Mesopotamian myths

Mesopotamian mythologyMesopotamianSumerianSumerian mythologySumerian goddessAkkadianBabylonianMesopotamiaMesopotamian thoughtmythology
Mesopotamian mythology refers to the myths, religious texts, and other literature that comes from the region of ancient Mesopotamia in modern-day West Asia.wikipedia
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Sumer

SumeriansSumeriaSumerian
In particular the societies of Sumer, Akkad, and Assyria, all of which existed shortly after 3000 BCE and were mostly gone by 400 CE.
Sumerian speakers were among the earliest people to record their beliefs in writing, and were a major inspiration in later Mesopotamian mythology, religion, and astrology.

Enki

EaNudimmudEnki/Ea
Humankind is saved by Atrahasis, who was warned of the flood by the god Enki and built a boat to escape the waters, eventually placating the gods with sacrifices.

Sumerian creation myth

Eridu GenesisantediluvianSumerian flood myth
See main article: Sumerian Creation Myth

Myth

mythologymythologicalmyths
Mesopotamian mythology refers to the myths, religious texts, and other literature that comes from the region of ancient Mesopotamia in modern-day West Asia.

Religious text

scripturescripturesHoly Scripture
Mesopotamian mythology refers to the myths, religious texts, and other literature that comes from the region of ancient Mesopotamia in modern-day West Asia.

Mesopotamia

MesopotamianMesopotamiansAncient Iraq
Mesopotamian mythology refers to the myths, religious texts, and other literature that comes from the region of ancient Mesopotamia in modern-day West Asia.

Western Asia

West AsiaSouthwest AsiaWest Asian
Mesopotamian mythology refers to the myths, religious texts, and other literature that comes from the region of ancient Mesopotamia in modern-day West Asia.

Akkadian Empire

AkkadAkkadianAkkadians
In particular the societies of Sumer, Akkad, and Assyria, all of which existed shortly after 3000 BCE and were mostly gone by 400 CE.

Assyria

Assyrian EmpireAssyriansAssyrian
In particular the societies of Sumer, Akkad, and Assyria, all of which existed shortly after 3000 BCE and were mostly gone by 400 CE.

Cuneiform

cuneiform scriptAkkadian cuneiformSumerian cuneiform
These works were primarily preserved on stone or clay tablets and were written in cuneiform by scribes.

Atra-Hasis

AtrahasisAtra-Hasis EpicAtrahasis Epic
See main article: Atra-Hasis

Library of Ashurbanipal

Royal Library of Ashurbanipalhis famous librarylibrary
The myth possibly has Assyrian roots, as a fragmented version may have been found in the library of Ashusbanipal, though translations remain unsure.

Akkadian language

AkkadianBabylonianAssyrian
Its most complete surviving version was recorded in Akkadian.

Mami (goddess)

MamiNintu
The myth begins with humans being created by the mother goddess Mami to lighten the gods' workload.

Enlil

En-lil D EN.LÍL d Enlil
Later in the story though, the god Enlil attempts to control overpopulation of humans through various methods, including famine, drought, and finally, a great flood.

Flood myth

Great FloodDelugeflood
Later in the story though, the god Enlil attempts to control overpopulation of humans through various methods, including famine, drought, and finally, a great flood.

Nippur

DrehemNibru Nippur
Eridu Gensis was recorded around the same time as Atra-Hasis, however the fragmented tablet that held it was found in Nippur, located in modern-day east Iraq, while the version of Atra-hasis that came from the same time was found in the library of Ashurbanipal, in modern-day north Iraq.

Iraq

Republic of IraqIraqiIrak
Eridu Gensis was recorded around the same time as Atra-Hasis, however the fragmented tablet that held it was found in Nippur, located in modern-day east Iraq, while the version of Atra-hasis that came from the same time was found in the library of Ashurbanipal, in modern-day north Iraq.

Enûma Eliš

Enuma ElishEnûma ElishEnuma Elis
See main article: Enuma Elis

Bronze Age

Late Bronze AgeEarly Bronze AgeBronze
Enuma Elis (also spelled Enuma Elish) is a Babylonian creation myth with an unclear composition, though it possibly dates back to the Bronze Age.

Marduk

Bel-MardukMerodachBel
The focus of the narrative is on praising Marduk, the patron god of Babylon, who creates the world, the calendar, and humanity.

Gilgamesh

Epic of GilgameshGilGilgames
The Epic of Gilgamesh is one of the most well known Mesopotamian myths, and is often regarded as the oldest known piece of literature in the world.

Anu

Anheaven An
Adapa was summoned to be judged by An, and before he left Enki warned him not to eat or drink anything offered to him.

Fall of man

Fallthe FallThe Fall of Man
This story is used as an explanation for humankind’s mortality, it is associated with the fall of man narrative that is also present in Christianity.

Immortality

immortalimmortality of the souleternal life
Immortality is a constant goal of the characters in Mesopotamian epics.