Menominee

MenominiMenominee Indian Tribe of WisconsinMenominee IndiansMenominee tribeMenominee IndianMenominee peopleMenominee Indian TribeMenominee NationMenomineesMenomonee
Some placenames use other spellings; see also Menomonee (disambiguation) and Menomonie (disambiguation).wikipedia
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Menominee language

MenomineeMenominiMenomonee
The Menominee (also spelled Menomini, derived from the Ojibwe language word for "Wild Rice People"; known as Mamaceqtaw, "the people", in the Menominee language) are a federally recognized nation of Native Americans, with a 353.894 sqmi reservation in Wisconsin.
Menominee (also spelled Menomini) is an Algonquian language spoken by the historic Menominee people of what is now northern Wisconsin in the United States.

Menominee Tribe v. United States

Menominee Tribe of Indians v. United States
During that period, they brought what has become a landmark case in Indian law to the United States Supreme Court, in Menominee Tribe v. United States (1968), to protect their treaty hunting and fishing rights.
Menominee Tribe v. United States, 391 U.S. 404 (1968), is a case in which the Supreme Court ruled that the Menominee Indian Tribe kept their historical hunting and fishing rights even after the federal government ceased to recognize the tribe.

Upper Peninsula of Michigan

Upper PeninsulaUpper MichiganUpper
Their historic territory originally included an estimated 10 e6acres in present-day Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
Early tribes included the Menominee, Nocquet, and the Mishinimaki.

Menominee Indian Reservation

Menominee Reservationreservation Menominee Indian Reservation, Wisconsin
The Menominee (also spelled Menomini, derived from the Ojibwe language word for "Wild Rice People"; known as Mamaceqtaw, "the people", in the Menominee language) are a federally recognized nation of Native Americans, with a 353.894 sqmi reservation in Wisconsin.
The Menominee Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation located in northeastern Wisconsin held in trust by the United States for the Menominee Tribe of Wisconsin.

Indian termination policy

terminationterminatedIndian Termination
The tribe was terminated in the 1960s under policy of the time which stressed assimilation.
The resolution called for the immediate termination of the Flathead, Klamath, Menominee, Potawatomi, and Turtle Mountain Chippewa, as well as all tribes in the states of California, New York, Florida, and Texas.

Marinette, Wisconsin

MarinetteMarinette, WI
They arose where the Menominee River enters Green Bay of Lake Michigan, where the city of Marinette, Wisconsin has since developed.
Her mother was Lucy, the daughter of Menominee chief, Wauba-Shish (Great Marten).

Native Americans in the United States

Native AmericanNative AmericansAmerican Indian
The Menominee (also spelled Menomini, derived from the Ojibwe language word for "Wild Rice People"; known as Mamaceqtaw, "the people", in the Menominee language) are a federally recognized nation of Native Americans, with a 353.894 sqmi reservation in Wisconsin.

Indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlands

Northeastern WoodlandsNortheastern Woodlands tribesindigenous people of the Northeastern Woodlands
The Menominee are a Northeastern Woodlands tribe.

Wild rice

ZizaniaZizania aquaticaZizania palustris
The Ojibwe name for the tribe was manoominii, meaning "wild rice people", as they cultivated wild rice as one of their most important food staples.
The Menominee tribe were named Omanoominii by the neighboring Ojibwa after this plant.

Green Bay, Wisconsin

Green BayGreen Bay, WICity of Green Bay
Red Banks, near the present-day city of Green Bay, Wisconsin, later developed in this area.
When Nicolet arrived in the Green Bay area, he encountered the Menominee, as this was their territory.

Chief Oshkosh

Oshkosh
Chief Oshkosh went to look at the proposed site on the Crow River and rejected the offered land, saying their current land was better for hunting and game.
Chief Oshkosh (also spelled Os-kosh or Oskosh) (1795–August 29, 1858) was the chief of the Menominee American Indians from 1827 until his death.

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium'' ssp. ''obtusifoliumPseudognaphalium obtusifolium ssp. obtusifoliumPseudognaphalium obtusifolium, ssp obtusifolium
Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium, ssp obtusifolium (rabbit tobacco) is also used medicinally.
The Menominee steam the dried leaves as an inhalant for headaches, and as a treatment against "foolishness".

Oshkosh, Wisconsin

OshkoshOshkosh, WICity of Oshkosh
The reservation includes a plot of off-reservation trust land of 10.22 acre in Winnebago County, Wisconsin to the south, west of the city of Oshkosh.
Oshkosh was named for Menominee Chief Oshkosh, whose name meant "claw" (cf.

Winnebago County, Wisconsin

Winnebago CountyWinnebagoOshkosh-Neenah, WI Metropolitan Statistical Area
The reservation includes a plot of off-reservation trust land of 10.22 acre in Winnebago County, Wisconsin to the south, west of the city of Oshkosh.
The region was occupied by several Native American tribes in the period of European encounter, including the Sauk, Fox, Menominee, and Ojibwa (known as Chippewa in the US).

Ada Deer

Ada E. Deer
Activists included Ada Deer, an organizer who would later become an advocate for Native Americans at the federal level as Assistant Secretary of Indian Affairs (1993–1997).
Ada Deer (born 1935) (Menominee) is a Native American advocate and scholar who was an activist opposing federal termination of tribes in the 1970s.

Menominee County, Wisconsin

MenomineeMenominee CountyCounty of Menominee
For the most part, it is conterminous with Menominee County and the town of Menominee, which were established after termination of the tribe in 1961 under contemporary federal policy whose goal was assimilation.
Most of Menominee County's population consists of members of the Menominee nation.

Taenidia integerrima

yellow pimpernel
Taenidia integerrima (a member of the is parsely family) is taken as a root infusion for pulmonary troubles, and as chew, the steeped root, for 'bronchial affections'; it is also used as a companion herb in other remedies because of the good smell.
The Menominee take an infusion of root taken for pulmonary troubles, chew the steeped root for 'bronchial affections', and use it as a seasoner for other remedies because of the good smell.

Chrystos

Chrystos  (born November 7, 1946, as Christina Smith) is a Menominee self-educated writer and two-spirit activist who has published various books and poems that explore indigenous Americans's civil rights, social justice, and feminism.

Evelyn Frechette

Billie FrechetteEvelyn "Billie" Frechette
Mary Evelyn "Billie" Frechette (September 15, 1907 – January 13, 1969) was an American Menominee singer, waitress, convict, and lecturer known for her personal relationship with the bank robber John Dillinger in the early 1930s.

Zoar, Wisconsin

Zoar
Situated within traditional Menominee territory, it is known in the Menominee language as Saqnawehnaen, a name which refers to a fork in a stream.

Uvularia grandiflora

Large-flowered bellwortmerrybells
Uvularia grandiflora (bellwort) has historically been used to treat pain and swellings.
The Menominee use this plant for swellings.

Ingrid Washinawatok

Ingrid Washinawatok El-Issa (also known as O'Peqtaw-Metamoh and Flying Eagle Woman) (July 31, 1957 – c. February 25, 1999) was a member of the Menominee Nation of upper Wisconsin.

Allium tricoccum

ramprampswild leek
Traditional Menominee diets include local foods such as Allium tricoccum (wild garlic).
The Menominee, Cherokee, Iroquois, Potawatomi and Ojibwa all consume the plant in their traditional cuisines.

Sagittaria cuneata

arumleaf arrowheadarumleaf arrowrootNorthern arrowhead
Boiled, sliced potatoes of Sagittaria cuneata are traditionally strung together and dried for winter use.
The Menominee string the dried, boiled, sliced potatoes together for winter use.

Sheila Tousey

Born in Keshena, Wisconsin in 1960, Tousey is a stage and film actress of Menominee and Stockbridge-Munsee descent.