Messerschmitt Me 210

Me 210Me-210Me 210 Ca-1Me 210CMesserschmitt 210Messerschmitt Me 210CMesserschmitt Me 210Ca
The Messerschmitt Me 210 was a German heavy fighter and ground-attack aircraft of World War II. Design started before the war, as a replacement for the Bf 110.wikipedia
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Messerschmitt Me 410

Me 410410Me 410 ''Hornisse
The design entered limited service in 1943, but was almost immediately replaced by the Messerschmitt Me 410 Hornisse ("Hornet").
Though an incremental improvement of the Me 210, it had a new wing plan, longer fuselage and engines of greater power.

Messerschmitt Bf 110

Bf 110Bf 110sMesserschmitt 110
Design started before the war, as a replacement for the Bf 110.
Development work on an improved type to replace the Bf 110, the Messerschmitt Me 210 began before the war started but its teething troubles resulted in the Bf 110 soldiering on until the end of the war in various roles, with its replacements, the Me 210 and the significantly improved Me 410 Hornisse.

Heavy fighter

ZerstörerheavyZerstorer
The Messerschmitt Me 210 was a German heavy fighter and ground-attack aircraft of World War II.
The Me 210 and Me 410 Hornisse were all-new aircraft designs meant to replace the Bf 110, but also could not outrun contemporary single-engine fighters, with the Me 210 having serious aerodynamic problems from mistakes in the design of its wing planform and the initial design of its rear fuselage.

Arado Ar 240

Arado Ar 440Ar 240Arado E.240
Messerschmitt sent in their modified Bf 110 design as the Me 210, and Arado responded with their all-new Ar 240.
Messerschmitt's response, the Me 210, was a totally new design, but thanks to Messerschmitt's experience with the Zerstörer ("Destroyer") concept, it would be able to enter service quickly.

Landing gear

undercarriagemonowheelmonowheel gear
The Me 210's main landing gear followed some of the design philosophies that had resulted from the main change in the earlier Ju 88's main landing gear design, where each main gear had a single gear strut that twisted through 90° during retraction, to bring the main gear wheel resting atop the lower end of the main strut when retracted rearwards into the wing.
Examples are the Curtiss P-40, Vought F4U Corsair, Grumman F6F Hellcat, Messerschmitt Me 210 and Junkers Ju 88.

Daimler-Benz DB 601

DB 601Daimler-Benz DB 606Alfa Romeo RA.1000
On paper, the Me 210's performance was impressive: It could reach 620 km/h (390 mph) on two 1,350 PS (1,330 hp, 990 kW) Daimler-Benz DB 601F engines, making it about 80 km/h (50 mph) faster than the Bf 110, and nearly as fast as single-engine fighters of that era.

Daimler-Benz DB 605

DB 605Daimler-Benz DB 610DB 610
The Me 210C was built with DB 605 engines, as well as incorporating the changes to the airframe.
Developed from the DB 601, the DB 605 was used from 1942 to 1945 in the Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter, and the Bf 110 and Me 210C heavy fighters.

Gun turret

turretturretsgun turrets
Each of these was fitted into half-teardrop-shaped Ferngerichtete Drehringseitenlafette FDSL 131/1B turrets mounted on each side of the aircraft, and was remote-controlled from the gunner's position in the rear of the glazed cockpit area with a unique gun-aiming setup.
The intended replacement for the German Bf 110 heavy fighter, the Messerschmitt Me 210, possessed twin half-teardrop-shaped, remotely operated Ferngerichtete Drehringseitenlafette FDSL 131/1B turrets, one on each side "flank" of the rear fuselage to defend the rear of the aircraft, controlled from the rear area of the cockpit.

Messerschmitt Bf 109

Bf 109Messerschmitt 109Me 109
Production ended in March 1944, when the factory switched over to produce the Bf 109G.
All Messerschmitt aircraft that originated after that date, such as the Me 210, were to carry the "Me" designation.

44M Lidérc

During air combat every Me 210 Ca-1 destroyer-aircraft (Hungarian: romboló, German: zerstörer) would have launched 2-4 Lidérc into a bomber group which is expected to cause great damage and a significant impact on the morale of bomber crews.

Varga RMI-1 X/H

RMI-1Varga X\H
The Hungarian authorities were satisfied with the Me 210C in its current state, and purchased a production license for the type, to fill the role of the Varga RMI-1 X/H, designated Me 210Ca (a = ausländisch or 'foreign') as well as for its DB 605 engines.
Only one prototype was built, as with the signing of a mutual defence pact between Hungary and Germany in June 1941 it was decided to license produce the Daimler-Benz DB 605 piston engine and purchase the Messerschmitt Me 210 fitted with these engines to fill the fighter bomber requirement.

Messerschmitt

Bayerische FlugzeugwerkeMesserschmitt AGBFW
Messerschmitt had its share of poor designs as well; the Me 210, designed as a follow-on to the 110, was an aerodynamic disaster that almost led to the forced dissolution of the company.

Nazi Germany

Third ReichGermanGermany
The Messerschmitt Me 210 was a German heavy fighter and ground-attack aircraft of World War II.

Attack aircraft

ground-attack aircraftground attack aircraftattack
The Messerschmitt Me 210 was a German heavy fighter and ground-attack aircraft of World War II.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
The Messerschmitt Me 210 was a German heavy fighter and ground-attack aircraft of World War II.

Luftwaffe

German Air ForceGermanair force
The failure of the Me 210's development program meant the Luftwaffe was forced to continue operating the Bf 110 after it had become outdated, despite mounting losses.

Ministry of Aviation (Nazi Germany)

ReichsluftfahrtministeriumRLMReich Air Ministry
In late 1938, the Bf 110 was just entering service, and the RLM started looking ahead for its eventual replacement.

Arado Flugzeugwerke

AradoArado Flugzeugwerke GmbHArado aircraft factory
Messerschmitt sent in their modified Bf 110 design as the Me 210, and Arado responded with their all-new Ar 240.

Center of mass

center of gravitycentre of gravitycentre of mass
The main differences were a modified nose area that was much shorter and located over the center of gravity, an internal bomb bay, an all-new wing designed for higher cruise speeds and a highly advanced remote-control defensive armament system that gave the gunner a far wider field of fire.

Junkers Ju 88

Ju 88Junkers 88Ju 88s
The Me 210's main landing gear followed some of the design philosophies that had resulted from the main change in the earlier Ju 88's main landing gear design, where each main gear had a single gear strut that twisted through 90° during retraction, to bring the main gear wheel resting atop the lower end of the main strut when retracted rearwards into the wing.

Fuselage

hullaircraft fuselageairframe
The Bf 110 carried its ordnance externally beneath the wings and fuselage, but this created drag; the Me 210 avoided this problem by housing the bombs in an enclosed bomb bay, in the nose of the aircraft.

Bomb bay

weapons baybomb-bayweapons bays
The Bf 110 carried its ordnance externally beneath the wings and fuselage, but this created drag; the Me 210 avoided this problem by housing the bombs in an enclosed bomb bay, in the nose of the aircraft.

Bombsight

bomb sightaccuracy of aerial bombingbomb aiming systems
The Me 210 had dive brakes fitted on the tops of the wings, and a Stuvi 5B bombsight ("Stuvi"-Sturzkampfvisier, dive-bombing sight) in the nose, for shallow-angle dive bombing.

Dive bomber

dive bombingdive bombersdive-bomber
The Me 210 had dive brakes fitted on the tops of the wings, and a Stuvi 5B bombsight ("Stuvi"-Sturzkampfvisier, dive-bombing sight) in the nose, for shallow-angle dive bombing.

Autocannon

cannonautomatic cannonautocannons
In the fighter role, the bomb bay was fitted with four 20 mm cannons.