Member of parliament

MPMemberMembers of ParliamentMember of Parliament (MP)MPsmembersM.P.parliamentarianparliamentariansM.P
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.wikipedia
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Parliamentary system

parliamentaryparliamentarismparliamentary democracy
The Westminster system is a democratic parliamentary system of government modelled after the politics of the United Kingdom.
Countries with parliamentary democracies may be constitutional monarchies, where a monarch is the head of state while the head of government is almost always a member of parliament (such as the United Kingdom, Denmark, Sweden and Japan), or parliamentary republics, where a mostly ceremonial president is the head of state while the head of government is regularly from the legislature (such as Ireland, Germany, India and Italy).

Member of Congress

congressmanmembers of Congresscongresswoman
Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.
Member of Parliament (MP) is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.

Politics of the United Kingdom

British politicsBritish politicianBritish Government
The Westminster system is a democratic parliamentary system of government modelled after the politics of the United Kingdom.
In accordance with constitutional convention, all ministers within the government are either Members of Parliament or peers in the House of Lords.

House of Commons of Canada

House of CommonsMPMember of Parliament
The Parliament of Canada consists of the monarch, the Senate (the upper chamber), and the House of Commons (the lower chamber).
The House of Commons is a democratically elected body whose members are known as Members of Parliament (MPs).

Parliament of Canada

ParliamentMPCanadian Parliament
The Parliament of Canada consists of the monarch, the Senate (the upper chamber), and the House of Commons (the lower chamber).
The Governor General summons and appoints the 105 senators on the advice of the Prime Minister, while the 338 members of the House of Commons—called members of parliament (MPs)—each represent an electoral district, commonly referred to as a riding, and are directly elected by Canadian voters.

Jatiya Sangsad

Parliamentmember of parliamentParliament of Bangladesh
Members of the Jatiya Sangsad, or National Assembly, are elected every five years and are referred to in English as members of Parliament.
The term "Member of Parliament" (সংসদ সদস্য; Sansada sadasya) refers to both the 300 elected members and the 50 nominated women members of the Sangsad.

Member of the Legislative Assembly

MLAMember of the Legislative Assembly of AlbertaMembers of the Legislative Assembly
Each province (and territory) has its own legislature, with each member usually known as a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA).
However the suffix MP is also commonly used.

Prime Minister of Canada

Prime MinisterCanadian Prime MinisterPrime Ministers
Members of Parliament are elected, while senators are appointed by the governor general on behalf of the sovereign at the direction of the Prime Minister of Canada.
While there is no legal requirement for the prime minister to be a member of parliament, for practical and political reasons the prime minister is expected to win a seat very promptly.

Governor General of Canada

Governor GeneralGovernors GeneralCanadian Governor General
Members of Parliament are elected, while senators are appointed by the governor general on behalf of the sovereign at the direction of the Prime Minister of Canada.
From there, the party is led by the 's parliamentary messenger—the Usher of the Black Rod—to the Senate chamber, wherein all justices of the Supreme Court, senators, members of parliament, and other guests are assembled.

Prime Minister of Malaysia

Prime MinisterMalaysian Prime MinisterPrime Ministers
The Prime Minister must be a member of Parliament.
The Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints Prime Minister as a Member of Parliament (MP) who, in his opinion, is most likely to command the confidence of a majority of MPs.

New Zealand House of Representatives

House of RepresentativesParliamentparliamentary select committee
The Parliament of New Zealand is made up of the monarch and the unicameral House of Representatives.
The House of Representatives is a democratically elected body whose members are known as members of Parliament (MPs).

Appointed and National List Member of Parliament

National ListNATnational list member
Members are elected in a general elections or appointed from the national lists allocated to parties (and independent groups) in proportion to their share of the national vote at a general election.
A National List Member of Parliament (National List MP) is an unelected Member of Parliament who is appointed by a political party or an independent group to the Parliament of Sri Lanka.

Resignation from the British House of Commons

resignedresignationresigned his seat
Technically, MPs have no right to resign their seats (though they may refuse to seek re-election).
Members of Parliament (MPs) sitting in the House of Commons in the United Kingdom are technically not permitted to resign their seats.

Member of Provincial Parliament (Ontario)

Ontario MPPMPPMember of Provincial Parliament
In certain provinces, legislators carry other titles: Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) in Ontario, Member of the National Assembly (MNA) in Quebec (député), and Member of the House of Assembly (MHA) in Newfoundland and Labrador.
In 1938, Frederick Fraser Hunter, the Member for St. Patrick, introduced a private member's bill to designate members as Members of Parliament (MPs) arguing that the titles of MPP or MLA were confusing, inaccurate, and undignified.

Proportional representation

proportional representation systemproportionalproportional voting
The remaining members are elected by proportional representation from published party lists.
For example, Professor Mollison in his 2010 plan for STV for the UK set an upper limit of 100,000 electors per MP so that a constituency of 500,000 electors would have five seats (1:100,000) but one of 500,001 six seats (1:83,000).

Independent politician

IndependentIndependentsInd
Members are elected in a general elections or appointed from the national lists allocated to parties (and independent groups) in proportion to their share of the national vote at a general election.
Independent politicians have held considerable sway in the House of Commons of Canada in recent years as Canada has been governed by successive minority governments with independent Members of Parliament (MPs) sometimes sharing in the balance of power.

Parliament of Singapore

ParliamentMember of ParliamentSingapore Parliament
Member of Parliament refers to elected members of the Parliament of Singapore, the appointed Non-Constituency members of Parliament from the opposition, as well as the Nominated members of Parliament, who may be appointed from members of the public who have no connection to any political party in Singapore.
First, it refers to the institution made up of a group of people (Members of Parliament or MPs) who are elected to discuss matters of state.

House of Lords

LordsBritish House of Lordspeer
The House of Lords is a legislative chamber that is part of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
This new parliament was, in effect, the continuation of the Parliament of England with the addition of 45 MPs and 16 Peers to represent Scotland.

Parliament of the Bahamas

House of AssemblySenateParliament
The Parliament of The Bahamas is the bicameral national parliament of Commonwealth of The Bahamas.
Most bills are introduced into Parliament by a Government minister, but in principle any parliamentarian may introduce a bill.

National Assembly of Cambodia

National AssemblyConstituent AssemblyMember of Parliament
The member of Parliament refers to the elected members of the National Assembly.
The National Assembly is an elected body consisting of 125 members known as Members of Parliament (MPs).

President of India

PresidentPresidentialIndian President
As of 2018, Lok Sabha has 545 seats, of which 543 members are elected popularly by single-member constituencies via first past the post method in each of the 29 Indian states and 7 union territories, while the President of India may appoint 2 representatives of the Anglo-Indian community.
Although Indian presidential elections involve actual voting by MPs and MLAs, they tend to vote for the candidate supported by their respective parties.

Parliamentary group

parliamentary partyfractionparliamentary parties
Members of parliament tend to form parliamentary groups (also called parliamentary parties) with members of the same political party.
In the United Kingdom Parliament there exist associations of MPs called all-party parliamentary groups, which bring together members of different parliamentary groups who wish to involve themselves with a particular subject.

General election

general electionsGeneralparliamentary election
Members are elected in a general elections or appointed from the national lists allocated to parties (and independent groups) in proportion to their share of the national vote at a general election.
The term general election in the United Kingdom often refers to the elections held on the same day in all constituencies of their Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons.

United Kingdom constituencies

constituencycounty constituencyparliamentary constituency
MPs are elected in general elections and by-elections to represent constituencies, and may remain MPs until Parliament is dissolved, which occurs around five years after the last general election, as laid down in the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
Each constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the "first-past-the-post" system of election.

Sri Lanka

🇱🇰CeylonSri Lankan
In Sri Lanka, a Member of Parliament refers to a member of the Parliament of Sri Lanka (since 1978), the National State Assembly (1972–78) and the House of Representatives of Ceylon (1947–72), the lower house of the Parliament of Ceylon.
Executive: The President of Sri Lanka is the head of state, the commander in chief of the armed forces; head of government, and is popularly elected for a five-year term. The President heads the cabinet and appoints ministers from elected members of parliament. The president is immune from legal proceedings while in office with respect to any acts done or omitted to be done by him or her in either an official or private capacity. Following passage of the 19th amendment to the constitution in 2015, the President has two terms, which previously stood at no term limit.