Mid-engine design

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A mid-engine layout describes the placement of an automobile engine between the rear and front axles and generally behind the passenger compartment.wikipedia
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AEC Reliance

The mid-engine layout (with a horizontal engine) was common in single-decker buses in the 1950s and 1960s, e.g. the AEC Reliance.
The AEC Reliance was a mid-underfloor mounted engined single-decker bus and coach chassis manufactured by AEC between 1953 and 1979.

Rear mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout

Rear mid-engine, rear-wheel-driveRMR layoutMR layout
This layout is referred to as rear mid-engine, rear-wheel drive, (or RMR) layout.
In automotive design, a RMR or Rear Mid-engine, Rear-wheel-drive layout (now simply known as MR or Mid-engine, Rear-wheel-drive layout) is one in which the rear wheels are driven by an engine placed just in front of them, behind the passenger compartment.

Automobile handling

handlingcar handlingvehicle handling
In most automobiles, and in sports cars especially, ideal car handling requires balanced traction between the front and rear wheels when cornering, in order to maximize the possible speed around curves without sliding out.
The mid-engine design seeks to achieve the ideal center of mass, though front-engine design has the advantage of permitting a more practical engine-passenger-baggage layout.

Chevrolet Corvette (C7)

Chevrolet Corvette StingrayChevrolet CorvetteCorvette C7 GT3-R
Mid-engine and rear-engine layouts had been considered, but the front-engine, rear-wheel drive (RWD) platform was chosen to keep costs lower.

Ferrari 550

Ferrari 550 MaranelloFerrari 550-GTS Maranello550 Maranello
The 550 Maranello marked Ferrari's return to a front-engine, rear-wheel drive layout for its 2-seater 12-cylinder model, 23 years after the 365 GTB/4 Daytona had been replaced by the mid-engined Berlinetta Boxer.

Opel GT

GTGT (Roadster)Opel GT Concept
The Opel GT uses a steel unibody and a front mid-engined, rear-wheel drive layout.

Ferrari GTC4Lusso

GTC4LussoFerrari GTC4Lusso TGTC4Lusso T
Like its predecessor, the GTC4Lusso is a 3-door shooting-brake with an all-wheel drive drivetrain, and is powered by a front-mid mounted V12 engine.

Chevrolet Corvette

CorvetteCorvettesChevrolet Corvette GTS
Mid-engine and rear-engine layouts had been considered, but the front-engine, rear-wheel drive (RWD) platform was chosen to keep production costs lower.

Porsche 928

928Porsche 928SPorsche 928 GT
Several drivetrain layouts were considered during early development, including rear and mid-engine designs, but most were dismissed because of technical and legislative difficulties.

De Tomaso Pantera

PanteraDeTomaso PanteraFord Pantera
The De Tomaso Pantera is a mid-engine sports car produced by Italian automobile manufacturer De Tomaso from 1971 to 1993.


M1BMW M1 Gr.5BMW M1 Coupé
It is the first mid-engine BMW automobile to be mass-produced, the second is the i8 hybrid sports car.

Ferrari 458

Ferrari 458 Italia GT2Ferrari 458 ItaliaFerrari 458 Italia GT3
The Ferrari 458 Italia (Type F142) is a mid-engine sports car produced by the Italian automobile manufacturer Ferrari.

Chevrolet Corvette (C8)

Chevrolet Corvette2020 Corvette Stingray2020 Stingray
Following several experimental CERV prototype vehicles, it is the first mid-engine Corvette since the model's introduction in 1953 (as well as GM’s first production mid-engine sports car since the Pontiac Fiero was discontinued in 1988), differing from the traditional front-engine design.

Ferrari Mondial

MondialFerrari Mondial 8Mondial 8
The Ferrari Mondial is to date the only successful example of a true mid-engined convertible with seating for 4 and sports car / supercar performance.
The Ferrari Mondial (Type F108) is a mid-engined, V8, grand tourer manufactured and marketed by Ferrari between 1980 and 1993 — with styling by Pininfarina and bodywork by Carrozzeria Scaglietti.

Fiat X1/9

X1/9Dallara IcsunonoveBertone
The Fiat X1/9 is a two-seater mid-engined sports car designed by Bertone and manufactured by Fiat from 1972–1982 and subsequently by Bertone from 1982–1989.

Bill Thomas Cheetah

Consequently, this design gave a front/rear weight distribution roughly approximating a mid-engined vehicle without the cost of an expensive transaxle arrangement.

Honda NSX

The Honda NSX, marketed in North America as the Acura NSX, is a two-seat, mid-engine sports car manufactured by Honda.


Ferrari LaFerrariLaFerrari ApertaFerrari LaFerrari Aperta
It is the last Ferrari model with a mid-mounted 12-cylinder engine.

Lamborghini Miura

MiuraLamborghini Miura SLamborghini Miura SV
The car was the first supercar with a rear mid-engined two-seat layout, although the concept was first pioneered by René Bonnet with the Matra Djet in 1964.

Lotus Europa

Lotus 47Europa47
The Lotus Europa name is used on two distinct mid-engined GT coupé cars built by Lotus Cars.

Maserati Merak

MerakAM122Maserati Merak 2000 GT
The Maserati Merak (Tipo AM122) is a mid-engined 2+2 sports car produced by Maserati between 1972 and 1983.

Maserati Bora

BoraBora 4.7Maserati Bora 4.7
The Maserati Bora (Tipo 117) is a mid-engined two-seat coupe manufactured by Maserati from 1971 to 1978.

Jaguar XJ220

XJ220Jaguar XJ220 Concepteponymous Jaguar
The FIA Group B regulations steered the concept towards a mid-engine, all-wheel-drive layout, with a Jaguar V12 engine as the power source.

Matra Murena

MurenaMatra Murena 2.2Talbot Matra Murena
The Matra Murena is a mid-engined, rear wheel drive sports car that was produced from 1980 through 1983 by the French engineering group Matra.

De Tomaso Mangusta

Mangustacar originally built between 1967 and 1971
The European version was fitted with a mid-mounted 306 hp Ford 289 V8 engine, driven through a 5-speed ZF transaxle; in North America a 230 hp Ford 302 V8 was used.