Menorca

MinorcaMinorcanManûrqaMinorquinMenorca IslandMenorca, SpainMinorcansCala GaldanaIsland Council of MenorcaIsland of Minorca
Menorca or Minorca (from Insula Minor, later Minorica) is one of the Balearic Islands located in the Mediterranean Sea belonging to Spain.wikipedia
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Balearic Islands

BalearicBalearicsBalearic island
Menorca or Minorca (from Insula Minor, later Minorica) is one of the Balearic Islands located in the Mediterranean Sea belonging to Spain.
The four largest islands are Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza, and Formentera.

Mallorca

MajorcaMallorca, SpainMajorca, Spain
Its name derives from its size, contrasting it with nearby Majorca.
Like the other Balearic Islands of Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera, the island is an extremely popular holiday destination, particularly for tourists from Germany and the United Kingdom.

Taula

taules
The island is known for its collection of megalithic stone monuments: navetes, taules and talaiots, which indicate very early prehistoric human activity.
A taula (meaning 'table' in Catalan) is a Stonehenge-esque stone monument found on the Balearic island of Menorca.

Talaiot

talayotTalayotictalayots
The island is known for its collection of megalithic stone monuments: navetes, taules and talaiots, which indicate very early prehistoric human activity.
The talaiots, or talayots, are Bronze Age megaliths on the islands of Menorca and Majorca forming part of the Talaiotic Culture or Talaiotic Period.

List of invasions of Menorca

Battle of Minorcainvaded MenorcaInvasion of Minorca
In reaction to this, the Romans invaded Menorca.
The island of Minorca in the Mediterranean Sea has been invaded on numerous occasions.

Gymnesian Islands

Some of the earliest culture on Menorca was influenced by other Mediterranean cultures, including the Greek Minoans of ancient Crete (see also Gymnesian Islands).
The Gymnesians (Illes Gimnèsies, Gimnesias ), or Gymnesic Islands (Illes Gimnèsiques), is a collective name given to the two largest (and easternmost) Balearic islands, Mallorca and Menorca, distinguishing them from the Pityuses (Catalan: Illes Pitiüses; Spanish: Pitiusas), or Pine Islands, Ibiza and Formentera.

El Toro (Menorca)

El ToroMonte Toro
Its highest point, called El Toro or Monte Toro, is 358 m above sea level.
El Toro in Catalan, sometimes known by its Spanish name of Monte Toro, is the tallest hill of the island of Menorca, rising to a height of 342 m. The mountain is home to the Sanctuary of the Verge del Toro.

Abû 'Uthmân Sa'îd ibn Hakam al Qurashi

Abu Sa'id UtmanAbû 'Uthmân Sa'îd Hakam al Qurashi
The island was ruled first by Abû 'Uthmân Sa'îd Hakam al Qurashi (1234–1282), and following his death by his son, Abû 'Umar ibn Sa'îd (1282–1287).
Abû ‘Uthman Sa’îd ibn Hakam al Qurashi (30 December 1204 - 9 January 1282) was the first Ra’îs of Manûrqa (modern Menorca) from 1234 to 1282.

Severus of Menorca

SeverusSeverus of Minorca
The Letter on the Conversion of the Jews by a 5th-century bishop named Severus tells of the forced conversion of the island's 540 Jewish men and women in AD 418.
Severus of Menorca was a Bishop on the island of Menorca in the early 5th century.

Mediterranean Sea

MediterraneanMediterranean coastWestern Mediterranean
Menorca or Minorca (from Insula Minor, later Minorica) is one of the Balearic Islands located in the Mediterranean Sea belonging to Spain. Some of the earliest culture on Menorca was influenced by other Mediterranean cultures, including the Greek Minoans of ancient Crete (see also Gymnesian Islands).

Abû 'Umar ibn Sa'îd

Abu 'Umar
The island was ruled first by Abû 'Uthmân Sa'îd Hakam al Qurashi (1234–1282), and following his death by his son, Abû 'Umar ibn Sa'îd (1282–1287). Manûrqa was the Arabicized name given to the island by the Muslims from its annexation to the Caliphate of Cordoba by 'Isâm al-Khawlânî in 903 until the rule of the last Muslim ra'îs, Abû 'Umar ibn Sa'îd in 1287.
Abû ‘Umar ibn Sa’îd (died c. 1287) was son of Abû 'Uthmân Sa'îd ibn Hakam al Qurashi and last ra’îs of Manûrqa (1282–1287).

Spain

SpanishESPKingdom of Spain
Menorca or Minorca (from Insula Minor, later Minorica) is one of the Balearic Islands located in the Mediterranean Sea belonging to Spain.

Naveta

navetes
The island is known for its collection of megalithic stone monuments: navetes, taules and talaiots, which indicate very early prehistoric human activity.
A naveta is a form of megalithic chamber tomb unique to the Balearic island of Menorca.

Capture of Minorca (1708)

capture of MinorcaMinorcacapture Minorca
Invaded by Britain's Royal Navy in 1708 during the War of the Spanish Succession, Minorca temporarily became a British possession.
The Capture of Menorca saw the island of Menorca (called Minorca by the British) captured from Spain by British-Dutch forces acting on behalf of Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor the Austrian claimant to the Spanish throne in September 1708 during the War of the Spanish Succession.

Richard Kane

General Richard KaneLieutenant Governor Col. Richard Kane
Under the governorship of General Richard Kane, this period saw the island's capital moved to Port Mahon and a naval base established in that town's harbour.
He is particularly associated with the island of Minorca.

Great Britain in the Seven Years' War

Great Britain in the Seven Years WarAnnus Mirabilis of 1759Annus Mirabilis
The 1763 Treaty of Paris enabled the British to return to the island after Britain's victory in the Seven Years' War.
The war started poorly for Britain, which suffered many deaths from the plague and scurvy, and at the hands of France in North America during 1754–55; and in the loss of Menorca in 1756.

Kingdom of Majorca

MajorcaKingdom of MallorcaMajorcan
Until 1344 the island was part of the Kingdom of Majorca, a vassal state of the Crown of Aragon.
The kingdom included the Balearic Islands: Majorca, Menorca (which was still under the rule of Muslims until 1231 when its sovereignty was surrendered to James I), Ibiza and Formentera.

Ibiza

Ibiza, SpainEivissaEbusus
Once the island was captured, most of its Muslim inhabitants were enslaved and sold in the slave markets of Ibiza, Valencia and Barcelona, while others became Christians.
With the Carthaginian military failing on the Iberian mainland, Ibiza was last used, 205 B.C, by the fleeing Carthaginian General Mago to gather supplies and men before sailing to Menorca and then to Liguria.

Invasion of Minorca (1781)

Invasion of MinorcaFranco-Spanish invasion of Minorcainvaded Minorca
In 1781, during the American War of Independence, the British were defeated for a second time, in this instance by a combination of French and Spanish forces, and on 5 January 1782 the Spanish regained control of the island, after a long siege of St. Philip's Castle in Port Mahon.
The Franco-Spanish reconquest of Menorca (historically called "Minorca" by the British) from its British invaders in February 1782, after the Siege of Fort St. Philip lasting over five months, was an important step in the achievement of Spain's aims in its alliance with France against Britain during the American Revolutionary War.

Battle of Minorca (1756)

Battle of MinorcaBattle of Minorca in 1756Battle of Menorca
In 1756, during the Seven Years' War, France captured the island after the Siege of Fort St Philip and a failed British relief attempt.
Shortly after the war began British and French squadrons met off the Mediterranean island of Minorca.

Charles III of Spain

Charles IIICarlos IIIKing Carlos III
On the feast of the Epiphany, as an expression of joy, King Charles III of Spain ordered the viceroys, captains general, governors, and military commanders to bring together the garrisons and to extend his greetings to army commanders on the so-called Pascua Militar.
Moreover, the House of Savoy gained the Kingdom of Sicily, and the Kingdom of Great Britain gained the island of Menorca and the fortress at Gibraltar.

James I of Aragon

James IJames I the ConquerorJaume I
In 1231, after Christian forces took Majorca, Menorca chose to become an independent Islamic state, albeit one tributary to King James I of Aragon.
James conquered Majorca on 31 December 1229, and Menorca (1232) and Ibiza (1235) were later acquired during the reconquest.

Seven Years' War

Seven Years’ WarSeven Years WarThe Seven Years' War
In 1756, during the Seven Years' War, France captured the island after the Siege of Fort St Philip and a failed British relief attempt.
Incensed, France prepared to attack Hanover, whose prince-elector was also the King of Great Britain and Menorca.

Battle of Minorca (1939)

Battle of Minorcawas captured by the NationalistsBattle of Menorca
After Nationalist victory in the Battle of Minorca in February 1939, the British Navy assisted in a peaceful transfer of power in Minorca and the evacuation of some political refugees aboard.
The Battle of Menorca took place in Menorca between the 7 and 9 February 1939 during the Spanish Civil War.

Peace of Utrecht

Treaty of UtrechtUtrechtTreaty of Utrecht (1713)
Great Britain took possession in 1713, under the terms of [[:s:Peace and Friendship Treaty of Utrecht between Spain and Great Britain#ARTICLE XI|Article XI]] of the Treaty of Utrecht.
In Article X, Spain ceded the ports of Gibraltar and Menorca, giving Britain a dominant position in the Western Mediterranean and gaining a monopoly over the Asiento or slave trade between Africa and Spanish America.