Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer

MGMMGM StudiosMetro Goldwyn MayerMGM Distribution Co.Metro-Goldwyn MayerM-G-Mmgm.comMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer PicturesMGM InteractiveMGM/UA
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. (initialized as MGM; often referred to as Metro; common metonym: the Lion or Leo) is an American media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs.wikipedia
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Goldwyn Pictures

Goldwyn Pictures CorporationGoldwynGoldwyn Picture Corporation
MGM was founded in 1924 when the entertainment entrepreneur Marcus Loew gained control of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, and Louis B. Mayer Pictures.
Goldwyn Pictures Corporation was an American motion picture production company that operated from 1916 to 1924 when it was merged with two other production companies to form the major studio, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

Louis B. Mayer

Louis B. Mayer PicturesLouis MayerLouis B. Mayer Foundation
MGM was founded in 1924 when the entertainment entrepreneur Marcus Loew gained control of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, and Louis B. Mayer Pictures.
Louis Burt Mayer ( born Lazar Meir; July 12, 1884 – October 29, 1957) was an American film producer and co-founder of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios (MGM) in 1924.

Roger Birnbaum

Roger Birnbaum ProductionsCave 76 ProductionsRoger Birmbaum Productions
MGM emerged from bankruptcy on December 20, 2010, at which time the executives of Spyglass Entertainment, Gary Barber and Roger Birnbaum, became co-chairmen and co-CEOs of the holding company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Roger Birnbaum (born November 14, 1950) is an American film producer who owns the company Spyglass Entertainment, and was co-CEO and co-chairman of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

Gary Barber

BarberBarber, GaryG. Barber
MGM emerged from bankruptcy on December 20, 2010, at which time the executives of Spyglass Entertainment, Gary Barber and Roger Birnbaum, became co-chairmen and co-CEOs of the holding company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Barber was the chairman and CEO of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

MGM Holdings

MGM Holdings Inc.holding companyholding company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
MGM emerged from bankruptcy on December 20, 2010, at which time the executives of Spyglass Entertainment, Gary Barber and Roger Birnbaum, became co-chairmen and co-CEOs of the holding company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
MGM Holdings, Inc. is a Delaware-registered pure holding company and the parent company of the American media company Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc.

Metro Pictures

Metro Pictures CorporationMetroMetro Studios
MGM was founded in 1924 when the entertainment entrepreneur Marcus Loew gained control of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, and Louis B. Mayer Pictures. He had bought Metro Pictures Corporation in 1919 for a steady supply of films for his large Loew's Theatres chain.
It was a forerunner of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

Marcus Loew

LoewLoew's Inc.
MGM was founded in 1924 when the entertainment entrepreneur Marcus Loew gained control of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, and Louis B. Mayer Pictures.
Marcus Loew (May 7, 1870 – September 5, 1927) was an American business magnate and a pioneer of the motion picture industry who formed Loew's Theatres and the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film studio (MGM).

Production of the James Bond films

James BondJames Bond filmJames Bond films
MGM ramped up internal production, as well as keeping production going at UA, which included the lucrative James Bond film franchise.
When Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer absorbed United Artists in 1981, MGM/UA Entertainment Co. was formed and distributed the films until 1995.

Kirk Kerkorian

KerkorianKirk KirkorianLincy Foundation
The company was spun out in 1979, with the studio's then owner Kirk Kerkorian maintaining a large share, but it ended all affiliation with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1986.
He purchased the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer movie studio in 1969.

20th Century Fox

Twentieth Century Fox20th Century-FoxFox
In 1971, it was announced that MGM was to merge with 20th Century Fox, but the plan never came to fruition.
Higher attendance during World War II helped Fox overtake RKO and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer to become the third most profitable film studio.

Warner Bros.

Warner BrothersWarner Bros. PicturesWarner Bros
As of 2017, MGM co-produces, co-finances, and co-distributes a majority of its films with Sony Pictures, Paramount Pictures and Warner Bros.
More success came after Ernst Lubitsch was hired as head director; Harry Rapf left the studio to join Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

MGM Resorts International

MGM MirageMGM ResortsMGM Grand Inc.
MGM Resorts International, a Las Vegas-based hotel and casino company listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "MGM", was created in 1973 as a division of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Billionaire investor Kirk Kerkorian and his Tracinda Corporation were, until 2009, the majority shareholders of MGM Mirage; Kerkorian was the former owner of the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer movie studio, from which MGM Grand derived its name.

Spyglass Media Group

Spyglass EntertainmentSpyglassSpyglass Ent.
MGM emerged from bankruptcy on December 20, 2010, at which time the executives of Spyglass Entertainment, Gary Barber and Roger Birnbaum, became co-chairmen and co-CEOs of the holding company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
On December 20, 2010, Gary Barber and Roger Birnbaum became co-chairmen and CEOs of the holding company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, which had at that time recently emerged from bankruptcy.

Irving Thalberg

Irving G. ThalbergThalbergIrving Thalberg Award
Mayer became head of the renamed Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, with Irving Thalberg as head of production.
In Los Angeles, he partnered with Louis B. Mayer's new studio and, after it merged with two other studios, helped create Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM).

William Haines

Jimmie ShieldsBilly Haines
Having inherited few big names from their predecessor companies, Mayer and Thalberg began at once to create and publicize a host of new stars, among them Greta Garbo, John Gilbert, William Haines, Joan Crawford, and Norma Shearer (who followed Thalberg from Universal).
Haines was discovered by a talent scout and signed with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) in 1922.

Joan Crawford

CrawfordLucille LeSueuractress of the same name
Having inherited few big names from their predecessor companies, Mayer and Thalberg began at once to create and publicize a host of new stars, among them Greta Garbo, John Gilbert, William Haines, Joan Crawford, and Norma Shearer (who followed Thalberg from Universal).
Crawford then signed a motion picture contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1925; her career spanned decades, studios, and controversies.

William Powell

Mr. [William] Powell
Established names like Lon Chaney, William Powell, Buster Keaton, and Wallace Beery were hired from other studios.
A major star at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, he was paired with Myrna Loy in 14 films, including the Thin Man series based on the Nick and Nora Charles characters created by Dashiell Hammett.

Greta Garbo

Garbo[Greta] GarboG. Garbo
Having inherited few big names from their predecessor companies, Mayer and Thalberg began at once to create and publicize a host of new stars, among them Greta Garbo, John Gilbert, William Haines, Joan Crawford, and Norma Shearer (who followed Thalberg from Universal).
Her performance caught the attention of Louis B. Mayer, chief executive of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), who brought her to Hollywood in 1925.

Loews Cineplex Entertainment

LoewLoew's Inc.Loews Theatres
He had bought Metro Pictures Corporation in 1919 for a steady supply of films for his large Loew's Theatres chain.
From 1924 until 1959, it was also the parent company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios (MGM).

Buster Keaton

KeatonBuster Keaton ProductionsEleanor Keaton
Established names like Lon Chaney, William Powell, Buster Keaton, and Wallace Beery were hired from other studios.
His career declined afterward with a loss of artistic independence when he signed with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, his wife divorced him, and he descended into alcoholism.

Wallace Beery

Wallace
Established names like Lon Chaney, William Powell, Buster Keaton, and Wallace Beery were hired from other studios.
His contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer stipulated in 1932 that he would be paid $1 more than any other contract player at the studio.

Clark Gable

GableClark GravelClarke Gable
The arrival of talking pictures in 1928–29 gave opportunities to other new stars, many of whom would carry MGM through the 1930s: Clark Gable, Jean Harlow, Robert Montgomery, Spencer Tracy, Myrna Loy, Jeanette MacDonald, and Nelson Eddy among them.
He progressed to supporting roles for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and his first leading role in 1931's Dance, Fools, Dance was alongside Joan Crawford, who requested him for the part.

Jean Harlow

HarlowHarlowesque
The arrival of talking pictures in 1928–29 gave opportunities to other new stars, many of whom would carry MGM through the 1930s: Clark Gable, Jean Harlow, Robert Montgomery, Spencer Tracy, Myrna Loy, Jeanette MacDonald, and Nelson Eddy among them.
In 1932, after a series of critically unsuccessful films and Hughes losing interest in her career, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer bought out Harlow's contract.

Spencer Tracy

TracyRichard SumnerSpencer Traceback
The arrival of talking pictures in 1928–29 gave opportunities to other new stars, many of whom would carry MGM through the 1930s: Clark Gable, Jean Harlow, Robert Montgomery, Spencer Tracy, Myrna Loy, Jeanette MacDonald, and Nelson Eddy among them.
In 1935, Tracy joined Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, at the time Hollywood's most prestigious studio.

The Rogue Song

Rogue SongRogue Song, The
MGM, however, was the very last studio to convert to "talkies" with its first all-color, "all-talking" sound feature with dialogue being the musical The Rogue Song (1930).
The Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer production was directed by Lionel Barrymore and released in two versions, with and without sound.