Memoir

memoirsmemoiristautobiographymemoriesPersonal memoirsreminiscentLiterary memoirsMemoir, True CrimePersonal memoriesprivate diaries
A memoir (US: /ˈmemwɑːr/; from French: mémoire: memoria, meaning memory or reminiscence) is a collection of memories that an individual writes about moments or events, both public or private, that took place in the subject's life.wikipedia
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Autobiography

autobiographicalautobiographiesautobiographic
While memoir has historically been defined as a subcategory of biography or autobiography since the late 20th century, the genre is differentiated in form, presenting a narrowed focus.
The memoir form is closely associated with autobiography but it tends, as Pascal claims, to focus less on the self and more on others during the autobiographer's review of his or her life.

Sarashina Nikki

As I crossed a Bridge of DreamsAs I Crossed the Bridge of DreamsThe Sarashina Diary
The Sarashina Nikki is an example of an early Japanese memoir, written in the Heian period.
The Sarashina Diary is a memoir written by the daughter of Sugawara no Takasue, a lady-in-waiting of Heian-period Japan.

François de La Rochefoucauld (writer)

François de La RochefoucauldLa Rochefoucauldduc de La Rochefoucauld
Until the Age of Enlightenment encompassing the 17th and 18th centuries, works of memoir were written by Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury; François de La Rochefoucauld, Prince de Marcillac of France; and Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, who wrote Memoirs at his family's home at the castle of La Ferté-Vidame.
François VI, Duc de La Rochefoucauld, Prince de Marcillac (15 September 1613 – 17 March 1680) was a noted French author of maxims and memoirs.

Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon

Saint-SimonDuc de Saint-SimonDuke of Saint-Simon
Until the Age of Enlightenment encompassing the 17th and 18th centuries, works of memoir were written by Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury; François de La Rochefoucauld, Prince de Marcillac of France; and Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, who wrote Memoirs at his family's home at the castle of La Ferté-Vidame.
Louis de Rouvroy, Duke of Saint-Simon, GE (16 January 16752 March 1755), was a French soldier, diplomat and memoirist.

Storm of Steel

Twentieth-century war memoirs became a genre of their own, including, from the First World War, Ernst Jünger (Storm of Steel) and Frederic Manning's Her Privates We.
Storm of Steel (in German: In Stahlgewittern) is the memoir of German officer Ernst Jünger's experiences on the Western Front during the First World War.

If This Is a Man

Survival in Auschwitzthe book of the same name
Memoirs documenting incarceration by Nazi Germany during the war include Primo Levi's If This Is a Man, which covers his arrest as a member of the Italian Resistance Movement, followed by his life as a prisoner in Auschwitz; and Elie Wiesel's Night, which is based on his life prior to and during his time in the Auschwitz, Buna Werke, and Buchenwald concentration camps.
If This Is a Man (Se questo è un uomo ; United States title: Survival in Auschwitz) is a memoir by Italian Jewish writer Primo Levi, first published in 1947.

Henry David Thoreau

ThoreauHenry Thoreau(Henry David) Thoreau
An exception to these models is Henry David Thoreau's 1854 memoir Walden, which presents his experiences over the course of two years in a cabin he built near Walden Pond.
Part memoir and part spiritual quest, Walden at first won few admirers, but later critics have regarded it as a classic American work that explores natural simplicity, harmony, and beauty as models for just social and cultural conditions.

La Ferté-Vidame

château de La Ferté-VidameChâteau de la Ferté VidameLa Ferté
Until the Age of Enlightenment encompassing the 17th and 18th centuries, works of memoir were written by Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury; François de La Rochefoucauld, Prince de Marcillac of France; and Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, who wrote Memoirs at his family's home at the castle of La Ferté-Vidame.
Among the famous men to bear the title Vidame de Chartres were François de Vendôme, Vidame de Chartres, the English soldier Thomas de Scales, 7th Baron Scales (d. 1460), Jean de Ferrieres, and the memoirist Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon.

Elie Wiesel

Wiesel, Elie[Elie] WieselElie Wiesel Humanitarian Award
Memoirs documenting incarceration by Nazi Germany during the war include Primo Levi's If This Is a Man, which covers his arrest as a member of the Italian Resistance Movement, followed by his life as a prisoner in Auschwitz; and Elie Wiesel's Night, which is based on his life prior to and during his time in the Auschwitz, Buna Werke, and Buchenwald concentration camps.
Wiesel published two volumes of memoirs.

Diary

diaristjournaldiaries
Diary
Although a diary may provide information for a memoir, autobiography or biography, it is generally written not with the intention of being published as it stands, but for the author's own use.

Histoire de ma vie

History of My LifeMemoirsautobiography
Histoire de ma vie
Histoire de ma vie (Story of My Life) is both the memoir and autobiography of Giacomo Casanova, a famous 18th-century Italian adventurer.

Fake memoir

fake biographyfake memoirsliterary hoax
Fake memoirs
Fake memoirs form a category of literary forgery in which a wholly or partially fabricated autobiography, memoir or journal of an individual is presented as fact.

French language

FrenchfrancophoneFrench-language
A memoir (US: /ˈmemwɑːr/; from French: mémoire: memoria, meaning memory or reminiscence) is a collection of memories that an individual writes about moments or events, both public or private, that took place in the subject's life.

Biography

biographiesbiographicalbiographer
While memoir has historically been defined as a subcategory of biography or autobiography since the late 20th century, the genre is differentiated in form, presenting a narrowed focus.

Touchstone (metaphor)

touchstonetouchstones
A biography or autobiography tells the story "of a life", while a memoir often tells a story "from a life", such as touchstone events and turning points from the author's life.

Julius Caesar

CaesarGaius Julius CaesarJulius
Memoirs have been written since the ancient times, as shown by Julius Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico, also known as Commentaries on the Gallic Wars.

Commentarii de Bello Gallico

De Bello GallicoCommentaries on the Gallic WarGallic Wars
Memoirs have been written since the ancient times, as shown by Julius Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico, also known as Commentaries on the Gallic Wars.

Gallic Wars

conquest of GaulGallic WarGaul
In the work, Caesar describes the battles that took place during the nine years that he spent fighting local armies in the Gallic Wars.

Commentarii de Bello Civili

Bellum CivileDe Bello CiviliCivil Wars
His second memoir, Commentarii de Bello Civili (or Commentaries on the Civil War) is an account of the events that took place between 49 and 48 BC in the civil war against Gnaeus Pompeius and the Senate.

Caesar's Civil War

Civil WarRoman Civil Warcivil wars
His second memoir, Commentarii de Bello Civili (or Commentaries on the Civil War) is an account of the events that took place between 49 and 48 BC in the civil war against Gnaeus Pompeius and the Senate.

Pompey

PompeiusGnaeus Pompeius MagnusPompey the Great
His second memoir, Commentarii de Bello Civili (or Commentaries on the Civil War) is an account of the events that took place between 49 and 48 BC in the civil war against Gnaeus Pompeius and the Senate.

Roman Senate

senatorSenateRoman Senator
His second memoir, Commentarii de Bello Civili (or Commentaries on the Civil War) is an account of the events that took place between 49 and 48 BC in the civil war against Gnaeus Pompeius and the Senate.

Libanius

Libanius of Antioch
The noted Libanius, teacher of rhetoric who lived between an estimated 314 and 394 AD, framed his life memoir as one of his literary orations, which were written to be read aloud in the privacy of his study.

Public speaking

public speakerspeakeroratory
The noted Libanius, teacher of rhetoric who lived between an estimated 314 and 394 AD, framed his life memoir as one of his literary orations, which were written to be read aloud in the privacy of his study.

Ancient Greece

Greekancient Greekancient Greeks
This kind of memoir refers to the idea in ancient Greece and Rome, that memoirs were like "memos", or pieces of unfinished and unpublished writing, which a writer might use as a memory aid to make a more finished document later on.