Memorial Day

Memorial Day WeekendDecoration DayMemorialMay 25May 29Memorial Day ParadeMemorial WeekendDecorationDecoration Day (now known as Memorial Day)Decoration Day also known as Memorial Day
Memorial Day (previously but now seldom called Decoration Day) is a federal holiday in the United States for remembering and honoring the military personnel who died while serving in the United States Armed Forces.wikipedia
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Armed Forces Day

Army DayArmed Forces Day (Peru)Canadian Forces Day
Two other days celebrate those who serve or have served in the U.S. military: Veterans Day, which celebrates the service of U.S. military veterans; and Armed Forces Day, a minor U.S. remembrance celebrated earlier in May, specifically honoring those in the U.S. military.
This day is not to be confused with Veterans Day or Memorial Day.

Veterans Day

Armistice DayVeterans Day ParadeVeteran’s Day
Two other days celebrate those who serve or have served in the U.S. military: Veterans Day, which celebrates the service of U.S. military veterans; and Armed Forces Day, a minor U.S. remembrance celebrated earlier in May, specifically honoring those in the U.S. military.
Veterans Day is distinct from Memorial Day, a U.S. public holiday in May.

Federal holidays in the United States

federal holidayfederal holidaysfederal holiday in the United States
Memorial Day (previously but now seldom called Decoration Day) is a federal holiday in the United States for remembering and honoring the military personnel who died while serving in the United States Armed Forces.

Sue Landon Vaughan

On April 26, 1865, in Jackson Mississippi, Sue Landon Vaughan supposedly decorated the graves of Confederate and Union soldiers.
Sue Landon Vaughan (October 12, 1835 – July 22, 1911) was an American artist and writer best known for falsely claiming to have originated the Memorial Day holiday.

Mary Ann Williams

Mary Ann) Williams
They were represented by Mary Ann Williams (Mrs.
Mary Ann Williams (also known as Mrs. Charles J. Williams) (10 August 1821 – 15 April 1874) was an American woman who was the first proponent for Memorial Day, an annual holiday to decorate soldiers’ graves.

John A. Logan

John Alexander LoganLoganJohn Logan
On May 5, 1868, General John A. Logan issued a proclamation calling for "Decoration Day" to be observed annually and nationwide; he was commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), an organization of and for Union Civil War veterans founded in Decatur, Illinois.
As the 3rd Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, he is regarded as the most important figure in the movement to recognize Memorial Day (originally known as Decoration Day) as an official holiday.

Grand Army of the Republic

GARWomen's Relief CorpsG.A.R.
On May 5, 1868, General John A. Logan issued a proclamation calling for "Decoration Day" to be observed annually and nationwide; he was commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), an organization of and for Union Civil War veterans founded in Decatur, Illinois.
Linking men through their experience of the war, the G.A.R. became among the first organized advocacy groups in American politics, supporting voting rights for black veterans, promoting patriotic education, helping to make Memorial Day a national holiday, lobbying the United States Congress to establish regular veterans' pensions, and supporting Republican political candidates.

Boalsburg, Pennsylvania

BoalsburgBoalsburg, PA
On July 4, 1864, ladies decorated soldiers' graves according to local historians in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania.
The village claims to be the birthplace of Memorial Day.

Henry C. Welles

The village credits druggist Henry C. Welles and county clerk John B. Murray as the founders of the holiday.
He is thought of as one of the founders of Memorial Day, along with former Union General John B. Murray.

Indianapolis 500

Indy 500IndianapolisIndianapolis 500-Mile Race
Indeed, in 1911 the scheduling of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway car race (later named the Indianapolis 500) was vehemently opposed by the increasingly elderly GAR.
The event is held over Memorial Day weekend in late May.

Waterloo, New York (village)

WaterlooWaterloo, New YorkVillage of Waterloo
On May 26, 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson designated an "official" birthplace of the holiday by signing the presidential proclamation naming Waterloo, New York, as the holder of the title.
The Village of Waterloo was incorporated in 1824 and again in 1866, the same year it celebrated the first Memorial Day.

National Moment of Remembrance

Bugles Across America
In 2000, Congress passed the National Moment of Remembrance Act, asking people to stop and remember at 3:00 pm.
The National Moment of Remembrance is an annual event that asks Americans, wherever they are at 3:00 p.m. local time on Memorial Day, to pause for a duration of one minute to remember those who have died in military service to the United States.

Lyndon B. Johnson

Lyndon JohnsonJohnsonLyndon Baines Johnson
On May 26, 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson designated an "official" birthplace of the holiday by signing the presidential proclamation naming Waterloo, New York, as the holder of the title.
In particular, he notes Johnson's Memorial Day 1963 speech at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania as being a catalyst that led to more action.

John B. Murray (general)

John B. Murray
The village credits druggist Henry C. Welles and county clerk John B. Murray as the founders of the holiday.
John Boyce Murray is known as one of the founders of Memorial Day, along with druggist Henry C. Welles.

Arlington National Cemetery

Arlington CemeteryArlington Arlington National Cemetery
The most famous are Gettysburg National Cemetery in Pennsylvania and Arlington National Cemetery, near Washington, D.C
The Memorial Amphitheater has hosted state funerals and Memorial Day and Veterans Day ceremonies.

Confederate Memorial Day

Confederate Heroes DayConfederate Decoration Day
11 to the Grand Army of the Republic to observe May 30, 1868, the earlier version of the holiday began to be referred to as Confederate Memorial Day.
In their book, The Genesis of the Memorial Day Holiday in America, Bellware and Gardiner assert that the national Memorial Day holiday is a direct offshoot of the observance begun by the Ladies Memorial Association of Columbus, Georgia in 1866.

Grafton, West Virginia

GraftonGrafton, VirginiaGrafton, WV
Grafton, WV has also had an ongoing parade since 1868.
Grafton was among the first cities in the United States to observe Memorial Day.

National Memorial Day Concert

The National Memorial Day Concert takes place on the west lawn of the United States Capitol.
The National Memorial Day Concert is a free annual concert performed on the west lawn of the United States Capitol Building in Washington, D.C., in celebration of Memorial Day since 1989.

Uniform Monday Holiday Act

Uniform Holidays Act, 1968Uniform Federal Holidays Act of 1971
On June 28, 1968, Congress passed the Uniform Monday Holiday Act, which moved four holidays, including Memorial Day, from their traditional dates to a specified Monday in order to create a convenient three-day weekend.
The Act moved Washington's Birthday (February 22) and Memorial Day (May 30) from fixed dates to designated Mondays, and established as a federal holiday Columbus Day—which had previously been celebrated in some states on October 12—to a designated Monday.

American civil religion

civil religionworship of the Constitution
Scholars, following the lead of sociologist Robert Bellah, often make the argument that the United States has a secular "civil religion" – one with no association with any religious denomination or viewpoint – that has incorporated Memorial Day as a sacred event.
Other sources of this idea include philosopher John Dewey who spoke of "common faith" (1934); sociologist Robin Murphy Williams' American Society: A Sociological Interpretation (1951) which stated there was a "common religion" in America; sociologist Lloyd Warner's analysis of the Memorial Day celebrations in "Yankee City" (1953 [1974]); historian Martin Marty's "religion in general" (1959); theologian Will Herberg who spoke of "the American Way of Life" (1960, 1974); historian Sidney Mead's "religion of the Republic" (1963); and British writer G. K. Chesterton, who said that the United States was "the only nation ... founded on a creed" and also coined the phrase "a nation with a soul of a church".

Gettysburg National Cemetery

Soldiers' National CemeteryNational Cemeterycemetery at Gettysburg
The most famous are Gettysburg National Cemetery in Pennsylvania and Arlington National Cemetery, near Washington, D.C

In Flanders Fields

In Flanders Fieldfamous poemFlanders Field
In 1915, following the Second Battle of Ypres, Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae, a physician with the Canadian Expeditionary Force, wrote the poem, "In Flanders Fields".
The poem is also widely known in the United States, where it is associated with Veterans Day and Memorial Day.

Ladies' Memorial Association

Ladies Memorial AssociationConfederate Monument AssociationLadies Memorial Aid Association
In following years, the Ladies Memorial Association and other groups increasingly focused rituals on preserving Confederate Culture and the Lost Cause of the Confederacy narrative.
The ladies responded and the Memorial Day holiday in the United States was inaugurated.

Flag of the United States

American flagStars and StripesUnited States flag
On Memorial Day, the flag of the United States is raised briskly to the top of the staff and then solemnly lowered to the half-staff position, where it remains only until noon.
Some private use is year-round, but becomes widespread on civic holidays like Memorial Day, Veterans Day, Presidents' Day, Flag Day, and on Independence Day.

Nora Fontaine Davidson

She is credited for holding the first Memorial Day ceremony in Petersburg, and as the inspiration for the United States' Memorial Day.