Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer

MGMMGM Studiosmgm.comMGM/UAM-G-MMGM/UA Entertainment CompanyMetro-Goldwyn MayerMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer PicturesMGM/UA Entertainment Co.Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. (initialized as MGM; common metonym: the Lion or Leo) is an American media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs.wikipedia
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Louis B. Mayer

Louis MayerMayerLouis B. Mayer Pictures
MGM was founded in 1924 when the entertainment entrepreneur Marcus Loew gained control of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, and Louis B. Mayer Pictures.
Louis Burt Mayer (July 12, 1884 – October 29, 1957) was an American film producer and co-founder of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios (MGM) in 1924.

Goldwyn Pictures

GoldwynGoldwyn Pictures CorporationGoldwyn Company
MGM was founded in 1924 when the entertainment entrepreneur Marcus Loew gained control of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, and Louis B. Mayer Pictures.
Goldwyn Pictures Corporation was an American motion picture production company that operated from 1916 to 1924 when it was merged with two other production companies to form the major studio, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

Metro Pictures

MetroMetro Pictures CorporationMetro Pictures Corp.
MGM was founded in 1924 when the entertainment entrepreneur Marcus Loew gained control of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, and Louis B. Mayer Pictures. He had bought Metro Pictures Corporation in 1919 for a steady supply of films for his large Loew's Theatres chain.
It was a forerunner of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

Gary Barber

BarberG. BarberGary
MGM emerged from bankruptcy on December 20, 2010, at which time the executives of Spyglass Entertainment, Gary Barber and Roger Birnbaum, became co-chairmen and co-CEOs of the holding company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Barber was the chairman and CEO of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

MGM Holdings

MGM Holdings Inc.holding companyholding company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
MGM emerged from bankruptcy on December 20, 2010, at which time the executives of Spyglass Entertainment, Gary Barber and Roger Birnbaum, became co-chairmen and co-CEOs of the holding company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
MGM Holdings, Inc. is a Delaware-registered pure holding company and the parent company of the American media company Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc.

Roger Birnbaum

Roger Birnbaum Productions
MGM emerged from bankruptcy on December 20, 2010, at which time the executives of Spyglass Entertainment, Gary Barber and Roger Birnbaum, became co-chairmen and co-CEOs of the holding company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Roger Birnbaum (born November 14, 1950) is an American film producer who owns the company Spyglass Entertainment and was co-CEO and co-Chairman of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

Marcus Loew

LoewLoew's Inc.
MGM was founded in 1924 when the entertainment entrepreneur Marcus Loew gained control of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, and Louis B. Mayer Pictures.
Marcus Loew (May 7, 1870 – September 5, 1927) was an American business magnate and a pioneer of the motion picture industry who formed Loew's Theatres and the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film studio (MGM).

United Artists

UAUnited Artists Media GroupUnited Artists Pictures
The studio continued to produce five to six films a year that were released through other studios, mostly United Artists.
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer acquired the studio in 1981 for a reported $350 million.

Kirk Kerkorian

KerkorianSurvival Pictures
The company was spun out in 1979, with the studio's then owner Kirk Kerkorian maintaining a large share, but it ended all affiliation with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1986.
He purchased the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer movie studio in 1969.

Warner Bros.

Warner Bros. PicturesWarner BrothersWarner Bros. Entertainment
As of 2017, MGM co-produces, co-finances, and co-distributes a majority of its films with Sony Pictures, Paramount Pictures and Warner Bros.
More success came after Ernst Lubitsch was hired as head director; Harry Rapf left the studio to join Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

MGM Resorts International

MGM MirageMGMMGM Grand
MGM Resorts International, a Las Vegas-based hotel and casino company listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "MGM", was created in 1973 as a division of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Billionaire investor Kirk Kerkorian and his Tracinda Corporation were, until 2009, the majority shareholders of MGM Mirage; Kerkorian was the former owner of the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer movie studio, from which MGM Grand derived its name.

20th Century Fox

20th Century-FoxFoxFox Film Corporation
In 1971, it was announced that MGM would merge with 20th Century Fox, a plan which never came into fruition.
Thanks to record attendance during World War II, Fox overtook RKO and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (Hollywood's biggest studio) to become the third most profitable film studio.

Irving Thalberg

ThalbergIrving G. ThalbergIrving Thalberg Award
Mayer became head of the renamed Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, with Irving Thalberg as head of production.
In Los Angeles, he partnered with Louis B. Mayer's new studio and, after it merged with two other studios, helped create Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).

Spyglass Entertainment

SpyglassSpyglass Ent.
MGM emerged from bankruptcy on December 20, 2010, at which time the executives of Spyglass Entertainment, Gary Barber and Roger Birnbaum, became co-chairmen and co-CEOs of the holding company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
On December 20, 2010, Gary Barber and Roger Birnbaum became co-chairmen and co-CEOs of the holding company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, which had recently at that time emerged from bankruptcy.

William Haines

Having inherited few big names from their predecessor companies, Mayer and Thalberg began at once to create and publicize a host of new stars, among them Greta Garbo, John Gilbert, William Haines, Joan Crawford, and Norma Shearer (who followed Thalberg from Universal).
Haines was discovered by a talent scout and signed with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) in 1922.

UFA GmbH

UFAUFA StudiosUniversum Film
Also in 1925, MGM, Paramount Pictures and UFA formed a joint German distributor, Parufamet.
In 1925, financial pressures compelled UFA to enter into distribution agreements with American studios Paramount and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer to form Parufamet.

Joan Crawford

CrawfordJoanLucille LeSueur
Having inherited few big names from their predecessor companies, Mayer and Thalberg began at once to create and publicize a host of new stars, among them Greta Garbo, John Gilbert, William Haines, Joan Crawford, and Norma Shearer (who followed Thalberg from Universal).
Crawford then signed a motion picture contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1925; her career would span decades, studios and controversies.

William Powell

Mr. [William] PowellWilliam Powel
Established names like Lon Chaney, William Powell, Buster Keaton, and Wallace Beery were hired from other studios.
A major star at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, he was paired with Myrna Loy in 14 films, including the Thin Man series based on the Nick and Nora Charles characters created by Dashiell Hammett.

Loews Cineplex Entertainment

Loew's Inc.LoewLoews
He had bought Metro Pictures Corporation in 1919 for a steady supply of films for his large Loew's Theatres chain.
From 1924 until 1959, it was also the parent company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios (MGM).

Buster Keaton

KeatonBuster Keaton ProductionsKeaton (Buster)
Established names like Lon Chaney, William Powell, Buster Keaton, and Wallace Beery were hired from other studios.
His career declined afterward with a loss of artistic independence when he was hired by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, his wife divorced him, and he descended into alcoholism.

Greta Garbo

Garbo[Greta] GarboG. Garbo
Having inherited few big names from their predecessor companies, Mayer and Thalberg began at once to create and publicize a host of new stars, among them Greta Garbo, John Gilbert, William Haines, Joan Crawford, and Norma Shearer (who followed Thalberg from Universal).
Her performance caught the attention of Louis B. Mayer, chief executive of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), who brought her to Hollywood in 1925.

Wallace Beery

Wallace
Established names like Lon Chaney, William Powell, Buster Keaton, and Wallace Beery were hired from other studios.
His contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer stipulated in 1932 that he would be paid $1 more than any other contract player at the studio, making him the highest-paid actor in the world.

Clark Gable

GableClark GravelJohn Clark Gable
The arrival of talking pictures in 1928–29 gave opportunities to other new stars, many of whom would carry MGM through the 1930s: Clark Gable, Jean Harlow, Robert Montgomery, Spencer Tracy, Myrna Loy, Jeanette MacDonald, and Nelson Eddy among them.
He began his career appearing as an extra in Hollywood silent films between 1924 and 1926, and progressed to supporting roles with a few films for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1930.

Jean Harlow

HarlowHarlowesque
The arrival of talking pictures in 1928–29 gave opportunities to other new stars, many of whom would carry MGM through the 1930s: Clark Gable, Jean Harlow, Robert Montgomery, Spencer Tracy, Myrna Loy, Jeanette MacDonald, and Nelson Eddy among them.
Harlow was signed by director Howard Hughes, and her first major appearance was in Hell's Angels (1930), followed by a series of critically unsuccessful films before she signed with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1932.

Spencer Tracy

TracyRichard SumnerSpencer Traceback
The arrival of talking pictures in 1928–29 gave opportunities to other new stars, many of whom would carry MGM through the 1930s: Clark Gable, Jean Harlow, Robert Montgomery, Spencer Tracy, Myrna Loy, Jeanette MacDonald, and Nelson Eddy among them.
In 1935, Tracy joined Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, at the time Hollywood's most prestigious studio.