Mexico–United States barrier

border wallwallU.S.–Mexico border wallbarrierborder fenceMexican border wallMexico – United States barrierbarrier on the borderborder wall with Mexicobuild fencing on the Mexico–United States border
The Mexico–United States barrier (barrera México–Estados Unidos), also known as the border wall, is a series of vertical barriers along the Mexico–United States border intended to reduce illegal immigration to the United States from Mexico.wikipedia
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Border barrier

border fenceborder wallbarrier
The Mexico–United States barrier (barrera México–Estados Unidos), also known as the border wall, is a series of vertical barriers along the Mexico–United States border intended to reduce illegal immigration to the United States from Mexico.

Illegal immigration to the United States

illegal immigrationillegal immigrantsundocumented immigrants
The Mexico–United States barrier (barrera México–Estados Unidos), also known as the border wall, is a series of vertical barriers along the Mexico–United States border intended to reduce illegal immigration to the United States from Mexico.
Illegal immigration has been a matter of intense debate in the United States since the 1980s, and has been a major focus of President Donald Trump, as illustrated by his campaign to build a wall along the Mexico border.

Tortilla Wall

initial 14 miles of fencing
US President George H. W. Bush approved the initial 14 miles of fencing along the San Diego–Tijuana border.
The Tortilla Wall is a term given to a 14-mile (22.5 kilometer) section of United States border fence between the Otay Mesa Border Crossing in San Diego, California and the Pacific Ocean.

United States Border Patrol

Border PatrolU.S. Border PatrolUS Border Patrol
Between the physical barriers, security is provided by a 'virtual fence' of sensors, cameras, and other surveillance equipment used to dispatch United States Border Patrol agents to suspected migrant crossings.
The newly erected Mexico–United States barrier—which at some remote locations is no more than a fence—has also forced aliens and human traffickers to seek out remote desert locations in California, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas where they may attempt crossing.

Border control

border crossingimmigration policyInternational Zone
This would also have included a 100 yd border zone on the U.S. side.
President Donald Trump's proposal to build a wall along the border was a major feature of his campaign, and he has since attempted to have Congress pay US$18 billion for its cost in the short term.

Donald Trump 2016 presidential campaign

2016 presidential campaignTrump campaignpresidential campaign
Throughout his 2016 presidential campaign, Donald Trump called for the construction of a much larger and fortified border wall, claiming that if elected, he would "build the wall and make Mexico pay for it".
In his announcement speech, Trump promised that he would build "a great, great wall" on the United States–Mexico border, and emphasized that proposal throughout his campaign, further stating that the construction of the wall would be paid for by Mexico.

Mexico–United States border

U.S.-Mexico borderMexican borderUnited States–Mexico border
The Mexico–United States barrier (barrera México–Estados Unidos), also known as the border wall, is a series of vertical barriers along the Mexico–United States border intended to reduce illegal immigration to the United States from Mexico.
Attempts to complete the construction of the Mexico–United States barrier have been challenged by the Mexican government and various U.S.–based organizations.

Raul G. Salinas

Raúl González Salinas
Laredo's mayor, Raul G. Salinas, said that the bill, which included miles of border wall, would devastate Laredo.
Salinas opposed the construction of the border wall along the Rio Grande.

Duncan Hunter

Duncan L. HunterDuncan Lee HunterHunter, Duncan
U.S. Representative Duncan Hunter, a Republican from California and then-chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, proposed a plan to the House on November 3, 2005 calling for the construction of a reinforced fence along the entire United States–Mexico border.
In 2005, Hunter introduced legislation calling for the construction of a reinforced fence along the entire U.S.-Mexico border, citing crime statistics as measures of San Diego-Tijuana fence's success.

Fisher Industries

Fisher Sand & Gravel
In mid-April 2019, former Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach—then rumored to be Trump's prospective choice as the new head of Homeland Security—visited Coolidge, Arizona to observe a demonstration by Fisher Industries of how it would build a border fence.
President Donald Trump has lobbied for the company to receive contracts on the US-Mexico Trump wall, to the Department of Homeland Security, to Todd T. Semonite of the Army Corps of Engineers, and promoted the company in an interview on Fox News with Sean Hannity.

We Build The Wall

We Build The Wall Inc.
A private organization founded by military veteran Brian Kolfage called "We Build the Wall" raised over $20 million beginning in 2018, with President Trump's encouragement and with leadership from Kris Kobach and Steve Bannon.
We Build the Wall is an organization raising donations to build private sections of the wall along the Mexico–U.S. border.

National Emergency Concerning the Southern Border of the United States

national emergency declarationnational emergencyDeclaration of National Emergency
On May 24, 2019, federal Judge Haywood Gilliam in the Northern District of California granted a preliminary injunction preventing the Trump administration from redirecting funds under the national emergency declaration issued earlier in the year to fund a planned wall along the border with Mexico.
The President had demanded that the appropriations bill include for $5.7 billion in federal funds for a proposed U.S.–Mexico border wall.

Brian Kolfage

A private organization founded by military veteran Brian Kolfage called "We Build the Wall" raised over $20 million beginning in 2018, with President Trump's encouragement and with leadership from Kris Kobach and Steve Bannon.
In December 2018, Kolfage initiated a $1 billion fundraising campaign for U.S. President Donald Trump's proposed Mexico–United States barrier on GoFundMe under the organizational title of "We Build the Wall, Inc."

Enrique Peña Nieto

Enrique Pena NietoPeña NietoEnrique Peña Nieto (EPN)
Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto has maintained that his country will not pay for the wall.
Peña Nieto was criticized for extending the invitation to Trump, and following the conference, journalist Jorge Ramos criticized Peña Nieto for not using the opportunity to publicly contradict Trump's campaign promise to make Mexico pay for his proposed Mexico–United States border wall, as well as Ramos called Trump's "attacks on Latin American immigrants, his rejection of free trade agreements and his scorn for global organizations."

Real ID Act

Real IDReal ID Act of 20052005
The Real ID Act, signed into law by President George W. Bush on May 11, 2005, attached a rider to a supplemental appropriations bill funding the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, which went into effect in May 2008: Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall have the authority to waive all legal requirements such Secretary, in such Secretary's sole discretion, determines necessary to ensure expeditious construction of the barriers and roads.

Donald Trump

TrumpPresident TrumpPresident Donald Trump
Throughout his 2016 presidential campaign, Donald Trump called for the construction of a much larger and fortified border wall, claiming that if elected, he would "build the wall and make Mexico pay for it".
He promised to build a more substantial wall on the Mexico–United States border to keep out illegal immigrants and vowed that Mexico would pay for it.

Executive Order 13767

Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvementsbuild a wallbuild the wall
On January 25, 2017, the Trump administration signed Executive Order 13767, which formally directed the US government to begin attempting to construct a border wall using existing federal funding, although construction did not begin at this time due to the lack of a proper budget.
The executive order, signed on January 25, 2017, calls for construction of "a physical wall along the southern border" and defines wall as "a contiguous, physical wall or other similarly secure, contiguous, and impassable physical barrier."

Separation barrier

separation wallApartheid Wallbarrier
The term "separation barrier" has been applied to structures erected in Belfast, Homs, the West Bank, São Paulo, Cyprus, and along the Greece-Turkey border and the Mexico-United States border.

Jaguar

Panthera oncajaguarsYaguareté
Environmentalists expressed concern about butterfly migration corridors and the future of species of local wildcats, the ocelot, the jaguarundi, and the jaguar. About 100 species of plants and animals, many already endangered, are threatened by the wall, including the jaguar, ocelot, Sonoran pronghorn, Mexican wolf, a pygmy owl, the thick-billed parrot, and the Quino checkerspot butterfly.
It is feared that completion of a United States–Mexico barrier may reduce the viability of any population currently residing in the United States, by reducing gene flow with Mexican populations, and may prevent any further northward expansion for the species.

Deaths of Jakelin Caal and Felipe Gómez Alonzo

Jakelin CaalFelipe Gómez Alonzodeath of Jakelin Caal
On 13 December 2018, US media reported that Jakelin Caal, a 7-year-old from Guatemala, had died while in custody of US Customs.
Trump further claimed in his tweet that building a wall between the United States and Mexico would prevent people with children from even attempting to immigrate.

List of walls

Ancient Kano City Walls and Associated SitesEngland's Great WallList of famous walls

Quino checkerspot

Euphydryas editha quinoQuino checkerspot butterflyEuphydryas editha quino (=E. e. wrighti)
About 100 species of plants and animals, many already endangered, are threatened by the wall, including the jaguar, ocelot, Sonoran pronghorn, Mexican wolf, a pygmy owl, the thick-billed parrot, and the Quino checkerspot butterfly.
The construction of additional border walls in new locations would likely have adverse effects on many species, including the Quino checkerspot.

Hungarian border barrier

Hungary erected a fence on its border with SerbiaHungary-Serbia barrierfence

Egypt–Israel barrier

Israel-Egypt barrierIsrael–Egypt barrierbarrier
The United States, which occasionally adds to a partial barrier along its border with Mexico, is also following Israel’s decisions on border security closely.

Immigration reduction in the United States

attrition through enforcementconstrain immigrationimmigration reduction
The Mexico–United States barrier (barrera México–Estados Unidos), also known as the border wall, is a series of vertical barriers along the Mexico–United States border intended to reduce illegal immigration to the United States from Mexico.
The United States-Mexico barrier has been partially constructed to reduce the flow of unauthorized migrants into the United States.