Merriam-Webster

Merriam WebsterMerriam–WebsterG. & C. Merriam CompanyMerriam-Webster Inc.first American dictionaryMerriam Webster Collegiate DictionaryMerriam-Webster OnlineC. & G. Merriam CompanyDigital WebsterG & C Merriam Company
Merriam-Webster, Inc., is an American company that publishes reference books and is especially known for its dictionaries.wikipedia
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Throw shade

Throw shade (slang)Shadethrowing shade
Merriam-Webster defines it as "subtle, sneering expression of contempt for or disgust with someone—sometimes verbal, and sometimes not".

Dhole

Cuonwild dogwild dogs
The Merriam-Webster Dictionary theorises that it may have come from the tōḷa ('wolf').

Fandom

fanbasefan basefan community
Merriam-Webster's dictionary traces the usage of the term back as far as 1903.

Wop

Wop number
The Merriam-Webster dictionary states wop's first known use was in the United States in 1908, and that it originates from the Southern Italian dialectal term guappo, roughly meaning "dandy", "dude", or "stud", derived from the Spanish term guapo, meaning "good-looking", "dandy", from Latin vappa for "sour wine", also "worthless fellow".

Platoon

rifle platoonplatoon commanderplatoons
According to Merriam-Webster, "The term was first used in the 17th century to refer to a small body of musketeers who fired together in a volley alternately with another platoon."

Iran

PersiaIslamic Republic of IranIranian
Common Commonwealth English pronunciations of Iran are listed in the Oxford English Dictionary as and, while American English dictionaries such as Merriam-Webster's provide pronunciations which map to, or likewise in Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary as.

The arts

artscreative artsart
Merriam-Webster defines "the arts" as "painting, sculpture, music, theatre, literature, etc., considered as a group of activities done by people with skill and imagination."

Driving under the influence

DUIdriving while intoxicateddrink driving
Merriam Webster's Dictionary defines DUI as the "crime of driving a vehicle while drunk; also : a person who is arrested for driving a vehicle while drunk; the act or crime of driving while affected by alcohol or other drugs; a person who is arrested for or convicted of driving under the influence or an arrest or conviction for driving under the influence. In some countries (including Australia and many jurisdictions throughout the United States), a person can be charged with a criminal offense for riding a bike, skateboard, or horse while intoxicated or under the influence of alcohol.

Graphic novel

graphic novelsgraphicoriginal graphic novel
The term is not strictly defined, though Merriam-Webster's full dictionary definition is "a fictional story that is presented in comic-strip format and published as a book", while its simplest definition is given as "cartoon drawings that tell a story and are published as a book".

Traditors

traditortraditoreshanded over
Traditor, plural: traditores (Latin), is a term meaning "the one(s) who had handed over" and defined by Merriam-Webster as "one of the Christians giving up to the officers of the law the Scriptures, the sacred vessels, or the names of their brethren during the Roman persecutions".

Greyhound

greyhoundsEnglish GreyhoundPersian Greyhound
According to Merriam-Webster, a Greyhound is "any of a breed of tall slender graceful smooth-coated dogs characterized by swiftness and keen sight", as well as "any of several related dogs," such as the Italian Greyhound.

Generation Z

Gen ZiGenerationinternet generation
The Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary defines Generation Z as generation of people born in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

Encyclopædia Britannica

BritannicaEncyclopedia BritannicaEncyclopaedia Britannica
It also offers study tools and dictionary and thesaurus entries from Merriam-Webster.

Fast food

fast-foodfast food industryfastfood
The term "fast food" was recognized in a dictionary by Merriam–Webster in 1951.

Hanukkah

ChanukahHanukahHanukka
The former spelling (Hanukkah), which is based on using characters of the English alphabet as symbols to re-create the word's correct spelling in Hebrew, is the most common and the preferred choice of Merriam–Webster, Collins English Dictionary, the Oxford Style Manual, and the style guides of The New York Times and The Guardian.

Emo

emocoreemo rockemo music
According to Merriam-Webster, emo is "a style of rock music influenced by punk rock and featuring introspective and emotionally fraught lyrics".

Electronic dictionary

electronic dictionariesJapanese electronic dictionarieselectronic
Publishers and developers of electronic dictionaries may offer native content from their own lexicographers, licensed data from print publications, or both, as in the case of Babylon offering premium content from Merriam Webster, and Ultralingua offering additional premium content from Collins, Masson, and Simon & Schuster, and Paragon Software offering original content from Duden, Britannica, Harrap, Merriam-Webster and Oxford.

Penguin

penguinsSpheniscidaeSphenisciformes
Some dictionaries suggest a derivation from Welsh pen, "head" and gwyn, "white", including the Oxford English Dictionary, the American Heritage Dictionary, the Century Dictionary and Merriam-Webster, on the basis that the name was originally applied to the great auk, either because it was found on White Head Island (Pen Gwyn) in Newfoundland, or because it had white circles around its eyes (though the head was black).

Paradigm

paradigmsparadigmaticscientific paradigm
The term had a technical meaning in the field of grammar: the 1900 Merriam-Webster dictionary defines its technical use only in the context of grammar or, in rhetoric, as a term for an illustrative parable or fable.

Shyster

shyster lawyersleazy and unethical lawyersleazy lawyer
The Merriam-Webster Dictionary deemed it probably based on the German Scheisser [Scheißer] (literally "defecator", "shitter" ).

Ellipsis

ellipses...elliptical
Whether an ellipsis at the end of a sentence needs a fourth dot to finish the sentence is a matter of debate; Chicago advises it, as does the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA style), while some other style guides do not; the Merriam-Webster Dictionary and related works treat this style as optional, saying that it "may" be used.

Vernacular

vernacular languagevernacular languagesvernacularization
According to Merriam-Webster, "vernacular" was brought into the English language as early as 1601 from the Latin vernaculus ("native") which had been in figurative use in Classical Latin as "national" and "domestic", having originally been derived from vernus and verna, a male or female slave respectively born in the house rather than abroad.

Whataboutism

whatabouterydeflection from the main topic
The Merriam-Webster dictionary dates the term back to the Cold War.