Methodism

MethodistMethodistsMethodist ChurchWesleyanMethodist movementMethodist ChapelUnited MethodistMethodist churchesWesleyan MethodistMethodist minister
Methodism, also known as the Methodist movement, is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley.wikipedia
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Charles Wesley

CharlesWesleyWesley, Charles
George Whitefield and John's brother Charles Wesley were also significant early leaders in the movement.
Charles Wesley (18 December 1707 – 29 March 1788) was an English leader of the Methodist movement, most widely known for writing about 6,500 hymns.

George Whitefield

WhitefieldReverend George Whitefieldrevival meetings
George Whitefield and John's brother Charles Wesley were also significant early leaders in the movement. Conversely, George Whitefield (1714–1770), Howell Harris (1714–1773), and Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon (1707–1791) were notable for being Calvinistic Methodists.
George Whitefield (27 December 1714 – 30 September 1770), also spelled Whitfield, was an English Anglican cleric and evangelist who was one of the founders of Methodism and the evangelical movement.

John Wesley

JohnWesleyanWesley
Methodism, also known as the Methodist movement, is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley.
John Wesley (28 June 1703 – 2 March 1791) was an English cleric and theologian who, with his brother Charles and fellow cleric George Whitefield, founded Methodism.

Imparted righteousness

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Distinguishing Methodist doctrines include the new birth, an assurance of salvation, imparted righteousness, the possibility of perfection in love, the works of piety, and the primacy of Scripture.
Imparted righteousness, in Methodist theology, is that gracious gift of God given at the moment of the new birth which enables a Christian disciple to strive for holiness and sanctification.

United Methodist Church

MethodistUnited MethodistMethodists
Denominations that descend from the British Methodist tradition are generally less ritualistic, while American Methodism is more so, the United Methodist Church in particular. Many Methodist bodies, such as the African Methodist Episcopal Church and the United Methodist Church, base their doctrinal standards on Wesley's Articles of Religion, an abridgment of the Thirty-nine Articles of the Church of England that excised its Calvinist features.
The United Methodist Church (UMC) is a mainline Protestant denomination and a major part of Methodism.

Christian revival

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It originated as a revival movement within the 18th-century Church of England and became a separate denomination after Wesley's death.
The Methodist revival of John Wesley, Charles Wesley and George Whitefield in England and Daniel Rowland, Howel Harris and William Williams, Pantycelyn in Wales and the Great Awakening in America prior to the Revolution.

Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon

Countess of HuntingdonLady HuntingdonSelina, Countess of Huntingdon
Conversely, George Whitefield (1714–1770), Howell Harris (1714–1773), and Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon (1707–1791) were notable for being Calvinistic Methodists.
Selina, Countess of Huntingdon (24 August 1707 – 17 June 1791) was an English religious leader who played a prominent part in the religious revival of the 18th century and the Methodist movement in England and Wales, and has left an affiliated group of churches (Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion) in England and in Sierra Leone in Africa.

High church

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The movement has a wide variety of forms of worship, ranging from high church to low church in liturgical usage.
Other contemporary denominations that contain high church wings include some Lutheran, Presbyterian, and Methodist churches.

Wesleyanism

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Wesley's theology focused on sanctification and the effect of faith on the character of a Christian.
Wesleyanism, manifest today in Methodist and Holiness churches, is named for its founders, the Wesleys.

Holy Club

The Oxford Holy Club
The Wesley brothers founded the "Holy Club" at the University of Oxford, where John was a fellow and later a lecturer at Lincoln College.
The "Holy Club" was an organization at Christ Church, Oxford, formed in 1729 by brothers John and Charles Wesley, who later contributed to the formation of the Methodist Church.

Works of mercy

corporal works of mercyacts of mercycorporal and spiritual works of mercy
Methodism emphasises charity and support for the sick, the poor, and the afflicted through the works of mercy.
In addition, the Methodist church teaches that the works of mercy are a means of grace which lead to holiness and aid in sanctification.

Arminianism

ArminianArminiansArminian theology
Most Methodists teach that Jesus Christ, the Son of God, died for all of humanity and that salvation is available for all; in theology, this view is known as Arminianism.
Many Christian denominations have been influenced by Arminian views on the will of man being freed by Grace prior to regeneration, notably the Baptists in the 16th century, the Methodists in the 18th century and the Seventh-day Adventist Church in the 19th century.

Christian denomination

denominationdenominationsdenominational
Methodism, also known as the Methodist movement, is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley.
As such, diverse groups such as Adventists, Anabaptists, Baptists, Binitarians, Charismatics, Congregationalists, Evangelicals, Holiness churches, Methodists, Moravians, Pentecostals, Presbyterians, Reformed, and Unitarians (depending on one's classification scheme) are all a part of the same family but have distinct doctrinal variations within each groupLutherans see themselves not to be a part of the rest of what they call "Reformed Protestantism" due to radical differences in sacramental theology and historical approach to the Reformation itself (both Reformed and Lutherans see their reformation in the sixteenth century to be a 'reforming' of the Catholic Church, not a rejection of it entirely).

Black church

Black Protestantblack churchesHistorically Black Protestant
In the United States, it became the religion of many slaves who later formed "black churches" in the Methodist tradition.
Evangelical Baptist and Methodist preachers traveled throughout the South in the Great Awakening of the late 18th century.

African Methodist Episcopal Church

African Methodist EpiscopalAMEA.M.E.
Many Methodist bodies, such as the African Methodist Episcopal Church and the United Methodist Church, base their doctrinal standards on Wesley's Articles of Religion, an abridgment of the Thirty-nine Articles of the Church of England that excised its Calvinist features.
The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the A.M.E. Church or AME, is a predominantly African-American Methodist denomination based in the United States.

Articles of Religion (Methodist)

Articles of ReligionMethodist Articles of ReligionArticles of Religion of the Methodist Church
Many Methodist bodies, such as the African Methodist Episcopal Church and the United Methodist Church, base their doctrinal standards on Wesley's Articles of Religion, an abridgment of the Thirty-nine Articles of the Church of England that excised its Calvinist features.
The Articles of Religion are an official doctrinal statement of Methodism.

Assurance (theology)

assurance of salvationassuranceassurance of faith
Distinguishing Methodist doctrines include the new birth, an assurance of salvation, imparted righteousness, the possibility of perfection in love, the works of piety, and the primacy of Scripture.
Based on the writings of St. Augustine of Hippo, assurance was historically a very important doctrine in Lutheranism and Calvinism, and remains a distinguishing doctrine of Wesleyanism and Methodism.

Christian perfection

entire sanctificationperfectionsanctification
Distinguishing Methodist doctrines include the new birth, an assurance of salvation, imparted righteousness, the possibility of perfection in love, the works of piety, and the primacy of Scripture.
It is also taught in Methodist churches and the holiness movement, in which it is sometimes termed Wesleyan perfectionism.

Credulity, Superstition, and Fanaticism

In one of his prints, William Hogarth likewise attacked Methodists as "enthusiasts" full of "Credulity, Superstition, and Fanaticism".
It ridicules secular and religious credulity, and lampoons the exaggerated religious "enthusiasm" (excessive emotion, not keenness) of the Methodist movement.

Cell group

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These societies were divided into groups called classes—intimate meetings where individuals were encouraged to confess their sins to one another and to build each other up. They also took part in love feasts which allowed for the sharing of testimony, a key feature of early Methodism.
They are always used in cell churches, but also occur in parachurch organizations and other interdenominational settings, where they are usually referred to as such as Bible study groups. In Methodism, they are known as class meetings and are a means of grace.

Holiness movement

HolinessHoliness churchesWesleyan-Holiness
Methodism, inclusive of the holiness movement, thus teaches that "justification [is made] conditional on obedience and progress in sanctification", emphasizing "a deep reliance upon Christ not only in coming to faith, but in remaining in the faith."
The Holiness movement involves a set of beliefs and practices which emerged within 19th-century Methodism.

Book of Common Prayer

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George Whitefield's preference for extemporaneous prayer rather than the fixed forms of prayer in the BCP, in addition to his insistence on the necessity of the New Birth, set him at odds with Anglican clergy.
Traditional English Lutheran, Methodist and Presbyterian prayer books have borrowed from the Book of Common Prayer and the marriage and burial rites have found their way into those of other denominations and into the English language.

Outward holiness

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3) Faith produces inward and outward holiness.
It is a testimony of a Christian believer's inward holiness. The doctrine was prevalent during the revival movements for the early Lutheran Pietists and Methodists, and during the Holiness and Pentecostal movements.

Evangelicalism

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At a Moravian service in Aldersgate on 24 May 1738, John experienced what has come to be called his evangelical conversion, when he felt his "heart strangely warmed".
Its origins are usually traced to 1738, with various theological streams contributing to its foundation, including English Methodism, the Moravian Church (in particular its bishop Nicolaus Zinzendorf and his community at Herrnhut), and German Lutheran Pietism.

Apostles' Creed

ApostlesCreedthe Apostles' Creed
Methodists generally accept the Apostles' Creed and the Nicene Creed as declarations of shared Christian faith.
It is also used by Presbyterians, Moravians, Methodists and Congregationalists.