Miacoidea

miacoidmiacoidsviverravines
Miacoidea is a paraphyletic superfamily that had been traditionally divided into two families of carnivores: Miacidae (the miacids) and Viverravidae.wikipedia
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Viverravidae

viverravidviverravidsViverravoidea
Miacoidea is a paraphyletic superfamily that had been traditionally divided into two families of carnivores: Miacidae (the miacids) and Viverravidae.
Viverravidae is an extinct family within the superfamily Miacoidea.

Carnivoramorpha

CarnivoraformescarnivoramorphsCarnivoramorph
Today, Miacidae is recognized as a paraphyletic array of stem taxa that probably resulted in some "miacid" genera ending up just outside the order Carnivora, the crown-group within the Carnivoramorpha. Carnivoramorpha consists of both Miacoidea and Carnivora, but excludes the order Creodonta that existed alongside Carnivoramorpha.

Miacidae

miacidmiacids
Miacoidea is a paraphyletic superfamily that had been traditionally divided into two families of carnivores: Miacidae (the miacids) and Viverravidae. Today, Miacidae is recognized as a paraphyletic array of stem taxa that probably resulted in some "miacid" genera ending up just outside the order Carnivora, the crown-group within the Carnivoramorpha.
Traditionally, Miacidae and Viverravidae had been classified in a superfamily, Miacoidea.

Carnivora

carnivorescarnivorancarnivorans
Today, Miacidae is recognized as a paraphyletic array of stem taxa that probably resulted in some "miacid" genera ending up just outside the order Carnivora, the crown-group within the Carnivoramorpha.
Today, Carnivora is restricted to the crown group, Carnivora and miacoids are grouped in the clade Carnivoramorpha, and the miacoids are regarded as basal carnivoramorphs.

Paraphyly

paraphyleticembedded*
Miacoidea is a paraphyletic superfamily that had been traditionally divided into two families of carnivores: Miacidae (the miacids) and Viverravidae.

Family (biology)

familyfamiliessubfamily
Miacoidea is a paraphyletic superfamily that had been traditionally divided into two families of carnivores: Miacidae (the miacids) and Viverravidae.

Carnivore

carnivorouscarnivorescarnivory
Miacoidea is a paraphyletic superfamily that had been traditionally divided into two families of carnivores: Miacidae (the miacids) and Viverravidae. Miacoids were primitive carnivores that lived during the Paleocene and Eocene Epochs, about 66-33 million years ago.

Paleocene

PalaeoceneLate PaleocenePaleocene epoch
Miacoids were primitive carnivores that lived during the Paleocene and Eocene Epochs, about 66-33 million years ago.

Eocene

Late EoceneMiddle EoceneEocene Epoch
Miacoids were primitive carnivores that lived during the Paleocene and Eocene Epochs, about 66-33 million years ago.

Taxon

taxagrouppolytypic
Today, Miacidae is recognized as a paraphyletic array of stem taxa that probably resulted in some "miacid" genera ending up just outside the order Carnivora, the crown-group within the Carnivoramorpha.

Creodonta

creodontcreodontscreodine
Carnivoramorpha consists of both Miacoidea and Carnivora, but excludes the order Creodonta that existed alongside Carnivoramorpha.

Calcaneus

calcaneumheel bonesustentaculum tali
The miacids did not appear until the very end of the Paleocene and are characterized by their shorter skull, and loss of contact between the calcaneum and fibula in the ankle.

Fibula

fibulaehead of the fibulahead of fibula
The miacids did not appear until the very end of the Paleocene and are characterized by their shorter skull, and loss of contact between the calcaneum and fibula in the ankle.

Marten

MartesmartensHimalayan yellow-throated marten
Miacoids were mostly small carnivores superficially reminiscent of martens or civets.

Civet

civet catcivetscivet cats
Miacoids were mostly small carnivores superficially reminiscent of martens or civets.

Lizard

lizardsLacertiliaLacertilia indet.
They probably fed on invertebrates, lizards, birds and smaller mammals like shrews and opossums, while others may have been insectivores.

Bird

birdsAvesavian
They probably fed on invertebrates, lizards, birds and smaller mammals like shrews and opossums, while others may have been insectivores.

Mammal

mammalsMammaliamammalian
They probably fed on invertebrates, lizards, birds and smaller mammals like shrews and opossums, while others may have been insectivores.

Shrew

Soricidaeshrewsshrewlike
They probably fed on invertebrates, lizards, birds and smaller mammals like shrews and opossums, while others may have been insectivores.

Opossum

DidelphidaeDidelphimorphiaopossums
They probably fed on invertebrates, lizards, birds and smaller mammals like shrews and opossums, while others may have been insectivores.

Insectivore

insectivorousinsectivoresinsect-eating
They probably fed on invertebrates, lizards, birds and smaller mammals like shrews and opossums, while others may have been insectivores.

Arboreal locomotion

arborealscansorialarboreally
Some species were arboreal, others lived on the ground.

Soil

soilsdirtsoil moisture
Some species were arboreal, others lived on the ground.

Tooth

teethdentalmaxillary teeth
Their teeth and skull show that the miacoids were less developed than modern carnivores.

Skull

craniumcranialhuman skull
Their teeth and skull show that the miacoids were less developed than modern carnivores.