Microsoftwikipedia
Microsoft Corporation (, abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
MicrosoftMicrosoft CorporationMSMicrosoft Corp.Microsoft UKNASDAQ: MSFTMicrosoft South Africa MicrosoftMicrosoft New ZealandMicrosoft Business Division

Microsoft Windows

WindowsPCWin
Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers. It rose to dominate the personal computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by Microsoft Windows. Despite having begun jointly developing a new operating system, OS/2, with IBM in August 1985, Microsoft released Microsoft Windows, a graphical extension for MS-DOS, on November 20.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.

Microsoft Office

OfficeMS OfficeMicrosoft Office
Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers.
Microsoft Office is a family of client software, server software, and services developed by Microsoft.

Redmond, Washington

RedmondRedmond, WARedmond, Washington, US
Microsoft Corporation (, abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Redmond is commonly recognized as the home of Microsoft and Nintendo of America.

Internet Explorer

Internet ExplorerIEMicrosoft Internet Explorer
Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers.
Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995.

Personal computer

PCpersonal computerPCs
It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells computer software, consumer electronics, personal computers, and related services. It rose to dominate the personal computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by Microsoft Windows.
Since the early 1990s, Microsoft operating systems and Intel hardware have dominated much of the personal computer market, first with MS-DOS and then with Windows.

Xbox

Xboxxbox.comdashboard
Its flagship hardware products are the Xbox video game consoles and the Microsoft Surface lineup of touchscreen personal computers.
Xbox is a video gaming brand created and owned by Microsoft of the United States.

Paul Allen

Paul AllenPaul G. AllenPaul [Allen
Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800.
He co-founded Microsoft alongside Bill Gates.

Microsoft Surface

SurfaceSurface ProSurface-series
Its flagship hardware products are the Xbox video game consoles and the Microsoft Surface lineup of touchscreen personal computers. This began with the acquisition of Danger Inc. in 2008, entering the personal computer production market for the first time in June 2012 with the launch of the Microsoft Surface line of tablet computers; and later forming Microsoft Mobile through the acquisition of Nokia's devices and services division.
Microsoft Surface is a series of touchscreen Windows personal computers and interactive whiteboards designed and developed by Microsoft.

Microsoft Edge

EdgeEdge browserME
Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers.
Microsoft Edge (codename "Spartan") is a web browser developed by Microsoft and included in Windows 10, Windows 10 Mobile and Xbox One, replacing Internet Explorer as the default web browser on all device classes.

Bill Gates

Bill GatesBillGates
Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800.
William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American business magnate, investor, author, philanthropist, humanitarian, and principal founder of Microsoft Corporation.

List of mergers and acquisitions by Microsoft

acquiredacquirecorporate acquisitions
Since the 1990s, it has increasingly diversified from the operating system market and has made a number of corporate acquisitions, their largest being the acquisition of LinkedIn for $26.2 billion in December 2016, followed by their acquisition of Skype Technologies for $8.5 billion in May 2011.
Microsoft is an American public multinational corporation headquartered in Redmond, Washington, USA that develops, manufactures, licenses, and supports a wide range of products and services predominantly related to computing through its various product divisions.

MS-DOS

DOSMS-DOSPC
It rose to dominate the personal computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by Microsoft Windows.
MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.

Bing (search engine)

BingMSNBing search engine
The company also produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops and servers, including Internet search (with Bing), the digital services market (through MSN), mixed reality (HoloLens), cloud computing (Azure) and software development (Visual Studio).
Bing is a web search engine owned and operated by Microsoft.

Microsoft Visual Studio

Visual StudioVisual Studio 2005Visual Studio Team Services
The company also produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops and servers, including Internet search (with Bing), the digital services market (through MSN), mixed reality (HoloLens), cloud computing (Azure) and software development (Visual Studio).
Microsoft Visual Studio is an integrated development environment (IDE) from Microsoft.

Microsoft Mobile

Microsoft Mobile OyMicrosoftMicrosoft Mobile
This began with the acquisition of Danger Inc. in 2008, entering the personal computer production market for the first time in June 2012 with the launch of the Microsoft Surface line of tablet computers; and later forming Microsoft Mobile through the acquisition of Nokia's devices and services division.
Microsoft Mobile was a subsidiary of Microsoft involved in the development and manufacturing of mobile phones.

Microsoft HoloLens

HoloLensMicrosoft HololensHoloStudio
The company also produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops and servers, including Internet search (with Bing), the digital services market (through MSN), mixed reality (HoloLens), cloud computing (Azure) and software development (Visual Studio).
Microsoft HoloLens, known under development as Project Baraboo, is a pair of mixed reality smartglasses developed and manufactured by Microsoft.

Steve Ballmer

Steve BallmerSteven A. BallmerMicrosoft CEO Steve Ballmer
Steve Ballmer replaced Gates as CEO in 2000, and later envisioned a "devices and services" strategy.
Steven Anthony Ballmer (born March 24, 1956 ) is an American businessman, investor and philanthropist who was the chief executive officer of Microsoft from January 2000 to February 2014, and is the current owner of the Los Angeles Clippers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).

Microsoft Azure

AzureWindows AzureMicrosoft Azure Service Bus
The company also produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops and servers, including Internet search (with Bing), the digital services market (through MSN), mixed reality (HoloLens), cloud computing (Azure) and software development (Visual Studio).
Microsoft Azure (formerly Windows Azure ) is a cloud computing service created by Microsoft for building, testing, deploying, and managing applications and services through a global network of Microsoft-managed data centers.

List of public corporations by market capitalization

largest publicly traded corporation in the world by market capitalizationworld's most valuable companieslargest companies by market capitalization
As of 2016, it is the world's largest software maker by revenue, and one of the world's most valuable companies.

Satya Nadella

Since Satya Nadella took over as CEO in 2014, the company has scaled back on hardware and has instead focused on cloud computing, a move that helped the company's shares reach its highest value since December 1999.
He is the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Microsoft, succeeding Steve Ballmer in 2014.

Skype Technologies

SkypeSkype Communications, S.à r.lSkype at Microsoft
Since the 1990s, it has increasingly diversified from the operating system market and has made a number of corporate acquisitions, their largest being the acquisition of LinkedIn for $26.2 billion in December 2016, followed by their acquisition of Skype Technologies for $8.5 billion in May 2011.
Skype Technologies S.A.R.L (also known as Skype Software S.A.R.L, Skype Communications S.A.R.L, Skype Inc., and Skype Limited) is a telecommunications company headquartered in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg and Palo Alto, CA, United States, whose chief business is the manufacturing and marketing of the video chat and instant messaging computer software program Skype, and various Internet telephony services associated with it. Microsoft purchased the company in 2011, and it has since then operated as their wholly owned subsidiary; as of 2016, it is operating as part of Microsoft's Office Product Group.

Portmanteau

portmanteauportmanteau wordportmanteaus
The word "Microsoft" is a portmanteau of "microcomputer" and "software".
Many company or brand names are portmanteaus, including Microsoft, a portmanteau of microcomputer and software; the cheese "Cambozola" combines a similar rind to "Camembert" with the same mold used to make "Gorgonzola"; passenger rail company "Amtrak", a portmanteau of "America" and "track"; "Velcro", a portmanteau of the French "Velours" (velvet) and "Crochet" (hook); "Verizon," a portmanteau of "veritas" (Latin for truth) and "horizon"; and ComEd (a Chicago-area electric utility company), a portmanteau of "Commonwealth" and Edison (Thomas Edison).

IBM PC compatible

PCIBM PCPCs
, Microsoft is market-dominant in the IBM PC-compatible operating system market and the office software suite market, although it has lost the majority of the overall operating system market to Android.
There were three operating systems (OS) available for it. The least expensive and most popular was PC DOS made by Microsoft.

BASIC

BASICBASIC programming languagecompiled BASIC
Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800.
In 1991, Microsoft released Visual Basic, combining a greatly updated version of BASIC with a visual forms builder.

OS/2

OS/2OS/2 Warp 4a proprietary operating system
Despite having begun jointly developing a new operating system, OS/2, with IBM in August 1985, Microsoft released Microsoft Windows, a graphical extension for MS-DOS, on November 20.
OS/2 is a series of computer operating systems, initially created by Microsoft and IBM under the leadership of IBM software designer Ed Iacobucci.