Merchant

merchantstraderstradercommission merchantmercantiledealerdealersvendorstravelling merchantsBusinessman
A merchant is a person who trades in commodities produced by other people.wikipedia
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Ancient Rome

RomanRomansRome
In ancient Rome and Greece merchants could become wealthy, but lacked high social status.
Income from war booty, mercantilism in the new provinces, and tax farming created new economic opportunities for the wealthy, forming a new class of merchants, called the equestrians.

Ancient Greece

Greekancient Greekancient Greeks
In ancient Rome and Greece merchants could become wealthy, but lacked high social status.
A mercantile class arose in the first half of the 7th century BC, shown by the introduction of coinage in about 680 BC.

Retail

retailerretailingretail store
In antiquity, exchange involved direct selling via merchants or peddlers and bartering systems were commonplace.

Businessperson

businessmanbusinesswomanbusiness owner
In modern times, the term merchant has occasionally been used to refer to a businessperson or someone undertaking activities (commercial or industrial) for the purpose of generating profit, cash flow, sales, and revenue utilizing a combination of human, financial, intellectual and physical capital with a view to fueling economic development and growth.
The first businessmen in human history were traders or merchants.

Guild

guildscraft guildtrade guild
Merchant guilds began to form during the Medieval period.
A guild is an association of artisans or merchants who oversee the practice of their craft/trade in a particular area.

Marco Polo

MarcoPoloPolo, Marco
From the 11th century, the Crusades helped to open up new trade routes in the Near East, while the adventurer and merchant, Marco Polo stimulated interest in the far East in the 12th and 13th centuries.
He was released in 1299, became a wealthy merchant, married, and had three children.

Age of Discovery

Age of ExplorationAge of Discoveriesexplorer
The European age of discovery opened up new trading routes and gave European consumers access to a much broader range of goods.
In 1642–1644 Abel Tasman, also a Dutch explorer and merchant in the service of the VOC, circumnavigated New Holland proving that Australia was not part of the mythical southern continent.

Company of Merchant Adventurers of London

Merchant AdventurersMerchant AdventurerCompany of Merchant Adventurers
The Company of Merchant Adventurers of London, chartered in 1407, controlled most of the fine cloth imports while the Hanseatic League controlled most of the trade in the Baltic Sea.
It brought together leading merchants in a regulated company in the nature of a guild.

Pochteca

Aztec tradersnahualoztomecah
The local markets, where people purchased their daily needs were known as tianguis while pochteca referred to long-distance, professional merchants traders who obtained rare goods and luxury items desired by the nobility.
Pochteca (singular pochtecatl) were professional, long-distance traveling merchants in the Aztec Empire.

Peddler

pedlarpeddlingcommercial traveller
In antiquity, exchange involved direct selling through permanent or semi-permanent retail premises such as stall-holders at market places or shop-keepers selling from their own premises or through door-to-door direct sales via merchants or peddlers.

Capitalism

capitalistcapitalistscapitalistic
European merchants, backed by state controls, subsidies and monopolies, made most of their profits by buying and selling goods.

Bourgeoisie

bourgeoisburgherburghers
During the European medieval period, a rapid expansion in trade and commerce led to the rise of a wealthy and powerful merchant class.
Historically, the medieval French word bourgeois denoted the inhabitants of the bourgs (walled market-towns), the craftsmen, artisans, merchants, and others, who constituted "the bourgeoisie", they were the socio-economic class between the peasants and the landlords, between the workers and the owners of the means of production.

Tianguis

marketmobile markets (''tianguis'')tianguis de autos
The local markets, where people purchased their daily needs were known as tianguis while pochteca referred to long-distance, professional merchants traders who obtained rare goods and luxury items desired by the nobility.

Trade

tradingmercantileexchange
A merchant is a person who trades in commodities produced by other people.

Commodity

commoditiescommodity pricescommodity good
A merchant is a person who trades in commodities produced by other people.

Commerce

commercialcommerciallybusiness
Historically, a merchant is anyone who is involved in business or trade.

Capital (economics)

capitalcapital flowsinvestment capital
In modern times, the term merchant has occasionally been used to refer to a businessperson or someone undertaking activities (commercial or industrial) for the purpose of generating profit, cash flow, sales, and revenue utilizing a combination of human, financial, intellectual and physical capital with a view to fueling economic development and growth.

Babylonia

BabyloniansBabylonianBabylonian Empire
Merchants and merchant networks operated in ancient Babylonia and Assyria, China, Egypt, Greece, India, Persia, Phoenicia, and Rome.

Assyria

Assyrian EmpireAssyriansAssyrian
Merchants and merchant networks operated in ancient Babylonia and Assyria, China, Egypt, Greece, India, Persia, Phoenicia, and Rome.

History of China

Chineseimperial Chinaancient China
Merchants and merchant networks operated in ancient Babylonia and Assyria, China, Egypt, Greece, India, Persia, Phoenicia, and Rome.

Ancient Egypt

EgyptEgyptianAncient Egyptian
Merchants and merchant networks operated in ancient Babylonia and Assyria, China, Egypt, Greece, India, Persia, Phoenicia, and Rome.

History of India

ancient IndiaIndiaIndian history
Merchants and merchant networks operated in ancient Babylonia and Assyria, China, Egypt, Greece, India, Persia, Phoenicia, and Rome.

Phoenicia

PhoeniciansPhoenicianPhoenicio
Merchants and merchant networks operated in ancient Babylonia and Assyria, China, Egypt, Greece, India, Persia, Phoenicia, and Rome.