Microsoft Word

WordMS WordWord for WindowsMicrosoft Office WordWord document.docDOCDOCXWord documents.dot
Microsoft Word (or simply Word) is a word processor developed by Microsoft.wikipedia
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Richard Brodie (programmer)

Richard Brodie
Simonyi started work on a word processor called Multi-Tool Word and soon hired Richard Brodie, a former Xerox intern, who became the primary software engineer.
He was the original creator of Microsoft Word.

Rich Text Format

RTFrich text.rtf
Word 3.0 included numerous internal enhancements and new features, including the first implementation of the Rich Text Format (RTF) specification, but was plagued with bugs.
Prior to 2008, Microsoft published updated specifications for RTF with major revisions of Microsoft Word and Office versions.

Windows RT

RTWindows RT 8.1tablet version of Windows
Commercial versions of Word are licensed as a standalone product or as a component of Microsoft Office, Windows RT or the discontinued Microsoft Works suite.
The prototypes featured working versions of Internet Explorer 9 (with DirectX support via the Tegra 2's GPU), PowerPoint and Word, along with the use of class drivers to allow printing to an Epson printer.

Macintosh

Apple MacintoshMacMacs
Subsequent versions were later written for several other platforms including IBM PCs running DOS (1983), Apple Macintosh running the Classic Mac OS (1985), AT&T Unix PC (1985), Atari ST (1988), OS/2 (1989), Microsoft Windows (1989), SCO Unix (1994), and macOS (formerly OS X; 2001).
In April 1984, Microsoft's MultiPlan migrated over from MS-DOS, with Microsoft Word following in January 1985.

Microsoft Word Viewer

Word Viewer
Word files are commonly used as the format for sending text documents via e-mail because almost every user with a computer can read a Word document by using the Word application, a Word viewer or a word processor that imports the Word format (see Microsoft Word Viewer).
Microsoft Word Viewer is a discontinued freeware program for Microsoft Windows that can display and print Microsoft Word documents.

Office Online

Office Web AppsMicrosoft Office OnlineOffice for the web
Word 2010 allows more customization of the Ribbon, adds a Backstage view for file management, has improved document navigation, allows creation and embedding of screenshots, and integrates with Word Web App.
Office Online (known before 2014 as Office Web Apps and as of July 2019 as Office) is an online office suite offered by Microsoft, which allows users to create and edit files using lightweight Microsoft Office web apps: Word, Excel, PowerPoint and OneNote.

Microsoft Mouse

Advertisements depicted the Microsoft Mouse, and described Word as a WYSIWYG, windowed word processor with the ability to undo and display bold, italic, and underlined text, although it could not render fonts.
It is the first mouse released by the company, and it was bundled with Microsoft Word, Notepad, and an on-screen teaching tutorial for an initial price of $195.

Microsoft Works

WorksMicrosoft Works suite
Commercial versions of Word are licensed as a standalone product or as a component of Microsoft Office, Windows RT or the discontinued Microsoft Works suite.
Microsoft Works has built-in compatibility for the Microsoft Office document formats (DOC and XLS), including, but not limited to, the ability of the Works Word Processor to open Microsoft Word documents and the ability of the Works Spreadsheet to open Microsoft Excel workbooks.

AT&T Unix PC

3B1AT&T 7300DOS-73
Subsequent versions were later written for several other platforms including IBM PCs running DOS (1983), Apple Macintosh running the Classic Mac OS (1985), AT&T Unix PC (1985), Atari ST (1988), OS/2 (1989), Microsoft Windows (1989), SCO Unix (1994), and macOS (formerly OS X; 2001).

WordStar

MicroProMicroPro InternationalWordStar 4.0
It was not initially popular, since its user interface was different from the leading word processor at the time, WordStar.
Although competition appeared early (the first version of WordPerfect debuted in 1982 and Microsoft Word in 1983), WordStar was the dominant word processor on x86 machines until 1985.

Doc (computing)

DOC.docMicrosoft Word document
During the late 1990s and early 2000s, the default Word document format (.DOC) became a de facto standard of document file formats for Microsoft Office users.
In computing, DOC or doc (an abbreviation of "document") is a filename extension for word processing documents, most commonly in the proprietary Microsoft Word Binary File Format.

Word processor

word processingword processing softwareword processors
Microsoft Word (or simply Word) is a word processor developed by Microsoft. In 1981, Microsoft hired Charles Simonyi, the primary developer of Bravo, the first GUI word processor, which was developed at Xerox PARC.
WordPerfect and its competitor Microsoft Word replaced it as the main word processing programs during the MS-DOS era, although there were less successful programs such as XyWrite.

Charles Simonyi

Charles SimonyDr. Charles SimonyiSimonyi
In 1981, Microsoft hired Charles Simonyi, the primary developer of Bravo, the first GUI word processor, which was developed at Xerox PARC.
At Microsoft, Simonyi built the organization and applications of what became its most profitable products, Word and Excel, as well as Excel's predecessor Multiplan.

OpenOffice.org

OpenOfficeOpenOffice.org WriterOpenOffice.org Calc
The newer extension signifies the Office Open XML international standard for Office documents and is used by Word 2007 and later for Windows, Word 2008 and later for macOS, as well as by a growing number of applications from other vendors, including OpenOffice.org Writer, an open source word processing program.

OpenDocument software

substantial criticisma large number of open source and proprietary softwareList of applications supporting OpenDocument
The implementation faces substantial criticism, and the ODF Alliance and others have claimed that the third-party plugins provide better support.
By December 2007, plugins had been released for Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel and Microsoft PowerPoint.

MacWrite

MacWrite IIMacWrite Pro
It fulfilled a need for a word processor that was more capable than MacWrite.
Similar word processors followed, including the first GUI version of Microsoft Word and WriteNow, which addressed many of MacWrite's limitations while adhering to much the same user interface.

Melissa (computer virus)

Melissa virusMelissa wormMelissa
A prominent example was the Melissa virus, but countless others have existed.
It targeted Microsoft Word and Outlook-based systems, and created considerable network traffic.

Visual Basic for Applications

VBA Visual Basic for Applications (VBA)Excel Basic
The language was originally WordBasic, but changed to Visual Basic for Applications as of Word 97.
It supersedes and expands on the abilities of earlier application-specific macro programming languages such as Word's WordBASIC.

Document file format

documentdocument formatdocuments
During the late 1990s and early 2000s, the default Word document format (.DOC) became a de facto standard of document file formats for Microsoft Office users.
The default binary file format used by Microsoft Word (.doc) has become widespread de facto standard for office documents, but it is a proprietary format and is not always fully supported by other word processors.

Computer file

filefilescomputer files
As with all OLE Compound Files, Word Binary Format consists of "storages", which are analogous to computer folders, and "streams", which are similar to computer files.
For instance, Microsoft Word files are normally created and modified by the Microsoft Word program in response to user commands, but the user can also move, rename, or delete these files directly by using a file manager program such as Windows Explorer (on Windows computers) or by command lines (CLI).

Clipboard manager

clipboard history managerclipboard-managerOffice Clipboard
Word 2001, released in 2000, added a few new features, including the Office Clipboard, which allowed users to copy and paste multiple items.
A range of cells clipped from an Excel sheet can be pasted as a table into MS Word or LibreOffice Writer.

WYSIWYG

What you see is what you getwhat-you-see-is-what-you-getWYSIWYG editor
Advertisements depicted the Microsoft Mouse, and described Word as a WYSIWYG, windowed word processor with the ability to undo and display bold, italic, and underlined text, although it could not render fonts.

Compound File Binary Format

Compound FileComposite Document FileMicrosoft Compound File Format
Each binary word file is a Compound File, a hierarchical file system within a file.
Microsoft has opened the format for use by others and it is now used in a variety of programs from Microsoft Word and Microsoft Access to Business Objects.

Computer virus

virusvirusescomputer viruses
This extensive functionality can also be used to run and propagate viruses in documents.
One manner of classifying viruses is to analyze whether they reside in binary executables (such as .EXE or .COM files), data files (such as Microsoft Word documents or PDF files), or in the boot sector of the host's hard drive (or some combination of all of these).

OpenType

OpenType mathOTFOpen Font Format
Before Word 2010 (Word 14) for Windows, the program was unable to correctly handle ligatures defined in OpenType fonts.
OpenType support for complex written scripts has so far mainly appeared in Microsoft applications in Microsoft Office, such as Microsoft Word and Microsoft Publisher.