Metacritic

Metacritic.comMetascoreuniversal acclaimgenerally favorable reviewsMCMetacritcMetacritic Best and Worst Movies of 2014www.metacritic.com
Metacritic is a website that aggregates reviews of films, TV shows, music albums, video games and formerly, books.wikipedia
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GameRankings

Game RankingsGameRankings.com
Wingfield wrote that Wall Street pays attention to Metacritic and GameRankings because the sites typically post scores before sales data are publicly available, citing the respective rapid rise and fall in company values after BioShock and Spider-Man 3 were released.
Similar websites include GameStats, Metacritic (also owned by CBS Interactive), MobyGames, and TopTenReviews.

Rotten Tomatoes

RottenTomatoes.comGolden Tomato AwardsGolden Tomato
Rotten Tomatoes was already compiling movie reviews, but Doyle, Roberts and Dietz saw an opportunity to cover a broader range of media.

BioShock

1HephaestusRapture
Wingfield wrote that Wall Street pays attention to Metacritic and GameRankings because the sites typically post scores before sales data are publicly available, citing the respective rapid rise and fall in company values after BioShock and Spider-Man 3 were released.
According to review aggregator Metacritic, the game received an average review score of 96/100 for Xbox 360 and Microsoft Windows, and 94/100 for PlayStation 3.

Review bomb

review bombingreview-bombingreview-bombed
Critics and developers have pointed out that a product can suffer from rating manipulation by users, as by garnering low ratings that purposely damage its reputation or by receiving high ratings from throwaway accounts to make it appear more popular than it actually is.
The term is primarily associated with online media review aggregates and storefronts such as Steam, Metacritic, or Rotten Tomatoes.

Spider-Man 3 (video game)

Spider-Man 3Spider Man 3Spider-Man 3'' video game
Wingfield wrote that Wall Street pays attention to Metacritic and GameRankings because the sites typically post scores before sales data are publicly available, citing the respective rapid rise and fall in company values after BioShock and Spider-Man 3 were released.
Spider-Man 3 received "generally positive" and "mixed or average" reviews according to review aggregator Metacritic.

CBS Interactive

CBS SoftwareMaxPrepsCBS Digital
On June 30, 2008, CNET Networks was acquired by CBS and the assets were merged into CBS Interactive, including Metacritic, GameSpot, TV.com, and Movietome.

Fallout: New Vegas

Fallout New VegasFallout: New Vegas Ultimate EditionFallout: New Vegas - Ultimate Edition
One notable example is the 2010 game Fallout: New Vegas, which received an average Metascore of 84—one point too short of Bethesda's, the game's publisher, 85-point requirement.
Fallout: New Vegas received "generally favorable" reviews from critics according to review aggregator Metacritic.

Xbox Live Arcade

XBLALive ArcadeXbox 360 (XBLA)
Also in 2008, Microsoft used Metacritic averages to delist underperforming Xbox Live Arcade games.
In May 2008, Microsoft announced that games older than six months would become eligible for delisting from the service if they had a Metacritic score below 65 and a conversion rate below 6%.

Uncharted 4: A Thief's End

Uncharted 4A Thief's EndUncharted
A Washington Post review of Uncharted 4 was assigned with a rating of 40/100 by Metacritic; this was the only negative review of the game.
Uncharted 4: A Thief's End received "universal acclaim" according to review aggregator Metacritic.

Review aggregator

review aggregationComic Book Roundupreview aggregate
Metacritic is a website that aggregates reviews of films, TV shows, music albums, video games and formerly, books.

IMDb

Internet Movie DatabaseThe Internet Movie DatabaseIMDb.com

Weighted arithmetic mean

averageaverage ratingweighted average
For each product, the scores from each review are averaged (a weighted average).

Webby Award

Webby AwardsWebbyThe Webby Awards
The website won two Webby Awards for excellence as an aggregation website.

University of Southern California

USCSouthern CaliforniaThe University of Southern California
Metacritic was launched in January 2001 by Marc Doyle, his sister Julie Doyle Roberts, and a classmate from the University of Southern California law school, Jason Dietz, after two years of developing the site.

CNET

CNET GamecenterCNET NetworksCNET News
They sold Metacritic to CNET in 2005.

CBS Corporation

CBSC'''BSCBS Enterprises
CNET and Metacritic were later acquired by the CBS Corporation.

The Wall Street Journal

Wall Street JournalWSJWall St. Journal
Nick Wingfield of The Wall Street Journal wrote that Metacritic "influence[s] the sales of games and the stocks of video game publishers".

Wall Street

WallWall Street (Manhattan)financial
Wingfield wrote that Wall Street pays attention to Metacritic and GameRankings because the sites typically post scores before sales data are publicly available, citing the respective rapid rise and fall in company values after BioShock and Spider-Man 3 were released.

The Guardian

GuardianManchester GuardianThe Manchester Guardian
In an interview with The Guardian, Marc Doyle cited two major publishers that "conducted comprehensive statistical surveys through which they've been able to draw a correlation between high metascores and stronger sales" in certain genres.

Xbox 360

X360Microsoft Xbox 360360
However, a 2015 study analyzing over 88 Xbox 360 and 80 PS3 games from 2012 found that Metacritic scores did not impact actual sales.

PlayStation 3

PS3Sony PlayStation 33
However, a 2015 study analyzing over 88 Xbox 360 and 80 PS3 games from 2012 found that Metacritic scores did not impact actual sales.

John Riccitiello

Along with other executives, in 2008, John Riccitiello, then CEO of Electronic Arts, showed Wall Street analysts a chart illustrating a downward trend in the average critical ratings of the company's games.

Game Revolution

GameRevolutionGamingBoltGame-Revolution
Joe Dodson, former editor at Game Revolution, criticized Metacritic and similar sites for turning reviews into scores that he found to be too low.

The Washington Post

Washington Postwashingtonpost.comWashington Post Magazine
A Washington Post review of Uncharted 4 was assigned with a rating of 40/100 by Metacritic; this was the only negative review of the game.

Kotaku

Kotaku AustraliaKotaku UKKotaku.com
As a result of its perceived negative influence on the industry, several reviewing sites, including Kotaku and Eurogamer, have dropped numerical reviews that would appear in Metacritic, instead favoring a qualitative assessment of a game.