XVI Corps badge
Map of Meridian Battlefield study area by the American Battlefield Protection Program
Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, commander of Union forces in the Meridian campaign
Lt. Gen. Leonidas Polk, commander of Confederate forces during the Meridian campaign

Maj. Gen. Hurlbut assumed direct command over these divisions known as the Right Wing and participated in the Meridian Expedition in February 1864.

- XVI Corps (Union Army)

The 16th Army Corps was under the command of Major General Stephen A. Hurlbut.

- Meridian campaign
XVI Corps badge

3 related topics

Alpha

The Siege of Vicksburg

Army of the Tennessee

Union army in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, named for the Tennessee River.

Union army in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, named for the Tennessee River.

The Siege of Vicksburg
Brigadier General Grant and staff, Cairo, October 1861
Battle of Fort Henry and the movements to Fort Donelson.
Shiloh: Crucible of the Army of the Tennessee
General Henry Wager Halleck
Grant's Operations against Vicksburg
Grant discussing the terms of the capitulation of Vicksburg with defeated Confederate General Pemberton
Major General Sherman, second commander of the Army of the Tennessee
Major General McPherson, third commander of the Army of the Tennessee
Sherman's March to the Sea
Sherman's Carolinas Campaign
General Sherman at war's end with Generals Howard, Logan, Hazen, Davis, Slocum, and Mower; Howard and Logan were the last two commanders of the Army of the Tennessee

Under other generals, starting with William Tecumseh Sherman, the army marched and fought from the Chattanooga Campaign, through the Relief of Knoxville, the Meridian Campaign, the Atlanta Campaign, the March to the Sea, the Carolinas Campaign, and to the end of the war and disbandment.

By an order dated December 18, but not fully implemented until somewhat later, Grant's Army of the Tennessee was organized into four corps—the XIII under John McClernand, the XV under W.T. Sherman, the XVI under Stephen A. Hurlbut, and the XVII under Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson.

Stephen A. Hurlbut

Attorney and politician, who commanded the U.S. Army of the Gulf in the American Civil War.

Attorney and politician, who commanded the U.S. Army of the Gulf in the American Civil War.

General Hurlbut

Hurlbut was present at the Battle of Shiloh and served under General Sherman during the Meridian Expedition.

Hurlbut commanded XVI Corps from his headquarters at Memphis, Tennessee.

William Sooy Smith

William Sooy Smith

West Point graduate and career civil engineer who became a brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

West Point graduate and career civil engineer who became a brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

William Sooy Smith
Smith in later life.

After serving in western Virginia, he was appointed brigadier general (volunteers) on April 16, 1862 to rank from April 15, 1862 Smith participated in the Vicksburg campaign, commanding the XVI Corps' first division.

On January 27, 1864, as part of the Meridian Campaign, Smith was given the command of General Hurlbut's force of 7,000 cavalry, to be consolidated from their positions throughout western Kentucky and Tennessee, along with the 2,500 that was already under his command.