Melody

melodicmelodiesleadmelodicallytunemusicmelodic musicmelodic linetunesmelodious
A melody (from Greek μελῳδία, melōidía, "singing, chanting"), also tune, voice, or line, is a linear succession of musical tones that the listener perceives as a single entity.wikipedia
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Pitch (music)

pitchpitchestone
In its most literal sense, a melody is a combination of pitch and rhythm, while more figuratively, the term can include successions of other musical elements such as tonal color.
or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.

Accompaniment

accompanistaccompaniedaccompanying
It may be considered the foreground to the background accompaniment.
Accompaniment is the musical part which provides the rhythmic and/or harmonic support for the melody or main themes of a song or instrumental piece.

Part (music)

partvoiceparts
A line or part need not be a foreground melody.
In the context of polyphonic composition the term voice may be used instead of part to denote a single melodic line or textural layer.

Melodic motion

melodic contourterraced descentrises
Melodies may also be described by their melodic motion or the pitches or the intervals between pitches (predominantly conjunct or disjunct or with further restrictions), pitch range, tension and release, continuity and coherence, cadence, and shape.
Melodic motion is the quality of movement of a melody, including nearness or farness of successive pitches or notes in a melody.

Musical composition

compositionmusic compositioncomposing
Melodies often consist of one or more musical phrases or motifs, and are usually repeated throughout a composition in various forms.
In popular music and traditional music, songwriting may involve the creation of a basic outline of the song, called the lead sheet, which sets out the melody, lyrics and chord progression.

Motif (music)

motifmotifsmotivic
Melodies often consist of one or more musical phrases or motifs, and are usually repeated throughout a composition in various forms.
The Encyclopédie de la Pléiade regards it as a "melodic, rhythmic, or harmonic cell", whereas the 1958 Encyclopédie Fasquelle maintains that it may contain one or more cells, though it remains the smallest analyzable element or phrase within a subject.

Cadence

cadencesplagal cadenceperfect cadence
Melodies may also be described by their melodic motion or the pitches or the intervals between pitches (predominantly conjunct or disjunct or with further restrictions), pitch range, tension and release, continuity and coherence, cadence, and shape.
While cadences are usually classified by specific chord or melodic progressions, the use of such progressions does not necessarily constitute a cadence—there must be a sense of closure, as at the end of a phrase.

Phrase (music)

phrasephrasesphrasing
Melodies often consist of one or more musical phrases or motifs, and are usually repeated throughout a composition in various forms.
In music theory, a phrase is a unit of musical meter that has a complete musical sense of its own, built from figures, motifs, and cells, and combining to form melodies, periods and larger sections.

Folk music

folkfolk songtraditional
In folk music, a tune is a short instrumental piece, a melody, often with repeating sections, and usually played a number of times.

Interval (music)

intervalintervalsmusical interval
Melodies may also be described by their melodic motion or the pitches or the intervals between pitches (predominantly conjunct or disjunct or with further restrictions), pitch range, tension and release, continuity and coherence, cadence, and shape.

Popular music

popularpoppopular song
Popular music songs and pieces typically have easily singable melodies.

Harmony

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Harmony is often said to refer to the "vertical" aspect of music, as distinguished from melodic line, or the "horizontal" aspect.

Steps and skips

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Melodies may also be described by their melodic motion or the pitches or the intervals between pitches (predominantly conjunct or disjunct or with further restrictions), pitch range, tension and release, continuity and coherence, cadence, and shape.
Melody may be characterized by its degree and type of conjunct and disjunct motion.

Refrain

choruschoruseshook
In popular music, the refrain or chorus may contrast with the verse melodically, rhythmically, and harmonically; it may assume a higher level of dynamics and activity, often with added instrumentation.

Verse–chorus form

verseverse-chorus formverses
The chorus often sharply contrasts the verse melodically, rhythmically, and harmonically, and assumes a higher level of dynamics and activity, often with added instrumentation.

Heterophony

heterophonicheterophonicallyfree heterophonic
In music, heterophony is a type of texture characterized by the simultaneous variation of a single melodic line.

Subject (music)

themethemessubject
In music, a subject is the material, usually a recognizable melody, upon which part or all of a composition is based.

Musical improvisation

improvisationimprovised musicimprovised
A common view of what a jazz soloist does could be expressed thus: as the harmonies go by, he selects notes from each chord, out of which he fashions a melody.

Linearity

linearlinearlycomplex linear
A melody (from Greek μελῳδία, melōidía, "singing, chanting"), also tune, voice, or line, is a linear succession of musical tones that the listener perceives as a single entity.
In music the linear aspect is succession, either intervals or melody, as opposed to simultaneity or the vertical aspect.

Lyrics

lyriclyricallyricist
However, the verse may pre-date its tune (in the way that "Rule Britannia" was set to music, and "And did those feet in ancient time" has become the hymn "Jerusalem"), or the tune may be lost over time but the words survive, matched by a number of different tunes (this is particularly common with hymns and ballads).

Leitmotif

leitmotivleitmotifsidée fixe
Although usually a short melody, it can also be a chord progression or even a simple rhythm.

Klangfarbenmelodie

play a melody on a series of notes from different instrumentspointillist
Klangfarbenmelodie (German for "sound-color melody") is a musical technique that involves splitting a musical line or melody between several instruments, rather than assigning it to just one instrument (or set of instruments), thereby adding color (timbre) and texture to the melodic line.

Musique concrète

Groupe de Recherches Musicalesmusique concreteconcrete music
Compositions in this idiom are not restricted to the normal musical rules of melody, harmony, rhythm, metre, and so on.

Orchestration

orchestratororchestratedorchestrations
Also called "instrumentation", orchestration is the assignment of different instruments to play the different parts (e.g., melody, bassline, etc.) of a musical work.

Melody type

melodic formulamelodic figureformula
Melody type or type-melody is a set of melodic formulas, figures, and patterns.