Metes and bounds

metes-and-boundsmetemetes
Metes and bounds is a system or method of describing land, real property (in contrast to personal property) or real estate.wikipedia
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Beating the bounds

perambulationBeating of the BoundsA present-day parish boundary
The boundaries are described in a running prose style, working around the parcel in sequence, from a point of beginning, returning to the same point; compare with the oral ritual of beating the bounds.
The modern system of metes and bounds operates fundamentally similarly, giving a prose definition of a property as if walking about it.

Public Land Survey System

PLSSPublic Lands Survey Systemsurvey
Beginning with the Land Ordinance of 1785, it began a transition to the Public Land Survey System (PLSS) used in the central and western states.
The original colonies (including their derivatives Maine, Vermont, Tennessee, Kentucky and West Virginia) continued the British system of metes and bounds.

Rod (unit)

rodsrodperches
In most distance measures, especially those in older deeds and where measuring distances over a furlong, boundary lengths are listed in rods or poles instead of feet or meters.
Rods can also be found on the older legal descriptions of tracts of land in the United States, following the "metes and bounds" method of land survey; as shown in this actual legal description of rural real estate: "LEGAL DESCRIPTION: Commencing 45 rods East and 44 rods North of Southwest corner of Southwest 1/4 of Southwest 1/4; thence North 36 rods; thence East 35 rods; thence South 36 rods; thence West 35 rods to the place of beginning, Manistique Township, Schoolcraft County, Michigan."

Lot and block survey system

laying out of streetslotsplat maps
This large tract is typically defined by one of the earlier survey systems such as metes and bounds or the Public Land Survey System.

Boundary (real estate)

boundaryboundariesproperty line
The metes and bounds method is also used to provide a legal description of a property.

Real property

landimmovable propertyrealty
Metes and bounds is a system or method of describing land, real property (in contrast to personal property) or real estate.

Personal property

chattelchattelsmovable property
Metes and bounds is a system or method of describing land, real property (in contrast to personal property) or real estate.

Real estate

real-estateluxury real estateland
Metes and bounds is a system or method of describing land, real property (in contrast to personal property) or real estate.

Torrens title

Torrens systemReal Property ActTorrens
Newer systems include rectangular (government survey), lot and block (recorded plat) and Torrens (used in Hawaii, California, Colorado, Australia, New Zealand and Canada).

Hawaii

State of HawaiiHawaiʻiHI
Newer systems include rectangular (government survey), lot and block (recorded plat) and Torrens (used in Hawaii, California, Colorado, Australia, New Zealand and Canada).

Colorado

State of ColoradoCOColorado, USA
Newer systems include rectangular (government survey), lot and block (recorded plat) and Torrens (used in Hawaii, California, Colorado, Australia, New Zealand and Canada).

Australia

AUSAustralianCommonwealth of Australia
Newer systems include rectangular (government survey), lot and block (recorded plat) and Torrens (used in Hawaii, California, Colorado, Australia, New Zealand and Canada).

New Zealand

NZLNZKiwi
Newer systems include rectangular (government survey), lot and block (recorded plat) and Torrens (used in Hawaii, California, Colorado, Australia, New Zealand and Canada).

Canada

CanadianCANCanadians
Newer systems include rectangular (government survey), lot and block (recorded plat) and Torrens (used in Hawaii, California, Colorado, Australia, New Zealand and Canada).

England

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿EnglishENG
The system has been used in England for many centuries, and is still used there in the definition of general boundaries.

Ontario

Ontario, CanadaONProvince of Ontario
The system is also used in the Canadian province of Ontario.

Thirteen Colonies

American coloniescoloniescolonial
By custom, it was applied in the original Thirteen Colonies that became the United States, and in many other land jurisdictions based on English common law, including Zimbabwe, South Africa, India and Bangladesh.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
By custom, it was applied in the original Thirteen Colonies that became the United States, and in many other land jurisdictions based on English common law, including Zimbabwe, South Africa, India and Bangladesh.

English law

English common lawEnglishEngland and Wales
By custom, it was applied in the original Thirteen Colonies that became the United States, and in many other land jurisdictions based on English common law, including Zimbabwe, South Africa, India and Bangladesh.

Common law

common-lawcourts of common lawcommon
By custom, it was applied in the original Thirteen Colonies that became the United States, and in many other land jurisdictions based on English common law, including Zimbabwe, South Africa, India and Bangladesh.

Zimbabwe

🇿🇼 ZimbabweanRepublic of Zimbabwe
By custom, it was applied in the original Thirteen Colonies that became the United States, and in many other land jurisdictions based on English common law, including Zimbabwe, South Africa, India and Bangladesh.

South Africa

South AfricanRepublic of South AfricaRSA
By custom, it was applied in the original Thirteen Colonies that became the United States, and in many other land jurisdictions based on English common law, including Zimbabwe, South Africa, India and Bangladesh.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
By custom, it was applied in the original Thirteen Colonies that became the United States, and in many other land jurisdictions based on English common law, including Zimbabwe, South Africa, India and Bangladesh.

Bangladesh

People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshiBangla Desh
By custom, it was applied in the original Thirteen Colonies that became the United States, and in many other land jurisdictions based on English common law, including Zimbabwe, South Africa, India and Bangladesh.

Geography

geographicalgeographicgeographer
Typically the system uses physical features of the local geography, along with directions and distances, to define and describe the boundaries of a parcel of land.