Microsoft Word

WordMS WordWord for Windows.docDOCDOCXWord documents.dotMicrosoft Office Word 2003Microsoft Word 2010
Microsoft Word (or simply Word) is a word processor developed by Microsoft.wikipedia
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Microsoft Word Viewer

Word Viewer
Microsoft Word Viewer and Office Online are freeware editions of Word with limited features.
Microsoft Word Viewer is a discontinued freeware program for Microsoft Windows that can display and print Microsoft Word documents.

Microsoft

Microsoft CorporationMSMicrosoft Corp.
Microsoft Word (or simply Word) is a word processor developed by Microsoft.
The suite bundled separate productivity applications, such as Microsoft Word and Microsoft Excel.

Richard Brodie (programmer)

Richard Brodie
Simonyi started work on a word processor called Multi-Tool Word and soon hired Richard Brodie, a former Xerox intern, who became the primary software engineer.
He was the original creator of Microsoft Word.

Windows RT

RTtablet version of WindowsWindows 8 on ARM
Commercial versions of Word are licensed as a standalone product or as a component of Microsoft Office, Windows RT or the discontinued Microsoft Works suite.
The prototypes featured working versions of Internet Explorer 9 (with DirectX support via the Tegra 2's GPU), PowerPoint and Word, along with the use of class drivers to allow printing to an Epson printer.

Macintosh

MacApple MacintoshMacs
Subsequent versions were later written for several other platforms including IBM PCs running DOS (1983), Apple Macintosh running the Classic Mac OS (1985), AT&T Unix PC (1985), Atari ST (1988), OS/2 (1989), Microsoft Windows (1989), SCO Unix (1994), and macOS (formerly OS X; 2001).
In April 1984, Microsoft's MultiPlan migrated over from MS-DOS, with Microsoft Word following in January 1985.

Rich Text Format

RTFrich text.rtf
Word 3.0 included numerous internal enhancements and new features, including the first implementation of the Rich Text Format (RTF) specification, but was plagued with bugs.
Prior to 2008, Microsoft published updated specifications for RTF with major revisions of Microsoft Word and Office versions.

Microsoft Works

WorksMicrosoft Works suite
Commercial versions of Word are licensed as a standalone product or as a component of Microsoft Office, Windows RT or the discontinued Microsoft Works suite.
Microsoft Works has built-in compatibility for the Microsoft Office document formats (DOC and XLS), including, but not limited to, the ability of the Works Word Processor to open Microsoft Word documents and the ability of the Works Spreadsheet to open Microsoft Excel workbooks.

Office Online

Excel OnlineExcel Web AppMicrosoft Excel Online
Microsoft Word Viewer and Office Online are freeware editions of Word with limited features.
Office Online (known before 2014 as Office Web Apps) is an online office suite offered by Microsoft, which allows users to create and edit files using lightweight Microsoft Office web apps: Word, Excel, PowerPoint and OneNote.

Microsoft Mouse

Advertisements depicted the Microsoft Mouse, and described Word as a WYSIWYG, windowed word processor with the ability to undo and display bold, italic, and underlined text, although it could not render fonts.
It is the first mouse released by the company, and it was bundled with Microsoft Word, Notepad, and an on-screen teaching tutorial for an initial price of $195.

AT&T Unix PC

3B1DOS-73UNIX PC
Subsequent versions were later written for several other platforms including IBM PCs running DOS (1983), Apple Macintosh running the Classic Mac OS (1985), AT&T Unix PC (1985), Atari ST (1988), OS/2 (1989), Microsoft Windows (1989), SCO Unix (1994), and macOS (formerly OS X; 2001).
Microsoft Word

WordStar

MicroProWordStar 4.0Starburst
It was not initially popular, since its user interface was different from the leading word processor at the time, WordStar.
Although competition appeared early (the first version of WordPerfect debuted in 1982 and Microsoft Word in 1983), WordStar was the dominant word processor on x86 machines until 1985.

Doc (computing)

DOC.docWord document
Although the extension has been used in many different versions of Word, it actually encompasses four distinct file formats: During the late 1990s and early 2000s, the default Word document format (.DOC) became a de facto standard of document file formats for Microsoft Office users.
In computing, DOC or doc (an abbreviation of "document") is a filename extension for word processing documents, most commonly in the proprietary Microsoft Word Binary File Format.

Charles Simonyi

Dr. Charles SimonyiSimonyiC. Simonyi
In 1981, Microsoft hired Charles Simonyi, the primary developer of Bravo, the first GUI word processor, which was developed at Xerox PARC.
At Microsoft, Simonyi built the organization and applications of what became its most profitable products, Word and Excel, as well as Excel's predecessor Multiplan.

OpenOffice.org

OpenOfficeOpen OfficeCalc
The newer extension signifies the Office Open XML international standard for Office documents and is used by Word 2007 and later for Windows, Word 2008 and later for macOS, as well as by a growing number of applications from other vendors, including OpenOffice.org Writer, an open source word processing program.

Clipboard manager

clipboard history managerclipboard-managerOffice Clipboard
Word 2001, released in 2000, added a few new features, including the Office Clipboard, which allowed users to copy and paste multiple items.
A range of cells clipped from an Excel sheet can be pasted as a table into MS Word, or an OpenOffice.org text document.

MacWrite

MacWrite II
It fulfilled a need for a word processor that was more capable than MacWrite.
Similar word processors followed, including the first GUI version of Microsoft Word and WriteNow, which addressed many of MacWrite's limitations while adhering to much the same user interface.

OpenDocument software

substantial criticisma large number of open source and proprietary softwareOpenDocument-capable software
The implementation faces substantial criticism, and the ODF Alliance and others have claimed that the third-party plugins provide better support.
Microsoft Word native support since Office 2007 SP2 (support for previous versions is available through several plugins).

Visual Basic for Applications

VBA Visual Basic for Applications (VBA)Excel Basic
The language was originally WordBasic, but changed to Visual Basic for Applications as of Word 97.
It supersedes and expands on the abilities of earlier application-specific macro programming languages such as Word's WordBASIC.

Melissa (computer virus)

MelissaMelissa virusDavid L. Smith
A prominent example was the Melissa virus, but countless others have existed.
It targeted Microsoft Word and Outlook-based systems, and created considerable network traffic.

Word processor

word processingword processing softwareword processors
Microsoft Word (or simply Word) is a word processor developed by Microsoft. In 1981, Microsoft hired Charles Simonyi, the primary developer of Bravo, the first GUI word processor, which was developed at Xerox PARC.
The growing popularity of the Windows operating system in the 1990s later took Microsoft Word along with it. Originally called “Microsoft Multi-Tool Word”, this program quickly became a synonym for “word processor”.

Document file format

documentdocument formatdocuments
During the late 1990s and early 2000s, the default Word document format (.DOC) became a de facto standard of document file formats for Microsoft Office users.
The default binary file format used by Microsoft Word (.doc) has become widespread de facto standard for office documents, but it is a proprietary format and is not always fully supported by other word processors.

Computer file

filefilescomputer files
As with all OLE Compound Files, Word Binary Format consists of "storages", which are analogous to computer folders, and "streams", which are similar to computer files.
For instance, Microsoft Word files are normally created and modified by the Microsoft Word program in response to user commands, but the user can also move, rename, or delete these files directly by using a file manager program such as Windows Explorer (on Windows computers) or by command lines (CLI).

WYSIWYG

what you see is what you getwhat-you-see-is-what-you-getdisplays the user's changes as they are added
Advertisements depicted the Microsoft Mouse, and described Word as a WYSIWYG, windowed word processor with the ability to undo and display bold, italic, and underlined text, although it could not render fonts.
Laying out the text at the resolution of the printer on which the document will be printed. This can result in low quality on-screen output, and the layout may sometimes change if the document is printed on a different printer (although this problem occurs less frequently with higher resolution printers, as rounding errors are smaller). This is the method used by Microsoft Word.

Compound File Binary Format

compound fileMicrosoft Compound File FormatOLE Compound File
Each binary word file is an (Object Linking and Embedding) OLE Compound File, a hierarchical file system within a file.
Microsoft has opened the format for use by others and it is now used in a variety of programs from Microsoft Word and Microsoft Access to Business Objects.

Computer virus

virusvirusescomputer viruses
This extensive functionality can also be used to run and propagate viruses in documents.
One manner of classifying viruses is to analyze whether they reside in binary executables (such as .EXE or .COM files), data files (such as Microsoft Word documents or PDF files), or in the boot sector of the host's hard drive (or some combination of all of these).