Melilla

Autonomous City of MelillaMelilaMelilla, SpainNorth African exclaveCabrerizas AltasCulture of MelillaGeography of MelillaList of cities in MelillaMelila villageMelilla F22
Melilla is a Spanish autonomous city located on the north coast of Africa, sharing a border with Morocco, with an area of.wikipedia
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Morocco

MoroccanSultanate of MoroccoKingdom of Morocco
Melilla is a Spanish autonomous city located on the north coast of Africa, sharing a border with Morocco, with an area of.
Morocco claims the areas of Ceuta, Melilla and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera, all of them under Spanish jurisdiction.

Ceuta

Autonomous City of CeutaSeptemSabta
Melilla is one of two permanently inhabited Spanish cities in mainland Africa, the other being Ceuta. The government of Morocco has requested from Spain the sovereignty of the cities of Ceuta and Melilla, Perejil Island, and some other small territories.
It lies along the boundary between the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean and is one of nine populated Spanish territories in Africa and, along with Melilla, one of two populated territories on mainland Africa.

Rusadir

Rusaddira nearby port
Melilla was an ancient Berber village and a Phoenician and later Punic trade establishment under the name of Rusadir (Rusaddir for the Romans and Russadeiron for the Greeks).
Rusadir was an ancient Punic and Roman town at what is now Melilla, Spain, in northwest Africa.

Second Melillan campaign

Second Rif WarRif WarRif War (1909)
Severe fighting between the Spaniards and the tribesmen followed, in the Second Melillan campaign.
The Second Melillan campaign (Guerra de Melilla ) was a conflict in 1909 in Morocco around Melilla.

Sephardi Jews

SephardicSephardiSephardic Jews
In 2011 it had a population of 78,476, made up of Catholics of Iberian origin (primarily from Andalusia and Catalonia), ethnic Riffian Berbers and a small number of Sephardic Jews and Sindhi Hindus.
Until recently, two different dialects of Judeo-Spanish were spoken in the Mediterranean region: Eastern Judeo-Spanish (in various distinctive regional variations) and Western or North African Judeo-Spanish (also known as Ḥakitía), once spoken, with little regional distinction, in six towns in Northern Morocco and, because of later emigration, also in Ceuta and Melilla (Spanish cities in North Africa), Gibraltar, Casablanca (Morocco), and Oran (Algeria).

Conquest of Melilla

capture of Melillaconquereddefence
In the Conquest of Melilla, the duke sent Pedro Estopiñán, who conquered the city virtually without a fight in 1497, a few years after Castile had taken control of the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada, the last remnant of Al-Andalus, in 1492.
The Conquest of Melilla occurred in September 1497, when a fleet sent by the Duke of Medina Sidonia (the precise involvement of the Catholic Monarchs in the operation is a moot point in historiography) seized the north African city of Melilla., as continuation of reconquest of Mauretania Tingitana

Riffian language

RiffianTarifitRiff
Spanish and Riffian-Berber are the two most widely spoken languages, the former being the official language.
Riffian is spoken mainly in the Moroccan Rif on the Mediterranean coast and in the Rif mountains, with a large minority in the Spanish autonomous city of Melilla.

Nador

Rif Hotel and the Abdouna Trifa
The nearest Moroccan city is Nador, and the ports of Melilla and Nador are both within the same bay; nearby is the Bou Areg Lagoon
It is separated from the Mediterranean Sea by a salt lagoon named Sebkha Bou Areq (Arabic), Bḥar Ameẓẓyan (Berber) or Mar Chica (Spanish) and is 10 km south of the Spanish city of Melilla.

Presidio

Presidiosfortresspresidial
The urban nucleus was originally a fortress, Melilla la Vieja, built on a peninsular mound about 30 m in height.

Francisco Franco

FrancoGeneral FrancoFrancoist
A statue of Francisco Franco, the putschist general assuming the control of the Army of Africa in 1936, is still prominently featured, the last statue of Franco in Spain.
The Legion and supporting units relieved the Spanish enclave of Melilla after a three-day forced march led by Franco.

Phoenicia

PhoeniciansPhoenicianPhoenicio
Melilla was an ancient Berber village and a Phoenician and later Punic trade establishment under the name of Rusadir (Rusaddir for the Romans and Russadeiron for the Greeks).

Abd el-Krim

Muhammad Ibn 'Abd al-Karim al-KhattabiAbd-el-KrimAbd el Krim
In 1921 the Berbers under the leadership of Abd el Krim inflicted a grave defeat on the Spanish (see Battle of Annual), and were not defeated until 1926, when the Spanish Protectorate finally managed to control the area again.
After his studies, in 1906, Abd el-Krim was sent to Melilla by his father.

Juan José Imbroda

Juan José Imbroda Ortiz
In the most recent election in 2019, the People's Party (PP) won the most seats (10 seats), but could not maintain the role of Mayor-President for Juan José Imbroda, who had held office since 2000.
Juan José Imbroda Ortiz (born 24 June 1944 in Melilla) is a Spanish politician who served as the Mayor-President of the Spanish enclave of Melilla from 2000 to 2019.

Coalition for Melilla

CpM
The regionalist and leftist party Coalition for Melilla (CPM, 8 seats), the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE, 4 seats) and Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs, 1 seat) voted in favour of the candidate of Cs, Eduardo de Castro.
Coalition for Melilla (Coalición por Melilla, CpM) is a political party in the Spanish city of Melilla.

Nador Port

Nador
The nearest Moroccan city is Nador, and the ports of Melilla and Nador are both within the same bay; nearby is the Bou Areg Lagoon
The port is officially in Beni Ensar / Aït Nsar and shares its piers and entrance with the port of the Spanish enclave Melilla.

Cape Three Forks

Cape Tres ForcasCap des Trois FourchesCape Tresforcas
The city layout is arranged in a wide semicircle around the beach and the Port of Melilla, on the eastern side of the peninsula of Cape Tres Forcas, at the foot of Mount Gurugú and the mouth of the Río de Oro, 1 m above sea level.
The Spanish exclave of Melilla surrounds a smaller cape on the eastern side of the peninsula.

District 1, Melilla

District 1 is a district of Melilla, Spain.

Melilla la Vieja

The urban nucleus was originally a fortress, Melilla la Vieja, built on a peninsular mound about 30 m in height.
Melilla la Vieja ("Old Melilla") is the name of a large fortress which stands immediately to the north of the port in Melilla, one of Spain's Plazas de soberanía on the north African coast.

Battle of Annual

Disaster of AnnualAnnualAnnual disaster
In 1921 the Berbers under the leadership of Abd el Krim inflicted a grave defeat on the Spanish (see Battle of Annual), and were not defeated until 1926, when the Spanish Protectorate finally managed to control the area again.
The riffi irregular forces were commanded by Muhammad Ibn 'Abd al-Karim al-Khattabi (usually known as Abd el Krim), a former civil servant at the Spanish administration in the Office of Indigenous Affairs in Melilla and one of the leaders of the tribe of the Aith Ouriaghel.

Hispano-Moroccan War (1859–60)

Spanish-Moroccan WarHispano-Moroccan WarMorocco
The current limits of the Spanish territory around the fortress were fixed by treaties with Morocco in 1859, 1860, 1861, and 1894.
The treaty contemplated the extension on perpetuity of the Spanish presence in Ceuta and Melilla, the end of tribal raids on those cities, the recognition by Morocco of Spanish sovereignty over the Chafarinas Islands, the retrocession of the territory of Santa Cruz de la Mar Pequeña (a territory of uncertain location by that time, ultimately Sidi Ifni) to Spain in order to establish a fishing post, the permission to missionaries for establishing a Christian church in Tetuoan, and the Spanish administration over the later city until reparations of duros were paid.

Plazas de soberanía

Spanish North AfricaPlaza de soberaníaPlazas de Soberania
The government of Morocco has requested from Spain the sovereignty of the cities of Ceuta and Melilla, Perejil Island, and some other small territories.
Historically, a distinction was made between the so-called "major sovereign territories", comprising the cities of Ceuta and Melilla, and the "minor sovereign territories", referring to a number of smaller exclaves and islands along the coast.

Melilla Airport

Melilla
Melilla Airport offers daily flights to Almería, Málaga and Madrid.
Melilla Airport is an airport located in Melilla, an enclave of Spain in Africa.

Berber languages

BerberBerber languageTamazight
The current Berber name of Melilla is Mřič or Mlilt, which means the "white one".

Crown of Castile

CastileCastilianCrown of Castille
In the Conquest of Melilla, the duke sent Pedro Estopiñán, who conquered the city virtually without a fight in 1497, a few years after Castile had taken control of the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada, the last remnant of Al-Andalus, in 1492.
In 1497 Castile conquered Melilla on the north coast of North Africa.

Melilla border fence

Melillawalls at Melilla
The border is secured by the Melilla border fence, a six-metre-tall double fence with watch towers; yet refugees frequently manage to cross it.
The Melilla border fence forms part of the Morocco–Spain border in the city of Melilla, one of two Spanish cities in north Africa.