Microsoftwikipedia

Microsoft Corporation (MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft CorporationMSMicrosoft Corp.Microsoft UKMicrosoft Business DivisionNASDAQ: MSFTMicrosoft South AfricaMicrosoft’s MicrosoftMicrosoft New Zealand
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Microsoft Windows

WindowsPCWin
Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers. It rose to dominate the personal computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by Microsoft Windows. Despite having begun jointly developing a new operating system, OS/2, with IBM in August 1985, Microsoft released Microsoft Windows, a graphical extension for MS-DOS, on November 20.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.

Microsoft Office

OfficeMS OfficeOffice v. X
Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers.
Microsoft Office is a family of client software, server software, and services developed by Microsoft.

Redmond, Washington

RedmondRedmond, WARedmond, Washington, US
Microsoft Corporation (MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Redmond is commonly recognized as the home of Microsoft and Nintendo of America.

Internet Explorer

IEMicrosoft Internet ExplorerExplorer
Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers.
Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995.

Xbox

xbox.comMore...XB
Its flagship hardware products are the Xbox video game consoles and the Microsoft Surface lineup of touchscreen personal computers.
Xbox is a video gaming brand created and owned by Microsoft of the United States.

Microsoft Surface

SurfaceSurface ProSurface-series
Its flagship hardware products are the Xbox video game consoles and the Microsoft Surface lineup of touchscreen personal computers. This began with the acquisition of Danger Inc. in 2008, entering the personal computer production market for the first time in June 2012 with the launch of the Microsoft Surface line of tablet computers; and later forming Microsoft Mobile through the acquisition of Nokia's devices and services division.
Microsoft Surface is a series of touchscreen Windows personal computers and interactive whiteboards designed and developed by Microsoft.

Bill Gates

BillGatesBill and Melinda Gates
Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800.
William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American business magnate, investor, author, philanthropist, humanitarian, and principal founder of Microsoft Corporation.

List of mergers and acquisitions by Microsoft

acquiredacquirecorporate acquisitions
Since the 1990s, it has increasingly diversified from the operating system market and has made a number of corporate acquisitions, their largest being the acquisition of LinkedIn for $26.2 billion in December 2016, followed by their acquisition of Skype Technologies for $8.5 billion in May 2011.
Microsoft is an American public multinational corporation headquartered in Redmond, Washington, USA that develops, manufactures, licenses, and supports a wide range of products and services predominantly related to computing through its various product divisions.

Microsoft Edge

EdgeEdge browserME
Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers.
Microsoft Edge (codename "Spartan") is a graphical web browser developed by Microsoft and included in Windows 10, Windows 10 Mobile and Xbox One devices, replacing Internet Explorer as the default web browser on all device classes.

Paul Allen

Paul G. AllenPaul [AllenThe Paul G. Allen Foundation for the Arts
Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800.
Alongside Bill Gates, Allen co-founded Microsoft in 1975, which helped spark the microcomputer revolution and later became the world's largest PC software company.

Personal computer

PCPCspersonal computers
It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells computer software, consumer electronics, personal computers, and related services. It rose to dominate the personal computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by Microsoft Windows.
Since the early 1990s, Microsoft operating systems and Intel hardware have dominated much of the personal computer market, first with MS-DOS and then with Windows.

MS-DOS

DOSPCMicrosoft DOS
It rose to dominate the personal computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by Microsoft Windows.
MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.

Bing (search engine)

BingBing search engineMSN
The company also produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops and servers, including Internet search (with Bing), the digital services market (through MSN), mixed reality (HoloLens), cloud computing (Azure) and software development (Visual Studio).
Bing is a web search engine owned and operated by Microsoft.

Microsoft Visual Studio

Visual StudioVisual Studio 2005Visual Studio Team Services
The company also produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops and servers, including Internet search (with Bing), the digital services market (through MSN), mixed reality (HoloLens), cloud computing (Azure) and software development (Visual Studio).
Microsoft Visual Studio is an integrated development environment (IDE) from Microsoft.

Microsoft Mobile

Microsoft Mobile OyMicrosoftNokia's mobile phone division
This began with the acquisition of Danger Inc. in 2008, entering the personal computer production market for the first time in June 2012 with the launch of the Microsoft Surface line of tablet computers; and later forming Microsoft Mobile through the acquisition of Nokia's devices and services division.
Microsoft Mobile was a subsidiary of Microsoft involved in the development and manufacturing of mobile phones.

Steve Ballmer

Steven A. BallmerMicrosoft CEO Steve BallmerBallmer
Steve Ballmer replaced Gates as CEO in 2000, and later envisioned a "devices and services" strategy.
Steven Anthony Ballmer (born March 24, 1956) is an American businessman and investor who was the chief executive officer of Microsoft from January 2000 to February 2014, and is the current owner of the Los Angeles Clippers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).

Satya Nadella

Since Satya Nadella took over as CEO in 2014, the company has scaled back on hardware and has instead focused on cloud computing, a move that helped the company's shares reach its highest value since December 1999.
He is the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Microsoft, succeeding Steve Ballmer in 2014.

Skype Technologies

SkypeSkype Communications, S.à r.lSkype at Microsoft
Since the 1990s, it has increasingly diversified from the operating system market and has made a number of corporate acquisitions, their largest being the acquisition of LinkedIn for $26.2 billion in December 2016, followed by their acquisition of Skype Technologies for $8.5 billion in May 2011.
Skype Technologies S.A.R.L (also known as Skype Software S.A.R.L, Skype Communications S.A.R.L, Skype Inc., and Skype Limited) is a telecommunications company headquartered in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg and Palo Alto, CA, United States, whose chief business is the manufacturing and marketing of the video chat and instant messaging computer software program Skype, and various Internet telephony services associated with it. Microsoft purchased the company in 2011, and it has since then operated as their wholly owned subsidiary; as of 2016, it is operating as part of Microsoft's Office Product Group.

Portmanteau

portmanteau wordportmanteausportemanteau
The word "Microsoft" is a portmanteau of "microcomputer" and "software".
Many company or brand names are portmanteaus, including Microsoft, a portmanteau of microcomputer and software; the cheese "Cambozola" combines a similar rind to "Camembert" with the same mold used to make "Gorgonzola"; passenger rail company "Amtrak", a portmanteau of "America" and "track"; "Velcro", a portmanteau of the French "Velours" (velvet) and "Crochet" (hook); "Verizon," a portmanteau of "veritas" (Latin for truth) and "horizon"; and ComEd (a Chicago-area electric utility company), a portmanteau of "Commonwealth" and Edison (Thomas Edison).

BASIC

BASIC programming languagecompiled BASICstructured BASIC
Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800.
In 1991, Microsoft released Visual Basic, combining a greatly updated version of BASIC with a visual forms builder.

Nokia

Nokia CorporationNokia Research CenterNokia Group
This began with the acquisition of Danger Inc. in 2008, entering the personal computer production market for the first time in June 2012 with the launch of the Microsoft Surface line of tablet computers; and later forming Microsoft Mobile through the acquisition of Nokia's devices and services division.
After a partnership with Microsoft and market struggles, its mobile phone business was eventually bought by the former, creating Microsoft Mobile as its successor in 2014.

OS/2

OS/2 - eComStationOS/2 Warp 4a proprietary operating system
Despite having begun jointly developing a new operating system, OS/2, with IBM in August 1985, Microsoft released Microsoft Windows, a graphical extension for MS-DOS, on November 20.
OS/2 is a series of computer operating systems, initially created by Microsoft and IBM under the leadership of IBM software designer Ed Iacobucci.

Xenix

SCO XenixXenix operating systemMS-Xenix
Microsoft entered the operating system (OS) business in 1980 with its own version of Unix, called Xenix.
Xenix is a discontinued version of the Unix operating system for various microcomputer platforms, licensed by Microsoft from AT&T Corporation in the late 1970s.

List of public corporations by market capitalization

largest publicly traded corporation in the world by market capitalization13th largest company in the worldworld's most valuable companies
As of 2016, it is the world's largest software maker by revenue, and one of the world's most valuable companies.

Altair 8800

MITS Altair 8800AltairMITS Altair
Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800.
The computer bus designed for the Altair was to become a de facto standard in the form of the S-100 bus, and the first programming language for the machine was Microsoft's founding product, Altair BASIC.