Mexico

MexicanMéxicoMEXUnited Mexican StatesMexicansRepublic of MexicoMexican RepublicMXMexican stateMexican republicans
Mexico (México ; Mēxihco), officially the United Mexican States (UMS; Estados Unidos Mexicanos, EUM, ), is a country in the southern portion of North America.wikipedia
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Guatemala

GuatemalanRepublic of GuatemalaGTM
It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico.
Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico.
Most of the country is located in central North America between Canada and Mexico.

Belize

British HondurasBelizeanBelizian
It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico.
Belize is bordered on the northwest by Mexico, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, and on the south and west by Guatemala.

Mexico City

Federal DistrictMexico City, MexicoDistrito Federal
Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states plus Mexico City (CDMX), which is the capital city and its most populous city.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México, ; abbreviated as CDMX, Āltepētl Mēxihco), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.

Guadalajara

Guadalajara, JaliscoGuadalajara, MexicoGuadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
Other metropolises in the country include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana, and León.
Guadalajara is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of Jalisco, and the seat of the municipality of Guadalajara.

List of states of Mexico

StateMexican statestates
Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states plus Mexico City (CDMX), which is the capital city and its most populous city.
The states of Mexico are first-level administrative territorial entities of the country of Mexico, which officially is named United Mexican States.

Gulf of Mexico

GulfGulf CoastMexican Gulf
It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico.
It is bounded on the northeast, north and northwest by the Gulf Coast of the United States, on the southwest and south by Mexico, and on the southeast by Cuba.

List of cities in Mexico

Largest Citycity30th largest city
Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states plus Mexico City (CDMX), which is the capital city and its most populous city.
This article contains lists of most populous cities as well as municipalities of Mexico.

Monterrey

Monterrey, MexicoMonterrey, Nuevo LeónMonterrey, Nuevo Leon
Other metropolises in the country include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana, and León.
Monterrey is the capital and largest city of the northeastern state of Nuevo León, Mexico.

Metropolitan areas of Mexico

metropolitan areaLargest metro area4th largest metropolitan area
Other metropolises in the country include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana, and León.
The metropolitan areas of Mexico have been traditionally defined as the group of municipalities that heavily interact with each other, usually around a core city.

Pre-Columbian Mexico

Mexicopre-Columbianpre-Columbian Mexican
Pre-Columbian Mexico dates to about 8000 BC and is identified as one of six cradles of civilization and was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Maya, and Aztec before first contact with Europeans.
The pre-Columbian history of the territory now comprising contemporary Mexico is known through the work of archaeologists and epigraphers, and through the accounts of the conquistadores, clergymen, and indigenous chroniclers of the immediate post-conquest period.

Toluca

Toluca, MexicoToluca, State of MexicoToluca de Lerdo
Other metropolises in the country include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana, and León.
The city is the fifth largest in Mexico by population.

León, Guanajuato

LeónLeonLeon, Guanajuato
Other metropolises in the country include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana, and León.
León is the most populous city and municipality in the Mexican state of Guanajuato.

Borders of Mexico

Mexican borderborderedbordertown
It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico.
Mexico shares international borders with three nations:

Aztecs

AztecAztec EmpireMexica
Pre-Columbian Mexico dates to about 8000 BC and is identified as one of six cradles of civilization and was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Maya, and Aztec before first contact with Europeans.
The Aztecs were a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from 1300 to 1521.

Territorial evolution of Mexico

OrderNorthern Mexico TerritoryMexican states
The Mexican–American War (1846–1848) led to a territorial loss of part of the huge northern territories to the United States.
The territorial boundaries of Mexico were affected by presidential and imperial decrees.

Latin America

Latin AmericanLatin-AmericaCentral and South America
With an estimated population of over 129 million people, Mexico is the tenth most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil.
Neither area is culturally or linguistically homogeneous; in substantial portions of Latin America (e.g., highland Peru, Bolivia, Mexico, Guatemala), Native American cultures and, to a lesser extent, Amerindian languages, are predominant, and in other areas, the influence of African cultures is strong (e.g., the Caribbean basin – including parts of Colombia and Venezuela).

Maya civilization

MayaMayanMayans
Pre-Columbian Mexico dates to about 8000 BC and is identified as one of six cradles of civilization and was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Maya, and Aztec before first contact with Europeans.
The Maya civilization developed in an area that encompasses southeastern Mexico, all of Guatemala and Belize, and the western portions of Honduras and El Salvador.

North America

NorthNorth AmericanNA
Mexico (México ; Mēxihco), officially the United Mexican States (UMS; Estados Unidos Mexicanos, EUM, ), is a country in the southern portion of North America.
"Northern America", as a term distinct from "North America", excludes Central America, which itself may or may not include Mexico (see ).

Caribbean Sea

CaribbeanCaribbean coastMar Caribe
It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico.
It runs 1000 km along the coasts of Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras.

Reform War

War of ReformWar of the ReformReform Laws
The Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, two empires, and the Porfiriato occurred in the 19th century.
The War of Reform (Guerra de Reforma) in Mexico, during the Second Federal Republic of Mexico, was the three-year civil war (1857–1860) between members of the Liberal Party who had taken power in 1855 under the Plan of Ayutla, and members of the Conservative Party resisting the legitimacy of the government and its radical restructuring of Mexican laws, known as La Reforma.

Constitution of Mexico

Mexican ConstitutionConstitution of 1917Mexican Constitution of 1917
The Porfiriato ended with the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated in the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of an authoritarian one-party state, once described as the "perfect dictatorship", that ruled for much of the 20th century until the opposition victories led Mexico to democratic transition in the 1990s.
The Constitution of Mexico, formally the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States (Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is the current constitution of Mexico.

North American Free Trade Agreement

NAFTANorth American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act
The Mexican economy is strongly linked to those of its 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, especially the United States.
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA; Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte, TLCAN; Accord de libre-échange nord-américain, ALÉNA) is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America.

History of Mexico

Mexican historyMexicoMexican
Due to its rich culture and history, Mexico ranks first in the Americas and seventh in the world for number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The history of Mexico, a country in the southern portion of North America, covers a period of more than three millennia.

Economy of Mexico

Mexican economyMexicoeconomy
The Mexican economy is strongly linked to those of its 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, especially the United States.
Mexico was not significantly influenced by the 2002 South American crisis, and maintained positive, although low, rates of growth after a brief period of stagnation in 2001.