Map of Micronesia (shown in dark magenta)
Micronesia is one of three major cultural areas in the Pacific Ocean, along with Polynesia and Melanesia
Romanum Island, Chuuk, Micronesia
Mount Marpi in Saipan.
Beach scenery at Laura, Majuro, Marshall Islands
Spinner dolphins
Chronological dispersal of Austronesian peoples across the Indo-Pacific
Manila Galleon in the Marianas and Carolinas, c. 1590 Boxer Codex
German New Guinea before and after the German-Spanish treaty of 1899
Map from 1961 of the US Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, formerly Japan's South Seas Mandate.
A proportional representation of Micronesia exports, 2019
Chamorro people in 1915
Languages of Micronesia.
Image of the Castle Bravo nuclear test, detonated on 1 March 1954, at Bikini Atoll
An illustration of the Cross Spikes Club<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.history.navy.mil/ac/bikini/bikini1.htm |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20000521071018/http://history.navy.mil/ac/bikini/bikini1.htm |url-status=dead |archive-date=21 May 2000 |title=Operation Crossroads: Bikini Atoll |work=Navy Historical Center |publisher=Department of the Navy |access-date=4 December 2013 }}</ref> of the US Navy on Bikini Atoll, one of several Marshall Islands used for atomic bomb tests.
Kili Island is one of the smallest islands in the Marshall Islands.
Aerial view of Nauru
Nauruan districts of Denigomodu and Nibok
Wake Island as depicted by the United States Exploring Expedition, drawn by Alfred Thomas Agate
Aerial view Wake Island, looking westward
Central Nan Madol (map)
Nan Madol
Latte stones
Rai stone

Subregion of Oceania, consisting of about two thousand small islands in the western Pacific Ocean.

- Micronesia

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Map showing the Neolithic Austronesian migrations into the islands of the Indo-Pacific
Reception of the Manila Galleon by the Chamoru in the Ladrones Islands, ca. 1590 Boxer Codex
Main street of Hagåtña, ca. 1899-1900
U.S. Marines walk through the ruins of Hagåtña, July 1944
Photograph of Guam from space captured by NASA's now decommissioned Earth observation satellite, Earth Observing-1 (EO-1), on December 30, 2011
Guam National Wildlife Refuge beach at Ritidian Point
Previously extensively dredged, Tumon Bay is now a marine preserve.
The introduction of the brown tree snake nearly eradicated the native bird population
The Guam Museum in Hagåtña opened in 2016
Youth performance of traditional dance at Micronesia Mall, 2012
Outrigger canoe team at Tumon
Beaches at the tourist center of Tumon
A proportional representation of Guam exports, 2019
Terminal at Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport. The airport hosts a hub of United Airlines, Guam's largest private-sector employer.
Map of U.S. military lands on Guam, 2010
Incumbent governor Lou Leon Guerrero
Michael San Nicolas is the Delegate for Guam's at-large congressional district.
Hagåtña from Fort Santa Agueda
Guam Highway 8 route marker
Construction at the Port of Guam, 2014
The Umatac Outdoor Library, built in 1933, was the first library in southern Guam.

Guam (Guåhan ) is an organized, unincorporated territory of the United States in the Micronesia subregion of the western Pacific Ocean.


Subregion of Oceania in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

The geographical extent of Melanesia
The three major cultural areas in the Pacific Ocean: Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia
Map showing the sovereignty of islands of Melanesia
A pan flute from the Solomon Islands, 19th century
Sailors of Melanesia in the Pacific Ocean, 1846
Chronological dispersal of Austronesian peoples across the Indo-Pacific
A Melanesian child from Vanuatu
Mount Tavurvur in Papua New Guinea
Aerial view of the Solomon Islands.
Cinder plain of Mount Yasur in Vanuatu
Köppen-Geiger climate classification map of Melanesia

The name Melanesia (in French, Mélanésie) was first used in 1832 by French navigator Jules Dumont d'Urville: he coined the terms Melanesia and Micronesia along the preexisting Polynesia to designate what he viewed as the three main ethnic and geographical regions forming the Pacific.

Mariana Islands

The Mariana Islands (also the Marianas; in Chamorro: Manislan Mariånas) are a crescent-shaped archipelago comprising the summits of fifteen mostly dormant volcanic mountains in the western North Pacific Ocean, between the 12th and 21st parallels north and along the 145th meridian east.

Tropical dry forest on Saipan
Geology of the west Pacific in the area of the Mariana Islands. The Mariana Islands are at map-right, east of the Philippine Sea and just west of the Mariana Trench in the ocean floor.
Map showing the Neolithic Austronesian migrations into the islands of the Indo-Pacific
Ruins of Guma Taga on Tinian. The pillars/columns are called latte (pronounced læ'di) stones, a common architectural element of prehistoric structures in the Mariana Islands, upon which elevated buildings were built. Earthquakes had toppled the other latte at this site by the time this photo was taken; an earthquake in 1902 toppled the one seen on the left, and today only the one on the right remains standing.
Reception of the Manila Galleon by the Chamorro in the Ladrones Islands, ca. 1590 Boxer Codex
A stamp from the Marianas' late Spanish colonial period, 1898–1899
A 1901 stamp from the German-era Marianas
A U.S. Marine talks a terrified Chamorro woman and her children into abandoning their refuge. Battle of Saipan, 1944.
Chamorro red rice

They are found in the northern part of the western Oceanic sub-region of Micronesia, and are politically divided into two jurisdictions of the United States: the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and, at the southern end of the chain, the territory of Guam.

Wake Island

Damaged trees and debris left by Super Typhoon Ioke in 2006 at the Memorial Chapel on Wake Island
The "98 Rock" on Wilkes Island was carved by a World War II American civilian POW prior to his execution by Japanese Admiral Shigematsu Sakaibara.
Ecologists on Wake Atoll spraying herbicide into the bark of an invasive ironwood tree, 2017
Palm trees at Wake Island's lagoon
Lieutenant Charles Wilkes, commander of the U.S. Navy's United States Exploring Expedition, 1838–42
Commander Edward D. Taussig of USS Bennington (PG-4) takes formal possession of Wake Island for the United States with the raising of the flag and a 21-gun salute on January 17, 1899.
Members of the Tanager Expedition explore an abandoned feather collecting camp on Peale Island.
The Benjamin Constant
Tanager Expedition tent camp in 1923 at Wake Island, established on the eastern end of Wilkes Island
Pan American Airways (PAA) construction workers "lighter" building materials from SS North Haven to the dock at Wilkes Island, Wake Atoll.
Aerial view of Pan American Airways Hotel and facilities on Peale Island at Wake Atoll. The hotel is on the left, the anchor from the Libelle shipwreck and the pergola leading to the "Clipper" seaplane dock is on the right.
The formal surrender of the Japanese garrison on Wake Island, September 7, 1945. Island commander Admiral Shigematsu Sakaibara is the Japanese officer in the right-foreground.
U.S. Civilian POWs Memorial
The original Drifter's Reef bar, built near the harbor area at Wake Island, opened its doors to aircrews, visitors and other "drifters" on November 8, 1949.
President Harry S. Truman awards the Distinguished Service Medal, Fourth Oak Leaf Cluster, to General Douglas MacArthur during the Wake Island Conference.
Vietnamese refugees on Wake Island await resettlement processing by U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service personnel in May 1975
The unofficial flag of Wake Island was designed in 1976 to commemorate the United States Bicentennial. The three stars represent the three islands of the atoll, and the flag bears a resemblance to the flag of the Philippines, as many workers on the island at the time were from the country.
Passengers and crew of Pan Am's China Clipper II Boeing 747 at Wake Island during a 1985 trip across the Pacific to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the first China Clipper flight
The insignia for Campaign Fierce Sentry (FTO-02 E2), a Missile Defense Agency Integrated Flight Test in 2015, depicts a map of Wake Island within the head of an eagle
A Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) interceptor is launched from a THAAD battery located on Wake Island, during Flight Test Operational (FTO)-02 Event 2a, conducted November 1, 2015.
US Air Force Captain Allen Jaime, commander of Wake Island at the time, unveils the new Guam Memorial on June 8, 2017. The memorial honors 45 Chamorros from Guam who worked for Pan American Airlines and were on the island when the Japanese attacked on December 8, 1941. 10 of the men were killed during the attack and the remaining 35 were sent to prison camps in Japan and China.
The VFA-27 Royal Maces, a United States Navy F/A-18E Super Hornet squadron based in Atsugi, Japan, flies over the "Downtown" area of Wake Island.
Aerial view of Wake Island Atoll

Wake Island (Ānen Kio; also known as Wake Atoll) is a coral atoll in the western Pacific Ocean in the northeastern area of the Micronesia subregion, 1501 mi east of Guam, 2298 mi west of Honolulu, 1991 mi southeast of Tokyo and 898 mi north of Majuro.


Ethnocultural subregions of Oceania.
A German map of Oceania from 1884, showing the region to encompass Australia and all islands between Asia and Latin America.
A map of member states for the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF), the member states are depicted in blue. The PIF is a governing organization for the Pacific, and all of its members are politically within Oceania. Territories geographically associated with Oceania, but not politically associated with Oceania, such as Easter Island, Hawaii and Western New Guinea, have considered gaining representation in the PIF.
An exclusive economic zone map of the Pacific which includes territories not politically associated with Oceania, that may be considered geographically or geologically within Oceania.
A 19th-century engraving of an Aboriginal Australian encampment
Stone money transport to Yap Island in Micronesia (1880)
Chronological dispersal of Austronesian people across the Pacific (per Bellwood in Chambers, 2008)
Moai at Ahu Tongariki on Rapa Nui (Easter Island)
1852 map of Oceania by J. G. Barbié du Bocage. Includes regions of Polynesia, Micronesia, Melanesia and Malesia.
New Guinea from 1884 to 1919. The Netherlands controlled the western half of New Guinea, Germany the north-eastern part, and Britain the south-eastern part.
New Zealand troops land on Vella Lavella, in Solomon Islands.
Aoraki / Mount Cook, located on the South Island of New Zealand
Puncak Jaya / Carstensz Pyramid, highest summit in Oceania
A map of Oceania from the CIA World Factbook
Exclusive economic zones of Pacific states and territories
The Pacific Plate comprises most of Oceania, excluding Australasia and the western portion of Melanesia.
New Zealand countryside
Uluru (Ayers Rock) in Central Australia
The Pacific robin inhabits the islands of the south western Pacific.
August 2011 winter's snowfall in Dunedin, Otago
Saione, the church of the King, a Free Wesleyan Church in Kolomotuʻa, Tonga. Especially British and American missionaries brought various Protestant denominations to Oceania.
Many Portuguese immigrants in Hawaii were Azorean or Madeiran.
The skyline of Sydney
Auckland's central business district at night.
Honolulu viewed from Diamond Head crater
Shangri-La's Fijian Resort
Dandenong Ranges in Victoria are popular among tourists.
Elizabeth is Head of the Commonwealth and Queen of five Oceanian countries: Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu.
Government building in the Samoan capital Apia housing administrative ministerial offices.
On 28 June 2007, the Sydney Opera House became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Iolani Palace in Honolulu, formerly the residence of the Hawaiian monarch, was restored and opened to the public as a museum in 1978.
The Hobbiton Movie Set, located near Matamata, was used for The Lord of the Rings film trilogy.
A fale on Manono Island
Gwion Gwion rock paintings found in the north-west Kimberley region of Western Australia
Fiji playing Wales at seven-a-side rugby

Oceania is a geographical region that includes Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.

Caroline Islands

The Caroline Islands (or the Carolines) are a widely scattered archipelago of tiny islands in the western Pacific Ocean, to the north of New Guinea.

Map of the Federated States of Micronesia. Palau is to the west of the map.
Location of Caroline Islands
Navigator Mau Piailug (1932–2010) of Satawal island, Micronesia
Rai stones on Yap
"Man and Wife of the 'Pimlingai,' or Slave Class," (1903), photograph by Furness. Illustration from The Island of Stone Money: Uap of the Carolines (1910)
Women fishing with nets, Chuuk (1899–1900)
Manila Galleon in the Marianas and Carolinas, c. 1590 Boxer Codex
Spanish currency used in the Caroline Islands at the end of the 19th century. Note the German circular punch, made following the Spanish cession of the islands to Germany in 1899.
Transfer of sovereignty at Yap in the Western Caroline Islands (1899)
A 5 mark Germany "Yacht" stamp marked Karolinen

As a result of missionary work over the centuries, Christianity is the religion most commonly practiced in this region of Micronesia.


Island country and microstate in Oceania, in the Central Pacific.

Photo of a Nauruan warrior during the Nauruan Civil War around 1880
US Army Air Force bombing the Japanese airstrip on Nauru, 1943.
Map of Nauru
Aerial view of Nauru
Parliament of Nauru
Nauruan police cadets undergoing training. Nauru has no armed forces, though there is a small police force under civilian control.
Former Nauruan President Baron Waqa and Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen in Taiwan, 7 March 2017
Map of Nauru showing its districts
A satellite image of Nauru, 2002
Limestone pinnacles remain after phosphate mining at the site of one of Nauru's secondary mines
Church in Nauru
Australian rules football, played at Linkbelt Oval
Nauruan residents walking around Nauru International Airport. Nauruans are amongst the most obese people in the world.
View of Nauru International Airport

Settled by people from Micronesia circa 1000 BCE, Nauru was annexed and claimed as a colony by the German Empire in the late 19th century.

Federated States of Micronesia

Island country in Oceania.

Manila Galleon in the Marianas and Carolinas, c. 1590 Boxer Codex
Sea Hawk helicopter (US Navy) flies over the waters of Chuuk, Micronesia.
The FSS Tosiwo Nakayama, a Guardian-class patrol boat of the Federated States of Micronesia
A map of the Federated States of Micronesia
A view of Kolonia Town from Sokehs Ridge in Pohnpei
Satawal Island, Yap State
Fishing in Chuuk, 1931
People performing a welcome ceremony on the Ulithi atoll
A beach in Chuuk
Cathedral of Ponape Belltower, in Kolonia, on the island of Pohnpei, built in 1909 by German Capuchin missionaries
A large (approximately 2.4 m or about 8 ft in height) example of Yapese stone money (Rai stones) in the village of Gachpar
Yapese men dancing in traditional dress
A shop in Pohnpei selling traditional souveneirs

The Federated States of Micronesia is spread across part of the Caroline Islands in the wider region of Micronesia, which consists of thousands of small islands divided among several countries.

Oceanian realm

One of the World Wildlife Fund biogeographic realms, and is unique in not including any continental land mass.

Map of Oceanian realm. It extends further east to include Rapa Nui and Sala y Gomez.
Nene (Branta sandvicensis), a native goose from Hawaii
Ecoregions of the Oceanian realm. OC0101: Carolines tropical moist forests; OC0102: Central Polynesian tropical moist forests; OC0103: Cook Islands tropical moist forests; OC0104: Eastern Micronesia tropical moist forests; OC0105: Fiji tropical moist forests; OC0106: Hawaiian tropical rainforests; OC0107: Kermadec Islands subtropical moist forests; OC0108: Marquesas tropical moist forests; OC0109: Ogasawara subtropical moist forests; OC0110: Palau tropical moist forests; OC0111: Rapa Nui and Sala-y-Gomez subtropical broadleaf forests; OC0112: Samoan tropical moist forests; OC0113: Society Islands tropical moist forests; OC0114: Tongan tropical moist forests; OC0115: Tuamotu tropical moist forests; OC0116: Tubuai tropical moist forests; OC0117: Western Polynesian tropical moist forests; OC0201: Fiji tropical dry forests; OC0202: Hawaiian tropical dry forests; OC0203: Marianas tropical dry forests; OC0203: Yap tropical dry forests; OC0301: Hawaiian tropical high shrublands; OC0302: Hawaiian tropical low shrublands; OC0303: Northwestern Hawaii scrub.

This realm includes the islands of the Pacific Ocean in Micronesia, the Fijian Islands, the Hawaiian islands, and Polynesia (with the exception of New Zealand).

Outrigger boat

Outrigger boats are various watercraft featuring one or more lateral support floats known as outriggers, which are fastened to one or both sides of the main hull.

Single-outrigger canoes from Polynesia
A double-outrigger canoe from the Philippines
Model of a Fijian drua, an example of a double-canoe catamaran
Map showing the migration and expansion of the Austronesians
Succession of forms in the development of the Austronesian boat (Mahdi, 1999)
17th-century depiction of a Spanish-built joangan, a very large double-outrigger warship
Hawaiiloa, a double-hull (catamaran) sailing canoe built as a replica of Polynesian voyaging canoes
A jukung from Indonesia
The double-outrigger paraw in Boracay, Philippines
Large double-outrigger paraw in Palawan, Philippines
A tepukei from Taumako, Solomon Islands
The traditional pōpao of Tonga
A single-outrigger wa from Yap, Caroline Islands
Illustration of a Fijian camakau (1846)
Painting by John LaFarge showing Samoan girls carrying a va'a (1891)
A single-outrigger lakana from Madagascar
Modern single-outrigger canoe in Hawaii, US
A six-person outrigger canoe
Racing outrigger canoes. The canoe in the front right, with a narrower hull and smaller body, is a single-person outrigger canoe, or OC1. The other canoes are six-person outrigger canoes or OC6.
1907 paddler from New Guinea
Hawaiki Nui Va'a i race in French Polynesia
Outrigger canoe racing in Hudson River, New York

They were the vessels that enabled the Austronesian expansion from Taiwan into the islands of both the Indian and Pacific Ocean from around 3000 BC. They comprise the bulk of traditional boats in Island Southeast Asia, Island Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, and Madagascar.