achieving power, the technique of the legal coup d’état to establish total domination over Germany, the brutal extension of his tyranny over all Europe from the Atlantic to the Urals and the megalomaniac vision of world domination.

Ralph Manheim

Manheim, RalphRalph Mannheim
His career as a translator began with Hitler's Mein Kampf,