Meridian campaign

Map of Meridian Battlefield study area by the American Battlefield Protection Program
Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, commander of Union forces in the Meridian campaign
Lt. Gen. Leonidas Polk, commander of Confederate forces during the Meridian campaign

The Meridian campaign or Meridian expedition took place from February 3 – March 6, 1864, from Vicksburg, Mississippi to Meridian, Mississippi, by the Union Army of the Tennessee, led by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman.

- Meridian campaign
Map of Meridian Battlefield study area by the American Battlefield Protection Program

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Polk in uniform, c. 1862

Leonidas Polk

Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Louisiana and founder of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Confederate States of America, which separated from the Episcopal Church of the United States of America.

Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Louisiana and founder of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Confederate States of America, which separated from the Episcopal Church of the United States of America.

Polk in uniform, c. 1862
St. John's Church at Ashwood

Polk unsuccessfully attempted to oppose Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman's raid against Meridian, Mississippi, in February 1864.

James Henry Howe

American lawyer and Republican politician.

American lawyer and Republican politician.

They then set out on the Meridian campaign.

James C. Veatch, c. 1862

James C. Veatch

Lawyer who served as an Indiana state legislator and county auditor.

Lawyer who served as an Indiana state legislator and county auditor.

James C. Veatch, c. 1862

Veatch led the 4th Division of the XVI Corps during the Meridian Expedition.

David Moore (military officer)

American military officer who served in the Mexican–American War and the American Civil War.

American military officer who served in the Mexican–American War and the American Civil War.

The year 1864 would see the men of the 21st once again assigned to hard fighting as they served in the Third Division of the Union XVI Corps participating in the Meridian Expedition, Red River Campaign and, especially, the Battle of Tupelo, where Moore and his men were noted for their fierce stand against the dismounted cavalry of Nathan Bedford Forrest.