Microsoft

Microsoft CorporationMicrosoft Corp.MSMicrosoft CorpMicrosoft.comMicrosoft ConnectMicrosoft UKMicrosoft Business DivisionMicrosoft Inc.NASDAQ: MSFT
Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.wikipedia
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Microsoft Windows

WindowsPCMS Windows
Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers.
Microsoft Windows, commonly referred to as Windows, is a group of several non-free graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed and sold by Microsoft.

Microsoft Office

OfficeMS OfficeMicrosoft Office Suite
Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers.
Microsoft Office, or simply Office, is a family of client software, server software, and services developed by Microsoft.

Redmond, Washington

RedmondRedmond, WARedmond, Washington, US
Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Redmond is commonly recognized as the home of Microsoft and Nintendo of America.

Personal computer

PCPCspersonal computers
It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports, and sells computer software, consumer electronics, personal computers, and related services.
Since the early 1990s, Microsoft operating systems and Intel hardware have dominated much of the personal computer market, first with MS-DOS and then with Microsoft Windows.

Internet Explorer

Microsoft Internet ExplorerIEMSIE
Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers.
Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995.

Xbox

Project ScarlettXbox.comdashboard
Its flagship hardware products are the Xbox video game consoles and the Microsoft Surface lineup of touchscreen personal computers.
Xbox is a video gaming brand created and owned by Microsoft.

Microsoft Edge

EdgeEdge browserME
Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, and the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers.
Microsoft Edge is a web browser developed by Microsoft.

Microsoft Surface

SurfaceSurface-seriesMicrosoft Surface family
Its flagship hardware products are the Xbox video game consoles and the Microsoft Surface lineup of touchscreen personal computers.
Microsoft Surface is a series of touchscreen-based personal computers and interactive whiteboards running the Microsoft Windows operating system designed and developed by Microsoft.

Bill Gates

BillWilliam H. GatesGates
Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800.
He is best known as the co-founder of Microsoft Corporation.

Paul Allen

Paul G. AllenAllenAllen Foundation for the Arts
Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800.
He is best known for co-founding Microsoft Corporation alongside Bill Gates in 1975, which helped spark the microcomputer revolution of the 1970s and 1980s and later became the world's largest personal computer software company.

List of mergers and acquisitions by Microsoft

acquiredacquireGreenfield Online
Since the 1990s, it has increasingly diversified from the operating system market and has made a number of corporate acquisitions, their largest being the acquisition of LinkedIn for $26.2 billion in December 2016, followed by their acquisition of Skype Technologies for $8.5 billion in May 2011.
Microsoft is an American public multinational corporation headquartered in Redmond, Washington, USA that develops, manufactures, licenses, and supports a wide range of products and services predominantly related to computing through its various product divisions.

MS-DOS

DOSMS-DOS 5.0MS-DOS 6.0
It rose to dominate the personal computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by Microsoft Windows.
MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.

Bing (search engine)

BingLive SearchMicrosoft Bing
The company also produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops, laptops, tabs, gadgets, and servers, including Internet search (with Bing), the digital services market (through MSN), mixed reality (HoloLens), cloud computing (Azure), and software development (Visual Studio).
Bing is a web search engine owned and operated by Microsoft.

LinkedIn

Linked InLinkedIn AnswersDan Nye
Since the 1990s, it has increasingly diversified from the operating system market and has made a number of corporate acquisitions, their largest being the acquisition of LinkedIn for $26.2 billion in December 2016, followed by their acquisition of Skype Technologies for $8.5 billion in May 2011.
Since December 2016 it has been a wholly owned subsidiary of Microsoft.

Microsoft Visual Studio

Visual StudioVisual Studio 2005Visual Studio 2008
The company also produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops, laptops, tabs, gadgets, and servers, including Internet search (with Bing), the digital services market (through MSN), mixed reality (HoloLens), cloud computing (Azure), and software development (Visual Studio).
Microsoft Visual Studio is an integrated development environment (IDE) from Microsoft.

Microsoft HoloLens

HoloLensHoloStudioProject Baraboo
The company also produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops, laptops, tabs, gadgets, and servers, including Internet search (with Bing), the digital services market (through MSN), mixed reality (HoloLens), cloud computing (Azure), and software development (Visual Studio).
Microsoft HoloLens, known under development as Project Baraboo, is a pair of mixed reality smartglasses developed and manufactured by Microsoft.

Microsoft Azure

AzureWindows AzureAzure Services Platform
The company also produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops, laptops, tabs, gadgets, and servers, including Internet search (with Bing), the digital services market (through MSN), mixed reality (HoloLens), cloud computing (Azure), and software development (Visual Studio).
Microsoft Azure (formerly Windows Azure ) is a cloud computing service created by Microsoft for building, testing, deploying, and managing applications and services through Microsoft-managed data centers.

Microsoft Mobile

Microsoft Mobile OyMicrosoftJo Harlow
This unfolded with Microsoft acquiring Danger Inc. in 2008, entering the personal computer production market for the first time in June 2012 with the launch of the Microsoft Surface line of tablet computers, and later forming Microsoft Mobile through the acquisition of Nokia's devices and services division.
Microsoft Mobile was a subsidiary of Microsoft involved in the development and manufacturing of mobile phones.

Steve Ballmer

Steven A. BallmerSteven BallmerBallmer
Steve Ballmer replaced Gates as CEO in 2000, and later envisioned a "devices and services" strategy.
Steven Anthony Ballmer (born March 24, 1956) is an American businessman and investor who was the chief executive officer of Microsoft from January 13, 2000, to February 4, 2014, and is the current owner of the Los Angeles Clippers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).

Satya Nadella

Satyanarayana Nadella
Since Satya Nadella took over as CEO in 2014, the company has scaled back on hardware and has instead focused on cloud computing, a move that helped the company's shares reach its highest value since December 1999.
He is the chief executive officer (CEO) of Microsoft, succeeding Steve Ballmer in 2014.

Skype Technologies

SkypeSkype LimitedMicrosoft Skype Division
Since the 1990s, it has increasingly diversified from the operating system market and has made a number of corporate acquisitions, their largest being the acquisition of LinkedIn for $26.2 billion in December 2016, followed by their acquisition of Skype Technologies for $8.5 billion in May 2011.
Microsoft purchased the company in 2011, and it has since then operated as their wholly owned subsidiary; as of 2016, it is operating as part of Microsoft's Office Product Group.

BASIC

BASIC programming languageGOSUBcompiled BASIC
Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800.
In 1991, Microsoft released Visual Basic, combining a greatly updated version of BASIC with a visual forms builder.

Portmanteau

portmanteau wordportmanteausportmanteaux
The word "Microsoft" is a portmanteau of "microcomputer" and "software".
Many company or brand names are portmanteaus, including Microsoft, a portmanteau of microcomputer and software; the cheese Cambozola combines a similar rind to Camembert with the same mold used to make Gorgonzola; passenger rail company Amtrak, a portmanteau of America and track; Velcro, a portmanteau of the French velours (velvet) and crochet (hook); Verizon, a portmanteau of veritas (Latin for truth) and horizon; and ComEd (a Chicago-area electric utility company), a portmanteau of Commonwealth and Edison.

Altair 8800

MITS AltairMITS Altair 8800Altair
Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800.
The computer bus designed for the Altair was to become a de facto standard in the form of the S-100 bus, and the first programming language for the machine was Microsoft's founding product, Altair BASIC.

IBM PC compatible

PCPC compatibleIBM PC compatibles
, Microsoft is market-dominant in the IBM PC compatible operating system market and the office software suite market, although it has lost the majority of the overall operating system market to Android.
The least expensive and most popular was PC DOS made by Microsoft.