A report on Melbourne Central railway station

Entry gates to the Swanston Street concourse and platforms in August 2017
Swanston Street concourse in August 2017

Underground station on the electrified railway network in Melbourne, Australia.

- Melbourne Central railway station

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Overall

Comeng train exiting the Caulfield Group tunnel at Southern Cross

City Loop

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Mostly-underground and partly surface-level subway and rail system in the central business district (CBD) of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Mostly-underground and partly surface-level subway and rail system in the central business district (CBD) of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Comeng train exiting the Caulfield Group tunnel at Southern Cross
Parliament Station platform
Melbourne Central Station platform
Flagstaff Station platform
Melbourne Underground Rail Loop Authority logo
Inside a section of bored tunnel
Next train display at Melbourne Central. This particular model was replaced in late 2011.

The Loop includes three underground stations: Flagstaff, Melbourne Central (formerly Museum) and Parliament.

Swanston Street near City Square

Swanston Street

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Major thoroughfare in the centre of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Major thoroughfare in the centre of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Swanston Street near City Square
Flinders Street Station
Archway to Melbourne Chinatown on Swanston Street
Henry Burn, Swanston Street from Princes Bridge, 1861
Swanston Street ca. 1873 Charles Nettleton State Library Victoria H88.21/9
Buxton's Rooms on Swanston Street, which were the site of the 9 by 5 Impression Exhibition in 1889
Swanston Street, looking north from Princes Bridge, 1959
Swanston Street near RMIT
A pair of southbound Melbourne trams embark passengers in Swanston Street just north of Little Collins Street, May 2012
A street stall on Swanston Street
Flinders Street station, on the corner of Flinders and Swanston Streets

Two of the busiest railway stations in Melbourne are located near the street, with the suburban railway network hub Flinders Street station at its southern end and, further north, the underground Melbourne Central station at the intersection of La Trobe Street.

CBD of Melbourne as viewed from Eureka Tower

Melbourne central business district

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City centre and main urban area of the city of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, centred on the Hoddle Grid, the oldest part of the city laid out in 1837, and includes its fringes.

City centre and main urban area of the city of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, centred on the Hoddle Grid, the oldest part of the city laid out in 1837, and includes its fringes.

CBD of Melbourne as viewed from Eureka Tower
Artist's impression of the signing of Batman's Treaty
John Pascoe Fawkner
Borrie Report Zoning map 1964 showing the area first described as the CBD.
Aerial view of the western end of the CBD. The far right of the image is Flinders Street station and the Yarra River.
A public underground toilet on Queen Street
Chinatown, Melbourne, the longest continuous Chinese settlement in the Western World and the oldest Chinatown in the Southern Hemisphere.  China is the most common birthplace of CBD residents, with 24.9% of residents born there, while Mandarin is the most spoken language at home by CBD residents, with 30.8% of CBD residents speaking it at home
Town Hall administration buildings
Princess Theatre on Spring Street
A laneway in Melbourne featuring the city's characteristic street art.
Olderfleet buildings, Collins Street
Melbourne Cricket Ground
A C2 tram on Bourke Street
Flinders Street station across the Yarra River

Flinders Street station is the hub for Melbourne's suburban train network and the busiest station, Southern Cross station, which is the hub for regional and interstate transit located on Spencer Street, and the three underground stations of the Melbourne Underground Rail Loop–Parliament, Melbourne Central and Flagstaff stations are located on the east and north fringes.

Map of the Metro Tunnel in blue and existing railway lines in grey.

Metro Tunnel

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Metropolitan rail infrastructure project currently under construction in Melbourne, Australia.

Metropolitan rail infrastructure project currently under construction in Melbourne, Australia.

Map of the Metro Tunnel in blue and existing railway lines in grey.
Map of the Metro Tunnel in blue and existing railway lines in grey.
Proposed extensions to Melbourne's railway network
A plan for a cut-and-cover tunnel was replaced with a deeper mined tunnel in order to avoid disruptions to Swanston Street, Melbourne's main civic spine and busiest tram corridor.
Acoustic shed at Anzac station in the domain precinct. Acoustic sheds were installed at Metro Tunnel station precincts to reduce noise and dust.
Parkville Station construction progress at the University of Melbourne in February 2018, showing the excavation of Grattan St for the station box
Finished tunnel as of March 2022 near the future Arden station, prior to the installation of rail.
Town Hall station under construction in 2020, showing the temporary acoustic shed.
High Capacity Metro Trains to be delivered as part of the project.
University Square and Grattan Street near the University of Melbourne, site of the under construction Parkville station
State Library of Victoria
Building 80 at RMIT University, near the future State Library station entrance
Melbourne's City Square, which has been demolished for construction of Town Hall station
Domain Interchange, 2004, site of the under construction Anzac station

State Library station is to be located on the intersection of Swanston and La Trobe Streets in the Melbourne CBD above the existing Melbourne Central station.

Melbourne Central Shopping Centre

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Large shopping centre, office, and public transport hub in the city of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Large shopping centre, office, and public transport hub in the city of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

1989 - Melbourne Central during construction, including the glass cone. Image is a high-res scan of an original B&W negative.
Melbourne Central Office Tower
Void during renovation in 2017
Ground Floor Access
Main entrance podium, corner La Trobe and Swanston Streets after re-development.
Melbourne Central, Lonsdale Street entrance, below bridge to Myer Melbourne.
Underneath the iconic glass cone
Food On 2 level Food Court
Various floors in central area. (2010)

The complex includes the Melbourne Central Shopping Centre, which was refurbished in 2005 by architects Ashton Raggatt McDougall; the Melbourne Central railway station (a part of the City Loop underground railway and formerly called Museum); and the 211 m high office tower with its distinctive black colour and two communications masts.

Elizabeth Street looking south toward Flinders Street station, 2010

Elizabeth Street, Melbourne

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One of the main streets in the central business district of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, part of the Hoddle Grid laid out in 1837.

One of the main streets in the central business district of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, part of the Hoddle Grid laid out in 1837.

Elizabeth Street looking south toward Flinders Street station, 2010
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Michaels Building corner of Elizabeth & Lonsdale Street
Elizabeth Street, Melbourne circa 1960
Elizabeth St. in 1870

As well as Flinders Street station at the southern end, the western exit of Melbourne Central railway station is located at the intersection of Latrobe and Elizabeth Streets.

State Library railway station

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Railway station currently under construction as part of the Metro Tunnel project in Melbourne, Victoria.

Railway station currently under construction as part of the Metro Tunnel project in Melbourne, Victoria.

The station will connect with Melbourne Central station via a pedestrian walkway, enabling transfer from other railway lines and will have entrances at the corner of Latrobe/Swanston Street and Franklin/Swanston Street, enabling more convenient access to City Baths and Queen Victoria Market.

Princes Gate Towers, Flinders Street, 1967 (dem 1996)

Perrott Lyon Mathieson

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Australian architecture firm based in Melbourne, Australia.

Australian architecture firm based in Melbourne, Australia.

Princes Gate Towers, Flinders Street, 1967 (dem 1996)
Hotel Alexander now Savoy Hotel, 1928
Nauru House, 1977
Melbourne Central railway station, 1981
Telstra Corporate Centre, 1992
4 Treasury Place, restored 2002
Rialto Towers, 1986

In the late 1970s, the Perrott office designed the Museum underground station (now Melbourne Central and heavily altered apart from the platforms themselves) which opened in 1981.

Melbourne Museum in the Carlton Gardens

Melbourne Museum

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Natural and cultural history museum located in the Carlton Gardens in Melbourne, Australia.

Natural and cultural history museum located in the Carlton Gardens in Melbourne, Australia.

Melbourne Museum in the Carlton Gardens
Melbourne Museum from Nicholson Street approach
Children's area of Melbourne Museum
Forest Gallery on northern face of Melbourne Museum
Natural history exhibit at Melbourne Museum (center specimen is an Orange Roughy)
‘Horridus’, the most complete Triceratops fossil known, on display at the Melbourne Museum
Melbourne Museum
Museum hall
Melbourne Museum (Modern Architecture)
Exhibition space
CSIRAC, Australia's first digital computer
Vertebrate display, McCoy Hall; now the State Library of Victoria's Redmond Barry Reading Room
IMAX Melbourne Museum was the world's largest screen until the opening of the Traumpalast IMAX in Leonberg in 2021.

Melbourne Museum was originally located (along with the State Library and the old state gallery) in the city block between La Trobe, Swanston, Little Lonsdale and Russell Streets - the nearby Museum underground railway station was originally named after it, although following the move, the station was renamed Melbourne Central.

La Trobe Street at night (2010)

La Trobe Street

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Major street and thoroughfare in the city centre of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Major street and thoroughfare in the city centre of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

La Trobe Street at night (2010)

Two underground railway stations lie beneath La Trobe Street, with Flagstaff station toward the west and Melbourne Central nearer the centre.