Mexico City

Federal DistrictMexico City, MexicoDistrito FederalCiudad de MéxicoMéxico CityD.F.Mexican Federal DistrictMexicoMexico D.F.México D.F.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México, ; abbreviated as CDMX, Āltepētl Mēxihco), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.wikipedia
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Mexico

MexicanMéxicoMEX
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México, ; abbreviated as CDMX, Āltepētl Mēxihco), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states plus Mexico City (CDMX), which is the capital city and its most populous city.

Greater Mexico City

Mexico City Metropolitan AreaMexico CityMexico City area
According to the most recent definition agreed upon by the federal and state governments, the population of Greater Mexico City is 21.3 million, which makes it the second largest metropolitan area of the Western Hemisphere, the eleventh-largest agglomeration (2017), and the largest Spanish-speaking city in the world.
Greater Mexico City refers to the conurbation around Mexico City, officially called Valley of Mexico Metropolitan Area (Zona Metropolitana del Valle de México), constituted by Mexico City itself composed of 16 Municipalities—and 41 adjacent municipalities of the states of Mexico and Hidalgo.

Valley of Mexico

Anahuac ValleyBasin of MexicoMexico
It is located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México), a large valley in the high plateaus in the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2240 m. The city has 16 alcaldías, formerly known as boroughs.
The Valley of Mexico (Valle de México) is a highlands plateau in central Mexico roughly coterminous with present-day Mexico City and the eastern half of the State of Mexico.

Municipalities of Mexico City

boroughboroughsdelegaciones
It is located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México), a large valley in the high plateaus in the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2240 m. The city has 16 alcaldías, formerly known as boroughs.
Mexico City as a territorial and administrative unit is, alongside the 31 states of Mexico, one of the 32 federal entities of which Mexico consists.

Veracruz

Veracruz, MexicoVera CruzState of Veracruz
After landing in Veracruz, Spanish explorer Hernán Cortés advanced upon Tenochtitlan with the aid of many of the other native peoples,
Veracruz, formally Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (Estado Libre y Soberano de Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave), is one of the 31 states that, along with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federative entities of Mexico.

Iztapalapa

IxtapalapaIztapalapa, Mexico City
Cortés and his men marched along the causeway leading into the city from Iztapalapa, and the city's ruler, Moctezuma II, greeted the Spaniards; they exchanged gifts, but the camaraderie did not last long.
Iztapalapa is one of the Federal District of Mexico City’s 16 boroughs, located on the east side of the entity.

Abortion in Mexico

abortionMexicoabortion debate in Mexico
The city has several progressive policies, such as abortion on demand, a limited form of euthanasia, no-fault divorce, and same-sex marriage.
The procedure is available on request to any woman up to twelve weeks into a pregnancy in Mexico City and the state of Oaxaca, but is severely restricted in the other states.

Coyoacán

CoyoacanCoyoacán, MexicoCoyohuacan
Cortés first settled in Coyoacán, but decided to rebuild the Aztec site to erase all traces of the old order.
Coyoacán is a municipality (alcaldía) of Mexico City and the former village which is now the borough’s “historic center.” The name comes from Nahuatl and most likely means “place of coyotes,” when the Aztecs named a pre-Hispanic village on the southern shore of Lake Texcoco which was dominated by the Tepanec people.

Lake Texcoco

TexcocoTexcoco Lakebuilt on a dry lakebed
The city was originally built on an island of Lake Texcoco by the Aztecs in 1325 as Tenochtitlan, which was almost completely destroyed in the 1521 siege of Tenochtitlan and subsequently redesigned and rebuilt in accordance with the Spanish urban standards.
The entire lake basin is now almost completely occupied by Mexico City, the capital of the present-day nation of Mexico.

Zócalo

ZocaloPlaza de la Constituciónmain plaza
The viceroy of Mexico or vice-king lived in the viceregal palace on the main square or Zócalo.
The Zócalo or Plaza del Zócalo is the common name of the main square in central Mexico City.

New Spain

Viceroyalty of New SpainSpanishNueva España
The city had been the capital of the Aztec empire and in the colonial era, Mexico City became the capital of New Spain.
Its first viceroy was Antonio de Mendoza y Pacheco, and the capital of the kingdom was Mexico City, established on the ancient Tenochtitlan.

Agustín de Iturbide

Agustin de IturbideAgustín IAgustín I of Mexico
Agustín de Iturbide is proclaimed Emperor of the First Mexican Empire by Congress, crowned in the Cathedral of Mexico.
During the Mexican War of Independence, he built a successful political and military coalition that took control in Mexico City on 27 September 1821, decisively gaining independence for Mexico.

Toluca

Toluca, MexicoToluca, State of MexicoToluca de Lerdo
Texcoco de Mora and then Toluca became the capital of the State of Mexico.
It is located 63 km west-southwest of Mexico City, about 40 minutes by car to the western edge of the city.

Euthanasia in Mexico

euthanasia
The city has several progressive policies, such as abortion on demand, a limited form of euthanasia, no-fault divorce, and same-sex marriage.
Since 7 January 2008 the law allows the terminally ill —or closest relatives, if unconscious— to refuse medication or further medical treatment that may extend life (known as passive euthanasia) in Mexico City, in the state of Aguascalientes (since 6 April 2009) and, since 1 September 2009, in the state of Michoacán.

Peñon woman

Peñon Woman III
The oldest signs of human occupation in Mexico City area are those of the "Peñon woman" and others found in San Bartolo Atepehuacan (Gustavo A. Madero), and were believed to correspond to the lower Cenolithic period (9500-7000 BC).
Peñon woman or Peñon Woman III is the name for the human remains, specifically a skull, of a Paleo-Indian woman found by an ancient lake bed in Pueblo Peñón de los Baños in Mexico City in 1959.

Municipalities of Mexico

Municipalitymunicipalitiesmunicipio
In 1524, the municipality of Mexico City was established, known as México Tenochtitlán, and as of 1585, it was officially known as Ciudad de México (Mexico City).
As of the establishment of two new municipalities in Chiapas in September 2017, there are 2,448 municipalities in Mexico, not including the 16 delegaciones of Mexico City.

Legislative Assembly of Mexico City

Legislative Assembly of the Federal DistrictLegislative AssemblyFederal District Legislative Assembly
After years of demanding greater political autonomy, residents were finally given the right to elect both a Head of Government and the representatives of the unicameral Legislative Assembly by election in 1997.
The Legislative Assembly of Mexico City (Asamblea Legislativa de la Ciudad de México, ALCDMX) is the legislative branch of government of the Mexico City.

Battle for Mexico City

Mexico Cityfall of Mexico CityBattle of Mexico City
The Battle for Mexico City was the series of engagements from 8 to 15 September 1847, in the general vicinity of Mexico City during the U.S. Mexican War.
The Battle for Mexico City refers to the series of engagements from September 8 to September 15, 1847, in the general vicinity of Mexico City during the Mexican–American War.

Latin America

Latin AmericanLatin-AmericaCentral and South America
If it were an independent country, in 2013, Mexico City would be the fifth-largest economy in Latin America, five times as large as Costa Rica and about the same size as Peru.
Places such as Cancún, Riviera Maya, Galápagos Islands, Punta Cana, Chichen Itza, Cartagena de Indias, Cabo San Lucas, Mexico City, Machu Picchu, Margarita Island, Acapulco, San Ignacio Miní, Santo Domingo, Buenos Aires, Salar de Uyuni, Rio de Janeiro, Punta del Este, Labadee, San Juan, São Paulo, La Habana, Panama City, Iguazú Falls, Puerto Vallarta, Poás Volcano National Park, Viña del Mar, Guanajuato City, Bogotá, Santa Marta, San Andrés, San Miguel de Allende, Lima, Guadalajara, Cuzco, Ponce and Perito Moreno Glacier are popular among international visitors in the region.

List of oldest continuously inhabited cities

oldest continuously inhabited citiesoldest cities in the worldoldest cities
Mexico's capital is both the oldest capital city in the Americas and one of two founded by Native Americans, the other being Quito, Ecuador.

Capital city

Capitaladministrative centerDistrict seat
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México, ; abbreviated as CDMX, Āltepētl Mēxihco), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
Examples are Athens, Bangkok, Brussels, Copenhagen, Cairo, London, Mexico City, Paris, Lima, Seoul and Tokyo.

Same-sex marriage in Mexico City

Mexico Citysame-sex marriagelaws
The city has several progressive policies, such as abortion on demand, a limited form of euthanasia, no-fault divorce, and same-sex marriage.
Being the seat of the Powers of the Union, Mexico City did not belong to any particular state but to all.

Battle of Chapultepec

ChapultepecStorming of Chapultepecassault on Chapultepec
Included are major actions at the battles of Molino del Rey and Chapultepec, culminating with the fall of Mexico City.
The Battle of Chapultepec in September 1847 was an assault by American forces on the Mexican forces holding Chapultepec in Mexico City.

Mexican–American War

Mexican-American WarMexican WarMexican American War
The Battle for Mexico City was the series of engagements from 8 to 15 September 1847, in the general vicinity of Mexico City during the U.S. Mexican War. It was also the objective of one of the two French invasions to Mexico (1861-1867), and occupied for a year by American troops in the framework of the Mexican–American War (1847-1848).
The U.S. Army under Major General Winfield Scott eventually captured Mexico City through stiff resistance, having marched west from the port of Veracruz on the Gulf Coast, where the U.S. staged its first ever major amphibious landing.

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo1848 Treaty of Guadalupe HidalgoTreaty of Guadalupe
The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed in what is now the far north of the city.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (Tratado de Guadalupe Hidalgo in Spanish), officially titled the Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Limits and Settlement between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic, is the peace treaty signed on February 2, 1848, in the Villa de Guadalupe Hidalgo (now a neighborhood of Mexico City) between the United States and Mexico that ended the Mexican–American War (1846–1848).