Mercha

Cantillation mark commonly found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other books that are chanted.

- Mercha

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Hebrew cantillation

Manner of chanting ritual readings from the Hebrew Bible in synagogue services.

Genesis 1:9: And God said, "Let the waters be collected."
Letters in black, niqqud  (vowel points) and  d'geshim  (gemination marks) in red, cantillation in blue.
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Depending on which disjunctive follows, this may be replaced by mercha, mahpach, darga, qadma, telisha qetannah or yerach ben yomo.

Etnachta

One of the most common cantillation marks in the Torah and Haftarah.

These are Mercha, Tipcha, Munach, and its namesake Etnachta.

Sof passuk

Cantillation mark that occurs on the last word of every verse, or passuk, in the Tanakh.

The sof passuk can be preceded by the marks mercha, tipcha, and mercha in that order, including either all or some of these.

Tifcha

Cantillation mark commonly found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other books that are chanted.

In the Etnachta group, the tifcha will always occur, regardless of whether or not there is a Mercha.

Tevir

Cantillation mark commonly found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other Hebrew biblical books.

It can be found independently or it can follow any number of other cantillation marks, very commonly a Mercha or Darga.

Zarka (trope)

Cantillation mark found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other books of the Hebrew Bible.

Zarqa/tsinnor is a distinctive cantillation symbol both on the 21 books and the 3 books, while tsinnorit appears only on the 3 books, and always combined with a second mark (merkha or mahapakh) to form a conjunctive symbol (called merkha metsunneret and mahpakh metsunnar, respectively).

Mercha kefula

Rare cantillation mark that occurs 5 times in the Torah (once in Genesis, once in Exodus, once in Leviticus, and twice in Numbers) and once in the Haftarah (for Behaalotecha and for the intermediate Shabbat for Chanukah, in the Book of Zechariah.)

The Hebrew words מֵרְכָא כּפוּלָ֦ה translate into English as double mercha.

Munach

Common cantillation sound.

Etnachta group: Mercha-Tipcha-Munach-Etnachta

Yerach ben yomo

Cantillation mark that appears only one time in the entire Torah (Numbers 35:5), and once in the Book of Esther.

On the other three, respectively, are a Kadma V'Azla, a Munach Rivi'i, and a Mercha Tipcha.

Karne parah

Cantillation mark found only once in the entire Torah (Book of Numbers Numbers 35:5), and once in the Book of Esther, immediately following the identically unique Yerach ben yomo.

On the other three, respectively, are a Kadma V'Azla, a Munach Rivi'i, and a Mercha Tipcha.