Member state of the European Union

member statesEU member statesmember states of the European Unionmember stateEU member stateEuropean Union member statesmember-stateEU countriesEuropean Union member stateEuropean Union
The European Union (EU) consists of 28 member states.wikipedia
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European Union

EUEuropeanEurope
The European Union (EU) consists of 28 member states.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of member states that are located primarily in Europe.

Treaties of the European Union

Article 21 of the EU TreatyEU treatiestreaties
Each member state is party to the founding treaties of the union and thereby subject to the privileges and obligations of membership.
The Treaties of the European Union are a set of international treaties between the European Union (EU) member states which sets out the EU's constitutional basis.

Inner Six

Outer SevenThe Sixfounding
In 1957, six core states founded the EU's predecessor, the European Economic Community (Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West Germany).
The Inner Six, or simply "the Six", were the six founding member states of the European Communities.

Enlargement of the European Union

enlargementEU enlargementaccession
The remaining states have acceded in subsequent enlargements.
The European Union (EU) has expanded a number of times throughout its history by way of the accession of new member states to the Union.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
In 1957, six core states founded the EU's predecessor, the European Economic Community (Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West Germany).
It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, and a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.

United Kingdom invocation of Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union

Article 50invocation of Article 50 of the Treaty on European Unioninvoked
The UK government invoked Article 50 on 29 March 2017 to formally initiate the Brexit process.
On 29 March 2017, the United Kingdom (UK) invoked Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) which began the member state's withdrawal, commonly known as Brexit, from the European Union (EU).

Euro

EUReuros
Furthermore, it has to be willing to accept all the obligations of membership, such as adopting all previously agreed law (the 170,000 pages of acquis communautaire) and switching to the euro.
The Euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of 19 of the member states of the European Union.

2013 enlargement of the European Union

Accession of Croatia to the European Unionaccession to the European Unionacceded to the EU
The 2013 enlargement of the European Union saw Croatia join the European Union as its 28th member state on 1 July 2013.

Nicosia

Nicosia, CyprusLefkoşaLefkosia
Nicosia is the southeasternmost of all EU member states' capitals.

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying entirely in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union.

Helsinki

Helsinki, FinlandHelsingforsHEL
Often considered to be Finland's only metropolis, it is the world's northernmost metro area with over one million people as well as the northernmost capital of an EU member state.

Poland

PolishPOLRepublic of Poland
With a population of nearly 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union.

Czech Republic

CzechCZEthe Czech Republic
The Czech Republic has strong ties with Slovakia, Poland and Hungary as a member of the Visegrad Group, as well as with Germany, Israel, the United States and the European Union and its members.

Spain

SpanishESPKingdom of Spain
By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union.

Croatia

Republic of CroatiaCroatianCRO
On 1 July 2013, Croatia became the newest member state of the EU.
Since 2003, Croatian foreign policy has focused on achieving the strategic goal of becoming a member state of the European Union (EU).

Republic of Ireland

IrelandIrishRepublic
Ireland has been a member state of the European Union since 1973, but is not part of the Schengen Area.

2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum

2016 referendum2016 EU referendumBrexit referendum
In June 2016, the United Kingdom held a referendum on membership of the EU, resulting in 51.89% of votes cast being in favour of leaving.
Mansfield's submission focused on addressing both trade and regulatory issues with EU member states as well as other global trading partners.

Eurostat

statisticalEuropean Statistical SystemStatistical Office
Its main responsibilities are to provide statistical information to the institutions of the European Union (EU) and to promote the harmonisation of statistical methods across its member states and candidates for accession as well as EFTA countries.

Presidency of the Council of the European Union

PresidencyCouncil PresidencyEU presidency
The Presidency of the Council of the European Union rotates among each of the member states, allowing each state six months to help direct the agenda of the EU.
It rotates among the member states of the EU every six months.

European Council

CouncilEU Council2007 EU Summit
Full membership gives the government of a member state a seat in the Council of the European Union and European Council.
It comprises the heads of state or government of the EU member states, along with the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission.

National parliaments of the European Union

national parliamentsList of national parliaments of the member states of the European UnionEU national parliaments
The members of the European Parliament have been elected by universal suffrage since 1979 (before that, they were seconded from national parliaments).
The national parliaments of the European Union are those legislatures responsible for each member state of the European Union (EU).

Member of the European Parliament

MEPMEPsMembers of the European Parliament
Similarly, each state is assigned seats in Parliament according to their population (again, with the smaller countries receiving more seats per inhabitant than the larger ones).
Each member state establishes its own method for electing MEPs – and in some states this has changed over time – but the system chosen must be a form of proportional representation.

Council of the European Union

CouncilCouncil of MinistersEU Council
Full membership gives the government of a member state a seat in the Council of the European Union and European Council.
The Council represents the executive governments of the EU's member states and is based in the Europa building in Brussels.

Eurozone

euro areaeuro zoneeuro-zone
Finally, the Governing Council of the European Central Bank includes the governors of the national central banks (who may or may not be government appointed) of each euro area country.
The eurozone, officially called the euro area, is a monetary union of 19 of the 28 European Union (EU) member states which have adopted the euro as their common currency and sole legal tender.

European Parliament

EU ParliamentEP constituencyMEP
The members of the European Parliament have been elected by universal suffrage since 1979 (before that, they were seconded from national parliaments).
Voting age is 18 in all member states except Malta and Austria, where it is 16, and Greece, where it is 17.